Tourism in Bihar

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Bihar (Hindi: बिहार, Urdu: بہار‎, pronounced [bɪˈɦaːr] ( )) in eastern India is one of the oldest inhabited places in the world with a history going back 3000 years. The rich culture and heritage of Bihar is evident from the innumerable ancient monuments that are dotted all over the state. Bihar is home to many tourist attractions and is visited by large numbers of tourists from all over the world.[1] Around total 6 million tourists visit Bihar every year.[1]

Ānanda Stupa, with an Asokan pillar at Kolhua, Vaiśālī

History of tourism[edit]

The documented history of tourism in Bihar region dating back to the 4th century BCE. Greek geographer Megasthenes (, c. 350 BC - 290 BC) visited the region in reign of Chandragupta Maurya.[2] His observations were recorded in Indika.[3] Dionysius was son of Megasthenes, who visited Patliputra in reign of Ashoka the Great.[4] Hsuan-Tsang and I Ching visited Nalanda to study in the 7th century.

In the earliest day, tourism in region was purely based educational tourism as Bihar was home of some prominent ancient universities like Nalanda University and Vikramashila University.[5][6]

Archaeological sites[edit]

Excavation[edit]

Ancient[edit]

Forts[edit]

Pilgrimages[edit]

Bihar one of the most sacred place of various religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism & Islam, Many tourist travel to Bihar to visit their pilgrimage.

Mahabodhi Temple, a Buddhist shrine and UNESCO World Heritage Site is also situated in Bihar. Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna, is one of the longest bridge in the world.

Hindu pilgrimages[edit]

A Mahavir Mandir, Patna having second highest budget in North India after the famous Vaishno Devi shrine.[7]

Sikh pilgrimages[edit]

The capital of Bihar, Patna is one of the holiest city in Sikhism, as The tenth Guru of the Sikhs Guru Gobind Singh was born here in 1666 and spent his early years before moving to Anandpur.[8] Patna was also honoured by visits from Guru Nanak in 1509 as well as Guru Tegh Bahadur in 1666.

Buddhism pilgrimages[edit]

Islamic pilgrimages[edit]

Jain pilgrimages[edit]

Other pilgrimages[edit]

hawa mahal

Buildings and structures[edit]

Museums[edit]

History museums[edit]

Science museums[edit]

Eco Center[edit]

or Patna Zoo. This is situated near Bailey Road in Patna.[18]

Fairs and festivals[edit]

Connectivity and access[edit]

A schematic map of the Indian railway network

Bihar is also an important transit point of Bihar for the tourists dropping in from the other states of India. Bihar is well-connected by air, rail and road transport.

  • By air

Patna has its own airport known as Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport or Airport Patna. It is a national airport and it is connected to all major cities of India via daily flights. Gaya Airport is the only international airport in Bihar and Jharkhand which 96 km from Patna. It is an international airport which is connected to Colombo, Sri Lanka through two airline operators: Bangkok, Thailand, Singapore, and Bhutan.

  • By rail

Bihar is strategically located in the main line of the East Central Railway and therefore connected with important cities of India and most cities within Bihar.

  • By road

The cities of Bihar are well connected by public transport including both private and government transport. The cities are interconnected as well as connected with the capital. The roadways also connected to adjacent states and regular bus service is available for different cities of adjacent states like Jharkhand, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh. The roadways also connects to Nepal. To boost the state roadways, the state government have introduced Mercedes Benz luxury buses. The Mercedes luxury buses, 92 in number, ply between 17 routes including Patna, Bhagalpur, Gaya, Ranchi and Jamshedpur.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.tourism.gov.in/survey/BIHAR%20TOURISM%20ANNUAL%20STATISTICS%20%20REPORT%20Final.pdf Statics Tourism in Bihar on Indian Government's tourism website
  2. ^ v,6
  3. ^ http://www.mssu.edu/projectsouthasia/history/primarydocs/Foreign_Views/GreekRoman/Megasthenes-Indika.htm Surviving text of Indika - book by Megasthenes
  4. ^ Pliny the Elder, "The Natural History", Chap. 21
  5. ^ Wriggins, Sally Hovey. Xuanzang: A Buddhist Pilgrim on the Silk Road. Westview Press, 1996. Revised and updated as The Silk Road Journey With Xuanzang. Westview Press, 2003. ISBN 0-8133-6599-6.
  6. ^ A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms: Being an account by the Chinese Monk Fa-Hien of his travels in India and Ceylon (A.D. 399-414) in search of the Buddhist Books of Discipline. Oxford, Clarendon Press. Reprint: New York, Paragon Book Reprint Corp. 1965. ISBN 0-486-21344-7
  7. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Cities/Patna/Mandir_trust_submits_Rs_35-cr_budget/articleshow/3017191.cms Budget of Mahavir Mandir
  8. ^ a b Johar, Surinder Singh (1979). Guru Gobind Singh: A Study. Marwah Publications. p. 23. 
  9. ^ http://www.gurbaani.com/gurd/gurdawaras6.htm Gurdwara Pahila Bara
  10. ^ http://www.takhatpatnasahib.com/Gurdwara-Kangan-Ghat.aspx Gurdwara Gobind Ghat
  11. ^ http://www.takhatpatnasahib.com/Gurdwara-Guru-Ka-Bagh.aspx Gurdwara Guru ka Bagh
  12. ^ http://www.takhatpatnasahib.com/Gurdwara-Bal-Leela.aspx Gurdwara Bal Leela
  13. ^ http://www.takhatpatnasahib.com/Gurdwara-Haandi-Saheb.aspx Gurdwara Handi Sahib
  14. ^ The State Museum - Patna Museum
  15. ^ http://patna.bih.nic.in/html/planetarium.htm Patna Planetarium
  16. ^ http://dst.bih.nic.in/Planetarium.htm Patna Planetarium
  17. ^ Exhibits / Facilities at Srikrishna Science Centre
  18. ^ http://forest.bih.nic.in/SGBPark.htm Patna Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan

External links[edit]