Tower Hill

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Coordinates: 51°30′31″N 0°04′42″W / 51.5085°N 0.0782°W / 51.5085; -0.0782

Tower Hill
London 12 2002 5070.JPG
Port of London Authority building at Trinity Square
Tower Hill is located in Greater London
Tower Hill
Tower Hill
 Tower Hill shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ333806
    - Charing Cross 2 mi (3.2 km)  W
London borough Tower Hamlets
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district EC3
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Poplar and Limehouse
London Assembly City and East
List of places
UK
England
London

Tower Hill is an elevated spot northwest of the Tower of London,[1] just outside the limits of the City of London, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It was formerly an extra-parochial area known as Great Tower Hill.

History[edit]

Depiction of the execution of Sir James Scott at Tower Hill in a popular print.
Site of the Scaffold on Tower Hill

Settlement[edit]

Part of one of the oldest parts of London, archaeological evidence shows that there was a settlement on the hill in the Bronze Age and much later a Roman village that was burnt down during the Boudica uprising. A nearby church, All Hallows-by-the-Tower, is known for fragments of Romanesque architecture dating back to AD 680.

Local government[edit]

Great Tower Hill was an extra-parochial area within the Tower Liberty, under the direct administrative control of the Tower of London and outside the jurisdiction of the City of London and the county of Middlesex. In 1855 the area became part of the district of the Metropolitan Board of Works. The "District of Tower" became part of the Whitechapel District, under the authority of the Whitechapel District Board of Works. This was ambiguous and The Great Tower Hill Act 1869 was required to explicitly interpret it as Old Tower Without, including within it Great Tower Hill.[2] The Tower Liberty was abolished in 1894 and incorporated into the County of London.

Executions[edit]

Public executions of high-profile traitors and criminals were often carried out on Tower Hill, including:

Geography[edit]

It is the site of the Tower Hill Memorial.

Transport[edit]

Tower Gateway DLR station, and Tower Hill tube station. The street named Tower Hill is a short stretch of the A3211 between Byward Street and a junction with Minories and Tower Hill Terrace.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wheatley, Henry Benjamin; Cunningham, Peter (1891). "Tower Hill". London, Past and Present. vol. 3. London: John Murray. pp. 400–402. 
  2. ^ The Statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Great Britain, His Majesty's Statute and Law Printers, (1869)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Sign at site of the scaffold (2)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Sign at site of the scaffold (3)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Sign at site of the scaffold (4)
  6. ^ a b c d e f Sign at site of the scaffold (5)