Toto language

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Region West Bengal
Ethnicity Toto
Native speakers
1,000  (2012)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 txo
Glottolog toto1302[2]

Toto is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken on the border of India and Bhutan, by the tribal Toto people in Totopara, West Bengal along the border with Bhutan. The Himalayan Languages Project is working on the first grammatical sketch of Toto.

Toto is listed as a critically endangered language by UNESCO, with perhaps 1,000 speakers.[1] However, most families in the community speak Toto at home. Most children learn Toto at home, although they use Bengali in school.


  1. ^ a b Ben Doherty (April 29, 2012). "India's tribal people fast becoming lost for words". The Age. 
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Toto". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 


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