Torrent, Valencia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Torrent
Municipality
Castle Tower.
Castle Tower.
Coat of arms of Torrent
Coat of arms
Torrent is located in Spain
Torrent
Torrent
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 39°26′20″N 0°27′56″W / 39.43889°N 0.46556°W / 39.43889; -0.46556
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Valencian Community
Province Valencia
Comarca Horta Oest
Judicial district Torrente
Government
 • Mayor Amparo Folgado (PP)
Area
 • Total 69.3 km2 (26.8 sq mi)
Elevation 66 m (217 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 79,843
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Demonym Torrentí
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 46900
Official language(s) Valencian
Website Official website

Torrent (Valencian pronunciation: [toˈrent]) is a city located within the metropolitan area of the city of Valencia, Spain. It is the largest municipality of the Horta Oest comarca, with 79,843 inhabitants (2010). It is situated some 7 km from Valencia city proper, to which it is connected via the metro. The two metro stations in Torrent are called Torrent and Torrent avinguda from lines 1 and 5.

It is bordered by Aldaia, Alaquàs and Xirivella in the north, Picanya and Catarroja in the east, Alcàcer and Picassent in the south and Montserrat, Godelleta, Turís and Xiva in the West. All of the cities are part of the province of Valencia.

Geography[edit]

There are only a few remarkable mountains in the municipal territory: El Vedat (142 m), Morredondo (157 m), Barret (142 m), Cabezo de la Araña (228 m) and the Serra Perenxisa (329 AMSL). About a 20% of the territory is mountainous. Torrent is crossed by a gully (Barranc de Torrent) which flows into the Albufera.

History[edit]

The village of Torrent was officially founded in 1248, after the Reconquista although the tower and its fortification were built several centuries earlier. Archaeological research suggests that there were inhabitants in the zone in the Bronze Age.

It was originally a fief of the Knights Hospitaller.

Main sights[edit]

The Medieval Tower[edit]

The Medieval Tower was built by the Moors and was part of an ancient castle. It was double-walled and had some underground passages.

The tower, which lies in a square, has a truncated pyramid shape and is 30 meters high, with 5 floors and a terrace where The Cross of the St. John of Jerusalem order and a Valencian "rat penat" can be seen at the four upper corners. Access to the tower is through an exterior staircase connecting to a door at the first floor. Around 1613 porticoes were built around to house a market around the tower. In 1847 it became the property of Torrent.

The tower has often been used as a prison throughout the history, and the porches have hosted the Courts in its upper floors since 1908 (when new ones were built). The porticoes were demolished in 1970. After its restoration, the Tower houses two exhibition halls.

Sant Lluís Bertrán's Hermitage[edit]

The shrine dedicated to Saint Lluís Bertrán is a traditional and beloved church by all people in Torrent, since Sant Blai among other festivities are held in the hermitage. In 1634 the City Council agreed to build the chapel dedicated to Saint Lluis Bertran. After many changes and reconstructions it was used for military purposes during the Spanish civil war and was finally restored after that conflict.

Internally, it consists of a nave and two sides. The neoclassical facade is divided into three parts. The door has an arc with archivolt, St. Louis' image and a large rosette appear over the door. The bell is hexagonal base and construction was finished in 1829. It has four bells and a clock with three spheres that was located there in 1950.

Esglèsia de l'Assumpció[edit]

The parish church of Nuestra Señora de la Asunción was built in the 13th century, in the same place as the current one, but much smaller. Its rector attended the diocesan synods in the fourteenth century. An image of the "Verge del Pòpul", which disappeared in 1936, was likely the main image in the ancient parish. It has had many fires and thefts with the result that the church that exists nowadays has had many restorations and modifications.

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]