Totok

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Dutch 'Totok' couple wearing Dutch traditional clothing on New Year's Day.

Totok is an Indonesian language word, derived from Javanese, meaning "new" or "pure", and is used to describe the usually foreign born and new immigrants of "pure blood". The alternative opposite Indonesian word Peranakan, meaning descendants, is used for settlers that have mixed with indigenous Indonesians.[1]

Totok may refer to full blooded Chinese Indonesians,[1] but is also historically used for full blooded Dutch settlers of the colonial Dutch East Indies.

In the Dutch East Indies and Dutch Indies literature the word is used to distinguish between full blooded Dutch settlers and the native born and racially mixed settlers called Indo-Europeans or Indos.[2]

Famous Dutch Totoks and descendants[edit]

Totok father with Indo wife and children and Indigenous nanny.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tan, Mely G. (2008) (in English and Indonesian), Etnis Tionghoa di Indonesia: Kumpulan Tulisan [Ethnic Chinese in Indonesia: Collected Writings], (Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 2008) ISBN 978-979-461-689-5 P.1
  2. ^ Willems, Wim "Tjalie Robinson; Biografie van een Indo-schrijver" Chapter: Een Totok als vader (Publisher: Bert Bakker, 2008) P.45 ISBN 9789035133099
  3. ^ Rubber by Madelon Szekely-Lulofs on DBNL website.
  4. ^ Koelie by Madelon Szekely-Lulofs on DBNL website.

Bibliography[edit]

  • (Indonesian) Sastrowardoyo, Subagio Sastra Hindia Belanda dan kita (Publisher: PT Balai Pustaka, Jakarta, 1990) P.21 ISBN 979-407-278-8 [1]
  • Taylor, Jean Gelman. The Social World of Batavia: European and Eurasian in Dutch Asia (Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1983). ISBN 9780300097092
  • Taylor, Jean Gelman. Indonesia: Peoples and Histories (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003). ISBN 0300097093
  • (Dutch) Bosman, Ulbe and Raben, Remco. De oude Indische wereld 1500-1920. (Bert Bakker, Amsterdam 2003) ISBN 90-351-2572-X

External links[edit]