Total Nonstop Action Wrestling
|Type||Private, Limited liability company|
|Founded||May 10, 2002|
|Headquarters||Nashville, Tennessee, United States|
|Key people||Janice Carter
(Majority shareholder - 71%)
(Investor & Minority shareholder - 29%)
(Vice President of Operations)
(Vice President of Marketing)
(Chief Financial Officer)
|Owner(s)||Panda Energy International (71%)
Jeff Jarrett (29%)
Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (commonly referred to as TNA) is an American privately controlled organization dealing primarily in professional wrestling, with major revenue sources also coming from live events, product licensing, and direct product sales. Founded by its former President, Jeff Jarrett, and former CEO, Jerry Jarrett in 2002, it is currently the second largest professional wrestling promotion (after WWE) in the United States, usually garnering 1.1 to 1.5 million television viewers in the United States each week.
Robert W. Carter was the majority owner of the company after having purchased a controlling interest (71%) through his family's company, Panda Energy International (where he was the head executive), in 2002 from Jerry. However, according to recent reports, Janice Carter, Robert's wife & the mother of Dixie Carter, Robert's daughter & TNA's President, has taken over control of Panda Energy, as Robert has moved onto Panda Energy's new parent company, Panda Power Funds, possibly meaning that Janice has replaced Robert as the company's majority owner. Jeff, the company's former Vice President, then former Executive Vice President of Development/Original Programming, remains as minority owner (29%) and investor of the organization even with his departure from the promotion as Executive Vice President of Development/Original Programming on December 22, 2013. Carter's daughter, Dixie, is President of the company. The company's headquarters are located in Nashville, Tennessee.
- 1 History
- 2 Impact Zone, house shows and touring
- 3 International partnerships
- 4 Features
- 5 Championships and accomplishments
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The concept of TNA originated shortly after the end of World Championship Wrestling (WCW). Bob Ryder, Jeff Jarrett, and Jerry Jarrett went on a fishing trip and contemplated their futures in the business of wrestling.
Only one wrestling product remained on U.S. national television: the WWE. Ryder felt that this situation led many television stations to regard wrestling as bad for business; he suggested a company not reliant on television, but rather one going straight to pay-per-view.
The Jarretts found the help they needed, and the company put on its first show on June 19, 2002. This night, however, in a dark match just before they went on the air, a 450 lb wrestler named Cheex hit the ropes with so much force that one of them broke. The estimated repair time was 30–60 minutes, which they did not have because the schedule called for them to go live in a few minutes, whether the ring was ready or not. Backstage, the producers shuffled the schedule so that some non-wrestling segments went first to give the ring crew some more time, but they did not have many of them. The ring crew fixed the rope with the help of Ron and Don Harris, and everyone went live hoping for the best.
Initially, TNA's weekly pay-per-view show operated as the company's main source of revenue, in place of monthly pay-per-view events used by other promotions. These shows started on June 19, 2002 and took place mostly at the Asylum in Nashville, Tennessee. After 27 months and 110 PPVs, TNA felt that they had enough of a fanbase to begin holding a weekly television show and monthly three-hour pay-per-views. The last weekly PPV was held on September 8, 2004. TNA Xplosion was launched on November 27, 2002 as TNA's first regular cable show and featured exclusive matches from the TNA Asylum as well as exclusive interviews with TNA Superstars. On November 18, 2004, the show became a recap show of the previous week's Impact! in light of alterations in the taping schedule. However, Xplosion resumed airing exclusive matches (billed as "Xplosion Xclusives") once more on October 7, 2005 in addition to recapping Impact!. The "Xplosion Xclusives" also aired on the now-ceased TNA Global Impact! internet show. Airing of Xplosion in the United States ceased at the end of 2006, although some of the exclusive matches can be seen on TNA Today.
Start of Impact, 2004–2010
In May 2004, TNA Wrestling announced that they would be including a television program on Fox Sports, dubbed TNA iMPACT! (officially typeset "TNA iMPACT!"), at Soundstage 21 in Universal Studios Florida. The transition included the use of a six-sided wrestling ring, the implementation of the "Fox Box" displaying competitors and timekeeping for the match, and a generally more sports-like style than the sports-entertainment style exemplified by the WWE .
With the switch to cable television, TNA discontinued their weekly pay-per-view shows in favor of a monthly 3-hour pay-per-view format as previously utilized by WCW and ECW and as currently used by WWE. In November 2004, TNA held the first of these pay-per-views, Victory Road, beginning the pattern of pay-per-view shows that continues to this day.
The television contract with Fox Sports expired in May 2005 and was not renegotiated, leaving TNA without television exposure. This prompted TNA to air iMPACT! via webcasts - originally made available via BitTorrent and eventually via RealPlayer. During this time TNA continued pursuing a profitable television deal for regular broadcasting. TNA later secured a deal with Spike TV and aired its first episode on October 1, 2005.
In November 2006, TNA began holding select pay-per-views outside of its central filming location, the TNA Impact! Zone, in Orlando. In April 2006, TNA announced a partnership with YouTube whereby TNA supplied YouTube with exclusive video-content in exchange for hosting, leading to the production of internet shows. In January 2007, TNA's mobile-content deal with New Motion, Inc. led to the introduction of TNA Mobile and mobile fan-voting. TNA has also launched "TNA U TV"; podcasts aired through YouTube to help promote the company. Impact! expanded to a two-hour format on October 4, 2007. On June 21, 2009, TNA launched an online video-vault subscription-service where subscribers could watch past pay-per-views by choosing one of three payment options.
On October 23, 2008, TNA made the transition to HD and since then all programming has been broadcast in high-definition. In addition, TNA introduced a new HD set that included new lighting and several large high-resolution screens. As of 2013[update] it uses this set - albeit altered several times - for all Impact! programming and pay-per-views.
On 2010, TNA hired pro wrestling legend Hulk Hogan and former WCW booker Eric Bischoff. Both obtained a position behind the screen (Bischoff was Creative and Hogan, consulter) and made some changes. They hired a lot of high profile WWE wrestlers, like Ric Flair, Rob Van Dam, Mr. Anderson and Jeff Hardy and returned to using a four sided ring. On February 15, 2010, TNA made a new deal with Spike TV, which moved Impact! to Monday nights—directly opposite the Raw (Although the network kept the Thursday-night slot open for repeats of the Monday-night shows). The first episode took place March 8, 2010.
On June 24, 2010, Spike TV expanded “TNA Thursdays” to three hours with the addition of TNA Reaction (stylized as "TNA ReAction" or, alternatively, as "TNA ReACTION"), which became a regular one-hour docu-series immediately preceding TNA iMPACT! from 8:00-9:00 Eastern. “ReAction" focused on the stories and characters of TNA Wrestling and preview the upcoming episode of “TNA iMPACT!”
On May 3, 2010, TNA announced that Impact! would be moved back to Thursday nights, re-branded as "TNA Thursdays". At the same time the company also announced that Spike had picked up Reaction, which would start airing weekly prior to each episode of Impact!, starting June 24. TNA Wrestling president Dixie Carter announced on January 13, 2011 that on February 24, 2011, the promotion would be holding Impact! tapings at the Crown Coliseum in Fayetteville, North Carolina. On May 3, 2011, TNA Impact! was re-branded Impact Wrestling.
On November 7, 2011, TNA announced that it had reached a deal with Ohio Valley Wrestling (OVW) to become TNA's official developmental territory. In December 2011, TNA debuted their new India-based subsidiary promotion Ring Ka King. On May 31, 2012, Impact Wrestling began airing live at a new start time of 8pm EST on Thursday nights. The live schedule would continue throughout 2012. On July 11, DirecTV, the carrier of Spike, blocked all Viacom stations affecting TNA viewership from DirecTV subscribers. On July 20, DirecTV announced that it had reached an agreement with Viacom and had added back all 17 removed channels, which included SpikeTV. On January 31, 2013, TNA announced that they would begin taping Impact from different venues around the United States starting March 14, 2013, from the Sears Center in Chicago. TNA officially terminated its lease with Universal Studios in late March 2013. On March 14, 2013, TNA introduced a new universal HD stage which will be used for all weekly programming.
On November 2, 2013, TNA ended its relationship with OVW. Since October, several well-known wrestlers left TNA. In October, Hulk Hogan left the company and Eric Bischoff left TNA a few months later. In December 2013, TNA originals A.J. Styles and Jeff Jarrett left the promotion. However, it was later clarified that Jarrett still remains as an "investor" of TNA. In February 2014, Sting departed the promotion and has since made special appearances at WWE functions hinting possibly joining that promotion. Later on, TNA veterans Christopher Daniels, Chris Sabin and Kazarian left the company. On June 17, 2014, TNA announced a fan-voted poll to determine about what type of ring the company will continue with. The fan-voted poll ended few days later on June 25, with the six-sided ring announced as the winning type. On July 28th, it was revealed by TMZ that Spike TV will not renew their contract with TNA in October when it expires.
Impact Zone, house shows and touring
In May 2004, TNA announced that they would be airing their new show TNA iMPACT! from Universal Studios as part of an agreement reached with the theme park. Accordingly, TNA leased Soundstage 21 for the purposes of putting on wrestling events for an indefinite period of time. From June 2004 to March 2013, TNA taped its flagship show, Impact Wrestling as well as its secondary show Xplosion from the Impact Zone. They also aired every monthly pay-per-view in company history from that location until October 2006 when Bound for Glory was broadcast from the Compuware Arena in Detroit.
TNA started running house shows on March 17, 2006. In 2007, TNA Wrestling first toured Europe, hosting two shows at Oporto and Lisbon in Portugal. In 2008, TNA wrestlers featured at Wrestle Kingdom II in Japan. Later on in 2008, TNA conducted its first tour of the UK, with most shows selling out. 2009 saw the promotion tour Germany for the first time. 2010 saw the promotion make it's French debut and it's United Arab Emirates debut. In 2012 the company made their debut in Belgium.
In August 2007, live-events coordinator Craig Jenkins stated that TNA intended to stage eight pay-per-views and 96 house shows outside Orlando, Florida in 2008.
In 2009, on TNA's UK tour, a house show at Wembley Arena in London broke TNA attendance records. On July 2, 2010, MCU Park hosted a live TNA house show, which also broke the current TNA attendance record and is currently the most attended live TNA house show in the USA, with a capacity crowd of 5,550.
On January 31, 2013, TNA Wrestling announced that they would tape their weekly show Impact Wrestling in different venues around the United States, with the first live show being held on March 14, 2013 in the Sears Centre in Hoffman Estates, Illinois (a Chicago suburb).
On November 21, 2013 TNA returned to Universal Studios as a home base due to rising costs of taping Impact Wrestling from different venues. However TNA began holding tapings out of Soundstage 19 instead of returning to the original TNA Impact Zone, Soundstage 21, this due to it being occupied by another tenant. There will still be “select” tapings on the road from time to time. TNA announced that starting with their March 13, 2014 live broadcast, Impact Wrestling will being filming from another Universal Studios sound stage, Soundstage 20, directly behind Soundstage 21, the original TNA Impact Zone. Soundstage 19 was only a temporary venue for Impact Wrestling tapings.
TNA has throughout its history worked with internationally based wrestling promotions, including having championships from those promotions defended on TNA TV and PPV. TNA has in the past worked with Mexican promotions Asistencia Asesoria y Administracion (AAA) and Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL), as well as Japanese promotions Inoki Genome Federation (IGF), New Japan Pro Wrestling (NJPW) and Pro Wrestling Noah. TNA currently has a talent exchange partnership with Japanese promotion Wrestle-1, and on March 2, 2014 collaborated with Wrestle-1 in producing the Kaisen: Outbreak supershow in Tokyo, Japan (where three TNA championships were defended).
Since its origin, TNA has featured a high-flying, high risk style of wrestling known as its X Division. Rather than emphasizing the fact that most wrestlers who perform this style are under 220 lb (100 kg) by calling it a cruiserweight division, TNA decided to emphasize the high risk nature of the moves that these wrestlers perform, removing all restraints on its wrestlers, allowing them to perform almost stunt like wrestling moves. Originally, there was no upper weight limit on the X Division or its title, though in practice, most of the wrestlers in this division have been cruiserweights, with Samoa Joe, billed at 280 lb (130 kg), Kurt Angle, billed at 230 lb (100 kg), and Abyss, billed at 350 lb (160 kg), being notable exceptions. To further emphasize this point, the slogan "It's not about weight limits, it's about no limits" was used to describe the division. Although it was de-emphasized throughout 2007, the X Division is generally regarded as one of the key attractions of TNA and was replicated in several other promotions. In August 2011, the division was given a 225 lb (102 kg) weight limit. This was quietly repealed in March 2012. In March 2013, Dixie Carter announced new rule changes to the X Division with a new weight limit of 230 lbs. and all X Division matches being triple threat matches. However, in August 2013, all X Division matches were reverted to single matches and the weight limit was repealed once more.
Six sided ring
In 2002, TNA used the four-sided ring. However, in 2004, TNA used a six-sided ring, like the Mexican promotion AAA. TNA used the six-sided ring 6 years, until 2010, when Hulk Hogan entered in TNA, using again the four-sided ring. On June 17, 2014, TNA announced a fan-voted poll to determine about what type of ring the company will continue with. The fan-voted poll ended few days later on June 25, with the six-sided ring announced as the winning type. However, several wrestlers criticized the six-sided ring, like Lance Storm, Christopher Daniels or Austin Aries.
TNA wrestlers are forbidden by contract from working for other companies with televised wrestling shows, but are free to perform non-televised work for any other independent wrestling promotions, domestic or international, as well as televised events held by foreign promotions that TNA is linked to or has a working relationship with such as Ring Ka King, New Japan Pro Wrestling, Pro Wrestling Noah, and Asistencia Asesoría y Administración. Many TNA wrestlers perform regularly for various promotions on the independent circuit in addition to TNA's weekly shows. However, in 2012, TNA changed policy, preventing its talent from appearing at any independent events that are later released on DVD. The top TNA stars have guaranteed contracts but the majority of TNA wrestlers are paid on a per appearance basis. TNA wrestlers are classified as independent contractors and are not entitled to form workers' unions or employer health coverage.
TNA Hall of Fame
The TNA Hall of Fame was announced on May 31, 2012. As part of the yearly process, selected inductees will be chosen based on their overall contributions to TNA's history. On June 10 at Slammiversary, Sting was revealed as the first inductee into the Hall of Fame. His formal induction took place at Bound for Glory in October 2012. On June 2, 2013 TNA president Dixie Carter revealed that the newest member of the TNA Hall of Fame was Kurt Angle. Angle was officially inducted into the TNA Hall of Fame on February 1, 2014 at Wembley Arena in London. At Slammiversary 2014, Angle announced that Team 3D were the next inductees to the TNA Hall of Fame.
Championships and accomplishments
|Championship||Current champion(s)||Date won||Event||Previous champion(s)|
|TNA World Heavyweight Championship||Lashley||June 19, 2014
||Impact Wrestling||Eric Young|
|TNA X Division Championship||Samoa Joe||June 27, 2014||Impact Wrestling||Vacant|
|TNA World Tag Team Championship||The Wolves
(Davey Richards and Eddie Edwards)
|April 27, 2014||Sacrifice (2014)||The BroMans
(Jessie Godderz and Robbie E)
|TNA Knockouts Championship||Gail Kim||June 20, 2014
||Impact Wrestling||Angelina Love|
|Accomplishment||Current Winner(s)||Date won||Event||Previous Winner(s)|
|Joker's Wild||Ethan Carter III||February 2, 2014||Joker's Wild II||James Storm|
|Queen of the Knockouts||Madison Rayne||May 10, 2014||TNA:ONO- Knockdown2||Gail Kim|
|Tournament of Champions||Bobby Roode||March 19, 2013||Tournament of Champions||First|
|Tag Team Tournament||Team 3D (Brother Ray and Brother Devon)||March 18, 2013||TNA Tag Team Tournament||First|
|TNA World Cup of Wrestling||Eric Young, Bully Ray, Gunner, Eddie Edwards and ODB||April 11, 2014||TNA World Cup of Wrestling||Team USA (James Storm (captain), Bad Influence (Christopher Daniels and Kazarian), Kenny King, and Mickie James)|
|Turkey Bowl||The BroMans (Jessie Godderz and Robbie E)||November 28, 2013||TNA Impact: Thanksgiving Special||Eric Young|
|Feast or Fired||Gunner (World Heavyweight)
Zema Ion (X Division)
Ethan Carter III (World Tag Team)
Chavo Guerrero (Pink Slip)
|Dec 12, 2013||TNA Impact||Samoa Joe (World Heavyweight)
Rob Terry (X Division)
Kevin Nash (World Tag Team)
Shiek Abdul Bashir (Pink Slip)
Other Championships used by TNA
|Former title||Last in TNA||Reign||Event||Previous champion(s)|
|NWA World Heavyweight Championship*||Christian Cage||January 14-
May 13, 2007
|NWA World Tag Team Championship*||Team 3D (Brother Ray and Brother Devon)||April 15-
May 13, 2007
|Lockdown||The Latin American Xchange (Hernandez and Homicide)|
|IWGP Heavyweight Championship**||Kurt Angle||June 29, 2007
- Feb 17, 2008
|Fighting Now Bom-Ba-Ye||Brock Lesnar|
|IWGP Tag Team Championship**||Team 3D (Brother Ray and Brother Devon)||October 18, 09-
Jan 4, 2010
|Bound for Glory||The British Invasion (Brutus Magnus and Doug Williams)|
|IWGP Junior Tag Team Championship**||The Motor City Machine Guns (Alex Shelley and Chris Sabin)||January 4,
-July 5, 2009
|Wrestle Kingdom III in Tokyo Dome||No Limit (Tetsuya Naito and Yujiro)|
|AAA World Heavyweight Championship**||Jeff Jarrett||June 18, 2011
-March 18, 2012
|AAA Triplemanía XIX||El Zorro|
(*) - Indicates title previously defended in TNA due to membership in the National Wrestling Alliance (NWA)
(**) - Indicates title defended in TNA due to working agreements with internationally based wrestling promotions
Retired TNA Championships
|Championship||Last TNA holder||Date created||Date retired||Event||Previous champion(s)|
|TNA Knockouts Tag Team Championship||Eric Young and ODB||September 20, 2009||June 27, 2013||Impact Wrestling||Gail Kim and Madison Rayne|
|TNA Television Championship||Abyss||October 23, 2008||July 3, 2014||Impact Wrestling||Devon|
|Championship||Last TNA holder||Date won||Date aired||Event||Previous champion(s)|
|TNA World Beer Drinking Championship||James Storm||February 25, 2008||February 28, 2008||TNA Impact!||Eric Young|
|Accomplishments||Latest winner||Date won||Event||Previous champion(s)|
|Bound For Glory Series||A.J. Styles||September 12, 2013||Impact Wrestling: No Surrender||Jeff Hardy|
|Queen of the Cage||ODB||April 19, 2009||Lockdown (2009)||Roxxi Laveaux (Lockdown (2008))|
|King of the Mountain||Kurt Angle||June 21, 2009||Slammiversary (2009)||Samoa Joe (Slammiversary (2008))|
|X Division King of the Mountain||Suicide||June 21, 2009||Slammiversary (2009)||Kaz (June 5, 2008 edition of Impact!)|
- List of Total Nonstop Action Wrestling personnel
- List of Total Nonstop Action Wrestling alumni
- List of TNA pay-per-view events
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