Dutch 'Totok' couple wearing Dutch traditional clothing on New Year's Day.
Totok is a Bahasa language term colloquially used in Indonesia to refer to individuals of Dutch and other European origin who lived in the Dutch East Indies until Indonesian independence in 1949. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries it was popularised among colonists in Batavia, who initially coined the term to describe the foreign born and new immigrants of "pure blood" - as opposed to Eurasians or Indos. When more Dutchmen were born in the East Indies, the term gained significance in describing those of exclusive European ancestry, or local creoles closer to that side of the racial spectrum.
An antonym of Totok is Peranakan, meaning simply "descendants", which is used for other races that mixed with indigenous Asian peoples.
^ abUlbe Bosma & Remco Raben. Being "Dutch" in the Indies: A History of Creolisation and Empire, 1500-1920 (11 April 1996 ed.). National University of Singapore Press. pp. 186–286. ISBN978-0-89680-261-2.
^Willems, Wim "Tjalie Robinson; Biografie van een Indo-schrijver" Chapter: Een Totok als vader (Publisher: Bert Bakker, 2008) P.45 ISBN 9789035133099
^Tan, Mely G. (2008) (in English and Indonesian), Etnis Tionghoa di Indonesia: Kumpulan Tulisan [Ethnic Chinese in Indonesia: Collected Writings], (Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 2008) ISBN 978-979-461-689-5 P.1