Totmonslow

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Totmonslow
History
 - Origin Anglo-Saxon period
 - Created 10th century
 - Abolished 1894 (obsolete)
 - Succeeded by various
Status obsolete area
Government Hundred
Subdivisions
 - Type Parishes (see text)
 - Units Parishes

Totmonslow is a hundred in the county of Staffordshire, England. The hundred is located in the north-east of Staffordshire, named after the hamlet of the same name, which is ½ mile east of Draycott in the Moors. The hamlet was anciently the seat of the hundred court.[1]

The name of the place derives from Old English Tatmonn, a personal name and hlaw meaning 'hill' or 'mound'. Other examples of this personal name are recorded from the 10th century onwards (e.g. Roberto Tateman 1190–200).[2] A large number of Hundred names refer to hills or mounds. Some of these at least are very conspicuous hills, which afford a commanding view of the countryside for miles around. It seems likely that such sites were chosen as being remote, and where interference was most easily avoided.[3]

The origin of the hundred dates from the division of his kingdom by King Alfred the Great into counties, hundreds and tithings. From the beginning, Staffordshire was divided into the hundreds of Totmonslow, Pirehill, Offlow, Cuttleston and Seisdon.[4]

Totmonslow is one of the largest of the 5 hundreds of Staffordshire, having an area of 169,788 acres (265 sq.miles) and the population in 1851 was 50,050. The hundred was divided into two divisions Totmanslow North and Totmanslow South by the Justices of the Peace, which an area of 100,234 and 69,554 acres respectively.[5] Each had its own constable and Petty Sessions. The Petty Sessions for the South division were held at Ellastone.[6]

Totmonslow, or Totmanslow, is the north-eastern Hundred of Staffordshire, and contains that mountainous region called the Moorlands, which adjoins and partakes of the general character of the Derbyshire Peak, abounding in lime and formerly coal. This bleak and alpine district exhibits many of the wildest and most stupendous features of nature, as well as some of her more chaste and fertile beauties, the latter of which are confined chiefly to the narrow and picturesque vales of the rivers Dove, Manyfold, Hamps, Tean, Blythe, Dane, and Churnet, which have their principal sources in this Hundred, and here receive many small but rapid streams from the high, peaty moorlands and rocky mountains which rise in picturesque disorder, and shut in the fertile pastures of the glens and valleys.

Totmonslow Hundred
Totmonslow Hundred

The Hundred has an irregular, oval figure, stretching from the three shire stone, above Flash, southward to Uttoxeter, a distance of 25 miles, and averaging from 10 to 15 miles in breadth. The River Dove forms its eastern boundary for nearly 30 miles, and separates it from Derbyshire; and for about 10 miles at its northern extremity, it is divided from Cheshire by the River Dane. In the 19th century it contained four market towns, Leek, Longnor, Cheadle, and Uttoxeter, and about 80 townships located in 10 chapelries and 30 parishes.[7]

Northern Staffordshire is to a large extent moorland, which must have been unattractive to early settlers. It is noteworthy, as showing where the centres of these hundreds lay, that the meeting-places of the two northern hundreds (Pirehill and Totmonslow) are in the extreme south of the respective hundreds.[8]

The importance of the hundreds declined from the 17th century, and most of their functions were extinguished with the establishment of county courts in 1867. In 1894 the Hundred was made obsolete with the establishment of Urban Districts and Rural Districts in Staffordshire.[9]

The hundred contained the following parishes:[10]

Parish Pop. 1831
Alveton 2401
Alstonefield 4757
Blore 354
Bradley in the Moors 75
Bramshall 170
Cauldon 347
Caverswall 1207
Cheadle 4119
Checkley 2247
Cheddleton 1664
Croxden 272
Dilhorne 1510
Draycott in the Moors 539
Ellastone 1344
Gratwich 116
Grindon 431
Horton 878
Ilam 210
Ipstones 1325
Kingsley 1416
Kingston 368
Leek 10789
Leigh 1038
Mayfield 1366
Oakover 62
Rocester 1040
Sheen 366
Uttoxeter 4864
Waterfall 531
Wetton 497
Total 46303
Hundreds of Staffordshire
Hundreds of Staffordshire

The 10 chapelries were Elkstone, Flash, Warslow and Longnor (all in the ancient parish of Alstonefield), Calton, extending into the parishes of Blore, Croxden, Mayfield and Waterfall, Butterton (Mayfield parish), Enden, Meerbrook, Onecote and Rushton-Spencer (all in the ancient parish of Leek).

Of the local government Districts created in the 1974 re-organisation, nearly all of Staffordshire Moorlands falls within Totmonslow Hundred, as does a substantial part of East Staffordshire including the town of Uttoxeter.[11] The Hundred is bounded on the north-east by Derbyshire, on the south-east by Offlow Hundred, on the south and west by Pirehill Hundred, and on the north-west by Cheshire.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire by William White (1834), page 744
  2. ^ The English Hundred Names, by Olof Anderson, Lund (Sweden), 1934. Page 147
  3. ^ The English Hundred Names, by Olof Anderson, Lund (Sweden), 1934. Page xxxiii
  4. ^ A topographical history of Staffordshire, by William Pitt, pub J. Smith (Newcastle-under-Lyme), 1817; page 13
  5. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, by John Marius Wilson, 1872
  6. ^ The English Counties Delineated, Volume 2, by Thomas Moule, 1837. Page 138
  7. ^ History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire by William White (1834), page 696
  8. ^ The English Hundred Names, by Olof Anderson, Lund (Sweden), 1934. Page 144
  9. ^ See Staffordshire in http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk
  10. ^ History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire by William White (1834), page 696
  11. ^ See www.staffordshire.gov.uk as compared with above list of parishes