List of mayors of Toronto
|Style||Mayor, His/Her Worship|
|Member of||City Council|
|Reports to||City Council|
|Residence||No Official Residence|
|Seat||Toronto City Hall
(Toronto, Ontario, Canada)
|Appointer||Direct election by residents of Toronto|
|Term length||4 years/term|
|Inaugural holder||William Lyon Mackenzie|
|Formation||March 6, 1834|
(including $102,608 City Councillor's salary)
|Website||Toronto City website|
This is a list of mayors of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Toronto's first mayor, William Lyon Mackenzie was appointed in 1834 after his Reform coalition won the new City of Toronto's first election, and Mackenzie was chosen by the Reformers. Toronto's 64th and current mayor, Rob Ford, was elected on October 25, 2010.
From 1834 to 1857, and again from 1867 to 1873, Toronto mayors were not elected directly by the public. Instead, after each annual election of aldermen and councilmen, the assembled council would elect one of their members as mayor. For all other years, mayors were directly elected by popular vote, except in rare cases where a mayor was appointed by council to fill an unexpired term of office. Prior to 1834, Toronto municipal leadership was governed by the Chairman of the General Quarter Session of Peace of the Home District Council.
Through 1955 the term of office for the mayor and council was one year; it then varied between two and three years until a four-year term was adopted starting in 2006. (See List of Toronto municipal elections.)
The "City of Toronto" has changed substantially over the years: the city annexed or amalgamated with neighbouring communities or areas 49 times from in 1883 to 1967. The most sweeping change was in 1998, when the six municipalities comprising Metropolitan Toronto—East York, Etobicoke, North York, Scarborough, York, and the former city of Toronto–and its regional government were amalgamated into a single City of Toronto (colloquially dubbed the "megacity") by an act of the provincial government. The newly created position of mayor for the resulting single-tier mega-city replaced all of the mayors of the former Metro municipalities. It also abolished the office of the Metro Chairman, which had formerly been the most senior political figure in the Metro government before amalgamation.
According to Victor Loring Russell, author of Mayors of Toronto Volume I, 14 out of the first 29 mayors were lawyers. According to Mark Maloney who is writing The History of the Mayors of Toronto, 58 of Toronto's 64 mayors (up to Ford) have been Protestant, white, English-speaking, Anglo-Saxon, property-owning males. There have been two women (Hall and Rowlands) and three Jewish mayors (Phillips, Givens and Lastman).
Art Eggleton is the longest-serving mayor of Toronto, serving from 1980 until 1991. Eggleton later served in federal politics from 1993 until 2004, and was appointed to the Senate of Canada in 2005. David Breakenridge Read held the post of mayor of Toronto for the shortest period. Read was mayor for only fifty days in 1858.
No Toronto mayor has been removed from office. Toronto's 64th and current mayor, Rob Ford, lost a conflict of interest trial in 2012, and was ordered to vacate his position; but the ruling was stayed pending an appeal, which Ford won to remain in office. Due to his substance abuse admission and controversy in 2013, Council stripped him of many powers on November 15, transferring them to the Deputy Mayor. On May 1, 2014, Ford started a leave of absence from the mayoralty to enter drug rehabilitation.
Original City of Toronto era
|No.||Mayor||Took office||Left office|
|1||William Lyon Mackenzie||1834 (March 27)||1835|
|2||Robert Baldwin Sullivan||1835 (January 15)||1836|
|3||Thomas David Morrison||1836||1837|
|8||William H. Boulton||1845||1848|
|9||John George Bowes||1851||1854|
|10||Joshua George Beard||1854||1855|
|11||George William Allan||1855||1856|
|12||John Beverley Robinson||1856||1857|
|13||John Hutchison||1857||1858 (resigned)|
|-||William H. Boulton
|1858||1858 (resigned November 8)|
|14||David Breakenridge Read||1858 (November 11)||1858 (December 31)|
|No.||Mayor||Took office||Left office|
|15||Sir Adam Wilson||1859||1861|
|-||John George Bowes
|16||Francis Henry Medcalf||1864||1867|
|No.||Mayor||Took office||Left office|
|17||James Edward Smith||1867||1869|
|18||Samuel Bickerton Harman||1869||1871|
|No.||Mayor||Took office||Left office|
|-||Francis Henry Medcalf
|23||William Barclay McMurrich||1881||1882|
|24||Arthur Radcliffe Boswell||1883||1884|
|25||William Holmes Howland||1886||1887|
|26||Edward Frederick Clarke||1888||1891|
|27||Robert John Fleming||1892||1893|
|-||Robert John Fleming
|1896||1897 (resigned August 5)|
|29||John Shaw||1897 (August 6)||1899|
|30||Ernest A. Macdonald||1900||1900|
|31||Oliver Aiken Howland||1901||1902|
|35||George Reginald Geary||1910||1912 (resigned October 21)|
|36||Horatio C. Hocken||1912||1914|
|37||Thomas Langton Church||1915||1921|
|38||Charles A. Maguire||1922||1923|
|39||W. W. Hiltz||1924||1924|
|42||Bert Sterling Wemp||1930||1930|
|43||William James Stewart||1931||1934|
|1936||1936 (died November 10)|
|45||William D. Robbins||1936 (November 18)||1937|
|46||Ralph C. Day||1938||1940|
|47||Frederick J. Conboy||1941||1944|
|48||Robert Hood Saunders||1945||1948 (resigned February 23)|
|49||Hiram E. McCallum||1948||1951|
The Metro Toronto era (1953–97)
Beginning in 1953, Toronto was part of a federated municipality known as Metropolitan Toronto. This regional entity had the same boundaries as present-day Toronto, but consisted of the City of Toronto and 12 other municipalities, each with its own mayor and council. From 1953 to 1997, the most senior political figure in the Metropolitan Toronto government was the Chairman of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto (for a list of Metro Chairmen, see Chairman of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto). In 1967, (during the incumbency of William Dennison), an internal amalgamation eliminated the seven smallest municipalities in Metropolitan Toronto. Of these, the villages of Forest Hill and Swansea were amalgamated into the City of Toronto.
|No.||Mayor||Took office||Left office||Prior political experience||Deputy Mayor|
|50||Lamport, AllanAllan Lamport||January 1, 1952||June 28, 1954||MPP for St. David (1937–1943)
Toronto Board of Control (1950–1952)
|51||Saunders, Leslie HowardLeslie Howard Saunders||June 28, 1954||December 31, 1954||Alderman in North Bay (1918–1924)
Toronto School Trustee (1936–1938)
Alderman for Ward 1 (Riverdale) (1942–1945)
Toronto Board of Control (1949–1954)
|52||Phillips, NathanNathan Phillips||January 1, 1955||December 31, 1962||Alderman for Ward 4 (St. Andrew) (1926–1955)||N/A|
|53||Dean Summerville, DonaldDonald Dean Summerville||January 1, 1963||November 19, 1963 (died in office) ||Alderman for Ward 8 (The Beaches) (1955–1958)
Toronto Board of Control (1958–1961)
|54||Givens, PhilipPhilip Givens||November 19, 1963 (acting mayor, appointed permanently on November 25)||December 31, 1966||Alderman for Ward 5 (Trinity–Bellwoods) (1951—1960)
Toronto Board of Control (1960—1963)
President of City Council (1963)
|Allan Lamport |
|55||Dennison, WilliamWilliam Dennison||January 1, 1967||December 31, 1972||Toronto School Trustee (1938–1941)
Alderman for Ward 2 (Rosedale and Cabbagetown)(1941–1943)
MPP for St. David (1943—1945, 1948—1951)
Toronto Board of Control (1958–1963)
|56||Crombie, DavidDavid Crombie||January 1, 1973||August 31, 1978||Alderman for Ward 11 (North Toronto) (1969–1972)||Fred Beavis|
|57||Beavis, FredFred Beavis||September 1, 1978||November 30, 1978||Alderman for Ward 1 (Riverdale) (1956–1978)||Anne Johnston|
|58||Sewell, JohnJohn Sewell||December 1, 1978||November 30, 1980||Alderman for Ward 7 (Regent Park and Riverdale) (1969–1978)||Art Eggleton|
|59||Eggleton, ArtArt Eggleton||December 1, 1980||November 30, 1991||Alderman for Ward 4 (Trinity Bellwoods and Little Italy) (1969–1980)||N/A|
|60||Rowlands, JuneJune Rowlands||December 1, 1991||November 30, 1994||Alderman/City Councillor for Ward 10 (North Toronto and Rosedale) (1976–1988)
Chairman of the Toronto Police Commission (1988–1991)
|61||Hall, BarbaraBarbara Hall||December 1, 1994||December 31, 1997||City Councillor for Ward 7 (Regent Park and Riverdale) (1985–1994)||N/A|
As of 1998, Metropolitan Toronto and all its municipalities were amalgamated into a single City of Toronto. Under the City of Toronto Act, 2006, the Mayor is the head of council and the chief executive officer of the City.
The Deputy Mayor is appointed by the Mayor from among the elected members of the City Council. The Deputy Mayor acts in place of the Mayor whenever the incumbent is unable to be present to perform his normal functions and duties, assists the Mayor, and serves as vice-chair of the city council's executive committee.
On November 18, 2013, city council removed most powers from the office of Mayor for the term of the current Council, including chairing the executive committee. These powers were given to the office of the Deputy Mayor, held by Norm Kelly at the time of the motion. The action occurred after Mayor Rob Ford admitted to drug abuse. On May 1, 2014, Ford started a leave of absence for drug rehabilitation. Kelly took over the remainder of the Mayoral duties and powers at that time.
|No.||Mayor||Terms of office||Took office||Left office||Prior political experience||Deputy Mayor|
|62||Lastman, MelMel Lastman||2||January 1, 1998||November 30, 2003||Mayor of North York (1973—1997)||Case Ootes|
|63||Miller, DavidDavid Miller||2||December 1, 2003||November 30, 2010||Metro Councillor for High Park (1994–1997),
City Councillor for Ward 19 (High Park) (1997-2000),
City Councillor for Ward 13 (High Park) (2000-2003)
|64||Ford, RobRob Ford||-||December 1, 2010||May 1, 2014 (leave of absence)||City Councillor for Ward 2 (Etobicoke North) (2000–2010)|
|Acting||Kelly, NormNorm Kelly||-||May 2, 2014||June 30, 2014||Deputy Mayor of Toronto (2013-)||N/A|
|64||Ford, RobRob Ford||-||June 30, 2014 (return from leave)||Incumbent (until December 1, 2014)||City Councillor for Etobicoke North (2000-2010)|
- Russell, Victor (1982). Mayors of Toronto, Volume 1 1834–1899. Erin, Ontario: Boston Mills Press. ISBN 0-919822-77-0.
- Derek Hayes. Historical Atlas of Toronto. pp. 90–91. ISBN 978-1-55365-290-8.
- Mark Maloney (January 3, 2010). "Toronto's mayors: Scoundrels, rogues and socialist". Toronto Star.
- Globe Staff (November 26, 1963). "Givens Mayor by Unanimous Vote". The Globe & Mail (Toronto). p. 1.
- "Toronto Mayor Rob Ford to appeal his ouster". CTV News. November 26, 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-16.
- Magder v. Ford 2013 ONSC 263, 113 OR (3d) 241 (25 January 2013), Superior Court of Justice (Ontario, Canada)
- Mendleson, Rachel; Peter Edwards (November 18, 2013). "Rob Ford stripped of power as mayor by Toronto council". The Toronto Star. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved 2013-11-18.
- Globe Staff (November 20, 1963). "Heart Attack at 48: Stricken Playing Hockey, Mayor Summerville Dead". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). p. 1.
- Star staff (November 20, 1963). "Givens becomes Toronto's acting mayor". The Toronto Daily Star. p. 1.
- as enacted by the Stronger City of Toronto for a Stronger Ontario Act, 2006, S.O. 2006, c. 11, Sch. A
- City of Toronto Act, 2006, s. 133
- City of Toronto Act, 2006, s. 134
- CP24 News Staff (August 19, 2013). "Coun. Norm Kelly appointed as Toronto's new deputy mayor". CTV News (Toronto). Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-07.
- "Ford scandal: Mayor takes leave after lewd audio, alleged drug video emerge". 680 News (Toronto, Ontario). May 1, 2014.
- Star Staff (December 5, 1972). "Mel Lastman sweeps North York". The Toronto Star. pp. 1, 11. "All municipal elected officials that won in the 4 DEC 1972 election took office on 1 JAN 1973."
- List of Toronto municipal elections
- Metro Chairman - previously the most senior political figure in Toronto until 1997
- Rob Ford conflict of interest trial
- Timeline of Rob Ford video scandal
2010 Article on Mayors of Toronto by history writer Mark Maloney http://www.thestar.com/news/city_hall/2010/01/03/torontos_mayors_scoundrels_rogues_and_socialists.html
- "Chronological list of Mayors of Toronto". City of Toronto.