Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor

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TAM
Type Public
Industry Automotive
Founded 1947
Headquarters Maribor, Slovenia
Key people Janez Lipuš, Chairman
Products Buses, Trucks
Employees 8,175 (1986)

TAM (Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor – translated: Maribor Automobile Factory) was a Yugoslavian and Slovenian commercial vehicle manufacturer based in the city of Maribor.

History[edit]

TAM began as an aircraft-parts factory founded by the occupying Germans in 1941. Immediately following World War II, the Yugoslav government decided to convert the works to vehicle production and renamed it the Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor Tezno, "Maribor Tezno Automobile Factory" on December 31, 1946. TAM's first model, the "TAM Pionir," was built under license from the Czechoslovak company "Praga," and was manufactured until 1962, with a total of 1700 produced in that period. TAM quickly became Yugoslavia's leading truck manufacturer. In 1958, it began manufacturing vehicles under license from the German company Magirus-Deutz. In 1961, the company was renamed to Tovarna Avtomobilov in Motorjev Maribor ("Maribor Automobile and Motorcycle Factory"), however the TAM acronym and logo were retained. At its height, it employed more than 8000 workers; however, the economic decline of the 1980s saw financial difficulties, and in 1996 the company was dissolved.

TAM was succeed by TVM (Tovarna vozil Maribor – translated: Maribor Vehicle Factory) in 2001, producing MAN trucks under license primarily for the Slovenian Army. The company ended in bankruptcy in 2011 with debts totaling over €62 million.[1]

[edit]

The TAM logo resembled a three-leafed clover standing on point, with each lobe containing one letter of the acronym and a small five-pointed star occupying the center.

Number of vehicles produced annually[edit]

TAM 125 T10 fire truck
TAM 150 military transport truck
Year Nr.of prod.vehicles
1947
27
1948
113
1949
288
1950
446
1951
787
1952
716
1953
1389
1954
1659
1955
1966
1956
2310
1957
2749
1958
2526
1959
2605
1960
2777
1961
2838
1962
3013
1963
3508
1964
3872
1965
3943
1966
4085
1967
4764
1968
5513
1969
5621
1970
6442

TAM vehicle naming convention[edit]

TAM trucks were assigned a string of three variables, number-letter-number; for example, model 190 T 11.

  • The first number represents engine power (in hp).
  • The letter T stands for the Slovenian word "tovornjak" (truck).
  • The second number (11) represents the maximum payload (in tons).

TAM buses were assigned a string of four variables, number-letter-number-letter, for example: 260 A 116 M.

  • The first number represents engine power.
  • The letter A stands for the word "avtobus" (bus).
  • The second number represents the maximum number of passengers.
  • The second letter could be either M, P, or T, for "mestni" (city bus), "primestni" (suburban bus), or "turistični" (tourist bus).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Čez tri leta 200 avtobusov Made in Maribor" (in Slovenian). Dnevnik. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013. 

External links[edit]