Tornadoes of 2014

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Tornadoes of 2014
A graph of the 2014 United States tornado count as of June 18
A graph of the 2014 United States tornado count as of June 18
Timespan January – December 2014
Maximum rated tornado EF4 tornado
Vilonia, AR on April 27
Louisville, MS on April 28
Pilger, NE on June 16
E of Pilger, NE on June 16
Stanton, NE on June 16
Wakefield, NE on June 16
Alpena, SD on June 18
Tornadoes in US 401
Damages (US) Unknown
Fatalities (US) 45
Fatalities (worldwide) 49
Tornado seasons
2012 · 2013 · 2014 · 2015 · 2016

This page documents the tornadoes and tornado outbreaks of 2014. Strong and destructive tornadoes form most frequently in the United States, Bangladesh, and Eastern India, but they can occur almost anywhere under the right conditions. Tornadoes also appear regularly in neighboring southern Canada during the Northern Hemisphere's summer season, and somewhat regularly in Europe, Asia, and Australia.

There have been 827 tornadoes reported in the United States in 2014, of which at least 401 have been confirmed. At least 49 fatalities have been confirmed in 2014: 45 in the United States,2 in Australia and Russia.

Synopsis[edit]

Fatal tornadoes in 2014
Tornadoes of 2014 is located in USA
April 25
April 25
April 27
April 27
April 27
April 27
April 27
April 27
April 28
April 28
April 28
April 28
April 28
April 28
April 28
April 28
April 28
April 28
June 16
June 16
July 8
July 8
Approximate touchdown location of killer tornadoes in 2014
Summary of tornadoes[1] Total Fatalities: 42

Early 2014 featured several strong cold waves that settled across the United States and kept severe weather suppressed. However, severe weather did develop on January 11 after temperatures moderated, and four EF0 tornadoes were confirmed–three in Virginia and one in Georgia. The rest of the month, along with the first half of February, were very quiet in terms of severe weather. Another intrusion of warm air allowed instability to develop in mid-February, and 41 tornadoes touched down across the lower Midwest and the Southeast U.S. on February 21 and 22. Four of these were strong enough to be rated EF2 on the Enhanced Fujita scale. The rest of February and most of March was quiet, with only weak tornadoes touching down in Arizona, Florida, and California. However, activity picked up on March 27, with several tornadoes touching down across Missouri and Iowa in association with a cold front. The general trend of low activity continued through most of April with only a few small outbreaks occurring. This trend ended with a major outbreak that started on April 27 producing multiple strong tornadoes across the Great Plains and the South, and killing 35 people.

Events[edit]

United States yearly total[edit]

Unofficial totals through July 26 (final through January 31)

Confirmed tornadoes by Fujita rating
EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5 Total
129 185 56 18 7 0 401*
  • Note: Four tornadoes have been confirmed but not yet rated: One on April 20 and three on May 11.

January[edit]

There were 4 tornadoes reported in the United States in January, of which all 4 were confirmed.

January 11[edit]

EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
4 0 0 0 0 0

A line of severe thunderstorms swept across the Southern United States, with four EF0 tornadoes touching down in association with these thunderstorms.[2] The first of these touched down in rural Cherokee County, Georgia, downing trees and damaging a fence.[3] The other three tornadoes occurred over southeastern Virginia, downing trees and causing minimal damage to houses. However, one tornado in the Fox Hill area caused roof damage to a church and numerous houses, ripped the roof off of a school maintenance compound, and destroyed the Fox Hill Athletic Association building.[4][5][6]

January 25 (Europe)[edit]

F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 6 1 0 0 0

A small tornado outbreak produced 7 tornadoes across England,France and Belgium, 6 of which were F1 (T2/T3) and one an F2 (T4). The strongest tornado was an F2 (T4) that has traveled 12.8 km on the border between France and Belgium damaging the town of Halluin. 3 people were injured by the storm.

February[edit]

There were 45 tornadoes reported in the United States in February, however, 46 have been confirmed.

February 20–21[edit]

EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
21 20 4 0 0 0
High-end EF2 damage in Fort Payne, AL.

A large shortwave trough progressed across the northern Plains on February 20,[7] with an associated surface low-pressure area contributing to a blizzard across Michigan and Wisconsin.[8] Within the warm sector of the cyclone, modest instability and moisture, as well as sufficient forcing along a cold front,[7] initiated the development of a squall line across the Ohio River Valley and Mississippi River Valley by the afternoon. Strong wind shear led to widespread damaging wind reports in addition to over two dozen tornadoes across the Midwestern and Southern United States, four of which were rated EF2 on the Enhanced Fujita scale. The EF2s affected rural areas in Illinois near the towns of Martinsburg and Pana, damaging several farms.[9][10]

The squall line continued to push eastward into the Mid-Atlantic states on February 21, leading to numerous damaging wind reports and several tornadoes from Georgia to Maryland. A brief but strong EF2 clipped the northeast side of Fort Payne, Alabama, causing significant damage to a factory, an apartment complex, and some homes.[11] Another EF2 struck Dublin, Georgia and destroyed one home, damaged 59 others, and downed numerous trees.[12] Overall, this moderate outbreak produced 46 tornadoes and no fatalities.[13]

March[edit]

There were 25 tornadoes reported in the United States in March, of which 18 have been confirmed.

March 25–29[edit]

EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
8 4 2 0 0 0

A low pressure system tracked across the United States, producing tornadoes across California, Missouri, and across southern portions of the Eastern Seaboard. In Northern California, several brief tornadoes touched down, uprooting trees and causing minor damage. In Northern Missouri, a supercell thunderstorm produced a strong EF2 tornado, which caused heavy roof and wall damage to a farmstead near Jameson, Missouri. Another EF2 occurred in Grundy County which heavily damaged several residences near Tindall. The storm system continued east over the next few days, producing several weak and short-lived tornadoes in Florida and North Carolina.

April[edit]

There have been 250 tornadoes reported in the United States in April, of which at least 115 have been confirmed.

April 6–7[edit]

EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
2 4 2 0 0 0

Severe thunderstorms moved across portions of the Southern United States,[14][15] producing at least eight confirmed tornadoes. An EF2 tornado destroyed mobile homes and damaged other structures in and around Hot Coffee, Mississippi.[16] Another EF2 tornado caused significant damage in the area of Pantego, North Carolina where homes were damaged and destroyed. Two people were injured when the truck they were in was thrown 50 yards (46 m).[17]

April 25[edit]

EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
4 3 3 1 0 0

In advance of a compact shortwave trough and associated cold front,[18] numerous severe thunderstorms developed across central and eastern North Carolina into southern Virginia. An EF3 tornado tracked through the Whichards Beach area, damaging or destroying 100 homes and injuring 16 people. This event marks the latest time of formation of the first EF3+ tornado in any year on record. An EF2 in Edenton resulted in a fatality, the first of the year.[19]

April 27–30[edit]

EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
13 40 16 9 2 0

Numerous tornadoes ripped across parts of Mississippi, Alabama, Iowa, Nebraska, Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Florida. A large, violent tornado struck Mayflower and Vilonia, Arkansas, on April 27 causing severe damage and killing 16 people. The tornado was rated a high-end EF4, the first violent tornado of the year.[20] Another death was confirmed earlier that evening with an EF2 tornado that moved through Quapaw, Oklahoma, and Baxter Springs, Kansas.[21] Ten people were killed on the 28th when an EF4 tornado struck Louisville, Mississippi. EF3s caused major damage and fatalities in Coxey, Alabama and Tupelo, Mississippi as well.[22] Overall, this outbreak produced 80 tornadoes and killed 35 people.[23]

May[edit]

There have been 125 tornadoes reported in the United States in May, of which at least 79 have been confirmed.

May 10–12[edit]

EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
9 13 6 2 0 0
Farmhouse that was leveled by a large EF3 near Sutton, NE.

A moderate outbreak of at least 31 tornadoes impacted the central United States in early May 2014. On May 10, numerous supercell thunderstorms developed across Missouri in advance of an intensifying upper-level low over the Great Basin. One supercell spawned an EF2 tornado that moved through downtown Orrick, causing significant damage but no fatalities. 80% of the structures in Orrick were damaged, and the school lost much of its roof.[24] On May 11, the upper-level low continued eastward into the Plains, providing ample wind shear for tornadoes; in preparation for the event, the Storm Prediction Center issued a Moderate risk for severe weather. Numerous thunderstorms developed across the Midwest – particularly Kansas, Nebraska, and Iowa – spawning many tornadoes. A large multiple-vortex EF3 tornado passed near the town of Sutton, Nebraska, causing considerable damage to farm properties and flattening an unanchored farmhouse. Powerful rear flank downdraft winds spawned by the parent supercell severely damaged downtown Sutton.[25] Another very large rain-wrapped EF3 wedge tornado passed near the town of Cordova, Nebraska, destroying multiple homes nearby and growing to well over a mile wide at times. The Cordova tornado eventually struck the town of Beaver Crossing, damaging virtually every structure in town before dissipating. Numerous other less significant tornadoes touched down in Nebraska that evening as well.[26] Later that night, an EF2 tornado largely destroyed a lakeside condominium building near Yale, Iowa.[27] A final EF1 tornado caused minor damage on May 12 near Eaton Township, Ohio before the outbreak came to an end.[28]

May 14–16[edit]

EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
8 3 1 1 0 0

Severe thunderstorms moved across portions of the eastern United States with multiple reports of tornadoes.[29][30] Two significant tornadoes touched down on May 14. The first, rated EF2, damaged several homes and destroyed two barns northeast of Hopkinsville, Kentucky.[31] An EF3 tornado caused substantial damage near Cedarville, Ohio, destroying several barns and a farmhouse.[32]

May 22[edit]

EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
0 1 0 1 0 0

An EF3 tornado moved across portions of Schenectady and Albany counties in New York. The worst damage occurred in Duanesburg, where one house was almost completely destroyed.[33] This marks the strongest tornado in the state of New York since May 31, 1998.[34] Another tornado, rated EF1, touched down near Marydel, Delaware.[35]

June[edit]

There have were 326 tornadoes reported in the United States in June, of which at least 115 were confirmed.

June 3–4[edit]

EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
6 5 1 1 0 0

On June 3, the Storm Prediction Center issued a high risk outlook for parts of the Great Plains, mainly due to a significant risk of damaging winds and large hail. A few tornadoes occurred as well, including an EF3 that leveled a poorly constructed home near Bern, KS.[36] An EF2 caused damage to farm structures near Oakland, Iowa as well.[37] On the 4th, the system produced seven additional weak tornadoes across the Midwest, resulting in minor damage.[38]

June 16–18[edit]

EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
12 19 12 3 5 0

A tornado outbreak occurred with destructive tornadoes touching down across parts of Nebraska and Iowa. The town of Pilger, Nebraska was catastrophically damaged by an EF4 tornado, with two deaths and sixteen critical injuries.[39] The Pilger tornado was one of four EF4 tornadoes produced by the same parent supercell.[40] The towns of Platteville, Wisconsin, Verona, Wisconsin, Coleridge, Nebraska, Angus, Ontario, and Wessington Springs, South Dakota all sustained major impacts from strong tornadoes as well due to this outbreak.[41][42][43]

June 30–July 1[edit]

EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
2 23 1 0 0 0

Early in the afternoon of June 30 a complex of thunderstorms developed over Iowa and evolved into a derecho that swept east-northeast to Lake Michigan. Later that evening a second derecho developed over eastern and central Iowa and moved eastward, moving through Indiana and into western Ohio in the early morning hours of July 1. These two events produced straight-line wind damage and multiple tornadoes from Iowa to portions of Michigan and Ohio.[44] Most of the tornadoes were rated EF1, however, one tornado was determined to have caused low-end EF2 damage to a home in Traer, Iowa.[45]

July[edit]

There have been 56 tornadoes reported in the United States in July, of which at least 45 have been confirmed.

July 8[edit]

EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
1 9 2 0 0 0

Severe thunderstorms produced damaging winds and several tornadoes across portions of the northeastern United States.[46] An EF2 tornado struck the town of Smithfield, New York, destroying several homes and killing four people. A three-story house in Smithfield was knocked off of its foundation and tumbled 150 yards (140 m) down a hillside.[47] Another EF2 tornado caused significant damage in and near New Albany, Pennsylvania.[47][48]

July 15 (Australia)[edit]

Two people were killed when a tornado struck the western suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. The men, who suffered from pre-existing medical conditions, were killed in the suburb of Beaconsfield when the storm cut power to homes, and subsequently their electronic medical equipment. The tornado was confirmed by the Bureau of Meteorology.[49]

July 24[edit]

EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
0 1 0 0 0 0

An EF1 tornado started as a waterspout on Chesapeake Bay and struck a campground in Cherrystone, Virginia, damaging and destroying campers and cabins.[50] A couple were killed when a tree fell on their tent. Their son suffered life-threatening injuries[51] and died on August 9.[52] Thirty-five others were injured as well.[50]

July 27–28[edit]

EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
4 3 1 1 0 0

A moderate severe weather outbreak occurred across the Eastern United States from July 27 to July 28. On the 27th, the weather system produced a low-end EF3 tornado that struck the small community of Speedwell, Tennessee, where several homes were destroyed and numerous trees were downed. This tornado was unusual due to the fact that most strong tornadoes that occur in July are confined to the northernmost states. A few other weak tornadoes were confirmed in other areas that day as well.[53][54] The system produced one additional tornado on the 28th, a damaging EF2 that ripped through the Boston suburb of Revere, Massachusetts, severely damaging numerous homes and businesses in town and causing major tree damage in the area.[55]

August[edit]

September[edit]

September 9-10[edit]

EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
10 0 0 0 0 0

Over the course of two days, a storm system spawned ten weak tornadoes between the lower Missouri River Valley and Ohio Valley. The event started on the 9th, when a supercell thunderstorm developed over far southeastern Nebraska. As the supercell moved into northwestern Missouri, it dropped four EF-0 tornadoes from the late afternoon to early evening hours. Another EF-0 was reported further east in Missouri that evening. [56] On the 10th, four additional EF-0 tornadoes were confirmed in northeastern Ohio. [57]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Annual U.S. Killer Tornado Statistics". Storm Prediction Center. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. May 6, 2014. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "20140111's Storm Reports (1200 UTC - 1159 UTC)". Storm Prediction Center. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. January 11, 2014. Retrieved January 12, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Severe Weather Follows Cold Blast". National Weather Service Office in Peachtree City, Georgia. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. January 12, 2014. Retrieved January 12, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Tornado Confirmed West Of Smithfield VA". National Weather Service Office in Wakefield, Virginia. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. January 12, 2014. Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Tornado Confirmed Southeast Of Isle Of Wight Courthouse". National Weather Service Office in Wakefield, Virginia. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. January 12, 2014. Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Tornado Confirmed In Hampton Virginia". National Weather Service Office in Wakefield, Virginia. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. January 12, 2014. Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Chris Broyles (February 20, 2014). "Feb 20, 2014 1630 UTC Day 1 Convective Outlook". Storm Prediction Center. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 21, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Blizzard-Winter Storm Of February 20-21st, 2014". National Weather Service office in La Crosse, Wisconsin. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. February 21, 2014. Retrieved February 21, 2014. 
  9. ^ "NWS Damage Survey For 02/20/2014 Tornado Event". National Weather Service Office in St. Louis, Missouri. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. February 21, 2014. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  10. ^ "NWS Lincoln Damage Assessment Results for 2/20 Tornado event". National Weather Service Office in Central Illinois. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. February 21, 2014. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Severe Weather Event 02/20/2014 - 02/21/2014". National Weather Service Office in Huntsville, Alabama. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Severe Weather Hits North and Central Georgia". National Weather Service Office in Peachtree City, Georgia. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  13. ^ "20140220's Storm Reports (1200 UTC - 1159 UTC)". Storm Prediction Center. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. February 20, 2014. Retrieved February 21, 2014. 
  14. ^ "20140406's Storm Reports (1200 UTC - 1159 UTC)". Storm Prediction Center. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. April 7, 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2014. 
  15. ^ "20140407's Storm Reports (1200 UTC - 1159 UTC)". Storm Prediction Center. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. April 7, 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2014. 
  16. ^ "April 7, 2014 Covington County Tornado". National Weather Service Office in Jackson, Mississippi. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  17. ^ "April 7, 2014 Belhaven/Pantego Tornado - EF2". National Weather Service Office in Newport/Morehead. North Carolina. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  18. ^ Rich L. Thompson; Andy R. Dean (April 25, 2014). "April 25, 2014 1630 UTC Day 1 Convective Outlook". Storm Prediction Center. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 26, 2014. 
  19. ^ "EF3 Tornado Confirmed; 16 People Injured, Some 100 Homes Damaged In Beaufort County". WITN News. WITN News. April 26, 2014. Retrieved April 26, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Tornadoes/Flooding on April 27-28, 2014". National Weather Service office in Little Rock, Arkansas. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  21. ^ "Event Summary - 27 April 2014 Quapaw and Octavia Tornado Event". National Weather Service office in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  22. ^ "Final Update: April 28, 2014 Mid-South Storm Surveys". NWS Memphis, TN. NOAA. Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  23. ^ "Louisville (Leake/Neshoba/Attala/Winston County) EF-4 Tornado". National Weather Service Office in Jackson, Mississippi. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  24. ^ Washington, Brenda (May 10, 2014). "Orrick begins cleanup after devastating tornado". KMBC.com. KMBC. Retrieved May 22, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Mother's Day - May 11, 2014". NWS. NOAA. June 1, 2014. Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  26. ^ http://www.crh.noaa.gov/images/oax/news/MothersDayTornadoes2014.pdf
  27. ^ http://www.crh.noaa.gov/images/dmx/StormSurveys/2014/05-11_Panorama/Survey_Results.pdf
  28. ^ http://www.weather.gov/cle/event_20140512_Tornado
  29. ^ "SPC Storm Reports for 05/14/14". Storm Prediction Center. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  30. ^ "SPC Storm Reports for 05/15/14". Storm Prediction Center. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  31. ^ "NWS Damager Survey for 05/14/14 Tornado Event in Christian County, Kentucky". National Weather Service Office in Paducah, Kentucky. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  32. ^ "May 14, 2014 Tornado near Cedarville, OH". National Weather Service Office in Wilmington, Ohio. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  33. ^ "May 23, 2014 Tornado Survey". National Weather Service Office in Albany, New York. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  34. ^ "Custom Search Results". Tornado History Project. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  35. ^ "Tornado Confirmed near Marydel in Kent County, Delaware". National Weather Service Office in Mount Holly, New Jersey. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  36. ^ "June 3, 2014 Bern Tornado". NWS Topeka, KS. NOAA. June 10, 2014. Retrieved June 10, 2014. 
  37. ^ "EF2 Tornado Confirmed Near Oakland, IA". NWS Omaha, NE. NOAA. June 10, 2014. Retrieved June 10, 2014. 
  38. ^ "20140604's Storm Reports (1200 UTC - 1159 UTC)". Storm Prediction Center. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. June 6, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  39. ^ Tornado hits Pilger, looks like 'a war zone'
  40. ^ http://www.crh.noaa.gov/news/display_cmsstory.php?wfo=oax&storyid=102897&source=2
  41. ^ http://www.spc.noaa.gov/climo/reports/140616_rpts.html
  42. ^ http://www.spc.noaa.gov/climo/reports/140617_rpts.html
  43. ^ http://www.spc.noaa.gov/climo/reports/140618_rpts.html
  44. ^ "Two Separate Derecho Events on June 30, 2014". National Weather Service Office in Chicago Illinois. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  45. ^ "NWS Damage Survey for June 30, 2014 Tornado Event". National Weather Service Office in Des Moines, Iowa. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  46. ^ "20140708's Storm Reports (1200 UTC - 1159 UTC)". Storm Prediction Center. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. July 10, 2014. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  47. ^ a b "Severe Storms July 8, 2014". National Weather Service Office in Binghamton, New York. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  48. ^ "Tornado Confirmed Near 3 NW Dushore in Sullivan County Pennsylvania". National Weather Service in State College, Pennsylvania. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  49. ^ http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/breaking-news/bom-confirms-tornado-in-perths-south/story-fni0xqi4-1226988611249
  50. ^ a b "Northampton County Virginia Tornado Survey Results". National Weather Service Office in Wakefield, Virginia. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  51. ^ "2 dead, 1 critical as tornado hits Virginia campground". USA Today. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  52. ^ Northampton County tornado claims third victim
  53. ^ http://www.spc.noaa.gov/climo/reports/140727_rpts.html
  54. ^ http://www.srh.noaa.gov/news/display_cmsstory.php?wfo=mrx&storyid=98995&source=0
  55. ^ "Tornado Confirmed in Suffolk County MA". National Weather Service Office in Taunton, Massachusetts. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  56. ^ http://www.spc.noaa.gov/climo/reports/140909_rpts.html
  57. ^ http://www.weather.gov/cle/event_20140910_tornadoes

External links[edit]