Tottenham (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tottenham
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Tottenham in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 79,172 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Tottenham, Tottenham Hale, Harringay, West Green, Seven Sisters, Bruce Grove and Northumberland Park
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of Parliament Rt Hon David Lammy (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Tottenham North and Tottenham South
18851918
Number of members One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by Tottenham North and Tottenham South
Created from Middlesex
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Tottenham /ˈtɒt(ə)nəm/[2][3] is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2000 by Rt Hon David Lammy, a member of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency is in the London Borough of Haringey in north London, covering the borough's central and eastern area.

The constituency comprises nine electoral wards, selected by the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies in time for the 2010 general election:

  • Bruce Grove, Harringay, Northumberland Park, St. Ann's, Seven Sisters, Tottenham Green, Tottenham Hale, West Green and White Hart Lane in the London Borough of Haringey.[4]

History[edit]

1950-date[edit]

This constituency was recreated to allow for a narrower, more focussed seat on the largest town or London District itself, of Tottenham. Parts of two wards were in the former Borough of Hornsey which had a seat, abolished in 1983 to make way for Hornsey and Wood Green.

Political history

During this modern period of existence, Tottenham has been a safe Labour seat,[n 3] however one member in the early 1960s, Alan Brown, defected to become independent in opposition[n 4] and then, crossing the floor, a Conservative but failed by a wide margin to win re-election in 1964 under this new party status. The closest result in the whole period was in 1987 when the Labour candidate won by 8.2% of the vote ahead of the Conservative runner-up.

Since 2005, and reflecting a gradual swing, the runner-up in general elections has been a Liberal Democrat.

Prominent frontbenchers

Rt Hon David Lammy, the present member was Minister of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills until the change of government in 2010.

Constituency profile[edit]

A cosmopolitan, inner-city seat in the London Borough of Haringey, Tottenham has a large ethnic minority population - around a fifth of the residents are black, and there is a large Muslim population. Excluding the South of the Constituency, The percentage of white residents understates the ethnic variety of this constituency, similar to the borough as a whole[5] which includes major Cypriot, Irish, Eastern European, Jewish and Russian communities. The seat has a large central shopping area and the major London football club, Tottenham Hotspur F.C. ('Spurs').

The seat covers Tottenham, Tottenham Hale, Harringay, West Green, Seven Sisters, Bruce Grove and Northumberland Park. To the east is the River Lea with its valley trail and the Tottenham marshes, while to the south the seat takes in Finsbury Park. The constituency includes the Broadwater Farm estate, notorious for the 1985 riots, following which the estate underwent a massive facelift and is no longer a crime blackspot, but other areas of the seat like Northumberland Park continue to be blighted by social problems, including overcrowding.

The proportion of people workless and registered as jobseekers was in November 2012 significantly higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 8.0% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian. Though this is not the case in the southern side of the constituency. At that time the London average was similar to the national average, at 4.0%.[6]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885-1918[edit]

Election Member[7] Party
1885 Joseph Howard Conservative
1906 Percy Alden Liberal
1918 constituency abolished: see Tottenham North and Tottenham South

MPs 1950-present[edit]

Election Member[7] Party
1950 Frederick Messer Labour Co-op
1959 Alan Grahame Brown Labour
1961 Independent
1962 Conservative
1964 Norman Atkinson Labour
1987 Bernie Grant Labour
2000 by-election Rt Hon David Lammy Labour

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Tottenham[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Lammy 24,128 59.3 +1.4
Liberal Democrat David Schmitz 7,197 17.7 +0.9
Conservative Sean Sullivan 6,064 14.9 +1.4
TUSC Jenny Sutton 1,057 2.6 N/A
Green Anne Gray 980 2.4 −2.2
UKIP Winston McKenzie 466 1.1 N/A
Independent People Together Neville Watson 265 0.7 N/A
Christian Abimbola Kadara 262 0.6 N/A
Independent Sheik Thompson 143 0.4 N/A
Independent Errol Carr 125 0.3 N/A
Majority 16,931 41.6 +0.5
Turnout 40,687 58.2 +10.4
Labour hold Swing +0.2

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Lammy 18,343 57.9 −9.6
Liberal Democrat Wayne Hoban 5,309 16.8 +7.3
Conservative William F. MacDougall 4,278 13.5 −0.4
Respect Miss Janet Alder 2,014 6.4 N/A
Green Pete H. McAskie 1,457 4.6 0.0
Socialist Labour Jaamit Durrani 263 0.8 N/A
Majority 13,034 41.1
Turnout 31,664 47.8 −0.4
Labour hold Swing −8.4
General Election 2001: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Lammy 21,317 67.5 −1.8
Conservative Mrs. Uma N. Fernandes 4,401 13.9 −1.8
Liberal Democrat Mrs. Meher Khan 3,008 9.5 −1.3
Green Peter Budge 1,443 4.6 +1.8
Socialist Alliance Weyman Bennett 1,162 3.7 N/A
Reform 2000 Unver T. Shefki 270 0.9 N/A
Majority 16,916 53.6
Turnout 31,601 48.2 −8.7
Labour hold Swing
Tottenham by-election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Lammy 8,785 53.5 −15.8
Liberal Democrat Duncan Hames 3,139 19.1 +1.3
Conservative Jane Ellison 2,634 16.0 +0.3
Socialist Alliance Weyman Bennett 885 5.4 N/A
Green Peter Budge 606 3.7 +0.9
Reform 2000 Erol Basarik 177 1.1 N/A
UKIP Ashwin Tanna 136 0.8 N/A
Independent Conservative Dorian L.D. de Braâm 55 0.3 N/A
Majority 5,646 34.4
Turnout 16,417 25.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bernie Grant 26,121 69.3 +12.8
Conservative Andrew R. Scantlebury 5,921 15.7 −14.1
Liberal Democrat Neil Hughes 4,064 10.8 −0.6
Green Peter Budge 1,059 2.8 +0.8
ProLife Alliance Mrs. Leelan L.E. Tay 210 0.5 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Christopher F. Anglin 181 0.5 N/A
Socialist Equality Mrs. Tania Kent 148 0.4 N/A
Majority 20,200 53.6
Turnout 37,704 56.9
Labour hold Swing +14.3
General Election 1992: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bernie Grant 25,309 56.5 +12.9
Conservative Andrew L. Charalambous 13,341 29.8 −5.6
Liberal Democrat Alex S.G. l'Estrange 5,120 11.4 −6.4
Green Peter Budge 903 2.0 +0.5
Natural Law Mrs. Margaret Obomanu 150 0.3 N/A
Majority 11,698 26.7
Turnout 44,823 65.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bernie Grant 21,921 43.6 −8.4
Conservative Peter Laurence Murphy 17,780 35.4 +5.2
Liberal Stewart James Etherington 8,983 17.8 +1.6
Green Darren John Nicholls 744 1.5 N/A
Gaitskell Labour Peter Joseph Nealon 638 1.3 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Miss Clare Louise Dixon 205 0.4 N/A
Majority 4,141 8.2
Turnout 50,271 66.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Norman Atkinson 22,423 52.0 −4.9
Conservative Peter L. Murphy 13,027 30.2 −1.8
Liberal Alex S.G. l'Estrange 6,990 16.2 +8.6
Independent Conservative W.G. Hurry 652 1.5 N/A
Majority 9,396 21.8
Turnout 43,092 63.4 +2.2
Labour hold Swing −1.6

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Norman Atkinson 16,299 56.9 −1.9
Conservative N.H.M. Carrington 9,166 32.0 +7.7
Liberal K. Alexander 2,177 7.6 −1.0
National Front C.S. Mates 833 2.9 −5.4
Workers Revolutionary E.D.J. Gutteridge 94 0.3 N/A
Fellowship G.A. Rolph 71 0.3 N/A
Majority 7,133 24.9
Turnout 28,640 61.2 +5.0
Labour hold Swing −4.8
General Election October 1974: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Norman Atkinson 15,708 58.8 +4.0
Conservative Peter Lilley 6,492 24.3 −1.1
Liberal K. Alexander 2,288 8.6 +0.6
National Front R.W. Painter 2,211 8.3 +4.2
Majority 9,216 34,5
Turnout 26,699 56.2 −9.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Norman Atkinson 16,999 54.8 −6.5
Conservative J.A. Croft 7,873 25.4 −13.3
Liberal K. Papatheodotou 2,478 8.0 N/A
National Independence P. Coney 1,373 4.2 N/A
National Front R. Painter 1,270 4.1 N/A
Social Democrat J. Martin 763 2.5 N/A
Independent Conservative K. Squire 274 0.9 N/A
Majority 9.126 29.4
Turnout 48,029 65.6 +10.4
Labour hold Swing +3.4
General Election 1970: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Norman Atkinson 17,367 61.3 −4.0
Conservative L.T. Simmonds 10,975 38.7 +4.0
Majority 6,392 22.5
Turnout 28,342 55.2 −4.6
Labour hold Swing −4.0

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Norman Atkinson 17,367 65.3 +10.6
Conservative H.J.M. Dykes 11,222 34.7 +2.1
Majority 9,889 30.6
Turnout 28,589 59.8 −4.1
Labour hold Swing +4.3
General Election 1964: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Norman Atkinson 19,458 54.7 +2.8
Conservative Alan Grahame Brown 11,577 32.6 −3.9
Liberal L.G. Lepley 4,526 12.7 +1.0
Majority 7,881 22.2
Turnout 35,561 63.9 −8.1
Labour hold Swing +3.4

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alan Grahame Brown 22,325 51.9 −8.1
Conservative D.J.G. Hennessy 15,688 36.5 −3.5
Liberal L.G. Lepley 5,030 11.7 N/A
Majority 6,637 15.4
Turnout 43,043 72.0 +1.8
Labour hold Swing −2.3
General Election 1955: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Frederick Messer 26,363 60.0 −2.4
Conservative I.M. Fraser 17,753 40.0 +2.4
Majority 8,883 20.0
Turnout 44,116 70.2 −9.6
Labour hold Swing −2.4
General Election 1951: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Frederick Messer 33,312 62.4 +5.5
Conservative P.J. Faulkner 20,061 37.6 +6.5
Majority 13,251 24.8
Turnout 53,373 79.8 −1.2
Labour hold Swing −0.5
General Election 1950: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Frederick Messer 30,901 56.9 N/A
Conservative P.J. Faulkner 16,862 31.1 N/A
Liberal R. Allen 5,665 10.4 N/A
Communist G. Cross 802 1.5 N/A
Majority 14,039 25.9 N/A
Turnout 54,230 81.0 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election December 1910 Tottenham[9]

Electorate 29,260

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Percy Alden 12,046 52.4 +1.3
Conservative Edward Vyse Sturdy 10,945 47.6 -1.3
Majority 1,101 4.8 +2.6
Turnout 78.6 -3.7
Liberal hold Swing +1.3
General Election January 1910 Tottenham[9]

Electorate 29,260

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Percy Alden 12,302 51.1 -7.6
Conservative Edward Vyse Sturdy 11,787 48.9 +7.6
Majority 515 2.2 -15.2
Turnout 82.3 +9.7
Liberal hold Swing -7.6

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906 Tottenham[9]

Electorate 23,409

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Percy Alden 9,956 58.7 +21.3
Conservative Horace Whitehead Chatterton 7,009 41.3 -21.3
Majority 2,947 17.4 -7.8
Turnout 72.5
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +21.3
George Hay Morgan
General Election 1900 Tottenham[9]

Electorate 19,412

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Joseph Howard 6,721 62.6
Liberal George Hay Morgan 4,009 37.4
Majority 2,712 25.2
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Most often since 1950 the Labour party candidate has achieved an absolute majority.
  4. ^ During the Conservative Government 1957-1964
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Tottenham". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. 
  3. ^ How to pronounce place names with "ham" in them
  4. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. 13 June 2007. Retrieved 7 December 2010. 
  5. ^ 2011 census interactive maps
  6. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  7. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  8. ^ Tottenham UKPolling
  9. ^ a b c d British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)