Toronto Centre

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This article is about the federal electoral district. For the provincial electoral district, see Toronto Centre (provincial electoral district).
Toronto Centre
Flag of Ontario.svg Ontario electoral district
Toronto Centre.png
Toronto Centre in relation to other Toronto ridings
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Chrystia Freeland
Liberal
District created 1933
First contested 1935
Last contested 2011
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 130,323
Electors (2011) 89,851
Area (km²)[2] 13.34
Pop. density (per km²) 9,769.3
Census divisions Toronto
Census subdivisions Toronto
Map of Toronto Centre

Toronto Centre is a federal electoral district in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1872 to 1925, and since 1935, under the names Centre Toronto (1872–1903), Toronto Centre (1903–1925, and since 2004), Rosedale (1935–1997) and Toronto Centre—Rosedale (1997–2004).

Toronto Centre covers the heart of Downtown Toronto. The riding contains notable areas such as Rosedale (one of Canada's wealthiest enclaves), Regent Park (Canada's first and largest social housing development), St. James Town (a largely immigrant area and the most densely populated neighbourhood in Canada), Cabbagetown, Church and Wellesley (Canada's largest gay community), the eastern portion of the University of Toronto and part of the city's financial district (the northern portion of Bay Street).

Historically, the riding was one of the few in central Toronto where the Progressive Conservatives usually did well. The PCs held the riding for 34 of the 58 years from 1935 to 1993. Since 1993, as has been the case with other Toronto ridings, the Liberal Party has dominated the riding, and it is now considered one of the safest Liberal ridings in Canada.

The riding was represented by former interim Liberal leader Bob Rae since the federal by-elections of March 17, 2008. Rae resigned from Parliament on July 31, 2013.[3][4]

Its members of Toronto City Council are Pam McConnell and Kristyn Wong-Tam.

History[edit]

Centre Toronto riding was first created in 1872 from portions of West Toronto and East Toronto. In 1903, the name was changed to Toronto Centre. In 1924, the riding was broken into Toronto East Centre, Toronto West Centre and Toronto South.

A riding covering much the same area was created in 1933 named "Rosedale" after the wealthy neighbourhood of Rosedale. This riding was replaced with "Toronto Centre—Rosedale" in 1996, but the quickly-growing population resulted in large areas being shaved off on all sides. In 2003, Toronto Centre—Rosedale was abolished, and a new riding somewhat to the east was created named "Toronto Centre".

Each of the four major national political parties (the Liberal Party, the Conservative Party, the Green Party, and the NDP), have active federal and provincial riding associations which act as the local party organizations in the riding. Since the early 1990s, however, most contests have been between the Liberals and NDP.

Demographics[edit]

According to the Canada 2011 Census

Ethnic groups: 58.1% White, 9.0% South Asian, 8.3% Chinese, 7.7% Black, 4.6% Filipino, 2.1% Latin American, 1.9% Southeast Asian, 1.8% Korean, 1.3% Arab, 1.2% West Asian, 1.1% Aboriginal
Languages: 62.6% English, 6.6% Chinese, 3.3% French, 2.4% Spanish, 2.3% Tagalog, 1.6% Bengali 1.5% Arabic, 1.4% Russian, 1.4% Tamil, 1.4% Korean, 1.1% Persian
Religions: 47.2% Christian (22.9% Catholic, 6.0% Anglican, 3.3% United Church, 2.7% Christian Orthodox, 1.4% Presbyterian), 7.7% Muslim, 3.9% Hindu, 3.7% Jewish, 2.3% Buddhist, 34.0% None.
Median income: $32,027 (2010)[5]
Average income: $62,774 (2010) [6]

Members of Parliament[edit]

These ridings have elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Centre Toronto
Riding created from West Toronto and East Toronto
2nd  1872 − 1874     Robert Wilkes Liberal
3rd  1874 − 1875
 1875 − 1878     John Macdonald Independent Liberal
4th  1878 − 1882     Robert Hay Liberal
5th  1882 − 1887
6th  1887 − 1891     George Ralph Richardson Cockburn Conservative
7th  1891 − 1896
8th  1896 − 1897     William Lount Liberal
 1897 − 1900     George Hope Bertram Liberal
9th  1900 − 1904     William Rees Brock Conservative
Riding renamed — Toronto Centre
10th  1904 − 1905     Edward Frederick Clarke Conservative
 1905 − 1908     Edmund James Bristol Conservative
11th  1908 − 1911
12th  1911 − 1917
13th  1917 − 1921     Government (Unionist)
14th  1921 − 1925     Conservative
Riding dissolved
Riding re-created from Toronto East Centre, Toronto West Centre
and Toronto South
18th  1935 − 1940     Harry Gladstone Clarke Conservative
19th  1940 − 1945     Harry Jackman National Government
20th  1945 − 1949     Progressive Conservative
21st  1949 − 1953     Charles Henry Liberal
22nd  1953 − 1957
23rd  1957 − 1958     David James Walker Progressive Conservative
24th  1958 − 1962
25th  1962 − 1963     Donald Stovel Macdonald Liberal
26th  1963 − 1965
27th  1965 − 1968
28th  1968 − 1972
29th  1972 − 1974
30th  1974 − 1978
 1978 − 1979     David Crombie Progressive Conservative
31st  1979 − 1980
32nd  1980 − 1984
33rd  1984 − 1988
34th  1988 − 1993     David MacDonald Progressive Conservative
35th  1993 − 1997     Bill Graham Liberal
Riding renamed — Toronto Centre—Rosedale
36th  1997 − 2000     Bill Graham Liberal
37th  2000 − 2004
Riding renamed — Toronto Centre
38th  2004 − 2006     Bill Graham Liberal
39th  2006 − 2007
 2008 − 2008     Bob Rae Liberal
40th  2008 − 2011
41st  2011 − 2013
 2013 − Present     Chrystia Freeland Liberal

Former boundaries[edit]

Election results[edit]

Toronto Centre, 2003 - present[edit]

Canadian federal by-election, November 25, 2013
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Chrystia Freeland 17,194 49.38 +8.37 $ 97,609.64
New Democratic Linda McQuaig 12,640 36.30 +6.09 99,230.30
Conservative Geoff Pollock 3,004 8.63 -14.01 –  
Green John Deverell 1,034 2.97 -2.05 21,521.10
Progressive Canadian Dorian Baxter 453 1.30   –  
Libertarian Judi Falardeau 236 0.68 +0.18 –  
Independent Kevin Clarke 84 0.24   560.00
Independent John "The Engineer" Turmel 56 0.16   –  
Independent Leslie Bory 51 0.15   633.30
Online Party Michael Nicula 43 0.12   200.00
Independent Bahman Yazdanfar 26 0.07 -0.12 1,134.60
Total valid votes/Expense limit 34,821 100.0   –   $ 101,793.06
Total rejected ballots 177 0.51 +0.12
Turnout 34,998 38.20 -24.73
Eligible voters 91,612    
Liberal hold Swing +1.94
By-election due to the resignation of Bob Rae.
Sources: "November 25, 2013 By-elections". Elections Canada. November 26, 2013. Retrieved December 14, 2013. 
"November 25, 2013 By-election – Financial Reports". Retrieved May 9, 2014. 


Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Bob Rae 22,832 41.01 -12.52 $ 51,672.12
New Democratic Susan Wallace 16,818 30.21 +15.12 18,904.44
Conservative Kevin Moore 12,604 22.64 +4.31 63,141.66
Green Ellen Michelson 2,796 5.02 -6.83 44,006.84
Libertarian Judi Falardeau 277 0.50 –    
Communist Cathy Holliday 159 0.29 -0.09 502.10
Independent Bahman Yazdanfar 108 0.19 653.91
Marxist–Leninist Philip Fernandez 76 0.14 -0.04 –    
Total valid votes/Expense limit/Total expenditures 55,670 100.0   $ 92,663.68 $ 178,881.07
Total rejected ballots 220 0.39  
Turnout 55,890 62.93  
Eligible voters 88,810    
     Liberal hold Swing -13.82

2008 general election[edit]

On September 21, 2008, Conservative candidate Chris Reid resigned because he said he couldn't commit to four years in government. However, blog entries were discovered that linked him to controversial musings on guns and the murder of Tim McLean aboard a Greyhound bus.[7] Chris Reid was replaced by David Gentili as the Conservative candidate for Toronto Centre.[8] Expenditures listed for Gentili include expenditures reported by Reid.

Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Bob Rae 27,462 53.53 -5.94 $ 48,353.21
Conservative David Gentili 9,402 18.33 +6.01 39,290.89
New Democratic El-Farouk Khaki 7,743 15.09 +1.21 21,305.27
Green Ellen Michelson 6,081 11.85 -1.56 23,041.16
Communist Johan Boyden 193 0.38 432.31
Animal Alliance Liz White 187 0.36 -0.16 685.91
Independent Gerald Derome 146 0.28 2,063.60
Marxist–Leninist Philip Fernandez 92 0.18 –    
Total valid votes/Expense limit/Total Expenditures 51,306 100.00 $ 92,067.97 $ 135,172.35
Total rejected ballots 257 0.50
Turnout 51,563 57.39

2008 by-election[edit]

A by-election, held on March 17, 2008 to fill a vacancy created by the resignation of Bill Graham was won by Liberal Bob Rae, a former Ontario NDP Premier.

The nominated Conservative candidate in the by-election, Mark Warner, was dropped by the party's national council on October 31, 2007.[9] Don Meredith was nominated as the Conservative candidate in December 2007.[10]

Activist El-Farouk Khaki ran for the NDP and Chris Tindal was the Green Party of Canada candidate. Liz White was the Animal Alliance Environmental Voters Party of Canada candidate, and Doug Plumb represented the Canadian Action Party.

By-election on March 17, 2008

On Bill Graham's resignation, July 2, 2007

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Bob Rae 14,187 59.47 +7.24
New Democratic El-Farouk Khaki 3,312 13.88 -9.86
Green Chris Tindal 3,199 13.41 +8.20
Conservative Donald Meredith 2,939 12.32 -5.89
Animal Alliance Liz White 123 0.52 +0.40
Canadian Action Doug Plumb 97 0.41
Total valid votes 23,857 100.00
Total rejected ballots 96 0.40
Turnout 23,953 27.86
     Liberal hold Swing +8.5


Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Bill Graham 30,874 52.23 -4.30
New Democratic Michael Shapcott 14,036 23.74 -0.01
Conservative Lewis Reford 10,763 18.21 +3.42
Green Chris Tindal 3,080 5.21 +1.30
Communist Johan Boyden 120 0.2 -0.05
Independent Michel Prairie 101 0.2
Animal Alliance Liz White 72 0.12
Marxist–Leninist Philip Fernandez 66 0.11 -0.01
Total valid votes 59,112 100.00
     Liberal hold Swing -2.1


Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Bill Graham 30,336 56.53 +1.26
New Democratic Michael Shapcott 12,747 23.75 +12.39
Conservative Megan Harris 7,936 14.79 -13.00
Green Gabriel Draven 2,097 3.91
Marijuana Jay Wagner 313 0.58 -0.94
Communist Dan Goldstick 106 0.20 -0.05
Marxist–Leninist Philip Fernandez 65 0.12 -0.12
Canadian Action Kevin Peck 63 0.12 -2.97
Total valid votes 53,663 100.00
Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election.

Toronto Centre—Rosedale, 1996 - 2003[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Bill Graham 26,264 55.27 +6.08
Progressive Conservative Randall Pearce 8,150 17.15 -2.13
New Democratic David Berlin 5,398 11.36 -9.22
Alliance Richard Walker 5,057 10.64 +2.83
Canadian Action Paul Hellyer 1,466 3.09 +2.44
Marijuana Neev Tapiero 722 1.52
Natural Law David Gordon 224 0.47 -0.11
Communist Dan Goldstick 121 0.25
Marxist–Leninist Philip Fernandez 116 0.24 -0.11
Total valid votes 47,518 100.00

Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1997 election.

Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Bill Graham 22,945 49.19 -0.80
New Democratic David MacDonald 9,597 20.58 +9.80
Progressive Conservative Stephen Probyn 8,993 19.28 -1.96
Reform John Stewart 3,646 7.82 -4.65
Green Jim Harris 577 1.24 +0.30
Canadian Action Anthony Robert Pedrette 303 0.65
Natural Law Ron Parker 270 0.58 -1.01
Marxist–Leninist Steve Rutchinski 166 0.36 +0.25
Independent Ted W. Culp 145 0.31
Total valid votes 46,642 100.00

Rosedale, 1933 - 1996[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Bill Graham 25,726 50.00 +8.78
Progressive Conservative David MacDonald 10,930 21.24 -20.12
Reform Daniel Jovkovic 6,413 12.46
New Democratic Jack Layton 5,547 10.78 -4.28
National Martin Lanigan 1,091 2.12
Natural Law Doug Henning 817 1.59
Green Leslie Hunter 483 0.94 +0.22
Independent Linda Dale Gibbons 350 0.68
Marxist–Leninist Steve Rutchinski 57 0.11
Abolitionist Yann Patrice D'Audibert Garcien 40 0.08
Total valid votes 51,454 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative David MacDonald 22,704 41.36 -11.44
Liberal Bill Graham 22,624 41.21 +15.08
New Democratic Doug Wilson 8,266 15.06 -2.77
Libertarian Chris Blatchly 411 0.75 +0.09
Green Frank de Jong 397 0.72 -1.15
Rhinoceros Liane McLarty 265 0.48
Independent Mike Constable 102 0.19
Independent Harry Margel 91 0.17
Commonwealth of Canada Paul Therrien 33 0.06 -0.27
Total valid votes 54,893 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative David Crombie 23,211 52.80 +8.84
Liberal Bill Graham 11,488 26.13 -12.95
New Democratic Dell Wolfson 7,836 17.82 +2.97
Green Shirley Ruth Farlinger 821 1.87
Libertarian Clarke Slemon 291 0.66 +0.30
Communist Sylvie Baillargeon 172 0.39 +0.17
Commonwealth of Canada David Dube 144 0.33
Total valid votes 43,963 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative David Crombie 16,862 43.96 -3.30
Liberal Anne Cools 14,993 39.08 +6.07
New Democratic Jim Hockley 5,698 14.85 -2.69
Rhinoceros Geoff Yates 319 0.83
Libertarian Harry J. Nelson 140 0.36 -0.42
Independent Frank Sommers 125 0.33
Independent Ann Ladas 104 0.27 -0.18
Communist Dan Goldstick 85 0.22 +0.02
Marxist–Leninist Alan Miller 34 0.09 +0.01
Total valid votes 38,360 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative David Crombie 18,594 47.26 -10.69
Liberal Anne Cools 12,987 33.01 +1.72
New Democratic Ron B. Thomson 6,902 17.54 +8.24
Libertarian Alex W. Eaglesham 305 0.78
Independent Hans Blumenfeld 196 0.50
Independent Ann Ladas 176 0.45
Communist Dan Goldstick 80 0.20 -0.17
Independent Joanne Pritchard 49 0.12
Marxist–Leninist Alan Miller 32 0.08
Independent Sean Howes 27 0.07 –  
Total valid votes 39,348 100.00
By-election on October 16, 1978
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative David Crombie 18,732 57.95 +17.68
Liberal John Robert Evans 10,114 31.29 -17.84
New Democratic Ron B. Thomson 3,008 9.31 -0.06
Independent Donald M. Campbell 196 0.61
Independent Linda Cain 155 0.48
Communist Dan Goldstick 120 0.37 -0.02
Total valid votes 32,325 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Donald Stovel Macdonald 17,227 49.13 +5.11
Progressive Conservative Hal Jackman 14,119 40.27 -0.42
New Democratic Maurice Desjardins 3,285 9.37 -3.22
Independent Marshall Bruce Evoy 220 0.63
Communist Dan Goldstick 136 0.39
Marxist–Leninist Vern Harper 75 0.21
Total valid votes 35,062 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Donald Stovel Macdonald 16,073 44.02 -13.40
Progressive Conservative Warren Beamish 14,856 40.69 +11.44
New Democratic Ron Sabourin 4,598 12.59 +0.26
Independent Aline Gregory 892 2.44
Independent David Starbuck 95 0.26
Total valid votes 36,514 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Donald Stovel Macdonald 19,011 57.42 +12.58
Progressive Conservative Bob Bradley 9,683 29.25 -5.16
New Democratic John Chamard 4,083 12.33 -8.41
Communist F. Nelson Clarke 183 0.55
Independent Fred Reiner (New Canada Party) 148 0.45
Total valid votes 33,108 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Donald Stovel Macdonald 9,757 44.84 -10.03
Progressive Conservative Hal Jackman 7,487 34.41 +5.38
New Democratic Harding E. Bishop 4,514 20.75 +5.67
Total valid votes 21,758 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Donald Stovel Macdonald 12,860 54.87 +12.06
Progressive Conservative Hal Jackman 6,803 29.03 -11.28
New Democratic Harding E. Bishop 3,534 15.08 -0.79
Social Credit George Leslie 240 1.02 +0.01
Total valid votes 23,437 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Donald Stovel Macdonald 10,191 42.81 +16.54
Progressive Conservative David J. Walker 9,597 40.31 -22.89
New Democratic Desmond Sparham 3,778 15.87 +5.34
Social Credit John David Brunne 240 1.01
Total valid votes 23,806 100.00

Note: NDP vote is compared to CCF vote in 1958 election.

Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative David J. Walker 15,429 63.21 +8.93
Liberal Tom O'Neill 6,412 26.27 -4.87
Co-operative Commonwealth Tom McAulay 2,570 10.53 -2.75
Total valid votes 24,411 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative David J. Walker 12,415 54.28 +14.57
Liberal Charles Henry 7,122 31.14 -10.06
Co-operative Commonwealth Tom McAulay 3,038 13.28 -4.36
Social Credit Harvey Jamieson 299 1.31
Total valid votes 22,874 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Charles Henry 8,702 41.20 +1.35
Progressive Conservative David J. Walker 8,386 39.70 +2.23
Co-operative Commonwealth Dudley Bristow 3,727 17.64 -5.04
Labor–Progressive Janet M. Clark 308 1.46
Total valid votes 21,123 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Charles Henry 10,835 39.84 +10.85
Progressive Conservative Harry Jackman 10,189 37.47 -11.37
Co-operative Commonwealth Dudley Bristow 6,170 22.69 +4.69
Total valid votes 27,194 100.00

Note: Progressive Conservative vote is compared to "National Government" vote in 1945 election.

Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Harry Jackman 11,784 48.84 +3.38
Liberal William Kearns 6,997 29.00 -20.80
Co-operative Commonwealth David Cass-Beggs 4,342 17.99 +13.25
Labor–Progressive John Weir 1,006 4.17
Total valid votes 24,129 100.00

Note: Progressive Conservative vote is compared to "National Government" vote in 1940 election.

Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
National Government Harry Jackman 12,519 52.36 +12.1
Liberal J. Louis Shannon 10,399 43.49 +8.25
Co-operative Commonwealth Norah Dymond 991 4.14 -5.52
Total valid votes 23,909 100.00

Note: "National Government" vote is compared to Conservative vote in 1935 election.

Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Harry Clarke 9,491 40.26 -13.62
Liberal George Alexander Urquhart 8,306 35.24 -10.88
Co-operative Commonwealth William Dennison 2,765 11.73
Reconstruction Bert Watts 2,277 9.66
Communist Samuel Scarlett 733 3.11
Total valid votes 23,572 100.00

Toronto Centre, 1903 - 1924[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Edmund Bristol 5,985 53.88 -20.57
Liberal Norman McEachren 5,123 46.12 +21.91
Total valid votes 11,108 100.00

Note: Conservative vote is compared to Unionist vote in 1917 election.

Canadian federal election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Government (Unionist) Edmund Bristol 12,051 74.45 +11.19
Opposition (Laurier Liberals) Charles MacGuire 3,918 24.21 -12.53
Unknown Archie Dramin 217 1.34
Total valid votes 16,186 100.00

Note: Unionist vote is compared to Liberal-Conservative vote in 1911 election.

Canadian federal election, 1911
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Edmund Bristol 5,156 63.26 +11.88
Liberal Charles MacGuire 2,994 36.74 -11.88
Total valid votes 8,150 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1908
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Edmund Bristol 3,482 51.38 -0.96
Liberal T.C. Robinette 3,295 48.62 0.96
Total valid votes 6,777 100.00

Note: vote compared to 1904 election.

By-election on April 11, 1905
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Edmund Bristol acc.
Canadian federal election, 1904
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative E.F. Clarke 4,321 52.34 +2.00
Liberal T.C. Robinette 3,935 47.66 +1.43
Total valid votes 8,256 100.00

Centre Toronto, 1872 - 1903[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1900
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative William Rees Brock 2,625 50.34 +3.33
Liberal John Flett 2,411 46.23 -6.76
Labour Henry Hargrave 179 3.43
Total valid votes 5,215 100.00
By-election on September 30, 1897
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal G.H. Bertram 2,212 52.99 +0.36
Conservative O.A. Howland 1,962 47.01 -0.36
Total valid votes 4,174 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1896
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal William Lount 2,394 52.64 +8.44
Conservative George Cockburn 2,154 47.36 -8.44
Total valid votes 4,548 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1891
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative George Cockburn 2,414 55.80 +0.28
Liberal James Kirkpatrick Kerr 1,912 44.20 -0.28
Total valid votes 4,326 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1887
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative George Cockburn 2,282 55.52
Liberal John Harvie 1,828 44.48 -8.78
Total valid votes 4,110 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Robert Hay 1,620 53.25 -5.58
Unknown J.D. Edgar 1,422 46.75
Total valid votes 3,042 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Robert Hay 1,631 58.84 +3.64
Independent Liberal John MacDonald 1,141 41.16
Total valid votes 2,772 100.00

Note: vote compared to 1874 election.

By-election on December 4, 1875
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal John MacDonald acc.
Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Robert Wilkes 1,509 55.19 -0.76
Unknown A. Morrison 1,225 44.81
Total valid votes 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Robert Wilkes 1,509 55.95
Unknown Mr. Shanly 1,188 44.05
Total valid votes 2,697 100.00

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Riding history from the Library of Parliament: