Toulouse 1 University Capitole
|Toulouse 1 University Capitole|
|Université Toulouse 1 Capitole|
|Motto||Universitas Magistrorum et Scolarium (Latin)|
|Established||1229 University of Toulouse
1968 Toulouse 1 University
|Affiliations||University of Toulouse|
Toulouse 1 University Capitole was the second university created in France in 1229 after the Sorbonne was founded (around the year 1200). The university originally included four faculties: theology, canon law, civil law and Arts (grammar). The medical school was created in 1257. The University was closed in 1793 as the French Revolution abolished royal universities.
At the end of the Second Empire, the first four faculties co-existed, but the most important was the law school, which contains three-quarters of the students and the most renowned teachers. However, the University of Toulouse suffered due to underfunding of French higher education in province. In the 1880s Luis Liard and Ernest Lavisse gave enough autonomy to the faculties so the municipality could help those institutions. Yet the Edgar Faure laws halted the development of provincial faculties by dividing the university in three:
- Toulouse 1 University of Social Sciences (Law, Economy and Management);
- Toulouse 2 University of Literature and Human Sciences;
- Toulouse 3 University Paul Sabatier of Sciences and Health.
Only the Toulouse 1 University remains on the historical site of the town center. In September 2009, the Toulouse 1 University of Social Sciences becomes the Toulouse 1 university Capitole.
UT1 contains three locations:
- The Old Faculties with amphitheaters, information and counseling services, Garrigou library;
- The Arsenal contains most of the amphitheaters and lessons classes, the main library ;
- The Manufacture des Tabacs (an ancient tobacco manufacture of Toulouse) where are amphitheaters, lessons classes and most research laboratories.
University buildings cover an area of 78,000 m² and are available to 17,000 students. On the two sites of the Arsenal and the Anciennes Facultés, a 2 minutes' walk from Place du Capitole, are located most lecture halls and classrooms as well as the main library on the Toulouse campus.
The different academic disciplines of UT1 are:
- Economy (at the Toulouse School of Economics)
- Management (at the Toulouse School of Management)
- Political sciences (at the Institut d'études politiques de Toulouse)