Townsend, Massachusetts

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Townsend, Massachusetts
Town
Townsend Common
Townsend Common
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°40′00″N 71°42′20″W / 42.66667°N 71.70556°W / 42.66667; -71.70556Coordinates: 42°40′00″N 71°42′20″W / 42.66667°N 71.70556°W / 42.66667; -71.70556
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Settled 1676
Incorporated 1732
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
Area
 • Total 33.1 sq mi (85.8 km2)
 • Land 32.9 sq mi (85.1 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 315 ft (96 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 8,926
 • Density 270/sq mi (100/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01469
Area code(s) 978, 480
FIPS code 25-70360
GNIS feature ID 0618239
Website Town of Townsend Massachusetts

Townsend is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 8,926 at the 2010 census.

For geographic and demographic information on the census-designated place Townsend, please see the article Townsend (CDP), Massachusetts.

History[edit]

Townsend was first settled in 1676, and was officially incorporated in 1732.[1] The town was named after Charles Townshend, English secretary of state and an opponent of the Tories.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 33.1 square miles (85.8 km²), of which 32.9 square miles (85.1 km²) is land and 0.2 square mile (0.6 km²) (0.72%) is water. Townsend has the largest land area of any town in Middlesex County.

Townsend is bordered by Mason, New Hampshire and Brookline, New Hampshire to the north, Pepperell to the east, Groton and Shirley to the southeast, Lunenburg to the south, and Ashby to the west.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 9,198 people, 3,110 households, and 2,475 families residing in the town. The population density was 279.8 people per square mile (108.0/km²). There were 3,184 housing units at an average density of 96.9 per square mile (37.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.54% White, 0.73% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.17% of the population.

There were 3,110 households out of which 44.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.5% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.4% were non-families. 16.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the town the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $61,745, and the median income for a family was $67,173. Males had a median income of $49,340 versus $31,073 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,658. About 3.7% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Notable resident[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Townsend, Massachusetts". City-Data.com. Retrieved July 19, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Profile for Townsend, Massachusetts, MA". ePodunk. Retrieved July 19, 2012. 
  3. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010. 
  4. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  5. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  6. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  7. ^ "1950 Census of Population". 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  8. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "1860 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  12. ^ "1850 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ "People: Andy Sellars". Berkman Center for Internet & Society. Retrieved February 12, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]