Toronto General Hospital

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Toronto General Hospital
University Health Network (emblem).png University Health Network
Toronto - ON - Toronto General Hospital.jpg
Geography
Location Canada Downtown Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Organization
Care system Medicare
Hospital type Teaching
Affiliated university University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine
Patron Sophie, Countess of Wessex
Services
Emergency department Yes
Beds 471
Speciality Cardiology and Transplantation
History
Founded 1812
Links
Website http://www.uhn.ca/tgh/

The Toronto General Hospital (TGH), is a major teaching hospital in downtown Toronto, Ontario, and a part of the University Health Network. It is located in the Discovery District, directly north of the Hospital for Sick Children, across Gerrard Street West, and east of Princess Margaret Cancer Centre and Mount Sinai Hospital, across University Avenue. They are steps from Queen's Park and the Queen's Park subway station. The University Health Network of which Toronto General Hospital is a part of, was ranked 1st in Canada in terms of research funding by Research Infosource Inc's "Canada's Top 40 Research Hospitals 2012". The hospital serves as a teaching hospital for the University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine.

The emergency department now treats 28,065 persons each year, while the hospital also houses the major transplantation service for Ontario, performing heart, lung, kidney, liver, pancreas and small intestine, amongst others, for patients referred from all over Canada. The hospital is a major organ transplant center in Canada. The world's first single and double lung transplants were performed at TGH in 1983 and 1986 respectively. TGH teaches resident physicians, nurses, and technicians, and conducts research through the Toronto General Research Institute.

Currently, Sophie, Countess of Wessex, as a member of the Canadian Royal Family, is patron of the hospital.

History[edit]

The Toronto General Hospital as it appeared in 1895

The hospital started as a small shed in the old town and was used as a military hospital during the War of 1812, after which it was founded as a permanent institution – York General Hospital – in 1829, at John and King Streets (now home to Bell Lightbox). In 1855 a new home for the hospital was built on the north side of Gerrard Street, east of Parliament, using a design by architect William Hay. In 1913, the hospital moved to its current location, since expanding and upgrading over the ensuing years. The 1913 structure, previously called the College Wing, was eventually sold by the hospital, to become the home of the MaRS Discovery District after a new wing for the TGH was completed and opened in 2002.

Multi-Organ Transplantation[edit]

Liver - The University Health Network, performed 141 Liver Transplants with 32 of those living donor transplants in 2011 making the program the largest in Canada, top 10 in North America and the largest living donor transplant unit in the Western world. [1]

Peter Munk Cardiac Centre[edit]

Toronto General Hospital is the home of the Peter Munk Cardiac Centre, which is the largest open heart centre in Canada and is ranked 1st in Canada and in the top 10 in North America for academic productivity.[2] Many clinical firsts in cardiovascular care were performed at TGH.

Research[edit]

Toronto General Hospital has had many research achievements including:

  • The development and first clinical use of insulin in the treatment of diabetes - 1922 [3]
  • World's first clinical use of the anticoagulant heparin - 1935 [4]
  • World's first external heart pacemaker used in open heart resuscitation - 1950 [5]
  • World's first successful valve transplant - 1955 [6]
  • World's first coronary care unit - 1965 [7]
  • World's first successful single lung transplant (Tom Hall) - 1983 [8]
  • World's first successful double lung transplant (Ann Harrison) - 1986 [9]
  • World's first aortic valve transplant using the Toronto Heart Valve - 1987 [10]
  • Canada's first and largest HIV/AIDS clinic - the Immunodeficiency Clinic - 1994 [11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°39′32″N 79°23′19″W / 43.658977°N 79.388505°W / 43.658977; -79.388505