Tourtière du Lac-Saint-Jean, ready to be put into the oven for baking
|Place of origin:|
|Region or state:|
|Quebec and New Brunswick (When New France.|
|pork, veal, beef, or fish; game meat|
|eaten: New Years Eve, Christmas, Christmas Eve, Thanks Giving|
|Recipes at Wikibooks:|
|Media at Wikimedia Commons:|
Tourtière (French pronunciation: [tuʁ.ˈtjɛʁ], Quebec French : [tuʁ.ˈt͡sjaɛ̯ʁ]; also popularly referred to in Canada in print and in its pronunciation as tortière) is a meat pie originating from Lower Canada (now Quebec), usually made with finely diced pork and/or veal, or beef. Wild game is often added to enhance the taste of the pie.[unreliable source?] It is a traditional part of the Christmas and/or Christmas Eve réveillon and New Year's Eve meal in Quebec, but is also sold in grocery stores all year long. This kind of pie is known as pâté à la viande (literally, meat pie) in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region.
Tourtière is not exclusive to Quebec. It is a traditional French-Canadian dish served by generations of French-Canadian families throughout Canada and the bordering areas of the United States. In the New England region of the U.S., especially in Maine, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts (e.g. Chicopee and Attleboro) late 19th and early 20th century immigrants from Quebec introduced the dish.
There is no one correct filling, as the pie meat depends on what is available in regions. In coastal areas, fish such as salmon is commonly used, whereas pork, beef, rabbit, and game are often used inland. The name derives from the vessel in which it was originally cooked, a tourtière.
Types of tourtière
Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean and Eastern Quebec
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Elsewhere in Quebec and the rest of Canada, this variety of tourtière is sometimes referred to, in French and in English, as tourtière du Lac-Saint-Jean or tourtière saguenéenne to distinguish it from the varieties of tourtière with ground meat.
Tourtière in Montreal is made with finely ground pork only (which can be hard to find as the meat is often ground too coarsely elsewhere). Water is added to the meat after browning and the addition of cinnamon and cloves is what makes it unique. Many people use ketchup as a condiment, though the tourtière is also often eaten with maple syrup or molasses.
Although it is less popular than the original tourtière and the tourtière du Lac-Saint-Jean this version can also be commonly found throughout Canada and its surrounding areas.
- "Tortiere". Google books. Retrieved 2013-01-27.
- Jorghnasse, Ms. C, An Authentic Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean Tourtière Recipe
- Waverman, Lucy (2011-12-20), "Tourtière", Globe and Mail
- Clark, Edie (2010), "Best Cook: Meat Pie French Canadian meat pies are a family legacy", Yankee Magazine
- Dojny, Brooke (1999). New England Home Cooking: 350 recipes from town and country, land and sea, hearth and home. Boston, Mass.: Harvard Common Press. p. 186. ISBN 9781558327573.
- Tourtière. CooksInfo.com. Published 12/12/2009. Updated 03/12/2010. Web. Retrieved 09/11/2012 from http://www.cooksinfo.com/tourtiere
- Casselman, William G. "Tourtiere & Omelette: Foods Named After Their Cooking Utensils". Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
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