Pasadena Tournament of Roses
|Key people||R. Scott Jenkins, President
William B. "Bill" Flinn, Chief Executive Officer
|Area served||Southern California and worldwide television audience|
|Focus(es)||125th Rose Parade
100th Rose Bowl Game
|Motto||America's New Year Celebration|
|Website||Tournament of Roses website|
Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association, created by the efforts of Charles Frederick Holder and Francis F. Rowland, is the non-profit organization that has annually produced the New Year's Day Tournament of Roses Parade since 1895 and the Rose Bowl Game, since 1902. This "America's New Year Celebration" is "a festival of flowers, music and equestrians and sports unequaled anywhere in the world", according to the Tournament of Roses. The association has 935 volunteer members and the members spend some 80,000 combined man-power hours to stage the events. The year 2013-14 marks the 125th Rose Parade and 100th Rose Bowl Game on January 1, 2014.
Members of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association are people from the community. When they join, they are between the ages of 21 and 64, live or work within 15 miles of Pasadena City Hall, and are willing to work on New Year's Eve and New Year's Day. They must have "a reputation for integrity, reliability, dependability, commitment and dedication". Members are required to devote the time and effort to perform the designated task at the time required. They are interested in community service, as evidenced by involvement in professional, civic, service, political and community organizations, according to the association.
During the Parade, many tournament members are required to wear distinctive white suits, with a red tie, a name tag, a membership pin and an official ribbon. Because of this, the volunteers are commonly referred to as "white suiters". In December each year, a fleet of white vehicles, provided by American Honda, with special "T of R" license plates are seen throughout the San Gabriel Valley.
Tournament House is the name given the building where the organization is headquartered. The Tournament House (formerly a Wrigley Mansion) and the Wrigley Gardens are located on South Orange Grove Boulevard, Pasadena, California. The structure, a stately Italian Renaissance-style mansion, was once owned by William Wrigley, Jr., the chewing gum magnate. After Mrs. Wrigley's death in 1958, the property was presented to the City of Pasadena with the condition that the house become the permanent base of operations for the Tournament of Roses.
Today, the five bedrooms of the second floor are used for committee meetings, as well as serving as a dressing area for the Royal Court and space for display of the Tournament of Roses history. There are displays of trophies, past Rose Bowl Games, Grand Marshals, Presidents, and Queens and Courts. Of interest is the original panel of Peanuts comic strip for January 1, 1974, when its creator Charles M. Schulz served as the Grand Marshal. On the panel, Lucy was watching the parade on TV and was telling Linus van Pelt that "They have some of the most beautiful floats this year I've ever seen." When Linus asked about the grand marshal, Lucy said, "Yeah, you missed him...but he wasn't anyone you ever heard of!" 
The house was built for real estate and dry goods tycoon George Stimson, designed by his architect son G. Lawrence Stimson. After construction was completed of this house on "Millionaires' Row" in 1914, Mr. Stimson sold it to the Wrigleys for $170,000. A year later, the adjacent gardens were bought for $25,000.
The Association maintains the grounds of the Tournament House, and volunteers from the Pacific Rose Society care for the rose gardens. There are hundreds of varieties of roses, camellias, and annuals planted at the All-America Rose Selections' test gardens. The gardens are open to the public throughout the year, except for December 31 through January 2.
Each year, the president announces a parade theme in January and chooses a Grand Marshal during the year. With the announcement of the theme, the preparation and construction of the floral floats begin, along with the selection of marching bands and equestrian units.
Richard L. Chinen is the Tournament President for 2014-15 and leads the 14-member Executive Committee. He became the first Asian-American to hold that position. He announced on January 16, 2014, that the theme for the 126th Rose Parade is "Inspiring Stories".
P. Scott McKibben, formerly with the Los Angeles Times, was named Executive Director of the association in 2010. On September 8, 2011, McKibben resigned for personal reasons. William B. Flinn, the Tournament’s longstanding chief operating officer, assumed the role of interim executive director and became the executive director on March 1, 2012.
According to the association, members are "assigned to one of the 32 committees, with responsibilities ranging from selecting Parade participants to directing visitors on New Year's Day, to serving hamburgers to band members at the end of the Parade route, to giving presentations about the Tournament to community groups"."
Some of the committees are:
- Executive Committee – fourteen members overseeing the entire operation and is the main policy making body of the association
- Formation Area – take charge of the staging area before the start of the parade
- Parade Operations – run the parade, escort the floats, and man the parade route
- Post Parade – take charge of the floats after the parade and operate the post parade viewing event
- Decorating Places – manage the viewing at construction sites, allowing the public to view the floats at the various sites prior to the parade
- Equestrian – selecting the participating equestrian units, stage Equesfest at L.A. Equestrian Center, and insert the units into the parade line-up
- Float Construction – overseeing the complete construction and testing of the floats
- Football – in charge of the Rose Bowl Game, including the selection of participating schools and the Hall of Fame ceremony
- Music – help select the participating bands from around the country and the world, stage the Bandfest shows at Pasadena City College, and insert the marching bands into the parade
- Queen and Court – manage the tryouts, select the Queen and Princesses, and coordinate the various activities of the Royal Court
Queen and Royal Court
Each year, a selection process is held in late September and early October to find out which Pasadena-area girls (ages 17 to 21) will have the honor of being crowned Queen of the Tournament, or in substitution, one of the members of her "Royal Court". Each year over 1000 girls try out. Six princesses and one queen are chosen. The winners then ride on a float in the parade, and carry out duties in promotion of the Tournament, mainly during its duration and prelude. Their duties include attending over one hundred events in the Pasadena area. They usually receive scholarship money, a 30-piece wardrobe and other benefits. During the time that they attend Tournament events, usually from October to January, each girl usually attends school a few times a week for only a few hours at a time.
The first Rose queen, Hallie Woods, was chosen by her classmates at Pasadena High School in 1905. She made her own gown and helped decorate the float upon which she rode.
Ana Marie Acosta was crowned 2014 Rose Parade Queen at the Coronation Ceremony on October 24, 2013. Other members of 2014 Royal Court are Sarah Hansen, Pasadena City College; Kayla Johnson-Granberry; Pasadena High School; Jamie Kwong, La Salle High School; Katherine Lipp, La Cañada High School; Elyssia Widjaja, San Marino High School; and Elizabeth Woolf, La Cañada High School.
The Rose Parade has had some of the world's most distinguished individuals serving as Grand Marshal, which included actors, astronauts, writers, artists, athletes and political figures. Traditionally, the Grand Marshal rides in the Tournament of Roses parade and tosses the coin for the Rose Bowl.
Grand Marshal Shirley Temple was the youngest GM ever and she presided over the 50th anniversary Rose Parade celebration (1939). Other notable grand marshals included Bob Hope, Chief Justice Earl Warren, actress Carol Burnett, George Lucas, Bill Cosby, James Stewart, Kermit the Frog, Mickey Mouse, Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, former Presidents Richard M. Nixon, Gerald R. Ford, and Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Vin Scully was chosen as the Grand Marshal of the 2014 parade and the Rose Bowl Game. Previously, Jane Goodall was named Grand Marshal of the 2013 Tournament of Roses Parade. The 2014 parade grand marshal was announced on September 5, 2013.
The Rose Bowl football game was added in 1902 to help fund the cost of the parade. The 1902 "East-West" game was between The University of Michigan and Stanford University. The final score was Michigan, 49; Stanford, 0. The game was next played in 1916 and has been played annually since then.
Since 1923, the game has been played in the Rose Bowl stadium, which was completed in that year. The USC Trojans and Penn State Nittany Lions were the competing teams that year. USC won the game, 14-3. In 2002, the first BCS National Championship Game was held on January 3 at the Rose Bowl stadium.
The Tournament of Roses hosted both the traditional Rose Bowl Game presented by Citi and the Citi BCS National Championship Game in 2010. Vizio became the new presenting sponsor beginning with the 2011 Rose Bowl Game. The 2014 Rose Bowl Game game will mark its 100th college bowl game. The January 1, 2015 Rose Bowl game will be a semifinal game of the College Football Playoff, replacing the BCS.
The original Rose Bowl stadium was built in a horseshoe shape, open on the south end, for $272,198.26. It had a capacity of 57,000. Beginning in January 2011, the stadium will undergo a $152 million renovation construction.
Awards and honors
- 2009 – Los Angeles Area Governors Award, Academy of Television Arts & Sciences (six decades of broadcasting achievements)
- 2010 – International Festivals and Events Association (IFEA) Haas Wilkerson Pinnacle Awards (Gold, Best Full-Length TV Program (national), 2010 Rose Parade on ABC; Gold, Best Cover Design, 2010 Citi BCS National Championship Game Official Souvenir Program).
Tournament of Roses Foundation
The foundation was created in 1983 as the charity arm of the association. It has donated grants to local civic, educational, and cultural organizations in the San Gabriel Valley. The foundation awarded $102,372 in grant awards during 2009, ranged from $1,900 to $10,000 per organization.
- "Gardening : Roses : Making the Floats ", Home & Garden Television.
- Tournament of Roses Membership Information
- Tournament House, Pasadena, California
- Peanuts ~ January 1, 1974, schulzmuseum.org
- Original strip: see http://www.dorktower.com/2014/01/20/tabletopped-dork-tower-20-01-14/
- McKibben resigns from Tournament of Roses top job , Pasadena Star-News, September 8, 2011
- Tournament of Roses volunteers
- Ana Marie Acosta crowned 2014 Rose Parade Queen, Long Beach Press-Telegram, October 24, 2013
- Crowning the queen, Glendale News Press, November 5, 2009
- "Chimp expert Jane Goodall named grand marshal of 2013 Tournament of Roses". Associated Press. April 25. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
- Mary L. Grady, Mercer Island High School Marching Band to march in 2012 Tournament of Roses Parade, Mercer Island Reporter, September 24, 2010
- IFEA/Haas & Wilkerson Pinnacle Award Winners –Organization Order, IFEA, 2010