(See other stations in Kanagawa)
|Address in Japanese||神奈川県横浜市戸塚区戸塚町|
Yokohama City Transportation Bureau
|Line(s)||Tōkaidō Main Line
|Major bus terminal(s) attached to the station|
Totsuka Station (戸塚駅 Totsuka-eki?) is a railway station in Totsuka-ku, Yokohama, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) and Yokohama City Transportation Bureau. It is served by the Tōkaidō Main Line, Yokosuka Line and Shōnan-Shinjuku Line of JR East as well as the Blue Line subway and is 40.9 kilometers from the terminus of the Tōkaidō Main Line at Tokyo Station.
- East Japan Railway Company
- Yokohama Municipal Subway
- Blue Line (B06)
JR Totsuka Station is a ground level station with two island platforms serving four tracks, with an additional set of the Tōkaidō Freight Line tracks on the west side. The platforms are connected to the station's two gates upstairs (over the tracks) and downstairs (underground). The Yokohama Subway station, connected with the JR underground concourse, has one underground island platform.
|1||■Yokosuka Line||for Yokohama, Tokyo, Chiba, and Narita Airport|
|■Narita Express||for Narita Airport|
|■Shōnan-Shinjuku Line||for Shibuya, Shinjuku, and Ōmiya|
|2||■Tōkaidō Line||for Yokohama, Kawasaki, and Tokyo|
|3||■Tōkaidō Line||for Ōfuna, Odawara, Atami, and Shizuoka|
|4||■Yokosuka Line||for Ōfuna, Zushi, Kamakura, Yokosuka, and Kurihama|
|■Shōnan-Shinjuku Line||Yokosuka Line for Zushi
Tōkaidō Line for Hiratsuka and Odawara
Yokohama Municipal Subway platforms
|2||■Blue Line||for Kami-Ōoka, Kannai, Shin-Yokohama, and Azamino|
|Tōkaidō Main Line|
|Commuter Rapid: no stop|
|Yokohama Subway Blue Line (B06)|
|Odoriba (B05)||-||Maioka (B07)|
Totsuka Station was opened on July 11, 1887 as a station on the Japanese Government Railways (JGR), the predecessor to the post-war Japanese National Railways (JNR). The station building was originally on the west side of the station. The east gate was added in 1937. The current building over the tracks was completed on March 26, 1969.
On March 15, 1930 when Yokosuka Line trains were replaced by electric multiple units, all Tokaido Line trains ceased to stop at Totsuka Station. Before the Tokaido Line and Yokosuka Line were separated and the station became a junction of the two lines on October 1, 1980, the two lines used the same tracks, but only Yokosuka Line trains stopped at Totsuka Station. The current platforms 1 and 2 did not exist, and the platform 1 (now platform 3) served the Tokyo-bound Yokosuka Line, while line 2 (now line 4) served the away-from-Tokyo direction. Additionally, the current freight lines did not exist, with the old freight lines located where the current platforms 1 and 2 are. From March 1973 when one island platform was added, there were two island platforms, with platform 2 serving the Tokyo-bound trains, and platform 3 serving the other direction. The lines on platforms 1 and 4 were built, but were not used until 1980.
Originally, the station handled both passengers and freight. In 1923, a separate freight yard was completed as a part of the station to the north of the passenger platforms across the crossing with Tōkaidō Highway. All freight operations were discontinued from May 1970. As the addition of the new freight lines claimed the land of the bus terminal in front of the station's west gate, the bus terminal was relocated to the site of the former freight yard in July 1971. The bus terminal is now called the Second Bus Center and is distinguished from the larger Bus Center beside the Totsukana building on the same side of the station.
With the privatization of the JNR on April 1, 1987, the station came under the operational control of JR East. Shōnan-Shinjuku Line trains and Narita Express limited express services began stopping at Totsuka Station from December 1, 2001.
The timetable was revised on March 18, 2007, so that Tokaido Line Acty rapid trains all stopped at this station. This resolved the confusing situation that existed before, when the Shonan-Shinjuku Line rapid and special rapid trains stopped at the station, but Tokaido Line Acty services did not. Before the change, it was also the only station for changing trains at which the Acty did not stop. As before, the Tokaido Line commuter rapid still do not stop at this station.
Yokohama Municipal Subway
The Blue Line of the Yokohama Subway connected to Totsuka Station from May 24, 1987 with temporary facilities. The permanent subway station was opened on August 27, 1989.
At 05:42 on December 15, 1923, local passenger train No. 21 to Shimonoseki collided with the locomotive and a wagon of freight train No. 603, which was blocking the main line. Two locomotives and two wagons were overturned. As a result, the driver of train No. 603 was killed instantly and three passengers were slightly injured. The cause of the accident was a signalman's carelessness according to the official record of the railway.
At 09:52 on July 27, 1939, about 500 workers of a nearby Nippon Kōgaku factory entered the track near the station to see off a colleague. The semi-express train No. 221 to Numazu hit some of them, killing eight and injuring seven.
In fiscal 2013, the JR East station was used by 109,988 passengers daily (boarding passengers only), making it the 29th-busiest station operated by JR East. In fiscal 2013, the Yokohama Municipal Subway station was used by an average of 43,124 passengers per day (boarding passengers only), making it the second busiest station on the Blue Line (after Yokohama).
The daily passenger figures for JR East and Yokohama Municipal Subway (Blue Line) in previous years are as shown below.
|Fiscal year||JR East||Blue Line|
- Note that both figures are for boarding passengers only.
- Ishino, Tetsu et al. (eds.) (1998). 停車場変遷大事典 国鉄・JR編 [Station Transition Directory - JNR/JR] (in Japanese). Tokyo: JTB Corporation. p. 14, vol. II. ISBN 4533029809.
- 横浜市 戸塚区役所 あゆみ (in Japanese). Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- Totsuka Ward Office (1980). 40万人の40年史 [Four Hundred Thousand People's Forty-year History]. p. 66.
- Ministry of Railways (December 22, 1930). 昭和四年度 鉄道省年報 [Ministry of Railways Annual Report, Fiscal Year 1929]. p. 137.
- "戸塚驛の大發展 貨物驛竣成 省電開通準備". Yokohama Boyeki Shimpo. January 14, 1923. p. 3.
- Totsuka Ward Office (1980). 40万人の40年史 [Four Hundred Thousand People's Forty-year History]. p. 70.
- 横浜市交通局 あゆみ (in Japanese). Retrieved November 24, 2012.
- Ministry of Railways (March 1928). 大正十二年度鉄道災害記事 [Railway Disasters Report, Fiscal Year 1923].
- Totsuka Ward Office (1980). 40万人の40年史 [Four Hundred Thousand People's Forty-year History]. p. 6.
- "列車見送り群中へ 一瞬に死傷十五 戸塚驛構内の慘事". Tokyo Asahi Shimbun. July 28, 1939. p. 2.
- 各駅の乗車人員 （2013年度） [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2013)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
- 横浜市統計ポータルサイト [City of Yokohama Statistics Portal Site] (in Japanese). City of Yokohama. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
- 各駅の乗車人員 （1999年度） [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 1999)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- 各駅の乗車人員 （2000年度） [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2000)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- 各駅の乗車人員 （2005年度） [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2005)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- 各駅の乗車人員 (2010年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2010)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
- 各駅の乗車人員 （2011年度） [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2011)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
- 各駅の乗車人員 （2012年度） [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2012)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
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