Tourettism

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Tourettism refers to the presence of Tourette-like symptoms in the absence of Tourette syndrome, as the result of other diseases or conditions, known as "secondary causes".

Tourette syndrome (TS) is an inherited neurological condition of multiple motor and at least one vocal tic. Although Tourette syndrome is the most common cause of tic disorders,[1] other sporadic, genetic, and neurodegenerative disorders may also exhibit tics.[2]

Tic mimickers[edit]

Genetic/chromosomal[edit]

Infectious or post-infectious[edit]

Developmental[edit]

Toxins/insults/acquired[edit]

Drugs[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jankovic J, Mejia NI. Tics associated with other disorders. Adv Neurol. 2006;99:61-8. PMID 16536352
  2. ^ Mejia NI, Jankovic J. Secondary tics and tourettism. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2005;27(1):11-17. PMID 15867978 Full-text PDF
  3. ^ Bharucha KJ, Sethi KD. "Tardive tourettism after exposure to neuroleptic therapy." Mov Disord. 1995 Nov;10(6):791-3. PMID 8749999
  4. ^ eMedicine article on Tardive dyskinesia Full article

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Erer S, Jankovic J. "Adult onset tics after peripheral injury." Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2007 Feb 8; PMID 17292653