Tourism in Australia
||This article needs attention from an expert in Australia. (November 2011)|
|This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. (November 2011)|
Tourism is an important industry for the Australian economy. In the financial year 2010/11, the tourism industry represented 2.5% of Australia's GDP at a value of approximately A$35 billion to the national economy. This is equivalent to tourism contributing $94.8 million a day to the Australian economy. Domestic tourism is a significant part of the tourism industry, and was responsible for 73% of the total direct tourism GDP.
The 2010-11 financial year saw a record number of overseas arrivals in the financial year, with 5.9 million short-term visitor arrivals to Australia (or 588 extra visitors a day extra). Tourism employed 513,700 people in Australia in 2010-11, or which 43.7% of total tourism employed persons were part-time. Tourism also contributed 8.0% of Australia's total export earnings in 2010-11.
Popular Australian destinations include the coastal cities of Sydney and Melbourne, as well as other high profile destinations including regional Queensland, the Gold Coast and the Great Barrier Reef, the world's largest reef. Uluru and the Australian outback are other popular locations, as is Tasmanian wilderness. The unique Australian wildlife is also another significant point of interest in the country's tourism.
Despite a year of global economic challenges and natural disasters in 2010-2011, Australia's tourism growth was supported by increased consumption (up 4.4% over the previous year, largely due to an increase in the number of visitors from overseas). On the back of a strong Australian dollar, 2010-11 also saw a record 7.4 million short-term resident departures from Australia, an increase of 9.9% from 2009-10. Domestic tourism consumption grew at less than half the pace of international consumption in 2010-11 (up 2.1% compared to 4.4%).
The Australian Government released the 2020 Tourism Industry Potential on 15 November 2010, and estimates the Australian tourism industry to be worth up to $140 billion in overnight expenditure. This growth will largely be due to key emerging markets, including the China market, which is estimated to be the largest economic contributor to the Australian tourism industry by 2020. The number of Chinese visitors has more than doubled from 2006 to 2012 reaching a peak of 626,400 in 2012 and surpassing for the first time the number of arrivals from the UK. In 2013, China was Australia's fastest growing tourist market. According to Tourism Australia Managing Director Andrew McEvoy Chinese are the highest spending visitors to the country.
All visitors to Australia, apart from New Zealanders, require advance permission to enter the country. For most countries, a full visa is required. Holders of passports of all European Union countries as well as all Schengen Area countries and European microstates only need to apply online for an eVisitor authorisation. Citizens of some OECD and some East Asian countries are able to apply for the similar Electronic Travel Authority authorisation.
Australia's international tourism campaigns have focused on Australia's laid back style, such as an 1980s advertising campaign featuring actor Paul Hogan telling American tourists "I'll slip an extra shrimp on the barbie for you", or its cheeky side, as in its controversial 2006 campaign in the United Kingdom using the Australian colloquialism slogan "So where the bloody hell are you?".
Tourism Australia’s “No Leave No Life” campaign was launched in March 2009 by the Federal Minister for Tourism, the Hon. Martin Ferguson AM MP. This campaign was designed to remind employees of the personal and professional benefits of taking annual leave, and of taking that leave in Australia. At 30 June 2009 there were 126 million days of stockpiled annual leave in the Australian economy. At the end of the June 2010 quarter, this number had decreased to 117 million days, following falls in the preceding three quarters.
Tourism Australia’s latest consumer campaign “There’s Nothing Like Australia” invites Australians to share their favourite Australian place or experience with the world.
The campaign is based on research conducted by Tourism Australia that showed Australians were eager to get involved in promoting their country. It was developed to involve Australians because they are the experts on what makes Australia unlike anywhere else. The core message, that ‘There’s Nothing Like Australia’ was designed for longevity through different mediums, audiences and activities.
Types of tourists
|China, People's Republic of||120.3||285.0||453.7|
|All other countries||1,312.0||1,286.2||1,669.3|
|Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics|
New Zealand tourists make up a distinctive part of the Australian tourism market, usually taking short package tours which concentrate heavily on the iconic sights (typically Sydney, Uluru, Gold Coast and Cairns), and viewing Australian native animals (particularly the koala and kangaroo).
Another major source of tourists to Australia include backpackers, mostly young people from Western European countries (particularly Britain) and North America. Spending more time in Australia, these travelers tend to explore considerably more of the country. Many backpackers participate in working holidays enabling them to stay longer in the country. Working holiday visas for Australia are available for those aged 18 to 30 for most Western European citizens, and also citizens of Canada and some developed East Asian nations such as Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan and South Korea.
The domestic tourism market is estimated to valued at $63 billion. In 2009, the Australian domestic market experienced a 10% slump in the number of visitor nights. Domestic tourism in general and in particular free caravan and camping sites for overnight accommodation experienced strong demand in 2012.
Australians are big domestic travellers, with a profusion of seaside resort towns in every state (many located on or near good surfing beaches), mountain retreats, plentiful national parks, rivers, fishing locations, wine growing regions, as well as domestic visitation of the major tourist spots. Domestic tourism peaks during the Australian school holidays.
In 2011, a leading Australian travel agent warned that low-cost carriers such as AirAsia and Jetstar who offered cheap packages to Asia threatened the domestic tourism market.
|Australia (Domestic)||For the year ended 31 December 2009, the total economic value of domestic tourism measured $63.3 billion, with 66.1 million overnight trips taken in Australia by Australian residents aged 15 years and over.|
|United States of America||There was $2.126 billion in total expenditure from the United States in 2010. The Tourism Industry Potential estimates that the United States market has the potential to grow to between $4.530 billion and $5.519 billion in total expenditure by 2020.|
|Canada||Canada was Australia’s twelfth largest inbound market for total expenditure in 2010, with $0.700 billion spent on trips to Australia.|
|Argentina||Argentina is one of Tourism Australia’s developing markets. Arrivals to Australia from Argentina continue to perform well, with visiting friends and relatives, holiday and education segments reporting good growth from a small base.|
|Brazil||There were 26,908 arrivals from Brazil in calendar year 2010, an increase of four per cent compared to 2009.|
|China||There was $3.26 billion in total expenditure from the China market in 2010. The Tourism Industry Potential estimates that China has the potential to grow to between $7.406 billion and $9.022 billion in total expenditure by 2020.|
|India||There was $0.826 billion in total expenditure from the India market in 2010. The Tourism Industry Potential estimates that India has the potential to grow to between $1.854 billion and $2.258 billion in total expenditure by 2020.|
|Hong Kong||Hong Kong was Australia’s eleventh largest inbound market for total expenditure in 2010, with $0.808 billion spent on trips to Australia.|
|Indonesia||Indonesia was Australia’s thirteenth largest inbound market for total expenditure in 2010, with $0.608 billion spent on trips to Australia.|
|South Korea||There was $1.279 billion in total expenditure from South Korea in 2010. The Tourism Industry Potential estimates that the South Korea market has the potential to grow to between $2.792 billion and $3.401 billion in total expenditure by 2020.|
|Malaysia||There was $1.047 billion in total expenditure from Malaysia in 2010. The Tourism Industry Potential estimates that the Malaysia market has the potential to grow to between $2.046 billion and $2.492 billion in total expenditure by 2020.|
|Taiwan||There was a nine per cent increase in visitors from Taiwan during 2008/09, reaching 92,800. The Total Inbound Economic Value of the Taiwan market increased by 21 per cent to $398 million.|
|Singapore||There was $1.199 billion in total expenditure from Singapore in 2010. The Tourism Industry Potential estimates that the Singapore market has the potential to grow to between $2.266 billion and $2.760 billion in total expenditure by 2020.|
|Thailand||Thailand is ranked 15th among Australia’s source markets in terms of arrivals. Australia received a total of 77,500 visitors from Thailand in 2008/09, a decrease of 8 per cent compared to the previous year.|
|Vietnam||There were 37,246 arrivals from Vietnam in calendar year 2010, an increase of seven per cent on the previous year.|
|United Kingdom||There was $3.184 billion in total expenditure from the United Kingdom in 2010. The Tourism Industry Potential estimates that the United Kingdom market has the potential to grow to between $5.479 billion and $6.675 billion in total expenditure by 2020.|
|Netherlands||The Total Inbound Economic Value of the Netherlands market was $300 million in 2008/09 which was a three per cent increase on the previous year.|
|Germany||There was $0.910 billion in total expenditure from Germany in 2010. The Tourism Industry Potential estimates that Germany has the potential to grow to between $1.902 billion and $2.316 billion in total expenditure by 2020.|
|Switzerland||Australia received a total of 39,900 visitors from Switzerland in 2008/09 which was a five per cent decrease compared to the previous year. The Total Inbound Economic Value was $270 million which was one per cent less than the previous year.|
|France||There was $0.561 billion in total expenditure from France in 2010. The Tourism Industry Potential estimates that the France market has the potential to grow to between $1.153 billion and $1.405 billion in total expenditure by 2020.|
|Nordic||The Total Inbound Economic Value of the Nordic market increased by 5 per cent during 2008/2009 and was valued at $506 million. Australia received a total of 58,700 visitors from the Nordic region in 2008/09.|
|Ireland||Australia received a total of 64,420 visitors from Ireland in 2008/09, a decrease of 1 per cent compared to the previous year. The Total Inbound Economic Value increased 3 per cent to A$479 million in 2008/09.|
|Spain||Despite a strong increase in October visitor arrivals, total arrivals year to date (YTD) continue to be well below last year and Spain continues to be one of the hardest hit European markets.|
|Italy||There were 56,401 visitor arrivals from Italy in calendar year 2010, up two per cent on the previous year.|
Great Barrier Reef
The Great Barrier Reef attracts up to two million visitors every year. Careful management, which includes permits for camping and all commercial marine tourism within the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, has so far ensured that tourists have a very minimal impact on the reef. Uluru, Kakadu National Park and Fraser Island are major natural attractions. Uluru won the 2013 Qantas Australian Tourism Awards and was named Australia’s best major tourist attraction.
In December 2013, Greg Hunt, the Australian environment minister, approved a plan for dredging to create three shipping terminals as part of the construction of a coalport. According to corresponding approval documents, the process will create around 3 million cubic metres of dredged seabed that will be dumped within the Great Barrier Reef marine park area.
Sydney Opera House
Another attraction that appeals to many tourists is the Sydney Opera House. Shopping and casinos are a major drawcard for wealthy Chinese visitors. Wine, indigenous culture and nature tourism also generate travel in Australia.
The 2000 Sydney Olympics resulted in significant inbound and domestic tourism to Sydney. During the games, Sydney hosted 362,000 domestic and 110,000 international visitors. In addition, up to 4 billion people watched the games worldwide. The 2003 Rugby World Cup attracted 65,000 international visitors to Australia. Schoolies Week is an annual celebration of Year 12 school leavers in late November, many of whom travel to the Gold Coast, where in 2011 they were expected to boost the economy by $60 million.
- Visa policy of Australia
- List of World Heritage Sites in Australia
- Tourism in Sydney
- Tourism in Melbourne
- Tourism in Brisbane
- Tourism in Perth
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- Visitors - Visas & Immigration
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- Tourism Australia Annual Report 2009-2010
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- "Hamilton, Clive - Cashing In On Koalas" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-07-09.
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- Oliver Milman (10 December 2013). "Greg Hunt approves dredging off Queensland to create huge coalport". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
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|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Australia.|
- Information About Australian Holidays & Travel
- Tourism Australia
- Australian Tourism Statistics for 2012
- Department of Immigration & Citizenship
- Australia Travel Blogs