Tottington, Norfolk

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Tottington
Tottington Church.jpg
Saint Andrew Church in Tottington.
Tottington is located in Norfolk
Tottington
Tottington
 Tottington shown within Norfolk
Area  13.12 km2 (5.07 sq mi)
Population 0 (2001 Census)
   – density  0/km2 (0/sq mi)
OS grid reference TL895955
District Breckland
Shire county Norfolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town THETFORD
Postcode district IP24
Police Norfolk
Fire Norfolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament South West Norfolk
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk

Coordinates: 52°31′28″N 0°47′31″E / 52.52441°N 0.79189°E / 52.52441; 0.79189

Tottington is a deserted village and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. It is situated some 6.2 miles (10.0 km) north of the town of Thetford and 25 miles (40 km) south-west of the city of Norwich.[5]

Name[edit]

Tottington means "hill of a man called Totta", from the Old English personal name Totta (genitive -n) + dun "hill". A record of the name as Tutindone in 1165 backs up this evidence. The -ington of the place-name is misleading; similar with Islington.

History[edit]

Tottington has an entry in the Domesday Book of 1085.[1] In the great book Tottington is recorded by the name of totintune. The main land holder being Ralph FitzHelwin. The survey also states there are fifteen mares. Samson of Tottington was Abbot of Bury St Edmunds from 1182 to 1211, and Thomas of Tottington filled the same role from 1302 to 1311.

Evacuation[edit]

During the Second World War, the village was taken over by the British Army when it was incorporated into the Stanford Battle Area. The military ranges were needed to prepare Allied infantry for Operation Overlord, (the Battle of Normandy in 1944). Though some villagers were said to be happy to give up their homes to help the British War effort,[2] the majority were less than enthusiastic with a number of heated village meetings and some refusing to leave the area.[3] This was the subject of a book written by Lucille Reeve, one such person who refused to leave, under the pseudonym A Norfolk Woman called Farming, on a Battle Ground.[4]

However at the close of World War II, the former villagers were never allowed to return to their homes by the War Office. Most of the inhabitants of Tottington were not landowners, and rented the houses and farmed the land belonging to the Walsingham estates. Though they had been promised that they could return to their homes after the war, the government later reneged on the promise and bought the land, threatening Walsingham with a compulsory purchase order.[5] As the majority of the inhabitants weren't landowners, they received very little in compensation were put into council housing and many had lost their livelihoods. They continued to fight for many years to return to their homes and farmland but the beginnings of the Cold War and the need for dedicated training areas removed all chances of a return.

Since the evacuation, the village and its parish remain within the Ministry of Defence's Thetford infantry training area. Access is not permitted without special permission.[6]

The Parish Church of St Andrew[edit]

The church is situated at the northern end of the village.[2] Today the roof of the church is clad in blast proof sheeting which was installed to protect the structure of the church. The original pantiles are stored inside the church ready to be restored if the village is given back to the public. The outside of the church is surrounded by wire fencing to protect the church from the military manoeuvres .

In October 2009 a World War II veteran, who had been born in the village, was buried in St Andrew's churchyard after permission for the interment was given by the Ministry of Defence. It was the first burial in the graveyard for more than 50 years.[6]

Governance[edit]

The civil parish has an area of 5.07 square miles (13.1 km2) and in the 2001 census had no inhabitants. For the purposes of local government, the parish falls within the district of Breckland.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Domesday Book, Englands Heritage, Then and Now, Editor: Thomas Hinde,Norfolk page 186 ISBN 1-85833-440-3
  2. ^ a b [1] Information about the Evacuation
  3. ^ [2] Breckland exodus - the forced evacuation of the Norfolk Battle Area 1942:Part 1
  4. ^ [3] Lucille Reeve - Eastern Daily Press
  5. ^ [4] Breckland exodus - the forced evacuation of the Norfolk Battle Area 1942:Part 2
  6. ^ "Veteran buried in 'ghost village'". BBC. 2009-10-03. .

External links[edit]