Toronto rapid transit rolling stock

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H5 and T1 trains parked at the Davisville Subway Yard

The rolling stock of the Toronto rapid transit system consists of 678 subway cars for Line 1 Yonge–University–Spadina, Line 2 Bloor–Danforth, and Line 4 Sheppard and 28 intermediate-capacity rapid transit cars for Line 3 Scarborough RT. The rolling stock is owned and maintained by the Toronto Transit Commission.

Subway trains[edit]

Fleet Numbers Quantity Year Built Builder (& Model) Class Year Retired Notes
5000-5099 100 1953–1954 GRC&W G-1 1990 5068-5069 converted to service cars RT-36 & RT-37 (grinding train power units) in February 1991; 5066-5067 & 5074-5075 had been held for future conversion to service cars; 5098-5099 preserved by the Ontario Electric Railway Historical Association.
5100-5105 6 1954–1955 GRC&W G-2 1990 experimental aluminum train.
5110-5115 6 1958–1959 GRC&W G-4 1990 experimental cars built as an integral train (5110-5111-5112-5113-5114-5115); electro-dynamic braking equipment and motors removed April 1966 through March 1967 (for installation in service cars), and remarshalled as: 5110-5115, 5030-5111-5114-5031.
5200-5227 28 1956 GRC&W G-3 1990 non-driving motor cars permanently coupled with mating G-1 cars (50xx-52yy-52xx-50yy)
5300-5335 36 1962–1963 MLW M-1 1999 5300-5301 preserved by the OERHA
5336-5499 164 1965–1966 HSC RTC-75 H-1 1999 5374-5375 rebuilt to service cars RT-9 & RT-10; 5388-5391 scrapped due to Christie station fire in October 1976; 5391 rebuilt to service car RT-23 in March 1984.
5500-5575 76 1971 HSC RTC-75 H-2 2002 5500-5505 equipped with experimental Hitachi chopper controls and regenerative braking and reclassed as H-3 in 1973; converted back to H-2 between September 1984 and April 1985.
5576-5663 88 1974–1975 HSC RTC-75 H-4 2012 Last subway cars outfitted with vinyl orange upholstered seats, also the last of which not outfitted with air-conditioning systems. They also had similar interior design based from the H-2 subway cars, with reduced seating in a 2+2 configuration instead of 2+3 to allow for more standees. Some H-4 subway cars were retired from revenue service between 2000-2002 by the delivery of T-1 class cars. By January 27, 2012, all H-4 cars were retired from revenue service.[1]
5670-5807 138 1976–1979 HSC RTC-75 H-5 2013 5755 retired in June 1984 and scrapped November 1985 due to accident in December 1981; 5754 modified in November 1985 for use as A or B unit to substitute for cars out of service for maintenance (can also operate as a single unit for testing); 5796 modified by UTDC in July–December 1990 to become T-1 prototype; first subway cars outfitted with air-conditioning systems, all H-5 trains were retired from service by June 14, 2013. Some will be sold to Lagos Rail Mass Transit.
5810-5935 126 1986–1989 UTDC RTC-75 H-6 2014 Accessible seating areas were added near the operator's cab and the first set of doors in each car during technological upgrades (like the T-1's) between 2005 and 2008. All H-6 trains were retired from service by June 20, 2014.
5000-5371 372 1995–2002 BT RTC-75 T-1 Active First accessible subway cars, AC propulsion, cars 5344-5345 converted to Toronto Rocket T35A08 mock-up cars in June-July 2006.
5381-6076[2] 420 2010–2014 BT T35A08 Toronto Rocket Active 70 six-car permanently coupled trains with open gangways being delivered. First train delivered on October 1, 2010. Sets are numbered 5xx1-5xx2-5xx3-5xx4-5xx5-5xx6. In February 2013, set 5461-5466 was retrofitted with additional plastic yellow handholds, and external door chimes, displacing the exterior blue lights on the car. Similarly, another set, 5851-5856 was also modified with the same method as with set 5461-5466 in May 2014. First subway cars to adopt numbering in the 6000s.
Builders
BT Bombardier Transportation
GRC&W Gloucester Railway Carriage & Wagon Co.
HSC Hawker-Siddeley Canada
MLW Montreal Locomotive Works
UTDC Urban Transportation Development Corp.


Handicapped/disabled access All subway cars have a designated area with flip-up row of seats located in each car (near the operator's cab) which can accommodate mobility devices such as wheelchairs, the new Toronto Rocket trains have two designated areas in each car with automatic flip-up seats, although level boarding platforms allow a degree of access to all trains.

Toronto Rocket[edit]

The front of the Toronto Rocket, Toronto's newest subway train, viewed from the side
Main article: Toronto Rocket

The "Toronto Rocket" is the TTC's newest train model, which is operated on the Yonge–University–Spadina line.[3] The Rocket's design deviates from its predecessors, which were formed by building trains from married pairs of identical cars. The trains consist of six cars connected with open gangways, similar to Bombardier's Movia family of metro trains. The trains have only two full-width operator cabs, greater accessibility options and the skin of the train is welded rather than the previously used riveting method. The exterior destination and train run number signs are outfitted with digital orange LED boards, while all previous TTC train models use back-lit roller signs.

The first of the new TR trains was scheduled to be delivered in late 2009, but in early 2010, TTC officials stated that the new trains would not enter service until late 2010.[4][5] The first train entered revenue service on July 21, 2011. As of December 2014, there were up to 57 TR trains available for revenue operation.[6]

Gallery[edit]

Line 3 Scarborough RT trains[edit]

Fleet Numbers Quantity Year Built Builder (& Model) Notes
3000-3023
3024-3027
28 1982–1983
1986
UTDC ICTS Mark I All will be retired once line closes after Scarborough subway extension completed. 3014 was displayed at the 1983 Canadian National Exhibition
ST-1 1 Niigata Transys centre-cab diesel locomotive
ST-2 1 likely Arva Industries non-motored crane and rail maintenance car
ST-3, ST-6 2 Niigata Transys non-powered rail grinding trucks
ST-4 1 Schmidt snow blower installed on a non-powered PCC truck
ST-5 1 non-powered power rail cleaner and de-icer
ST-7 1 2002 Arva Industries snowblower attached to Mercedes-Benz Unimog U 5000 short cab (with crane)
E291 1 New Holland TC 18 tractor tractor used to push RT cars where there is no power to operate cars

Gallery[edit]

Work vehicles[edit]

Most subway work cars are painted yellow with the fleet number as RTXX. The exception are converted subway cars, which are not repainted (strips added) and have the RT fleet number replacing their former fleet number.

Current subway work vehicles[edit]

Fleet # Description Year acquired Year retired
RT1 Rail maintenance car built 1909 and rebuilt five times
RT2 Flat car built 1997
RT3 Overhead maintenance car built 1922
RT4 Track re-insulation car built 1997
RT5 Tunnel leak repair (grout) car built 1997
RT6 Vacuum cleaning car built 1922
RT7 Diesel loco built 1997
RT8 Train of 13 rail delivery articulated bogies built 1997
RT9 Works Services Car, ex-H1 5350 Hawker Siddeley Canada Destroyed by fire on December 8, 2000
RT10 Works Services Car (ex-garbage car unit), ex H1 5374 conv. 2000 Hawker Siddeley Canada replaced old RT10 (1968 Tokyo Rose from Nippon Sharyo)
RT11 Non motored built 2000 by Arva Industries
RT12 Electric loco built 1968 replaced by new R12 by Arva Industries
RT13 Centre cab crane built 1968 by Nippon Sharyo
RT14-15 Mk III snow clearing by Arva Industries
RT16 Tunnel washer - "The Clean Machine" built 1996 – used with RT17 by Arva Industries
RT17 Tunnel washer - "Krystal Klean" built 1996 – used with RT16 by Arva Industries
RT18 Diesel loco built 1977 by Anabel Corporation of Houston, Texas
RT19 Crane built 1980
RT20 Flat car and crane built 1980 by Niigata Transys Company and crane by Arva Industries
RT21 Flat car built 1980 by Niigata Transys Company
RT22 Flat car built 1973 by Nippon Sharyo
RT23 Non motored asbestos abatement car, ex H1 5391 conv. 1984
RT26 Gauge car built 1980
RT27 Beam transporter and crane built 1986
RT28 Flat car w/ crane built 2000 by Arva Industries
RT29 Flat car built 2001 by Arva Industries
RT30 Non motored grinding truck built 1988
RT31 Non motored grinding truck built 1988
RT32 Non motored grinding truck built 1988
RT33 Non motored grinding truck built 1988
RT38 Ex-garbage car unit, ex H1 5422 conv. 1997 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT39 Ex-garbage car unit, ex H1 5423 conv. 1997 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT40 Ballast car built 1989
RT41 Tie tamper car built 1993 by Plasser American
RT42 Scaffold car built 1999 Arva Industries
RT43 Asbestos abatement crew car, ex H1 5459 conv. 2000 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT44 Asbestos abatement crew car, ex H1 5458 conv. 2000 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT45 Asbestos abatement garbage car, ex H1 5337 conv. 2000 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT46 Asbestos abatement garbage car, ex H1 5336 conv. 2000 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT47 Flat car built 1999
RT48 Motored snow blower built 2001 by Arva Industries
RT49 Motored snow blower built 2001 by Arva Industries
RT50 Non motored snow blower built 1999
RT51 Non motored snow blower built 1999
RT52 Non motored snow blower built 1999
RT53 Non motored snow blower built 1999
RT54 Flat car built 1973, previously RT16 or RT17
RT55
RT56 Vacuum rodder car built 2004/2005 by Arva Industries
old RT57 Works Service Car ex H4 5634Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT57 General Purpose Rail Flat Car Arva Industries
RT58 Works Service Car, ex H4 5635 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT60 Works Service Car, ex H4 5594 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT61 Works Service Car, ex H4 5595 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT62 Works Service Car, ex H4 5616 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT63 Works Service Car, ex H4 5617 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT64 Works Service Car, ex H4 5594 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT65 Works Service Car, ex H4 5595 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT66 Works Service Car, ex H1 5386 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT67 Works Service Car, ex H1 5387 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT68 Fibre Optics testing, ex H1 5408 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT69 Fibre Optics testing, ex H1 5409 Hawker Siddeley Canada
RT70 Flat car, built 2005
RT71[7] Tri-Mode Work Locomotive Arva Industries
LPC 5 Rail grinding train set (3 cars) Owned by LORAM Maintenance of Way, Inc.

Retired[edit]

Fleet # Description Year acquired Year retired
N/A Duncan’s Dragon – test car for 75-foot subway cars (all subway cars since the M1) - built at the Duncan Shops[8] 1964 1965?
RT-4 Garbage Car Unit – ex-Peter Witt 2528 Refurbished 1954 1970s
RT-10 - Tokyo Rose from Nippon Sharyo garbage car unit 1968 2000; replace by current RT10; scrapped
RT-34 grinding car ex-5102 195? 2003 damaged in accident and stored at Davisville Yard
RT-35 Grinding train, ex G2 5103 conv. 1988 Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company retired and scrapped 2007
RT-14/ R-15 rail grinder – former PCC 4446, 4410 Unknown replaced by then RT-36, RT-37 (next row below)
RT-36 Grinding train, ex G1 5068 conv. 1991 Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company retired and scrapped 2007
RT-37 Grinding train, ex G1 5069 conv. 1991 Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company retired and scrapped 2007
RT-38 / RT-39 Garbage cars conv. Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company G-2 5100 and 5105 retired and scrapped 1998
RT-14 / RT-15 (ex RT-36/ RT-37) Tunnel washing cars conv. 1988 Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company G-2 retired 1999
  • Note that RT35 and RT36 are mixed matched (2004).

Track gauge[edit]

The TTC uses two different track gauges:

  • 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) - Scarborough RT, which uses standard gauge
  • 4 ft 10 78 in (1,495 mm) - Subway

References[edit]

  1. ^ Long-running subway car takes final journey Toronto Star, published January 27, 2012.
  2. ^ Toronto Transit Commission (May 2011). "New Subway Train – The Toronto Rocket". 
  3. ^ globeandmail.com: Technology
  4. ^ (as of December 2008) http://www3.ttc.ca/PDF/About_the_TTC/yonge_subway_extension_recommended_concept_project_issues_de.pdf
  5. ^ (media article on other topic suggests trains will not enter service until 2010, as of Dec. 18th there are no TR trains in TTC's possession) http://www.680news.com/news/local/article/9442--ttc-offers-free-rides-on-new-year-s-eve
  6. ^ So what happened to those TTC improvements? Toronto Star
  7. ^ http://www.arvaindustries.com/PDFs/RAIL.pdf
  8. ^ Coupler - March history - Remembering the fabled Duncan’s Dragon