Torre AXA México
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Torre AXA México, previously Mexicana de Aviación Tower (Spanish: Torre Mexicana de Aviación), was the worldwide headquarters of Mexicana de Aviación and a landmark located in Colonia del Valle in Benito Juárez, Mexico City, Mexico. The 32-storey building is 132 metres (433 ft) tall. It was designed by Rafael Mijares and Andrés Giovanni.
In 2003, the airline announced plans to sell the tower, considered to be a landmark in the city, for US$35 million as an initial offer. Fibramex became the new owner of the tower; CB Richard Ellis, an American firm, served as an intermediary in the transaction. The tower now houses the Mexican headquarters of AXA, a multinational insurance company based in Paris, France.
The Tower has a height of 132 meters (433 ft) and 30-32 floors, plus 5 floors of parking underground, with 29 upper floors of windows, and 2 enclosed top floors. The building has been nicknamed "La Licuadora" ("The blender") because of its shape resembling a food blender. The total office area is 32,000 square metres (340,000 sq ft).
The construction of the Tower began in 1981 and ended in 1984, by Grupo Mexicano de Desarrollo. Its architect was Pedro Ramirez Vázquez. After the 1985 Mexico earthquake, it was considered one of the safest skyscrapers in the Mexican capital[by whom?] along with Torre Mayor, Torre Ejecutiva Pemex, Mexico World Trade Center, Torre Latinoamericana, HSBC Tower, Edificio Reforma Avantel, St. Regis Hotel & Residences, and Torre Insignia. The building is equipped with the highest seismic safety standards, has 65 seismic shocks, and 35 piles of steel and concrete which penetrate to a depth of 40 metres (130 ft). It can withstand an earthquake of 8.5 on the Richter scale.
It has survived four earthquakes: that of 1985, which measured 8.1 on the Richter scale; that of 1995, 7.7 on the Richter scale; that of 2003, 7.6 on the Richter scale; and that of April 13, 2007, measured 6.3 on the Richter scale. It is thus among a group of present-day Mexico City skyscrapers to have gone through all four earthquakes of recent decades, together with Torre Insignia, the Presidente InterContinental Hotel, Torre Ejecutiva Pemex, World Trade Center México, and Torre de Tlatelolco. The primary material used in construction was reinforced concrete.
- "Mexican Aviation Tower." Mexico City Official Website. Retrieved on December 4, 2010.
- "Mexicana Tower to be sold off for US$35mn." Notimex/Corporate Mexico by Internet Securities, Inc. via COMTEX. March 17, 2003. Retrieved on August 28, 2009.
- "CBRE Mexico." CB Richard Ellis. Retrieved on August 28, 2009.
- Valverde, Alicia. "La Torre de Mexicana, nueva sede de aseguradora Axa." Excelsior. May 5, 2011. Retrieved on May 7, 2011.