|• Department||1,061 km2 (410 sq mi)|
|Population (Census 2002)|
|• Ethnicities||K'iche' people, Ladino|
|• Religions||Roman Catholicism, Evangelicalism, Maya|
|ISO 3166 code||GT-TO|
Historical chronicler Francisco Antonio de Fuentes y Guzmán, described the municipalities of Totonicapán in his 1689 “Recordación Florida.” This record confirms the area's pre-Columbian origins.
In July, 1820, the indigenous residents of Totonicapán revolted against the government in response to excessive tributes imposed by the Spanish King Ferdinand VII. The rebellion was led by Atanasio Tzul and Lucas Aguilar. After toppling the local government, Tzul declared himself king of the breakaway province, with Aguilar as president. The mayor of neighboring Quetzaltenango, Prudencio Cózar, along with hundreds of armed men, led an invasion to put down the rebellion. The rebel government lasted about 20 days. The rebels were captured, whipped, and imprisoned.
Totonicapán has an area of 1.061 km² located in the western highlands. Its territory is crossed by ramifications of the Sierra Madre, and includes mountains as Cuxniquel, Campanabaj, and Cerro de Coxóm. Important rivers in Totonicapaán include the Samalá, Pachac, Las Palmeras, Sajcocolaj, Patzotzil, Huacol and Pajá.
- San Andrés Xecul
- San Bartolo
- San Cristóbal Totonicapán
- San Francisco El Alto
- Santa Lucía La Reforma
- Santa María Chiquimula
- "XI Censo Nacional de Poblacion y VI de Habitación (Censo 2002)". INE. 2002.
- Baily, John (1850). Central America; Describing Each of the States of Guatemala, Honduras, Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. London: Trelawney Saunders. p. 85.