Totnes railway station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about The National Rail station. For for the South Devon Railway station, see Totnes (Littlehempston) railway station.
Totnes National Rail
Totnes
Location
Place Totnes
Local authority South Hams
Coordinates 50°26′08″N 3°41′19″W / 50.43560°N 3.68868°W / 50.43560; -3.68868Coordinates: 50°26′08″N 3°41′19″W / 50.43560°N 3.68868°W / 50.43560; -3.68868
Grid reference SX801609
Operations
Station code TOT
Managed by First Great Western
Number of platforms 2
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2002/03   0.316 million
2004/05 Increase 0.353 million
2005/06 Increase 0.384 million
2006/07 Increase 0.433 million
2007/08 Increase 0.484 million
2008/09 Increase 0.541 million
2009/10 Increase 0.564 million
2010/11 Increase 0.592 million
2011/12 Increase 0.640 million
2012/13 Increase 0.663 million
History
Original company South Devon Railway
Pre-grouping Great Western Railway
Post-grouping Great Western Railway
1847 Opened
1872 Ashburton branch opened
1942 Station bombed
1958 Ashburton branch closed
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Totnes from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Totnes railway station serves the towns of Totnes and Dartington in Devon, England. It was opened by the South Devon Railway Company in 1847. Situated on the Exeter to Plymouth line, it is served by trains First Great Western and CrossCountry train services.

History[edit]

The engine house

Totnes railway station was built by the South Devon Railway Company and opened on 20 July 1847 when trains started to run on the line from Newton, as Newton Abbot was known at time time.[1] It was a terminus until 5 May 1848 when trains started to run through to Plymouth, initially using a temporary terminus at Laira. The line was intended to be operated by atmospheric power and an engine house to provide power was built behind the eastbound platform, although it was never brought into use.[2] The two platform tracks were covered by wooden train sheds, an engine shed was built south of the line beyond the westbound platform, and a goods shed was erected between this platform and the River Dart which the line crossed on a viaduct just to the east of the platforms.

Totnes became the junction for the Buckfastleigh, Totnes and South Devon Railway's line to Ashburton when it opened on 1 May 1872.[3] The South Devon Railway was amalgamated with the Great Western Railway on 1 February 1876 and the Buckfastleigh company was absorbed in 1897. Trains were suspended on 21 and 22 May 1892 while the original 7 ft (2,134 mm) broad gauge tracks were replaced by those of 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge.[1] The engine shed was closed in 1904 although the turntable was retained for five more years.[4]

There was a freight only branch line which ran down to the quay at Totnes wharf (plains), the bridge which carried this line can still be partially seen adjacent to the footpath which leads from the BR station towards the riverside walk. The line crossed over the main road at the bottom of Bridgetown bridge via a level crossing to access The Plains. Some of the track formation can still be seen on The Plains.

The westbound platform was damaged during an air raid in World War II on 21 October 1942. The Ashburton branch train was damaged in the attack, two people killed and two more injured.[4]

Totnes station in 1970
Totnes station in 1958, with 2-6-2T banker

On 1 January 1948 the Great Western Railway was nationalised to become the Western Region of British Railways. Passenger services to Ashburton were withdrawn on 3 November 1958 and the line closed entirely on 10 September 1962. A few months earlier, on 14 April 1962, a fire destroyed the main buildings situated on the westbound platform at Totnes. General goods traffic was withdrawn on 14 June 1965 although coal continued to be handled until 4 December 1967 and milk until 1980, from the dairy that incorporates the building intended for the atmospheric engines.[4]

A new station building was opened on 21 October 1983 to replace the temporary buildings that had served the station since the fire in 1962. From 5 April 1985 to 2 September 1987 trains on the Buckfastleigh line, now the South Devon Railway heritage line, operated into the station. A footbridge across the River Dart was opened on 30 September 1993 which now allows people to walk to Totnes (Littlehempston) railway station to join the heritage trains to Buckfastleigh.[4]

The 1887-built footbridge than spanned the station and gave access to the operating floor of the signal box was destroyed on 18 October 1987 when hit by a crane enagaged in track renewals, it has been replaced by a new bridge.[4]

Signalling[edit]

Main article: Totnes Signal Box

The signals were initially controlled by "policemen" who walked to each signal to change it, but from 1894 they were controlled from a wooden signal box at the west end of the westbound platform. This was replaced in 1923 by a brick-built signal box towards the opposite end of the eastbound platform. From 17 December 1973 this was a "fringe box" to the Panel Signal Box at Plymouth railway station, when the signal boxes at Brent and other intermediate locations were closed. Totnes itself was closed on 9 November 1987 when new multiple-aspect signals were brought into use, controlled from the new signalling centre at Exeter.[4] The signal box, a Grade II listed building, is now used as a café.

Accident[edit]

On 13 March 1860 the boiler of the locomotive Tornado exploded while standing at Totnes, killing the driver.[5]

Description[edit]

A fast train from London Paddington to Newquay passes through the middle road. The tall chimney in the background marks the position of the pumping house.

The railway approaches from Newton Abbot in the north-east, runs south-westerly through the station, and then swings to the west on a right-hand curve which is the start of the steep climb up to Rattery. There are four tracks through the station with platforms alongside the outer pair.

The modern brick-built station building is on the south-east side of the station, nearest the town. This is the platform for trains to Plymouth and Penzance. Trains to Newton Abbot, Exeter and beyond depart from the opposite platform which can be reached by a footbridge on the north-east side of the entrance to the platform. The footbridge also gives access to the café that is situated in the old signal box on the platform used by trains to Newton Abbot. There is level access to the station from the car park on the south-east side, and also from the area in front of the milk factory on the north-west side which can be reached by the road bridge that spans the tracks just to the south-west of the station.

Buses to Dartmouth operate from the car park on the south-east side. A footpath from here leads under the viaduct at the north-east end of the station to a footbridge that crosses the River Dart alongside the railway to reach Littlehempston station from where trains run to Buckfastleigh railway station.

The industrial complex on the north-west side of the station houses the milk factory; the grey stone building behind the signal box is the atmospheric engine house. The opposite side of the station is dominated by Totnes castle on the hill.

Services[edit]

About half of the services are operated by First Great Western, including main line services from London Paddington station to Plymouth and Penzance.[6] CrossCountry operate trains through Birmingham to Manchester, the north east of England, and Scotland.[7]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Newton Abbot   First Great Western
Exeter to Plymouth line
  Ivybridge
Newton Abbot   CrossCountry
Scottish Lowlands to Devon and Cornwall
  Plymouth
Heritage Railways  Heritage railways
Interchange with Totnes (Littlehempston) on the South Devon Railway

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gregory, R H (1982). The South Devon Railway. Salisbury: Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-286-2. 
  2. ^ Clayton, Howard (1966). The Atmospheric Railways. Lichfield: Howard Clayton. 
  3. ^ MacDermot, E T (1931). History of the Great Western Railway, volume II 1863-1921. London: Great Western Railway. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Oakley, Mike (2007). Devon Railway Stations. Wimbourne: The Dovecote Press. ISBN 978-1-904349-55-6. 
  5. ^ The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, Part 2: Broad Gauge. The Railway Correspondence and Travel Society. 1953. ISBN 0-906867-90-8. 
  6. ^ "National Rail Timetable 135 (Winter 2007)" (PDF). Network Rail. 
  7. ^ "National Rail Timetable 51 (Winter 2007)" (PDF). Network Rail. 

External links[edit]