Total fertility rates by federal subjects of Russia

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TFR by Federal Subjects[edit]

This is a list of values of total fertility rates by federal subjects of Russia

Oblast Urban TFR Rural TFR
Belgorod Oblast 1.05 1.44
Bryansk Oblast 1.17 1.30
Vladimir Oblast 1.22 1.37
Voronezh Oblast 1.07 1.32
Ivanovo Oblast 1.12 1.30
Kaluga Oblast 1.15 1.46
Kostroma Oblast 1.29 1.35
Kursk Oblast 1.17 1.27
Lipetsk Oblast 1.17 1.52
Moscow Oblast 1.20 1.18
Oryol Oblast 1.07 1.40
Ryazan Oblast 1.10 1.59
Smolensk Oblast 1.07 1.42
Tambov Oblast 1.12 1.37
Tver Oblast 1.21 1.68
Tula Oblast 1.09 1.22
Yaroslavl Oblast 1.17 1.52
Moscow 1.13 NA
Republic of Karelia 1.13 1.69
Komi Republic 1.26 1.69
Arkhangelsk Oblast 1.26 1.79
Nenets Autonomous Okrug 1.52 2.82
Vologda Oblast 1.22 1.81
Kaliningrad Oblast 1.09 1.35
Leningrad Oblast 1.02 1.06
Murmansk Oblast 1.22 1.49
Novgorod Oblast 1.17 1.54
Pskov Oblast 1.16 1.58
Saint Petersburg 1.09 NA
Republic of Adygea 1.10 1.66
Republic of Dagestan 1.32 2.06
Republic of Ingushetia 1.63 1.52
Kabardino-Balkar Republic 0.96 1.40
Republic of Kalmykia 1.49 1.91
Karachay–Cherkess Republic 1.34 1.61
Republic of North Ossetia–Alania 1.52 1.33
Chechen Republic 4.04 2.30
Krasnodar Krai 1.25 1.42
Stavropol Krai 1.12 1.38
Astrakhan Oblast 1.46 1.61
Volgograd Oblast 1.12 1.57
Rostov Oblast 1.05 1.41
Republic of Bashkortostan 1.27 1.69
Mari El Republic 1.24 1.57
Republic of Mordovia 1.06 1.35
Republic of Tatarstan 1.18 1.68
Udmurt Republic 1.24 1.77
Chuvash Republic 1.12 1.72
Komi-Permyak Okrug (no longer a federal subject) 1.22 1.76
Kirov Oblast 1.13 1.59
Nizhny Novgorod Oblast 1.13 1.47
Orenburg Oblast 1.15 1.65
Penza Oblast 1.05 1.42
Samara Oblast 1.17 1.52
Saratov Oblast 1.05 1.50
Ulyanovsk Oblast 1.09 1.35
Kurgan Oblast 1.23 1.53
Sverdlovsk Oblast 1.22 1.58
Tyumen Oblast 1.42 1.76
Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug 1.52 1.77
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug 1.51 2.28
Chelyabinsk Oblast 1.20 1.62
Altai Republic 1.67 2.29
Buryat Republic 1.50 1.88
Tyva Republic 1.73 2.73
Republic of Khakassia 1.22 1.75
Altai Krai 1.10 1.53
Krasnoyarsk Krai 1.17 1.80
former Taymyr Autonomous Okrug 1.27 2.96
former Evenk Autonomous Okrug 1.94 2.41
Irkutsk Oblast 1.30 1.91
Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug NA 2.06
Kemerovo Oblast 1.27 1.55
Novosibirsk Oblast 1.18 1.69
Omsk Oblast 1.09 1.62
Tomsk Oblast 1.11 1.40
Chita Oblast 1.52 1.77
Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug 2.11 2.12
Sakha Republic 1.52 2.30
Primorsky Krai 1.20 1.66
Khabarovsk Krai 1.21 1.65
Amur Oblast 1.28 1.80
Kamchatka Oblast 1.33 1.56
Koryak Autonomous Okrug 1.54 2.14
Magadan Oblast 1.31 3.24
Sakhalin Oblast 1.35 1.72
Jewish Autonomous Oblast 1.26 1.56
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug 1.71 3.00

The historical variation in TFR in RF is given in the table below. [1]

Years Total Urban Rural
1961–1962 2.417 1.935 3.195
1962–1963 2.311 1.847 3.098
1963–1964 2.227 1.782 3.026
1964–1965 2.139 1.732 2.928
1965–1966 2.125 1.728 2.974
1966–1967 2.072 1.707 2.898
1967–1968 1.998 1.677 2.746
1968–1969 1.975 1.696 2.627
1969–1970 1.972 1.733 2.535
1970–1971 2.007 1.773 2.588
1971–1972 2.053 1.825 2.656
1972–1973 2.023 1.800 2.660
1973–1974 2.000 1.770 2.704
1974–1975 1.993 1.757 2.764
1975–1976 1.969 1.734 2.779
1976–1977 1.967 1.737 2.773
1977–1978 1.938 1.717 2.734
1978–1979 1.902 1.714 2.497
1979–1980 1.888 1.698 2.504
1980–1981 1.895 1.700 2.562
1981–1982 1.951 1.739 2.758
1982–1983 2.047 1.820 2.910
1983–1984 2.083 1.850 2.988
1984–1985 2.057 1.826 2.936
1985–1986 2.111 1.874 3.003
1986–1987 2.194 1.947 3.162
1988 2.13 1.896 3.057
1989 2.007 1.826 2.63
1990 1.892 1.698 2.6
1991 1.732 1.531 2.447
1992 1.547 1.351 2.219
1993 1.36 1.195 1.913
1994 1.385 1.234 1.884
1995 1.337 1.193 1.813
1996 1.27 1.14 1.705
1997 1.212 1.094 1.603
1998 1.232 1.109 1.643
1999 1.157 1.045 1.534
2000 1.19 1.087 1.535
2001 1.223 1.124 1.564
2002 1.286 1.189 1.633
2003 1.319 1.223 1.666
2004 1.34 1.247 1.665

Historical TFR for CIS is given below. [2]

Year Azerbaijan Armenia Belarus Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrghizstan Latvia Lithuania Moldova Russia Tajikistan Turkmenikstan Uzbekistan Ukraine Estonia
1958 5.08 4.69 2.80 2.59 4.50 4.39 1.94 2.63 3.57 2.63 3.98 5.18 5.11 2.30 1.95
1959 5.08 4.73 2.80 2.59 4.50 4.39 1.94 2.63 3.57 2.63 3.98 5.18 5.11 2.30 1.95
1960 5.01 4.50 2.80 2.65 4.33 4.51 1.94 2.59 3.46 2.56 4.33 5.43 5.25 2.24 1.96
1961 5.34 4.27 2.61 2.65 4.15 4.63 1.94 2.57 3.23 2.47 4.69 5.67 5.38 2.17 1.97
1962 5.37 4.17 2.57 2.65 4.15 4.63 1.91 2.44 3.04 2.36 4.69 5.67 5.38 2.14 1.96
1963 5.44 4.11 2.46 2.62 3.90 4.62 1.85 2.34 2.89 2.31 4.84 5.75 5.31 2.06 1.94
1964 5.40 3.98 2.36 2.62 3.70 4.60 1.79 2.29 2.70 2.19 5.06 5.87 5.43 1.96 1.94
1965 5.27 3.90 2.27 2.60 3.54 4.69 1.74 2.21 2.69 2.12 5.41 5.94 5.57 1.99 1.93
1966 5.09 3.69 2.28 2.60 3.52 4.76 1.76 2.23 2.68 2.13 5.56 6.10 5.64 2.02 1.92
1967 4.97 3.55 2.26 2.53 3.42 4.71 1.80 2.23 2.75 2.04 5.55 6.05 5.57 2.01 1.95
1968 4.79 3.46 2.23 2.53 3.32 4.71 1.83 2.25 2.73 1.99 5.95 6.04 5.73 1.98 2.03
1969 4.64 3.20 2.18 2.62 3.26 4.68 1.88 2.30 2.57 2.00 6.02 6.09 5.76 2.04 2.11
1970 4.56 3.16 2.30 2.62 3.32 4.89 2.02 2.39 2.56 2.00 5.97 5.97 5.68 2.10 2.16
1971 4.30 3.17 2.34 2.61 3.37 4.97 2.04 2.41 2.63 2.03 6.10 6.00 5.84 2.12 2.19
1972 4.13 3.07 2.36 2.61 3.37 4.97 2.03 2.35 2.63 2.03 6.15 5.90 5.45 2.08 2.14
1973 4.04 2.92 2.29 2.58 3.32 4.89 1.96 2.22 2.59 1.96 6.07 5.87 5.67 2.04 2.07
1974 3.95 2.82 2.24 2.58 3.31 4.81 2.00 2.21 2.57 2.00 6.20 5.85 5.71 2.04 2.07
1975 3.92 2.79 2.20 2.52 3.30 4.75 1.97 2.18 2.52 1.97 6.26 5.77 5.68 2.02 2.04
1976 3.82 2.72 2.16 2.52 3.26 4.87 1.93 2.18 2.46 1.96 6.35 5.74 5.66 1.99 2.06
1977 3.66 2.61 2.11 2.33 3.22 4.78 1.89 2.14 2.39 1.92 6.19 5.70 5.48 1.94 2.06
1978 3.49 2.46 2.08 2.33 3.13 4.56 1.87 2.09 2.38 1.90 5.99 5.50 5.25 1.96 2.03
1979 3.33 2.38 2.06 2.26 3.03 4.41 1.87 2.05 2.39 1.87 5.97 5.27 5.10 1.96 2.01
1980 3.23 2.31 2.04 2.26 2.90 4.07 1.90 1.99 2.41 1.86 5.64 4.93 4.81 1.95 2.02
1981 3.11 2.34 2.07 2.25 2.91 4.09 1.90 1.98 2.45 1.88 5.63 4.92 4.81 1.93 2.07
1982 3.05 2.35 2.02 2.20 2.93 4.09 1.98 1.97 2.57 1.96 5.59 4.80 4.77 1.94 2.08
1983 2.98 2.42 2.09 2.19 2.93 4.09 2.13 2.10 2.67 2.09 5.47 4.80 4.65 2.11 2.16
1984 2.93 2.49 2.14 2.24 2.98 4.13 2.15 2.07 2.66 2.05 5.46 4.68 4.61 2.08 2.17
1985 2.94 2.54 2.08 2.27 3.03 4.14 2.09 2.09 2.75 2.05 5.49 4.67 4.65 2.02 2.12
1986 2.93 2.57 2.10 2.27 3.08 4.18 2.21 2.12 2.78 2.18 5.60 4.73 4.70 2.13 2.17
1987 2.83 2.55 2.04 2.19 3.16 4.22 2.21 2.11 2.70 2.23 5.69 4.77 4.66 2.07 2.26
1988 2.79 2.49 2.04 2.13 3.13 4.01 2.16 2.02 2.63 2.13 5.38 4.60 4.30 2.05 2.26
1989 2.72 2.61 2.02 2.11 2.84 3.80 2.05 1.98 2.50 2.01 5.08 4.30 4.02 1.93 2.21
1990 2.62 2.62 1.90 2.15 2.76 3.60 2.00 2.03 2.39 1.89 5.09 4.20 4.07 1.89 2.05
1991 2.89 2.59 1.79 2.07 2.72 3.60 1.86 2.01 2.28 1.73 5.04 4.10 4.20 1.81 1.80
1992 2.78 2.35 1.76 1.72 2.62 3.50 1.74 1.94 2.22 1.55 4.13 3.90 4.00 1.72 1.71
1993 2.74 1.97 1.62 1.54 2.45 3.10 1.52 1.74 2.06 1.37 4.23 3.70 3.80 1.56 1.49
1994 2.56 1.71 1.53 1.52 2.41 2.90 1.41 1.57 1.93 1.39 4.35 3.60 3.53 1.46 1.42
1995 2.30 1.84 1.40 1.54 2.22 3.10 1.27 1.55 1.74 1.34 4.38 3.50 3.59 1.38 1.38
1996 2.06 1.60 1.33 1.55 2.05 2.80 1.18 1.49 1.59 1.27 3.94 3.30 3.31 1.31 1.37
1997 2.03 1.46 1.25 1.55 1.90 2.60 1.13 1.47 1.65 1.22 4.02 3.20 3.08 1.25 1.31
1998 1.89 1.45 1.29 1.50 1.84 2.80 1.11 1.46 1.67 1.23 4.10 3.10 2.81 1.19 1.28
1999 1.72 1.20 1.29 1.44 1.80 2.60 1.18 1.46 1.39 1.16 3.84 3.00 2.72 1.11 1.31
2000 1.71 1.31 1.31 1.46 1.85 2.40 1.24 1.39 1.30 1.20 3.68 2.90 2.58 1.10 1.38
2001 1.60 1.24 1.27 1.44 1.84 2.40 1.21 1.30 1.25 1.22 3.81 2.80 2.46 1.08 1.33
2002 1.58 1.21 1.22 1.42 1.88 2.50 1.23 1.24 1.21 1.29 3.81 2.60 2.52 1.13 1.37
2003 1.60 1.35 1.21 1.37 2.03 2.50 1.29 1.26 1.22 1.32 2.40 2.60 2.36 1.17 1.37
2004 1.82 1.38 1.20 1.44 2.21 2.60 1.24 1.26 1.25 1.34 3.10 2.60 2.46 1.22 1.46
2005 2.00 1.37 1.20 1.40 2.00 2.60 1.31 1.30 1.20 1.29 4.10 2.90 2.70 1.20 1.50

Live Births by federal regions of Russia for the period 1990-2004 is given below. [3] [4]

Region 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
RUSSIA 1,956,865 1,763,128 1,558,769 1,378,983 1,408,159 1,356,917 1,298,658 1,253,888 1,277,363 1,208,065 1,266,800 1,311,604 1,396,967 1,477,301 1,502,477
CENTRAL 299,000 268,210 283,863 295,316 311,523 328,025 337,281
Belgorod 14,000 12,101 12,307 13,037 13,853 13,795
Bryansk 15,000 11,111 11,094 11,898 12,419 12,481
Ivanovo 11,000 8,592 9,149 9,607 10,064 10,067
Kaluga 12,839 11,437 9,996 8,659 8,924 8,643 7,968 7,937 8,112 7,571 7,861 8,409 8,744 9,050 9,431
Kostroma 7,000 6,167 6,529 6,933 6,946 7,191
Kursk 12,000 10,451 10,506 10,489 10,771 10,836
Lipetsk 14,932 13,341 12,045 10,783 11,001 10,468 9,885 9,510 9,669 9,061 9,602 9,798 10,551 10,602 11,012
Moscow (city) 94,467 82,207 68,567 62,322 66,769 69,168 68,549 67,461 67,491 66,954 73,142 75,977 81,525 86,958 91,677
Moscow (oblast) 68,369 59,775 51,490 46,293 47,900 47,507 46,263 44,224 45,790 44,356 47,660 51,127 54,198 58,048 60,204
Oryol 8,000 6,931 7,037 7,441 7,609 7,726
Ryazan 11,000 8,876 9,215 9,581 10,136 10,222
Smolensk 13,741 12,336 10,733 9,547 9,940 9,378 8,876 8,179 8,084 7,408 7,651 8,148 8,613 9,021 9,075
Tambov 15,396 13,858 12,580 11,534 11,666 10,979 10,405 9,689 9,743 9,189 9,719 9,388 9,614 9,940 9,987
Tula 18,883 16,677 15,055 14,047 13,906 13,282 12,492 12,069 12,436 11,389 11,845 12,326 12,479 13,173 12,963
Tver 19,220 16,946 14,415 12,828 12,746 12,366 11,918 11,663 12,048 11,329 11,546 11,994 12,893 13,396 13,616
Vladimir 13,000 11,918 12,585 13,125 14,020 14,030
Voronezh 21,000 18,519 18,469 19,043 19,723 20,269
Yaroslavl 11,000 10,171 11,258 11,752 12,296 12,699
FAR EAST 83,000 64,493 66,792 70,323 74,214 77,226 78,868
Amur 17,087 15,026 12,880 10,944 11,112 10,533 10,171 9,617 9,931 9,312 9,433 9,995 10,468 11,097 11,020
Chukotka 1,000 686 719 653 679 787
Yevreyskaya 3,000 1,883 2,088 2,166 2,290 2,268
Kamchatka 4,000 3,426 3,466 3,876 3,836 3,938
Of which Koryak 289 298 310 268 339
Khabarovsk 16,000 12,400 13,615 14,453 15,392 16,049
Magadan 3,000 1,925 1,928 1,997 2,016 2,032
Primorsky 33,614 29,783 25,052 22,130 22,757 21,235 19,467 18,486 18,277 17,525 18,393 19,656 20,816 21,531 21,598
Sakha 17,000 13,147 13,262 13,887 14,224 14,716
Sakhalin 6,000 5,210 5,296 5,588 5,893 6,121
NORTHWEST 118,000 103,872 110,347 116,678 125,903 131,066 132,456
Arkhangelsk 14,000 12,150 13,090 13,934 14,269 14,361
Of which Nenets 541 598 606 665 595
Kaliningrad 8,000 7,573 7,630 8,464 8,844 8,654
Karelia 7,000 6,374 6,833 7,247 7,290 7,320
Komi 16,930 15,589 13,880 12,158 11,835 11,105 10,900 10,388 10,793 9,680 9,906 10,325 11,177 11,462 11,489
Leningrad 18,310 16,351 14,452 11,886 12,339 12,115 11,524 11,613 11,519 10,872 11,307 12,071 12,950 13,332 13,692
Murmansk 8,000 8,020 8,289 8,778 8,719 8,928
Novgorod 6,000 5,365 5,796 6,235 6,354 6,438
Pskov 7,000 5,795 6,232 6,500 6,769 6,733
Saint Petersburg 54,322 46,570 37,796 32,336 34,563 33,841 31,551 31,482 31,235 29,438 31,970 33,759 37,213 40,194 40,859
Vologda 12,000 11,346 12,055 12,799 13,168 13,387
SIBERIA 213,000 189,490 201,734 209,142 223,939 233,301 234,694
Altai 3,000 2,907 3,033 3,252 3,392 3,513
Altai (kray) 34,176 31,142 27,836 24,371 24,642 23,338 22,616 22,514 23,424 23,208 24,674 25,221 26,889 28,010 27,736
Buryatia 12,000 11,654 11,678 12,830 13,177 13,399
Chita 16,000 13,937 14,613 15,157 15,481 15,756
OW Agin 1,098 1,171 1,197 1,229 1,222
Irkutsk 31,000 28,062 29,286 30,454 31,559 31,683
OW Ust-Orda 1,932 1,986 2,011 1,986 2,058
Kemerovo 28,000 26,580 27,699 29,369 30,383 30,542
Khakassia 6,000 5,634 5,576 6,118 6,417 6,453
Krasnoyarsk 43,640 39,608 34,629 30,417 32,107 30,596 29,309 28,023 29,026 27,168 28,111 29,788 31,710 32,670 32,765
OW Evenk 242 274 263 274 267
OW Taymyr 460 562 608 625 637
Novosibirsk 36,116 33,124 28,516 24,268 24,042 23,486 22,824 22,785 22,564 21,688 23,138 24,791 26,990 28,389 28,993
Omsk 23,000 18,363 18,235 20,406 22,363 21,928
Tomsk 13,550 11,751 10,246 8,689 8,676 9,853 9,725 9,532 10,078 9,698 10,071 10,237 10,958 11,070 11,615
Tuva 6,000 4,871 4,992 5,727 6,276 6,127
SOUTHERN 234,000 204,863 213,913 219,236 231,408 265,897 270,126
Adygeya 5,000 4,071 4,212 4,540 4,634 4,648
Astrakhan 10,000 10,027 10,549 11,623 12,160 12,358
Chechnya 27,774 28,496
Dagestan 42,000 38,229 38,480 41,204 41,490 41,573
Ingushetia 8,463 8,753 7,578 7,059 6,794
Kabardino-Balkar 15,412 14,952 13,728 11,781 11,407 10,844 10,293 10,016 9,997 9,221 9,207 8,892 9,119 9,294 9,414
Kalmykia 5,000 3,473 3,530 3,729 3,874 3,923
Karachay–Cherkessia 6,000 4,666 4,778 4,927 5,088 5,190
Krasnodar 61,663 58,901 55,441 50,227 51,907 50,489 47,530 45,143 44,958 43,181 45,847 48,448 50,971 53,311 54,989
North Ossetia 8,000 7,179 7,317 7,874 7,978 7,893
Rostov 54,021 50,987 47,000 41,602 42,457 40,676 38,807 36,723 36,163 33,396 35,606 36,336 38,799 40,453 41,374
Stavropol 36,374 34,446 33,181 28,628 29,699 28,404 26,085 25,622 25,681 24,005 24,799 24,934 26,384 27,759 27,970
Volgograd 34,153 31,566 28,359 25,555 25,572 24,439 23,147 22,122 22,649 21,298 22,346 23,007 24,660 25,023 25,504
URALS 117,000 111,119 136,541 145,349 158,094 163,368 167,523
Chelyabinsk 48,599 43,196 38,236 32,738 33,458 33,161 31,958 31,282 32,712 30,989 32,355 33,779 36,624 37,405 37,991
Kurgan 16,069 14,644 13,034 10,936 11,061 10,051 9,537 9,147 9,991 9,925 10,146 9,959 10,672 10,357 10,723
Sverdlovsk 40,000 38,372 40,970 44,663 46,340 47,430
Tyumen 33,000 34,250 37,123 40,449 42,220 43,738
OW Khanty–Mansi 15,579 17,130 19,051 19,883 20,377
OW Yamalo-Nenets 5,839 6,388 6,635 7,163 7,264
VOLGA 317,000 272,642 281,242 285,577 304,267 312,186 315,907
Bashkortostan 47,000 41,642 42,793 45,481 45,583 45,733
Chuvash 21,116 19,113 16,673 14,410 14,498 13,842 13,542 12,822 13,300 12,129 12,363 11,986 12,956 13,171 13,734
Kirov 14,000 12,587 12,607 13,580 13,546 14,120
Mari El 8,000 6,784 6,832 7,300 7,515 7,715
Mordvinia 9,000 7,148 7,049 7,131 7,433 7,689
Nizhniy Novgorod 42,786 37,173 33,669 29,675 30,986 29,881 28,655 27,976 28,480 27,006 27,699 28,187 28,585 31,442 31,578
Orenburg 33,311 30,177 27,494 24,148 24,458 22,833 21,449 20,890 21,951 20,154 21,475 21,861 23,500 23,442 23,583
Penza 18,604 16,829 14,963 13,772 13,500 12,817 11,999 11,517 11,568 11,034 11,172 11,080 11,645 12,150 12,246
Perm 42,183 37,135 33,600 29,461 29,147 27,727 27,615 26,970 28,362 26,991 27,701 29,094 31,205 31,683 31,608
OW Permyatski 1,652 1,610 1,700 1,675 1,619
Samara 30,000 25,791 26,635 29,967 31,688 32,390
Saratov 36,249 32,543 28,545 24,828 25,659 24,356 22,514 21,547 22,008 21,414 21,979 21,945 23,139 24,144 24,741
Tatarstan 56,277 50,160 44,990 41,144 41,811 39,070 38,080 37,268 37,182 35,073 35,446 35,877 38,178 38,461 38,661
Udmurtia 24,345 22,213 20,074 17,126 16,874 15,484 14,877 15,368 16,130 15,793 16,256 16,636 17,746 17,982 18,238
Ulyanovsk 14,000 11,547 11,385 12,154 12,271 12,252

TFR by Ethnic Groups[edit]

TFR is usually high for non Slavic groups like Caucassians and Mongoloid people. But for some minorities like Balkars (Caucassian) and Karelians (Finnic) it is lower than the general population. Jews have the lowest TFR among the larger groups, while Nenets have the highest for the 25-29 and 30-35 age groups, which reflect recent births. Out of the dozens of groups listed here, only 6 have an above replacement fertility(2.06) for the 30-34 age group. They are Nenets(2.372), Chechen(2.228), Dargwa(2.118), Avar (2.111), Chukchee(2.081) and Ingush(2.072). For Jews, the TFR is less than half of that needed for replacement. For the 30-34 group, the lowest TFR were for Jews(1.071), Russians(1.323), Balkars(1.389) and Byelorussians(1.395). TFR for the 25-29 group gives the latest trends on birth rate. For that group, highest TFR were for the Nenets(1.749) and Chukchee(1.615), while the lowest were for Jews(0.791),Balkar(0.808), Osset(0.896)and Karachai(0.940). The fertility for 25-29 group is not completed and so it is difficult to predict. But comparison with 1989 census shows huge drop in fertility in West Caucassia (Esp. Karachayevo Cherkissia, Adyghea and North Ossetia) and some parts of Arctic Russia (Murmansk, Komi.etc.). The Fertility in East Caucassia is fairly stable, although decreasing. The figures given are from 2002 census and it should be noted that the lowest birth rate recorded in Russia was on 1999 and it increased thereafter. After 2002, it continued to increase and for the first half of 2007, the birth rate is 10.7 compared to 8.7 in 1999. [5]. Fertility rates for the period after 2002 is not available. For detailed TFR for various ethnic groups by Province, see TFR by Russian Province and Ethnic Group.

No. Births per 1000 Women
Ethnic Gp For all ages 15 - 17 18 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 - 64 65 - 69 70+
Russian 1,446 18 91 431 958 1,323 1,590 1,755 1,809 1,770 1,719 1,797 1,871 2,088
Tatar 1,711 10 59 386 988 1,447 1,733 1,888 1,969 2,014 2,071 2,339 2,543 2,967
Ukrainian 1,726 21 104 489 1,056 1,424 1,687 1,847 1,902 1,908 1,883 1,921 2,024 2,228
Bashkir 1,969 9 70 448 1,124 1,656 1,960 2,125 2,306 2,434 2,599 3,079 3,414 3,695
Chuvash 1,884 12 65 424 1,074 1,566 1,846 2,052 2,185 2,255 2,378 2,598 2,789 2,988
Chechen 2,163 29 155 659 1,555 2,228 2,768 3,130 3,469 3,857 4,014 4,195 4,571 4,607
Armene 1,680 14 91 562 1,339 1,786 2,050 2,143 2,139 2,161 2,181 2,321 2,437 2,570
Mordva 1,986 16 71 440 1,055 1,473 1,723 1,885 1,966 2,065 2,195 2,463 2,650 2,967
Avar 2,090 10 67 484 1,413 2,111 2,581 2,903 3,227 3,614 3,890 4,067 4,207 3,826
Byelorussian 1,765 29 108 453 1,018 1,395 1,656 1,791 1,875 1,869 1,910 1,931 2,005 2,278
Kazakh 2,015 16 101 492 1,177 1,642 1,959 2,231 2,550 2,900 3,705 4,548 5,164 4,901
Udmurt 1,930 20 100 491 1,132 1,627 1,915 2,093 2,183 2,268 2,285 2,537 2,796 2,946
Azeri 1,830 32 203 836 1,611 2,036 2,261 2,441 2,596 2,849 3,007 3,376 3,874 3,969
Mari 1,917 21 98 474 1,160 1,641 1,965 2,176 2,344 2,435 2,452 2,760 3,013 3,200
German 1,864 21 119 534 1,126 1,619 1,982 2,185 2,229 2,214 2,299 2,565 2,821 3,078
Kabarda 1,799 11 78 450 1,197 1,770 2,161 2,371 2,487 2,616 2,718 2,972 3,304 3,420
Osset 1,665 16 63 322 896 1,415 1,796 2,060 2,199 2,253 2,283 2,339 2,447 2,727
Dargin 2,162 14 70 528 1,508 2,118 2,630 2,959 3,315 3,892 4,090 4,552 4,628 4,093
Buriot 1,949 11 82 465 1,130 1,661 2,091 2,401 2,624 2,840 2,989 3,571 3,836 3,943
Yakut 1,972 30 107 563 1,290 1,887 2,258 2,428 2,568 2,600 2,806 3,406 3,990 4,553
Kumyk 1,977 11 67 517 1,408 2,017 2,496 2,760 2,920 3,206 3,451 3,738 4,104 4,023
Ingush 2,325 11 59 391 1,223 2,072 2,913 3,617 4,038 4,439 4,773 5,234 5,434 5,020
Lezghin 2,045 13 68 531 1,412 2,037 2,400 2,716 3,009 3,438 3,742 4,354 4,737 4,609
Komi 1,869 26 124 523 1,061 1,507 1,814 2,003 2,174 2,127 2,121 2,539 2,839 3,206
Tyva 1,996 16 107 532 1,275 1,914 2,391 2,880 3,362 3,739 4,204 4,696 5,157 5,557
Jew 1,264 62 93 323 791 1,071 1,335 1,451 1,399 1,373 1,323 1,345 1,294 1,401
Karachai 1,860 13 44 295 940 1,567 2,029 2,350 2,595 2,845 2,905 3,291 3,784 3,902
Qalmaq 1,853 12 71 458 1,061 1,540 1,893 2,148 2,247 2,287 2,463 3,380 3,971 4,466
Adyghe 1,757 13 80 401 1,087 1,574 1,882 2,006 2,107 2,250 2,446 2,623 2,810 3,057
Permyak 2,145 36 167 667 1,267 1,697 1,998 2,189 2,395 2,402 2,454 2,991 3,134 3,315
Balkar 1,689 11 42 247 808 1,389 1,860 2,137 2,315 2,531 2,754 3,345 3,502 3,879
Karelian 1,823 17 121 458 991 1,413 1,735 1,948 1,931 1,914 1,933 1,989 2,227 2,482
Khakass 1,872 18 117 548 1,229 1,661 2,035 2,303 2,541 2,595 2,486 2,838 3,452 3,414
Altay 2,021 18 118 630 1,327 1,870 2,225 2,474 2,769 2,969 3,312 3,815 4,008 3,821
Cherkess 1,807 20 61 437 1,140 1,604 2,003 2,167 2,343 2,436 2,661 3,092 3,467 3,441
Nenets 2,421 31 197 722 1,749 2,372 3,037 3,459 3,636 3,688 4,021 4,334 4,501 4,784
Evenk 1,972 40 173 755 1,411 1,987 2,340 2,646 2,914 2,724 3,064 3,188 3,811 4,386
Khant 2,002 30 268 699 1,445 2,044 2,446 2,754 2,751 2,722 3,214 3,481 4,096 4,538
Chukchee 2,122 51 246 872 1,615 2,081 2,490 2,732 3,000 3,164 3,392 4,153 4,280 4,747
Mansi 1,758 45 212 602 1,342 1,837 2,160 2,141 2,502 2,557 2,518 3,000 3,215 3,615
Koryak 1,844 54 330 754 1,527 1,931 2,163 2,273 2,464 2,426 3,097 3,979 4,530 3,846
Dolgan 1,922 79 223 721 1,391 1,902 2,307 2,799 3,014 2,839 3,255 3,395 3,521 4,137

Natural Growth by Federal Subjects in 2007[edit]

Source: [6] [7] [8]

BR- Birth Rate, DR-Death Rate, NGR-Natural Growth Rate, Im R-Net Immigration Rate, PGR-Population Growth Rate.

SN Federal Subject BR DR NGR Im R PGR
1 Belgorod Oblast 10.25 14.75 -0.45% 0.81% 0.36%
2 Bryansk Oblast 10.05 17.95 -0.79% 0.08% -0.71%
3 Vladimir Oblast 10.06 18.76 -0.87% 0.17% -0.70%
4 Voronezh Oblast 8.82 17.72 -0.89% 0.16% -0.74%
5 Ivanovo Oblast 9.78 19.08 -0.93% 0.14% -0.79%
6 Kaluga Oblast 10 17.6 -0.76% 0.31% -0.45%
7 Kostroma Oblast 10.62 17.82 -0.72% -0.03% -0.75%
8 Kursk Oblast 9.95 18.25 -0.83% 0.12% -0.71%
9 Lipetsk Oblast 10.16 17.06 -0.69% 0.25% -0.44%
10 Moscow Oblast 9.57 16.67 -0.71% 1.05% 0.34%
11 Oryol Oblast 9.53 17.53 -0.80% 0.22% -0.58%
12 Ryazan Oblast 9.27 19.07 -0.98% 0.31% -0.67%
13 Smolensk Oblast 9.43 19.83 -1.04% -0.01% -1.05%
14 Tambov Oblast 8.79 17.69 -0.89% -0.12% -1.01%
15 Tver Oblast 10.21 20.71 -1.05% 0.26% -0.79%
16 Tula Oblast 8.25 20.55 -1.23% 0.27% -0.96%
17 Yaroslavl Oblast 9.83 17.53 -0.77% 0.37% -0.40%
18 Moscow 9.69 11.99 -0.23% 0.49% 0.26%
19 Republic of Karelia 10.4 15.9 -0.55% 0.18% -0.37%
20 Komi Republic 11.76 12.56 -0.08% -0.58% -0.66%
21 Arkhangelsk Oblast 11.77 14.67 -0.29% -0.37% -0.66%
22 Nenets Autonomous Okrug 15.45 12.65 0.28% -0.15% 0.13%
23 Vologda Oblast 11.46 15.86 -0.44% 0.03% -0.41%
24 Kaliningrad Oblast 10.73 15.33 -0.46% 0.46% 0.00%
25 Leningrad Oblast 8.27 18.37 -1.01% 0.74% -0.27%
26 Murmansk Oblast 10.18 11.68 -0.15% -0.56% -0.71%
27 Novgorod Oblast 10.53 20.13 -0.96% 0.17% -0.79%
28 Pskov Oblast 9.52 20.92 -1.14% -0.02% -1.16%
29 Saint Petersburg 9.33 14.83 -0.55% 0.46% -0.09%
30 Republic of Adygea 11.58 14.68 -0.31% 0.28% -0.03%
31 Republic of Dagestan 16.78 5.78 1.10% -0.04% 1.06%
32 Republic of Ingushetia 16.59 3.29 1.33% 0.03% 1.36%
33 Kabardino-Balkar Republic 12.53 9.43 0.31% -0.33% -0.02%
34 Republic of Kalmykia 14.29 11.09 0.32% -0.89% -0.57%
35 Karachay–Cherkess Republic 13.91 11.11 0.28% -0.60% -0.32%
36 Republic of North Ossetia–Alania 13.45 11.25 0.22% -0.10% 0.12%
37 Chechen Republic 27.2 4.7 2.25% -0.14% 2.11%
38 Krasnodar Krai 11.19 14.39 -0.32% 0.71% 0.39%
39 Stavropol Krai 11.22 13.32 -0.21% 0.35% 0.14%
40 Astrakhan Oblast 13.43 14.03 -0.06% 0.14% 0.08%
41 Volgograd Oblast 10.59 14.49 -0.39% -0.05% -0.44%
42 Rostov Oblast 10.13 14.93 -0.48% -0.04% -0.52%
43 Republic of Bashkortostan 12.47 13.47 -0.10% 0.12% 0.02%
44 Mari El Republic 11.73 15.13 -0.34% -0.16% -0.50%
45 Republic of Mordovia 9.01 15.61 -0.66% -0.21% -0.87%
46 Republic of Tatarstan 10.67 12.97 -0.23% 0.27% 0.04%
47 Udmurt Republic 12.62 13.92 -0.13% -0.21% -0.34%
48 Chuvash Republic 11.43 14.43 -0.30% 0.01% -0.29%
49 Perm 12.02 15.82 -0.38% -0.10% -0.48%
50 Kirov Oblast 10.39 16.69 -0.63% -0.33% -0.96%
51 Nizhny Novgorod Oblast 9.77 18.37 -0.86% 0.22% -0.65%
52 Orenburg Oblast 12.08 14.48 -0.24% -0.07% -0.31%
53 Penza Oblast 9.57 16.07 -0.65% 0.07% -0.58%
54 Samara Oblast 10.61 15.21 -0.46% 0.25% -0.21%
55 Saratov Oblast 10.04 15.14 -0.51% 0.06% -0.45%
56 Ulyanovsk Oblast 9.24 15.84 -0.66% -0.06% -0.72%
57 Kurgan Oblast 11.45 15.75 -0.43% -0.49% -0.92%
58 Sverdlovsk Oblast 11.46 14.56 -0.31% 0.19% -0.12%
59 Tyumen Oblast 14.2 9 0.52% 0.29% 0.81%
60 Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug 14.61 7.01 0.76% 0.34% 1.10%
61 Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug 14.09 5.39 0.87% -0.12% 0.75%
62 Chelyabinsk Oblast 11.67 14.87 -0.32% 0.13% -0.19%
63 Altai Republic 19.54 12.64 0.69% 0.14% 0.83%
64 Buryat Republic 15.86 13.36 0.25% -0.27% -0.02%
65 Tyva Republic 23.83 11.73 1.21% -0.55% 0.66%
66 Republic of Khakassia 13.82 13.81 0.00% 0.11% 0.11%
67 Altai Krai 11.12 14.92 -0.38% -0.22% -0.60%
68 Krasnoyarsk Krai 11.8 13.2 -0.14% 0.02% -0.12%
69 Irkutsk Oblast 13.82 14.02 -0.02% -0.24% -0.26%
70 Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug 18.08 12.28 0.58% -0.25% 0.33%
71 Kemerovo Oblast 12.08 16.58 -0.45% 0.35% -0.10%
72 Novosibirsk Oblast 11.2 14.6 -0.34% 0.15% -0.19%
73 Omsk Oblast 11.64 14.44 -0.28% -0.11% -0.39%
74 Tomsk Oblast 11.99 12.69 -0.07% 0.25% 0.18%
75 Chita Oblast 14.63 14.33 0.03% -0.32% -0.29%
76 Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug 20.14 10.74 0.94% 0.73% 1.67%
77 Sakha Republic 15.88 9.68 0.62% -0.57% 0.06%
78 Kamchatsky Krai 11.25 11.23 0.00% -0.42% -0.42%
79 Priimorski Krai 10.96 14.36 -0.34% -0.16% -0.50%
80 Khabarovsk Krai 11.47 14.07 -0.26% 0.13% -0.13%
81 Amur Oblast 12.37 14.17 -0.18% -0.39% -0.57%
82 Magadan Oblast 10.73 12.93 -0.22% -1.41% -1.63%
83 Sakhalin Oblast 11.8 14.1 -0.23% -0.27% -0.50%
84 Jewish Autonomous Oblast 13.13 14.83 -0.17% 0.12% -0.05%
85 Chukotka Autonomous Okrug 16.1 12.37 0.37% -0.82% -0.44%

References[edit]