The tourism industry of Afghanistan, developed with government help in the early 1970s, has been negligible since 1979 due to internal political instability. A passport and visa are required for entrance into Afghanistan. In 1999, the UN estimated the daily cost of staying in Kabul at $70 USD. Approximately 61% of these costs were estimated to be the price of a room in a guesthouse. Travel was highly restricted in the country due to the US-led campaign against the Taliban and al-Qaeda.
Afghan embassies issue between 15,000 and 20,000 tourist visas annually, but not all of those visas represent tourists visiting the country. One tour operator estimates that only 100 to 150 "pure tourists" visit every year.