Toronto Transit Commission fares

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Obverse and reverse of the TTC single-ride token introduced in 2006.

On the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC), fares may be paid with a variety of media, the price of which may be determined by the age of the rider.

Single-trip fares[edit]

A fare is good for one continuous trip on the TTC, including transfers between routes. The basic fare media are cash, tickets, and tokens. Riders paying using the basic media are entitled to one free transfer per trip, to be obtained when the fare is paid. Transfers are proofs-of-payment and allow riders to switch between most routes without paying additional fares.[1]

Fares paid in cash are the most expensive. Fares paid in tickets or tokens are slightly discounted due to the lower selling price of the media.[2]

Demographic divisions[edit]

The price of the fare, and the purchase cost of non-cash media, is based on the rider's age.

The Adult group (aged 13 and up) pay the highest fares.[2] The Student (aged 13 to 19) and Senior (aged 65+) groups pay a discounted adult fare provided supporting identification is shown at the time of payment. Students must produce a Student ID. Post-secondary students must show a TTC Post-Secondary Student Discount Card when using a TTC Post-Secondary Student Metropass. Seniors may use a TTC Senior's Photo ID or other appropriate photo ID.[3]

The Child group (aged 2 years to 12 years)[3] are able to ride the system for free as of March 1, 2015, when the fare group was eliminated as part of the 2015 TTC fare hike.[4]

Tickets[edit]

TTC Senior/Student and Child tickets from 2009

Tickets are available for seniors, students and children.[2]

Adult tickets were issued until 29 September 2008, when they were withdrawn due to counterfeiting.[5] Adult tickets were temporarily reissued between 23 November 2009[6] and 31 January 2010;[7] this was to alleviate demand on tokens during a fare hike that also withdrew all older tickets and passes.[6]

Tokens[edit]

Tokens are sold only at Adult ticket prices but may be used by all riders.[2]

Unlike cash and tickets, tokens may be used at automated turnstiles. Some subway and RT stations have completely automated entrances.

Design[edit]

All tokens have been the same diameter, slightly smaller than a dime.

The tokens used prior to 1954 were brass coins. In 1954, the year the city's first subway opened, these were replaced by light-weight aluminum tokens produced by the Royal Canadian Mint.[8] The new tokens were simply designed with the word "SUBWAY" prominently displayed on both sides.

By 1966, a new brass token was introduced for single-token sales. The brass token used a more elaborate design displaying the TTC crest on the obverse and the TTC logo on the reverse.[9]

The extension of the Bloor–Danforth subway into the boroughs of Etobicoke and Scarborough was commemorated by special brass tokens in 1968. These remained in circulation for a limited time.[10]

New aluminum tokens were introduced in 1975 using the design of the 1966 brass tokens. The 1954 and 1975 tokens remained in circulation until February 2007, when the remaining 30 million were withdrawn due to increased counterfeiting.[11]

The replacement for the 1954 and 1975 tokens was a bi-metal design phased-in starting in November 2006. It replaced the old tokens completely in February 2007.[12]

The 2006 tokens were heavier and more resistant to counterfeiting.[11] 20 million tokens were initially ordered in 2006.[12] 20 million additional tokens were purchased from Osborne Coinage Company in 2008 for US$2 million; these tokens were used to replace Adult tickets then in circulation.[13]

Counterfeits of the 2006 tokens were discovered in 2010. The counterfeits had the correct mass and dimensions, but had subtle typographic errors and lacked the expensive nickel used in real tokens for durability. The counterfeits did not work in automated turnstiles but could pass undetected by a human collector.[14]

Supplementary fares[edit]

Most continuous trips cost a single fare. There are a few that cost more than the regular fare.

A premium fare is required for the Downtown Express routes; Metropass bearers are not exempted from the extra charge.[15]

The TTC operates a few routes that cross municipal boundaries; a premium fare is charged when crossing the boundary. The amount charged is the equivalent of the normal fare of the transit agency serving the municipality.[16]

Bearers of the GTA Weekly Pass are exempted from the premium fare if they are crossing into a municipality that recognizes the pass. Although Toronto Pearson International Airport is not within Toronto city limits, TTC routes terminating at the airport are not subject to the extra charge.[17]

Transfers[edit]

Transfers are an integral component of the TTC's fare system. A transfer is a proof of payment issued when a fare is paid; the transfers allows riders to switch between most routes without paying additional fares. Transfers are valid where routes intersect and for one-way trips. On most routes, they are not good for stopovers. Pass holders are not entitled to transfers.[1]

Some subway and RT stations have surface terminals for connecting surface routes. The stations and terminal form a fare-paid zone, and transfers are not required to switch between routes that enter the zone. Where terminals are not present, as is typical in the downtown core, transfers are required to switch between the subway and surface routes.

Design[edit]

Surface routes (buses and streetcars) and rapid transit routes (subway and RT) issue different styles of transfers.

On most surface routes, transfers are issued by vehicle operators. The transfers are printed with the route and date, and torn off from a holder that marks the transfer with the time of issue and direction of travel.[18]

Within subway and RT stations, transfers are issued by machines near entry points into the fare-paid zone. The machines print the station's name and date on standardized thermal paper. They were introduced in the mid-1990s, and are not valid on surface vehicles at station where issued.[19] Subway transfers used to be printed on longer paper with a station-specific design in various colours with two rows of TTC logos. The station's name, date and time were printed by the dispenser. The Yonge–University–Spadina line design lacked the thick middle stripe carried by the Bloor-Danforth line transer.

On the new TTC Flexity streetcars, after a passenger pays their fare transfers are dispensed from a fare vending machine which marks the date, time stop and route where issued.

Proof-of-payment[edit]

Further information: Proof-of-payment

Proof-of-payment (POP) is an honour-based fare collection system that allows all-door boarding It is used on the following streetcar routes:

Use of all-door boarding is at the driver's discretion, depending on the number of passengers boarding. The procedure is as follows:

  • Passengers with a valid transfer, Metropass, a validated TTC ticket or a POP receipt can board at any door without showing POP to the driver.
  • Passengers boarding CLRV/ALRV vehicles without POP must use the front doors, pay at the farebox near the driver and obtain a POP transfer receipt.
  • Passengers boarding the new Flexity streetcars without POP should board using the central doors. They pay their fare at one of two fare and transfer vending machines on-board at the second and fourth modules of each car near the double doors, or at a curb-side machine prior to boarding, and receive a POP transfer receipt.

Passengers must show POP to TTC fare inspectors upon request, penalty for misuse, fine or criminal charges.[20]

POP was introduced on the Queen streetcar lines in 1990 to make better use of the Articulated Light Rail Vehicles on the line.[21] Application of the POP system was limited to the Queen routes at the time because they did not enter a fare-paid terminal, such as at subway stations, meaning that passengers who evaded paying the streetcar fares they would unlikely be able to transfer to any other route without paying a fare. POP is incompatible with the paperless transfer system used by the subway and RT system. The POP system was extended to the 504 King route on January 1, 2015. The POP system on the Queen and King streetcar lines is only used during daytime periods (7 am to 7 pm). At less busy times, and for evening and late-night services, passengers may only board at the front.

The first full-time POP route, the 510 Spadina, came into effect on August 31, 2014. POP is required on this route because of the introduction on that day of new Flexity low-floor streetcars that are not equipped with fareboxes. The driver is not responsible for fare collection on those vehicles. Full-time POP system was also introduced on the 509 Harbourfront streetcar when the Flexity streetcars were shifted from Spadina due to spring construction that began March 29, 2015.[20]

The TTC announced during its 2015 TTC customer charter initiative on January 23, 2015 that it plans to extend POP to all remaining streetcar lines by fall 2015. The TTC also plans to expand POP to bus routes over the next few years as the Presto Card system is rolled out, eventually allowing all-door boarding system-wide.[22]

Time-based transfers[edit]

In 2005, the TTC introduced "time-based" transfers allowing additional free rides within a time limit (up to two hours from the start of the vehicle's journey), even if the passenger makes a stopover or reverses direction. The experiment was linked to the temporary replacement of part of one streetcar route (the 512 St. Clair) by a bus service due to track reconstruction. Time-based transfers are available only on route 512 St. Clair; and on other routes, they are accepted only at normal transfer points.[23]

Tess Kalinowski, writing in the Toronto Star, reported in January 2014 that TTC staff were studying shifting the TTC to a time-based transfer system, as part of introducing new, higher technology fare cards, and that they predicted it would result in a $20 million annual loss of revenue.[24]

Connection with GO Transit[edit]

Passengers can use GO Transit (at normal GO fares) for an intermediate stage of their journey without having to pay a second TTC fare when they change back to the TTC, although there are few routes where this is useful; this policy is called "TTC Times Two".[25]

Fares[edit]

These are the fares as of March 1, 2015:[26]

Fare Type Adult Senior/Student Child
Single Fare Purchase $3.00 $2.00 Free
Tokens or Tickets 3 tokens for $8.40/7 tokens for $19.60 5 tickets for $9.75/10 tickets for $19.50 Free

Passes[edit]

These prices took effect on March 1, 2015:[26]

Fare Type 1 day 1 week 1 month 12 months
Adult $11.50* $40.75 $141.50 $129.75
Post-Secondary Student Unknown $112 Unknown
Senior/Student $33 $112 $102.75

*On weekends, valid for group: maximum of two adults over 19 and six people altogether.

A TTC student/senior monthly Metropass.

Price history of passes[edit]

Price of passes from January 1, 2014, to February 28, 2015:[27]

Fare Type 1 day 1 week 1 month 12 months
Adult $11.00 * $39.25 $133.75 122.50 /month
Post-Secondary Student Unknown $108.00 Unknown
Senior/Student $31.25 $108.00 $Unknown /month
  • On weekends, valid for group: maximum of two adults over 19 and six people altogether.

Price of passes for 2013:

Fare Type 1 day 1 week 1 month 12 months
Adult $10.75* $37.50 $128.50 $117.75/month
Post-Secondary Student Unknown $106.00 Unknown
Senior/Student $30.50 $106.00 $95.75/month

*On weekends, valid for group: maximum of two adults over 19 and six people altogether.

Types of passes[edit]

A Day Pass, on a weekday, is valid for one person and is not transferable. On a weekend day or holiday, however, the same pass becomes a Family/Group Pass: this means that a single pass can be used, at no additional charge, by two adults traveling together or by one or two adults accompanied by people aged 19 or younger, with up to six people in the group. The pass can be bought in advance, to be marked with the date only when the owner is ready to use it.

A Weekly Pass is valid for seven days, starting on a Monday and ending on a Sunday. The pass is marked for a specific week and is sold only from the preceding Thursday the Tuesday of that week. This pass is valid for one person at a time but can be used by different people at different times. Seniors and high-school students use the same pass, so it can be transferred from one type of user to the other.

The monthly pass is called a Metropass. It is valid for a specific calendar month and is sold from the 24th of the previous month until the fourth working day of its validity. Passengers who sign up to buy 12 months of Metropasses pay a lower rate, as shown above. The Volume Incentive Pass (VIP) program allows part-time post-secondary students, federally and provincially incorporated organizations, limited liability partnerships, hospitals, government departments and agencies, and trade unions to purchase Adult Metropasses in bulk, which are then sold at a lower price than the 12-month discount to the commuter. The pass is transferable under the same rules as the Weekly Pass. Full-time post-secondary students have a distinct Metropass, which can be transferred only to other full-time post-secondary students. Before September 2010, post-secondary institutions issued VIP Metropasses.

Day Passes are printed on card paper; Weekly Passes and Metropasses have a magnetic strip for automatic turnstiles and so, like tokens, work at all subway/RT station entrances whether staffed or not. On surface vehicles, the pass is simply shown to the driver.

There is one more kind of pass, not sold to the general public; it is available only to those attending conventions, trade shows, and similar meetings. The TTC issues these passes for the applicable number of days and sells them to the convention operators; as of November 2007, prices range from $6.25 for a one-day pass in quantities of 100 to 499, to as low as $4.25 per day for a three-day or longer pass in quantities of at least 1,000.

Downtown Express fares[edit]

The TTC operates five rush-hour express bus routes serving downtown. In addition to the basic fare, the passenger must pay a supplement of one ticket or token, or its equivalent value. For example, an adult can pay with two tokens, or one token plus $2.70 (not $3.00), or $5.70 in cash. Pass users and those transferring from ordinary routes pay only the supplement; for Metropass users there is also the option of buying a sticker (sold only at King and St. Andrew subway stations) for $38.50 that covers use of the downtown express buses for the full month.

Express buses in other parts of the city charge regular fares.

Senior and Student Discount ID Pass[edit]

An adult Metropass for April 2007

The seniors pass was created in the 1980s (valid with driver's licence/Government-issued photo ID), with the additional capability of the same pass being used by students (with a TTC-issued photo ID card) some time later.

Post-secondary student passes[edit]

While the Senior/Student Metropass and other student fares were available only to high-school students, a separate Post-Secondary Student Metropass became available to university and college students (likewise requiring TTC-issued photo ID), starting with the September 2010 pass.

Weekly pass[edit]

In September 2005, the Weekly Pass was introduced. This is a type of Metropass valid for only one week and available with a discount rate similar to that of the Metropass for high school students and seniors. There is no post-secondary student version available.

History of passes[edit]

The TTC has always been cautious about the loss of revenue from selling passes to riders who would otherwise make the same trips and pay more. Passes have been introduced gradually and always been relatively expensive compared to some other transit systems: for example, in the fares adopted in 2014, an adult Metropass must be used for 50 trips in a month or else tickets or tokens would be cheaper. (However, since July 2006, a federal income tax credit has been available on monthly transit passes. For those able to buy a pass and wait for their federal transit tax credit, which is 15%, the threshold is reduced to 43 trips per month.)[28][29]

The first pass regularly offered on the TTC was the "Sunday or Holiday Pass", introduced in 1973. It allowed group travel on Sundays and holidays, similar to the later Day Pass. However, because the TTC was always heavily used on the last day of the Canadian National Exhibition, the pass was not offered on Labour Day.

The TTC introduced the Metropass in 1980. At that time, there was only one price, based on the adult fare. The pass was not transferable and had to be used with TTC-issued photo ID cards (in about 2000 the TTC also began accepting Ontario driver's licences as ID). A lower-price Metropass for seniors was added in 1984, and for students in 1991 (originally at a slightly higher rate than seniors). The magnetic stripe was added to the pass in 1990, allowing it to operate automatic turnstiles, even though this meant that the user's ID would then not normally be checked.

To combat fraud and sharing the pass amongst riders, a printable box was placed on the right-hand side of the card. To make the pass valid for the month, the commuter hand-printed the digits of either the commuter's Metropass Photo ID card, if the commuter had one, or the commuter's initials and abbreviated gender if the commuter used other ID. The holder of the pass was also required to show the commuter's Metropass Photo ID card or another piece of Government of Ontario-issued identification at the same time that the holder presented their pass.

Also in 1990, the Sunday or Holiday Pass was replaced by the Day Pass. It remained valid on Sundays and holidays (now also including Labour Day) for groups, but was extended to weekdays and Saturdays as a single-person pass. On weekdays, however, it was not valid until the end of the morning rush hour at 9:30 a.m.

From 1992 to 2009, free parking for Metropass users was provided at certain subway-station parking lots. Some lots were restricted to Metropass users.

In February 1993, the Metropass became the same size as a credit card and could be swiped at subway stations. The new design was a simple mono-coloured and two-shaded design, with the abbreviation of the month in a large font, and the year placed beneath it in the same font and colour. The background of the card's front had a shaded design so as to enable the holder to distinguish the text on the card.

At about the same time, the TTC introduced an Annual Metropass, good for a whole year. As a higher-cost option, the pass was available in transferable form: the first transferable pass on the TTC. Both versions were soon withdrawn and replaced by the 12-month discount plan for the regular monthly pass.

Around 1994, the TTC began announcing specific periods around Christmas, and sometimes other holidays, when the Day Pass would be accepted as a group pass on any day. Starting around 2002, they also offered transferable weekly passes during certain weeks.

From July 1996 to March 2004, the pass carried a faux gold-stamped version of the Toronto Transit Commission's seal.

Since 2000[edit]

In 2000, the design was altered to include the "Toronto Millennium" logo, celebrating the changeover to a new millennium.

In April 2004, the Metropass changed its design to a multi-colour vertical gradient, along with a different type of faux gold-imprinted "Metropass" logo (it uses the unique TTC font used in several subway stations). The colours and pattern of the gradient vary from month to month. In addition, the year was now printed in a bold font at the upper right, with the month imprinted in the same faux gold as the Metropass logo.

In 2005, with a political climate including the prospect of subsidies tied to ridership, the TTC became more willing to promote pass usage even at the loss of other fares. First, in March, they extended the Day Pass to be usable by groups on Saturdays. Then in September, the Metropass became transferable (with ID required only to prove eligibility for the senior or student fare), and at the same time, the transferable Weekly Pass was introduced. On the Metropass, the printable anti-fraud box was removed and replaced by wording suggesting the transfer of the pass to others when one was not using it.

Though the reverse side of the pass has always had the conditions of use printed on the reverse, it did not see much updating until the passes were made transferable in 2005, at which point a "No 'Pass Back'" rule was added: in essence, a rider who enters the system using a pass must not hand it to someone outside the fare-paid area, which would allow both to use it at once.

In February 2006, to reduce lineups at the collector booths, the TTC introduced vending machines (accepting payment by debit card only) at some subway stations for the Weekly Pass and the Metropass. In April 2006, the Day Pass became valid all day on weekdays.

On certain special occasions the TTC has offered passes with other periods of validity as appropriate. These have included the Papal Visits of 1984 and 2002.

The TTC redesigned its Metropasses to include custom holograms and a yellow "activation" sticker, beginning with the July 2009 Metropasses, due to widespread counterfeiting of the Metropasses between January and May 2009.[30] In addition, removing the "activation" sticker reveals a thin film, which is used to prevent the reapplication of the sticker, and removing the film would leave a sticky residue, in which dirt and other particles can obscure the hologram.[31] The thin film reads, "Do not remove," to prevent curious Metropass users from removing it.

The TTC offers the Metropass Hot Dealz [sic], in which a current Metropass user and three guests can receive an admission discount at various venues and events, such as Casa Loma, the CN Tower, the Hockey Hall of Fame, Ontario Place, the Ontario Science Centre, and the Toronto Zoo.[32]

See also the Fares outside Toronto section below

Inter-agency media[edit]

GTA Weekly Pass[edit]

GTA Weekly Passes for June 2011.

The GTA Weekly Pass is valid on the TTC, MiWay, York Region Transit, and Brampton Transit. It is good for unlimited travel for seven days starting on a Monday. It is sold at selected locations on starting the Thursday before the week of use, until Tuesday on the week of use.[33]

Pass bearers are exempted from the extra charge for crossing the municipal boundary between areas served by the four participating agencies. Bearers are not exempted from the extra charges for certain "premium" and "express" routes.[33]

The pass has a magnetic stripe to operate TTC turnstiles.[34]

The pass was introduced in 1994 based on a recommendation of the provincial government. The Ministry of Transportation (MTO) provided a subsidy at the onset, but this was withdrawn in 1998. Revenues from pass sales are split between the participating agencies.[34]

Presto card[edit]

The provincial Minister of Transportation announced plans to introduce the Presto card, a unified smartcard-based payment system for the entire Greater Toronto Area similar to the OPUS card used in Montreal, and the Octopus card used in Hong Kong. It was introduced on October 2008 (after trials were completed by GO Transit in Mississauga from June 25, 2007 to September 30, 2008).

Presto card readers on the TTC are currently available at 15 subway stations[35] (to be expanded to 26 stations by July 2015) and on the Flexity streetcars on route 509. Future Flexity vehicles will be equipped with the system upon delivery, and existing CLRVs and ALRVs will be retrofitted by 2015. The bus system and all remaining subway stations will be equipped with Presto by the end of 2016.

Twin Pass[edit]

Fares on the provincially operated GO Transit are separate from TTC fares, for travel within and outside of Toronto. A "Twin Pass", which combined a Metropass with a monthly GO Transit ticket for a specific journey at a discount compared to their individual prices, was available from 1988 until 2002.

Procedures[edit]

Purchasing media[edit]

Tickets, tokens, and passes may be bought on the subway and RT system at manned collector booths. They may also be purchased around Toronto at over 1200 Authorized TTC Fare Media Sellers.[36]

Tokens may be bought at stations from vending machines.[36] Some stations may also have pass vending machines.[37]

A ticket vending machine is located at Toronto Pearson International Airport's Terminal 1[36] and on board new streetcars introduced on the Spadina line in 2014.

Payment[edit]

Subway and RT stations[edit]

An unstaffed "automatic entrance"

All subway and RT stations have at least one fare collector's booth where single-ride cash fares are paid, and cardboard tickets and metal tokens are sold and can be used. There are also automatic turnstiles operated by tokens, and some stations have unattended secondary entrances with automatic turnstiles only.

Tickets are available for students, seniors and children,however effective March 1, 2015 children 12 and under ride for free)[2] but do not operate the automatic turnstiles. Tokens do operate turnstiles – they were introduced for that purpose when the subway opened in 1954. As well as the collector's booth, tokens are sold from automatic machines that accept $10 and $20 bills (for each bill they give as many tokens as possible and the appropriate change: as of 3 January 2010 a $10 bill buys 4 tokens and $20 bill buys 8 tokens without any change, as they are exact). The machines also sell one token for the single-ride fare in coins.[38]

Buses and streetcars[edit]

On most surface vehicles (buses and streetcars), fares are deposited into a farebox near the driver. Tickets and tokens are accepted but are not sold; passengers must buy them in advance at a subway/RT station or an authorized TTC retailer. Single-ride fares must be paid with exact cash; change is not given.[39]

(The exact-fare policy was introduced in 1975. Before that, retail stores did not sell TTC fare media; tokens were sold only at subway stations, but surface route drivers sold tickets and did make change for cash fares.)[citation needed]

The TTC's new Flexity Outlook streetcars use a Proof-of-payment honour system, allowing all-door boarding. Because the driver sits in an fully enclosed cab, he/she is no longer exposed to passengers, and therefore cannot monitor fare payments. Passengers who use cash or tokens must pay their fares at one of two "fare and transfer" vending machines located on board the vehicles (at the second and fourth modules of each car near the double doors) and at most major stops along the routes. Passengers using child/senior/student tickets must have their tickets validated at one of two smaller machines beside the larger fare and transfer vending machines.[40]

Overnight service[edit]

The TTC's Blue Night Network charges the normal TTC fares. The overnight period is considered, for purposes of TTC passes, as part of the preceding traffic day: in effect, the date changes at 5:30 a.m. or the start of daytime service, not at midnight.

History of zone fares[edit]

As noted, one TTC fare is good for any distance within the City of Toronto; there are no fare zones in the city today. The same was true from 1921 until 1953, when the City of Toronto covered a much smaller area than today. Then as now, there were routes extending outside the city, and extra fares were charged; these were on a zonal basis, although the zones might better be described as fare stages along the individual routes outside the city, as each one was a separate radial route.

But with the creation of Metropolitan Toronto ("Metro") in 1954, covering the whole present area of the City of Toronto, the TTC took on responsibility for transit within the entire area. At that time they did not consider a flat fare feasible for so large an area; instead they rounded off the edges of the city fare zone and renamed it the Central Zone, and set up a series of concentric semicircular rings around it as Suburban Zone 1, 2, etc., with an additional fare required for each one. Routes extending beyond the Metro limit continued to be separate radial routes, so the zones still had the effect of fare stages, but, within Metro, it became possible to change buses within a suburban zone. This external link shows a route map of this period. The (roughly rectangular) Metro limit is not marked on the map, but Suburban Zone 2 extends to just reach this limit in the north and the southwest only; the Port Credit bus and part of the North Yonge bus are the only TTC routes then extending outside Metro.

In 1956, Suburban Zones 1 and 2 were combined as Zone 2 and the Central Zone became the new Zone 1.

During this early period, the outer zones within Metro were still relatively undeveloped and bus routes in them were sparse; but as development increased, there was pressure for lower suburban fares, and in 1962 the outer boundary of Zone 2 was extended to all the way to the Metro limit. Higher fares, still on a zonal basis along each radial route, now applied only on the few routes running beyond Metro; in effect, the zone boundaries outside Zone 2 had changed from semicircles to rough rectangles. (Eventually the zones along each remaining route beyond Metro were effectively combined and the fares coordinated with those of adjacent transit agencies; see below.)

In 1968, the Bloor–Danforth Subway was extended east and west through the boundary between Zones 1 and 2, but the subway itself remained part of Zone 1. On January 21, 1973, with construction already well advanced on a similar extension of the Yonge–University Subway, the TTC acceded to pressure to abolish the zone boundary, and all of Metro (now the unified City of Toronto) gained service at a single flat fare. (Unfortunately, the new subway stations on both lines in what had been Zone 2 had not been designed for the change: their bus terminals were outside of the subway's fare-paid area. The layout of some stations allowed this to be easily corrected by moving the fare barrier, but at other stations this was unfeasible and they were not reconfigured until a later renovation, if at all.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Transfers". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Prices". Toronto Transit Commission. 3 January 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Post-Secondary Students, Seniors, Students and Children". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  4. ^ http://toronto.ctvnews.ca/children-under-12-to-ride-ttc-for-free-1.2195323
  5. ^ "TTC to stop accepting adult tickets Sunday". Inside Toronto. 24 September 2008. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Mackenzie, Robert (31 December 2009). "TTC resumes selling tokens, raises fares, January 3". Transit Toronto. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  7. ^ Mackenzie, Robert (31 December 2009). "Just one week left to use "old" TTC tickets". Transit Toronto. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  8. ^ "The great TTC scam". National Post. 27 January 2007. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  9. ^ Munro, Steve (17 Dec 2006). "Going, Going, Gone". Steve Munro. Retrieved 3 Sep 2011. 
  10. ^ Cotroneo, Christian (28 Jan 2007). "Token transition". Toronto Star. Retrieved 3 Sep 2011. 
  11. ^ a b Gandhi, Unnati (3 January 2007). "TTC recruits staff to help ease burden of heavier tokens". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  12. ^ a b Bow, James (3 April 2007). "A History of Fares on the TTC". Transit Toronto. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  13. ^ "Notice Of Award Of Procurement Authorization – Bi-Metal Token Supply From Osborne Coinage Company". Toronto Transit Commission. 18 June 2008. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  14. ^ "Fake TTC tokens turning up". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 12 Nov 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  15. ^ "Downtown Express". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  16. ^ "GTA Zone Fares". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  17. ^ "Fare Information". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  18. ^ Orbz, Chris (5 October 2007). "How to Read a TTC Transfer". blogTO. Retrieved 9 July 2011. 
  19. ^ http://www.rickstv.com/subwaytransfers/1986.html
  20. ^ a b "Proof of Payment (POP)". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved 4 Sep 2011. 
  21. ^ "PROOF-OF-PAYMENT FARE COLLECTION AT THE TTC". Toronto Transit Commission. 19 July 2006. Retrieved 4 Sep 2011. 
  22. ^ TTC 2015 Customer Charter
  23. ^ (External link, PDF.)
  24. ^ Tess Kalinowski (2014-01-24). "TTC considers time-based transfers: The TTC is considering changing to time-based transfers as part of the broad-scale roll-out of Presto fare cards". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 2014-01-24. The TTC is considering switching to time-based transfers but the switch will cost the transit agency millions in lost fares 
  25. ^ http://www3.ttc.ca/Fares_and_passes/Fare_information/TTC_Times_2.jsp
  26. ^ a b Bock, Tony (19 January 2015). "Wondering what the TTC fare increase will cost you?". Toronto Star (Toronto Star). Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  27. ^ "TTC Prices". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  28. ^ http://www.ttc.ca/Fares_and_passes/Prices/
  29. ^ http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca/tx/ndvdls/tpcs/ncm-tx/rtrn/cmpltng/ddctns/lns360-390/364/
  30. ^ New-look TTC passes designed to thwart counterfeiters
  31. ^ Additional information regarding TTC Metropass activation stickers
  32. ^ "Metropass Hot Dealz". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved 2009-07-11. 
  33. ^ a b "Greater Toronto Area (GTA) Weekly Pass". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved 6 July 2011. 
  34. ^ a b "Staff Response to Commission Inquiry - Overview of GTA Weekly Pass". Toronto Transit Commission. 15 May 2002. Retrieved 6 July 2011. 
  35. ^ "TTC PRESTO Fare System". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved 10 January 2015. 
  36. ^ a b c "Buying Tickets, Tokens and Passes". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  37. ^ "Pass Vending Machine". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  38. ^ http://www3.ttc.ca/Fares_and_passes/Prices/Buying_tickets_tokens_and_passes.jsp
  39. ^ http://www3.ttc.ca/Fares_and_passes/Prices/Paying_fares.jsp
  40. ^ "Passenger Experience". Toronto Transit Commission. https://www.ttc.ca/About_the_TTC/Projects/New_Vehicles/New_Streetcars/FAQ/FAQ_PassengerExperience.jsp. 

External links[edit]

Official[edit]

Fan websites[edit]

Fares
Maps
Fare media