Tourism in Romania
Tourism in Romania focuses on the country's natural landscapes and its rich history. The number of tourists is growing every year and tourism is becoming an increasingly important source for Romania's GDP with 7-9 million people now visiting yearly. Romania's economy is characterized by a huge potential for tourism. The number of tourists increased from 4.8 million in 2002 to 8.9 million in 2008. The revenues grew from $400 million in 2002 to $607 million in 2004. Domestic and international tourism in Romania attracted €880 million overall investments in 2005.
Tourism is a significant contributor to the Romanian economy. In the 1990s the government heavily promoted the development of winter sports in the Romanian Carpathians. Both domestic and international tourism generate about 4% of gross domestic product (GDP) and 0.8 million jobs, being the second largest component in the services sector after commerce. In 2006 Romania registered 20 million overnight stays of international tourists, 4% higher than in the previous year and an all-time record. Two-thirds of all major trade fairs in Central Europe are held in Romania, each year attracting 2 to 3 million business travelers, about 20% of whom are foreigners. The four most important international trade fairs take place in Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, Iaşi and Timişoara.
In the year 2006 a total of 14,122,798 tourists vacationed in Romania. The overall revenue (domestic and international) was $4.2 billion, with an average expenditure of $679 per tourist. Over the years, Romania has emerged as a popular tourist destination for many Europeans, often competing with Greece, Italy and Spain. Romanian destinations such as Constanța and Mamaia (the "Litoral", sometimes called the Romanian Riviera) have become very popular among European tourists.
Romania has a highly developed tourism infrastructure, making it a good market for tourist-related facilities and services.
- Camping and hiking in the Carpathian Mountains
- Skiing in the mountain resorts on the Prahova Valley: Sinaia, Bușteni, Predeal, Poiana Brașov, Azuga, Arieșeni
- Black Sea Romanian resorts: Mamaia, Costinești, Eforie, Vama Veche
- Medieval churches and monasteries of Moldavia and Bukovina
- Danube Delta, the best preserved delta of Europe
- Sighișoara town and medieval festival
- Medieval castles and fortified churches of Transylvania
- Folklore and traditions of Maramureș
- Rural tourism
- Spas and health resorts: Băile Herculane, Băile Felix, Sovata
- Cultural cities of Sibiu, Brașov, Iași, Târgu Mureș, Timișoara, Cluj-Napoca, Bucharest and Alba Iulia
- Iron Gates (Danube Gorge)
- Haţeg Island
- Mocăniţe: scenic narrow-gauge railways of Romania
- Berca Mud Volcanoes, in Buzău County
- Scărișoara Cave, in Apuseni Mountains
- The Fortress of Ponor Karst Complex, in Apuseni Mountains
- The Bears cave,
- The Vârtop Cave,
- The Tăuz Karst Spring,
- The Living Fire ice cave,
- The Sighiştel Valley,
- Băiţa-Bihor Karst area,
- Merry Cemetery, in Săpânța, Maramureş County
- Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest
- Transfăgărăşan road
- Cheile Turzii
- Turda Salt Mine
- Callatis Festival, Mangalia
- George Enescu Festival
- Golden Stag Festival, in Brașov
- Peninsula / Félsziget Festival in Târgu Mureş - Romania's biggest music festival
- Sibiu Jazz Festival in Sibiu
- Stufstock rock music festival, in Vama Veche
- The Gaina girl fair
Foreign visitor arrivals in 2010
Note: figures refer to arrivals at frontiers of visitors from abroad and include same day visitors (excursionists).
- Total European Union: 4,456,000
Other European countries
- Total Africa : 21,000
- Total Asia : 195,000
- Israel: 81,000
TOTAL WORLD : 7,498,000
Hotels and restaurants
In 2006 it is reported that this industry added gross value of $8,074 million to the Romanian economy in 2005.
Romania for disabled travellers
Facilities for disabled travellers in Romania range from patchy to nonexistent. Anyone with mobility problems should go prepared and ideally have local contacts. However it is possible to get around the country if you know what you are doing.
In 2006, in the run-up to joining the EU, Romania passed some excellent legislation supporting the rights of disabled people. However although it has made some slow strides towards disabled access since then, and new buildings need to be wheelchair-accessible, implementation has been very poor. In practice Romania remains by and large off-limits to disabled travellers.
- UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Romania
- Castles in Romania
- Protected areas of Romania
- Transportation in Romania
- Aviation in Romania
- The Europa World Year Book 2007, 48th edition, volume II, published by Routledge, London 2007, page 3746
- INSSE Romania official figures (Romanian)
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Romania.|
- Media related to Tourism in Romania at Wikimedia Commons
- Tourism in Romania at the Open Directory Project
- Apuseni Mountains Travel Guide