|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (November 2014)|
|Location||Paseo de la Castellana, Madrid, Spain|
|Management||PER Gestora Inmobiliaria|
|Roof||157 m (515 ft)|
|Floor count||46 above, 5 below|
|Floor area||121,000 m2 (1,302,000 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Minoru Yamasaki; in collaboration with Jorge Mir Valls and Rafael Coll Pujol|
|Main contractor||Construcciones y Contratas|
Torre Picasso (Picasso Tower) is a skyscraper in Madrid, Spain designed by Minoru Yamasaki. From 1988 until 2007 it was the tallest building in Madrid, measuring 515 ft (157 m) and with 43 floors. Torre Picasso is located next to the Pablo Picasso Square, within the commercial complex AZCA along the Paseo de la Castellana.
Planning and construction
The Torre Picasso was part of a plan to build a large block of modern buildings in the expansion area of northern Madrid. Construction of this area, better known as AZCA, began in 1970 and in 1975 developer, Unión de Explosivos Río Tinto, S.A., awarded design of the tower to American architect Minoru Yamasaki, in collaboration with Jorge Mir Valls and Rafael Coll Pujol. In 1980, Yamasaki received a license to building the highest office complex of Madrid.
Construction began late 1982, and the building opened in December 1988. During this period, construction stalled for a period until new owners Portland Valderrivas S.A. and Inmobiliaria Asón S.A., purchased the incomplete structure and relaunched work in 1985 under the direction of architect Fernando Alas. In 2002, Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas (FCC) regained control of the building through a purchase of Portland Valderrivas. FCC owned the tower until December 2011 when Pontegadea Inmobiliaria, a division of Industria de Diseño Textil, S.A. purchased the structure for €400 million.PER Gestora Inmobiliaria, S.L.manages the building.
At its opening in 1988, Torre Picasso was surpassing the elder office tower Torre de Madrid. However, it was not Madrid's tallest building, as the television tower Torrespaña completed in 1982, was higher with its 231 m (757.87 ft). Notable surrounding skyscrapers are Torre Europa, Banco de Bilbao Tower and Windsor Tower, now demolished after a fire.
The Torre Picasso was Spain's tallest building until 2001,[contradiction] when it was overtaken by the Gran Hotel Bali in Benidorm, Alicante, the Torre Espacio in 2007, and Torre Caja Madrid, Torre de Cristal and Torre Sacyr Vallehermoso since 2009.
On December 21, 1999, the Spanish Civil Guard stopped a van packed with 950 kg (2,090 lb) of explosives that Euskadi Ta Askatasuna, the Basque separatist group, was planning to use to demolish the skyscraper. The following day, the guard discovered another van near Calatayud (Zaragoza) with an attitional 750 kg (1,650 lb) of explosives. The incident became known as "la caravana de la muerte" (The caravan of death).
Figures and statistics
The following information can be found on the official website of Torre Picasso:
- Height: 157 m (515.09 ft) above ground (171 m (561.02 ft) including basement)
- 43 floors
- 5 basement floors (first level is a commercial area, others are parking)
- ground floor houses the lobby
- 42 floors house offices
- 44th floor contains mechanical equipment
- 45th floor contains the heliport
- Area: 71,700 m2 (771,772 sq ft) office space, 121,000 m2 (1,302,433 sq ft) in total
- Size per floor: 38 m × 50 m (124.67 ft × 164.04 ft)
- 26 elevators; 18 serve office floors divided into three zones:
- 1st-18th floors at 2.5 m/s (8.20 ft/s)
- 18th-32nd floors at 4 m/s (13.12 ft/s)
- 32nd-43rd floors at 6 m/s (19.69 ft/s) (fastest in Spain)
- Glass façade surface: 9,000 m2 (96,875 sq ft)
- Parking space: 837
- Foreseen population: 6,000 persons
- Daily visitors: 1,500 persons
The structure is has a rectangular footprint with a windowless two-storey base. A wide round arch, resting on an underground steel structure for support, serves as the entrance and supports the façade above. The opening under this arch is covered by a special security glass named STADIP (the one used in Torre Agbar in Barcelona). Windows on floors 3 through 43 are grouped in twos divided by a slender pier. The groupings are divided by larger piers into 15 bays across the front of the building and 11 bays on the sides. The façade is covered in white aluminum and the corners of the structure are chamfered. The top two floors are also windowless and the parapet flares to form a cornice. Elevators, in three groupings, occupy a bay in the rear of the structure along with stairways.
- The tower was previously home to the Canal+ TV studios.
- It was featured in the last scenes of Alejandro Amenábar's 1997 movie Open Your Eyes. Lead character César (portrayed by Eduardo Noriega) commits suicide by jumping from the Torre Picasso.
- It was featured in the Crisis (TV series) pilot as the Porter Pearce HQ though the action is supposed to happen in the DC area.
- "Did You Know...". per-gestora.com. Retrieved 2014-01-30.[dead link]
- "FCC to take over Portland Valderrivas" (Press release). Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas. 16 April 2002. Retrieved 2014-01-30.
- "Torre Picasso". Emporis GMBH. Retrieved 2014-01-30.
- Dominguez, Pablo (29 December 2011). "Zara Founder Buys Madrid Skyscraper Torre Picasso For EUR400M". The Wall Street Journal (wsj.com).
- "Today in History for December 1999". historyorb.com. Retrieved 2014-01-30.
Media related to Torre Picasso at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website of Torre Picasso by Per-gestora.com[dead link]
- Torre Picasso at Google Maps
- Torre Picasso at Flickr