Towson, Maryland

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Towson, Maryland
Census-designated place
The Baltimore County Courthouse located in Towson, Maryland
The Baltimore County Courthouse located in Towson, Maryland
Location of Towson, Maryland
Location of Towson, Maryland
Coordinates: 39°23′35″N 76°36′34″W / 39.39306°N 76.60944°W / 39.39306; -76.60944Coordinates: 39°23′35″N 76°36′34″W / 39.39306°N 76.60944°W / 39.39306; -76.60944
Country  United States
State  Maryland
County Baltimore
Area
 • Total 14.2 sq mi (36.8 km2)
 • Land 14.0 sq mi (36.4 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation 463 ft (141 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 55,197
 • Density 3,688.7/sq mi (1,424.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 21200-21299
Area code(s) 410
FIPS code 24-78425
GNIS feature ID 0591420

Towson is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place in Baltimore County, Maryland. The population was 55,197 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Baltimore County[1] and the second-most populated unincorporated county seat in the United States (after Ellicott City, Maryland in Howard County).[2]

History[edit]

1600's[edit]

The first inhabitants of the Towson region were the Susquehannock Indians who hunted in the area. Though their region included all of the present modern Baltimore County, their primary settlement was further northeast along the mouth of the Susquehanna River, (flowing south from Pennsylvania further north), between Harford and Cecil Counties at the Head of Elk, northern reaches of the Chesapeake Bay.[3]

1700's[edit]

Old published accounts in books or newspaper articles have frequently mistakenly record that Towson was settled around 1752 when two Pennsylvania brothers born in Germany, William and Thomas Towson, began farming an area of Sater's Hill, northeast of the present-day York and Joppa Roads.[4] William's son, Ezekiel, opened the Towson Hotel to serve the increasing traffic of farmers bringing their produce and livestock to the port of Baltimore. Towson located the hotel at current-day Shealy Avenue and York Road, to the north and northwest, near the area's main crossroads with East Joppa Road to the east and Dulaney Valley Road to the northeast.[5] The village became known as "Towsontown".[2][6]

Unfortunately newer and more accurate research among the County land records, Church and Parish records, local historical societies and Maryland Historical Society, and the Maryland State Archives at the Hall of Records outside of Annapolis have a slightly different description, according to the 1979 comprehensive textbook, "A History of Baltimore County", by Dr. Neal A. Brooks (Professor of History, Essex Community College since 1970) and Eric G. Rockel, writer/researcher for the Baltimore County Biccentennial Committee and in the Office of Research and Public Affairs for Baltimore County, in the County Executive's Office, with a closing chapter by William C. Hughes, also Professor at Essex Community College's History Department, published by the Friends of the Towson Library, Inc.:

As early as 1701, a Thomas "Townsing" (sic), was living south of the Gunpowder River and in 1720, A Thomas Towson was granted 200 acres between current Towson and the Loch Raven Reservoir. He named his farm "Vulcania" after Vulcan, Norse god of the forge. Thomas was a blacksmith as was his eldest son, William, who became the owner of "Vulcania" after his father's death in 1728. William marries Ruth Gott (according to Old St. Paul's Anglican Church, 1735) and their first-born son was Ezekiel (Old St. Paul's, 1736). A younger son of William by a second wife was also named Thomas. Obviously Ezekiel and Thomas were NOT born in Germany or from Pennsylvania (as tradition has been passed down), but were born within Old St. Paul's Parish, of old Baltimore County.

Leaving the Towson family history briefly, it may be noted thast the recorded history of the Towson area began with the first land surveys. John Oulton (or Oldton) surveyed a 200 acre tract in 1696, which he called "Fellowship". Oulton gained fame as a captain of the colonial rangers who patrolled the border between the more recent Maryland settlers and the western and northwestern Indians in the Province. This was shortly before the assumed construction of the stone fort or blockhouse known as "Garrison" and still standing in the northwestern Owings Mills area, the area's oldest entry on the "National Register of Historic Places", maintained by the National Park Service of the U.S. Department of the Interior. Oulton later sold "Fellowship" to Edward Stevenson in 1702 and three generations of Stevensons lived there. Several other families over the years acquired land in the area: Nicholas Haile with his adjoining "Haile's Fellowship" also of 200 acres next to Oulton's in 1695, which at his death in 1730 was bequeathed the north half to son George and the south half to son Nicholas, jr., they lived there to the Revolution. Thady O. Tarcey, a cooper by trade, surveyed another 200 acres tract called "James Meadows" in 1703, which probably was partially cleared or woods. Two years later an adjoining survey of 100 acres was named "Tracey's Park". James Croke surveyed "Gunner's Range" in 1706, of 250 acres adjoining James Meadows. It was on this land according to the records that an Ezekiel Towson opened an "ordinary" (or tavern) in 1768. It is uncertain whether Crooke lived there before his death, but some of his children undoubtedly farmed the land until 1751. William Pearce, a tailor by trade, surveyed ten acres in 1745 which he called "Molly's Industry". The downtown Baltimore department store "Hutzler's" built on this tract in the early 1950's, but in colonial times it was at the crossroads of several routes of travel to further points. It is hard to say who reliably established the first business in the Towson area, as the first residents were planters, although the cooper (Tracey) may have set up shop as early as 1703. His land was about a block east of where the later Maryland National Bank branch stands today. Then there was also Pearce, the tailor, living at the future site of Hutzler's. The first confirmed commercial enterprise as listed in the proceedings of the Baltimore County Court (then seated at Joppa) in June 1743:

"On motion of George Haile, Lycence is granted to him to keep an ordinary or publick House of Entertainment until the first Tuesday of August next on his giving security according to law. Therefore the said George Haile with Nicholas Haile and John Hollaway, his securities, doth acknowledge themselves indebted unto the Right Honorable, the Lord Proprietor, in the sum of forty pounds current money . . . ". (paid to assure compliance with the act of Assembly relating to ordinary keepers.)

The annual license fee was 3 pounds, four shillings, with rates established by law. For example: "Hot victuals both roast and Boyled with small beer 0:1:0 [pounds, shillings, pence], cold victuals 0:0:9, Lodging with clean sheets 0:0:4, quart cyder 0:0:3 and 0:0:4 (varies with season), Stablidge w/hay or fodder 0:0:6, Horse pasturage 24 hours 0:0:6" These rates were also set for a large assortment of beverages both domestic and imported. Many of the court records have not survived; however, George Haile is listed among the licenses in 1745, 1746, 1761, 1762, and 1763. William Pearce went into the ordinary business, too, but he neglected to obtain a license. The August Court of 1743 noted that Pearce had failed to appear to answer a charge of selling liquors at ordinary prices without a license at last Court (June). Pearce may then have obtained the proper papers, but this could not be confirmed. Pearce's name appears again in court records by 1755 when he mortgaged his property to the County Sheriff, then William Young, in the sum of 50 pounds. The mortgage included his land, dwellin, buildings, writing desk, three feather deds, three cattle, three horses, and twenty hogs. This was not the last of Pearce's difficulties, because his name next appears in criminal court, with a disagreement he had with neighbor George Haile in the fall of 1756 and they came to blows. The cause of the fracas is not recorded but both George and William were arrested and ordered to appear at the March session of the court at Joppa. There it was recorded that George Haile "did beat, wound and evilly treat [William] so that of his life it was greatly despaired." George pleaded innocent (probably self-defense) but the court found him guilty and fined him 2 shillings and 6 pence. William was not fined but put under bond in the amount of 10 pounds not to disturb the peace of the Lord Proprietary for the next twelve months.

In 1709, Teague O. Tracey, cooper, sold the north half of James Meadowsto Mordecai Price of Annapolis. Mordecai did not live there, but after his death in 1717 it came into the possession of Stephen Price, remaining in the Price family until 1819. James Tracey sold "Tracey's Park" in 1724 to George Hitchcock, planter for 30 pounds. In 1747, Hitchcock sold the same tract to Thomas Fowey, weaver, for 60 pounds. A year later, Fowey sold it to George Haile for 46 pounds. At some unrecorded date, James Tarcey moved to North Carolina and leased the southern half of James Meadowsto George Haile. In 1765, Ensor and Sligh, representing Tracey, sold to Haile, "the 100 acres James Meadows now in actual possession of aforesaid George Haile." George then owned about 300 acres. In his will proved in 1791, he divided his estate among seven sons, two daughters and two grandsons.

In 1790, businessman Capt.Charles Ridgely completed the magnificent Hampton Mansion just north of Towsontown, the largest private house in America at the time. The Ridgelys lived there for six generations, until 1948.[7] It is now preserved as the Hampton National Historic Site and open to the public.

1800s[edit]

On February 13, 1854, Towson became the county seat of Baltimore County by popular vote.[8] The Court House, still in use, was designed by Dixon, Balbirnie and Dixon[9] and completed within a year, constructed of limestone and marble donated by the Ridgely family, on land donated by Towson merchant Grafton Bosley.[6][8] The Courthouse was subsequently enlarged in 1910 through designs for north and south wings by Baldwin and Pennington. Expansion in 1926 and 1958 created an H-shaped plan.[10] The Baltimore County Jail was built in 1855.

From 1850 to 1874, another notable land owner, Amos Matthews, had a farm of 150 acres (0.61 km2) that — with the exception of the 17-acre (69,000 m2) largely natural parcel where the Kelso Home for Girls (currently Towson YMCA), was later erected — was wholly developed into the neighborhoods of West Towson, Southland Hills and other subdivisions beginning in the middle 1920s.[11]

The former Grafton Bosley estate 'Uplands', Towson MD. after becoming the Presbyterian Home of Maryland (photo abt 1930)

During the Civil War, Towson was the scene of two minor engagements. Many of Towson's citizens were sympathetic to the southern cause, so much so that Ady's Hotel, later the Towson Hotel and the current site of the Recher Theatre, flew a southern flag.[12][13][14] The Union Army found it necessary to overtake the town by force on June 2, 1861.[15] During the raid, the Union army seized weapons from citizens at Ady's Hotel.[15] A local paper, in jest, referred to Towson as the “strongly fortified and almost impregnable city of Towsontown” and downplays the need for the attack, stating, “the distinguished Straw, with only two hundred and fifty men, has taken a whole city and nearly frightened two old women out of their wits.”[15]

The second engagement took place around July 12, 1864 between Union and Confederate forces. On July 10, 1864, a 135-man Confederate cavalry detachment attacked the Northern Central Railway in nearby Cockeysville, under orders from Gen. Bradley T. Johnson. The First and Second Maryland Cavalry, led by Baltimore County native and pre-war member of the Towson Horse Guards, Maj. Harry W. Gilmor, attacked strategic targets throughout Baltimore and Harford counties, including cutting telegraph wires along Harford Road, capturing two trains and a Union General, and destroying a railroad bridge in Joppa, Maryland. Following what became known as Gilmor's Raid, the cavalry encamped in Towson overnight at Ady's Hotel where his men rested and Gilmor met with friends.[12][16] The next day, a large federal cavalry unit was dispatched from Baltimore to overtake Gilmor's forces. Though outnumbered by more than two to one, the Confederate cavalry attacked the federal unit, breaking the federal unit and chasing them down York Road to around current day Woodbourne Avenue within Baltimore City limits.[12][17][18] Gilmor's forces traveled south along York Road as far south as Govans, before heading west to rejoin Gen. Johnson's main force.[19] Following the war, Gilmor served as the Baltimore City Police Commissioner in the 1870s.

The Towson fire of 1878 destroyed most of the 500 block along the York Turnpike causing an estimated $38,000 in damage.[20][21]

During the summer of 1894, the Towson Water Company laid wooden pipes and installed fire hydrants that were connected to an artesian well near Aigburth Vale. On November 2, 1894, Towson was supplied with electric service through connection with the Mount Washington Electric Light and Power Company.[22]

1900s[edit]

At the beginning of the century, Towson remained largely a rural community. Land continued to be sold by the acre, rather than as home parcels. Most residences lay within Towson proper: no houses existed west of Central Avenue along Allegheny or Pennsylvania avenues, and there were only three homes along the West Chesapeake Avenue corridor.[23]

In the 1910s, the Maryland State Normal School (now known as Towson University) was relocated to Towson. The Maryland Legislature had established the MSNS in 1865 as Maryland’s first teacher-training school, or normal school.[24] This institution officially opened its doors on 15 January 1866,[25] but as time passed, enrollment in the school grew exponentially, rendering the facilities inadequate. In 1910, the General Assembly formed a committee to oversee site selection, budget, and design plans for the new campus, which settled on an 80-acre (320,000 m2) site in Towson and the General Assembly financed the $600,000 move in 1912.[24] Construction began in 1913 on the Administration Building, now known as Stephens Hall. In September 1915, the new campus, comprising Stephens Hall, Newell Hall, and the power plant, began classes.[26] The college underwent numerous name changes, settling on Towson University in 1997.

As the growth of Baltimore's suburbs became more pronounced after World War II, considerable office development took place in Towson's central core area. Many of the large Victorian and colonial-style residences in the vicinity of the Court House were demolished in the 1980s and 1990s for offices and parking.

Towson United Methodist Church

In 1839, Epsom Chapel became the first Christian house of worship in Towson, used by various denominations.[2] As the population grew in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, several churches were built to serve the community, such as Calvary Baptist Church, Immaculate Conception Catholic Church, Trinity Episcopal Church, First Methodist Church, and Towson Presbyterian Church. Epsom Chapel was demolished in 1950 when Goucher College sold a portion of its property for development of the Towson Plaza shopping center, now Towson Town Center. First Methodist Church moved in 1958 to land also acquired from Goucher College and is now Towson United Methodist Church.[6]

Author Robert Coston, who grew up in the area of Towson now called "Historic East Towson," recalled in an interview the unique African-American history of that area during the mid-century: "I think that the Towson, Maryland area that I am familiar with differs from other parts of Maryland because of the proximity to one of the largest slave plantations in the country. The Ridgely Plantation which owned all of the property from Baltimore County to Baltimore City and other surrounding areas. ...This was a very unique place of which I have never heard of any equal to it. Every African American school age child in Baltimore County had to attend school at some point at Carver in East Towson. ...I realize now that as a youngster the older African Americans avoided talking about slavery or the nearby Ridgely Plantation because they themselves were not too far removed from slavery itself.[27]

Geography[edit]

Towson is located at 39°23′35″N 76°36′34″W / 39.39306°N 76.60944°W / 39.39306; -76.60944 (39.392980, −76.609562).[28]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 14.2 square miles (37 km2), of which, 14.0 square miles (36 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (1.06%) is water.

The community is located immediately north of Baltimore City, inside the Beltway (I-695), east of I-83 and along York Road. Its census boundaries include Pikesville to the west, Lutherville and Hampton to the north, Parkville to the east, and Baltimore to the south.

Major neighborhoods in Towson include Anneslie, Idlewylde, Greenbriar, Southland Hills, Rodgers Forge, Stoneleigh, Wiltondale, Towson Manor Village, Hunt Crest Estates, Knollwood-Donnybrook, East Towson, and West Towson. Ruxton, which lies to the west, is sometimes considered a part of Towson. Eudowood is a Towson neighborhood named after Eudocia, the wife of Dr. John T. Stansbury - on whose former estate it is situated.[29]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Towson has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[30]

Government[edit]

The Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services is headquartered at Suite 1000 at 300 East Joppa Road in the Towson CDP.[31][32][33]

Demographics[edit]

Towson Population History
Census year Population
1960 19,090
1970 77,768*
1980 51,083
1990 49,445
2000 51,793
2010 55,197
*Census Boundaries in 1970 extended beyond the community proper

As of the census[34] of 2000, there were 51,793 people, 21,063 households, and 11,331 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 3,688.7 people per square mile (1,424.3/km²). There were 21,997 housing units at an average density of 1,566.6 per square mile (604.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 86.9% White, 7.53% African American, 0.10% Native American, 3.7% Asian, and 1.9% Hispanic.

There were 21,063 households out of which 23.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.2% were non-families. 36.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 17.4% under the age of 18, 17.5% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 20.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 82.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.8 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $53,775, and the median income for a family was $75,832 (these figures had risen to $64,313 and $98,744 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[35]). Males had a median income of $49,554 versus $38,172 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $32,502. About 2.5% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Major roads in Towson include:

Public transportation[edit]

The Towson area has several bus lines operated by the Maryland Transit Administration. These include:

  • Route 3, which serves the Loch Raven Boulevard corridor, with selected trips along Joppa Road.
  • Route 8, which operates along York Road to Lutherville and downtown Baltimore (formerly the #8 streetcar line)
  • Route 11, which serves Towsontown Boulevard, the Charles Street corridor, and GBMC hospital
  • Route 12, which operates along York and Dulaney Valley Roads to Stella Maris Hospice at the times needed for the facility's change of shift.
  • Route 48 QuickBus, which operates between Towson Town Center and downtown Baltimore along the same route as #8, except with limited stops for a speedier trip
  • Route 55, which operates cross-county service to Parkville, Overlea, Rosedale, and Essex

Towson also has light rail service to downtown Baltimore and BWI Airport along its periphery via the Lutherville and Falls Road stops, though there are no stops actually in Towson.

Towson University and Goucher College also operate bus services for their students, and the Collegetown Shuttle has several stops in the area.

Pedestrians and bicycles[edit]

The Towson Bike Beltway is scheduled to open in June 2014. It will include the addition of bicycle lanes on several major streets encircling the downtown area.[36] The main loop includes Bosley Avenue (which is part of Maryland Route 45 Bypass), Fairmount Avenue, and Goucher Boulevard; these three roads will receive full bike lanes. The rest of the loop, utilizing Hillen Road and Towsontown Boulevard, will receive signage alerting motorists to expect an increase in bicycle traffic on those roads. After this initial construction, several spurs are envisioned to branch from the main loop, with several reaching as far south as the Baltimore city line.[37]

"Ma and Pa" Railroad[edit]

"Ma & Pa" train crossing York Road, Towson, in the 1950s — the bridge was removed in 1959

Railroad service began to Towson on April 17, 1882, with construction of the Baltimore & Delta Railway Company, soon renamed the Baltimore & Lehigh Railroad and later reorganized as the Maryland and Pennsylvania Railroad. The "Ma and Pa", as it was affectionately known locally, formerly operated between Baltimore and York, Pennsylvania, through Towson. Its passenger station was located just west of York Road on Susquehanna Avenue. Passenger service was discontinued on August 31, 1954, and the railroad line through Towson was finally abandoned altogether on June 11, 1958, leaving only the stone abutments where the tracks crossed York Road on a steel girder bridge.[38] One passenger on the last passenger train recalled that many riders came from as far away as Boston and Washington, D.C., to participate in the historic event, along with members of the National Railway Historical Society.[39] Historic Towson, a local group of history buffs, installed a bronze plaque on the west abutment in 1999, commemorating the defunct railroad's place in Towson's history.[40]

Shopping and other attractions[edit]

The Hampton Plaza

Towson features some of Baltimore County's largest shopping centers as well as other popular venues of interest. These include:

Hampton Mansion[edit]

Hampton National Historic Site is operated by the U.S. National Park Service. The home and grounds were formerly the core of the vast Ridgely estate. The site includes the Ridgely's 18th Century Georgian manor house, gardens, grounds, and the original stone slave quarters. The National Park Service offers free admission and guided tours.

Towson Town Center[edit]

Main article: Towson Town Center

Towson Town Center is Baltimore County's largest indoor mall with four stories of shops and a parking garage, which is also linked to some other shops across the street, including a Barnes & Noble, which structurally is beneath Joppa Road near the Towson Circle. Also nearby is Allegheny Avenue, the main street of downtown Towson, which offers a variety of local eateries.

Towson Square[edit]

Main article: Towson Square

A new outdoor mall, Towson Square, is currently under construction. The initial phase of Towson Square is scheduled to open in 2013 and to be completed in 2014.

The Shops at Kenilworth[edit]

The Shops at Kenilworth, formerly known as Kenilworth Park and also as Kenilworth Bazaar, is a small indoor mall located on Kenilworth Drive.

Towson Place[edit]

Main article: Towson Place

Towson Place is a major shopping area near Joppa Road, Goucher Boulevard, and Putty Hill Avenue. Built on the site of the Eudowood Sanatarium, the original Eudowood Plaza shopping center was an open mall anchored by Montgomery Ward. Renovated in the early 1980s to an indoor mall and renamed Towson Marketplace, the location was then redeveloped in 1998 as an open-air collection of big box stores and other stores and restaurants,[41] including a Walmart, Target, Marshall's, Sports Authority, and Bed Bath & Beyond. Towson Place is next to Calvert Hall College High School.

Towson Center & Unitas Stadium[edit]

Towson University's arena Towson Center and stadium Unitas Stadium are both main venues for Towson Tiger athletics and other events. SECU Arena, which opened in Spring 2013, now hosts the Towson Tiger Men's and Women's Basketball teams, Women's Gymnastics and Women's Volleyball teams.

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Towson University is a public school in southern Towson. Towson University's student population is greater than 20,000, making it the second largest institution in the University System of Maryland. TU is home to the largest Business School in the state of Maryland, with 2,500 students. It was founded in 1866 as the Maryland State Normal School for the training of teachers. North of downtown is a small private liberal arts school, Goucher College, which was founded in 1885 as The Woman's College of Baltimore.

Public schools[edit]

Towson is served by the Baltimore County Public Schools district, and the Baltimore County Board of Education headquarters is located here as well. There are three high schools. Towson High School was the first secondary school founded and is Towson's largest, while Loch Raven High School dates from 1972. The Carver Center for Arts and Technology is a local magnet school.

Towson is served by six public elementary schools: Rodgers Forge, Stoneleigh, Riderwood, Hampton, West Towson, and Cromwell Valley Regional Magnet School of Technology, which serves students from all over Baltimore County. All six of the schools are now over-capacity.

Also located in Towson is Ridge Ruxton School, a special education school serving the central area of Baltimore County, including Reisterstown, Owings Mills, Parkville, Cockeysville, and Hunt Valley. The school describes itself as offering "programs for students from three to twenty-one years of age who have been identified as developmentally delayed, intellectually limited, autistic-like, and/or multi-handicapped".[42]

Private schools[edit]

The Towson area has a number of long-established private schools at the secondary school level, including Calvert Hall College High School, Loyola Blakefield, Baltimore Lutheran School, Notre Dame Preparatory School.

Notable people[edit]

Medical facilities[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ a b c "Towson, Maryland: A Great Place to Live, Work & Play!—A Synopsis of Towson, MD". Towson Chamber of Commerce. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-11. 
  3. ^ Towson: A Pictorial History of a Maryland Town, page 13, Henry George Hahn, Carl Behm, 1977, Donning Co., ISBN 0-915442-36-1
  4. ^ http://www.towson.edu/isso/todoattu.asp
  5. ^ http://towson.patch.com/groups/business-news/p/history-on-tap-recher-owners-revive-towson-tavern
  6. ^ a b c Brook Gunning and Molly O'Donovan (1999). Towson and the Villages of Ruxton and Lutherville. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-0226-X. 
  7. ^ Ann Milkovich McKee (2007). Images of America — Hampton National Historic Site. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-4418-2. 
  8. ^ a b Historical marker, Towson Courthouse, Baltimore County Historical Society.
  9. ^ The Architecture of Baltimore an Illustrated History, Hayward & Shivers, 2004 ISBN 0-8018-7806-3, p. 142
  10. ^ Baltimore County Panorama, Brooks & Parsons, ISBN 0-937076-03-1, p. 29
  11. ^ a b A Brief History of West Towson, by David A. Loizeaux http://www.bcplonline.org/info/history/hist_west_towson.html
  12. ^ a b c Baker, Gary. "Gilmor's Ride Around Baltimore". Civil War Interactive. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  13. ^ Baltimore County Library
  14. ^ Chicago Tribune, Civil War sites keep Maryland history alive
  15. ^ a b c "Seizure of arms at Towsontown". The Daily Dispatch. June 6, 1861. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  16. ^ Hall, Clayton (1912). "Baltimore: History, Page 198". Baltimore: History. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  17. ^ Background History of Harry Gilmor's Raid
  18. ^ Bruce, Philip (1916). "The Dash on Baltimore". Brave Deeds of Confederate Soldiers. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  19. ^ Daniel Carroll Toomey (1983). The Civil War in Maryland. Baltimore, Md.: Toomey Press. pp. 127–129. ISBN 0-9612670-0-3. 
  20. ^ A History of Baltimore County, Neal A. Brooks and Eric J. Rockel, ISBN 0-9602326-1-3, p. 293
  21. ^ Maryland Journal, Sept. 14, 1867, Feb., 2 1878; (Towson) Union News, June 9, 1917.
  22. ^ A History of Baltimore County, Neal A. Brooks and Eric J. Rockel, ISBN 0-9602326-1-3, p. 297
  23. ^ A History of Baltimore County, Neal A. Brooks and Eric J. Rockel, ISBN 0-9602326-1-3, p. 298
  24. ^ a b "History - Towson At a Glance". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-09-11. 
  25. ^ "Towson University". Maryland Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-09-11. 
  26. ^ "Chronology of Towson University History". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-09-11. 
  27. ^ Coston, Robert G. . "Interview with the author Robert G. Coston". To Scotland and Back, January 2010
  28. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  29. ^ A History of Baltimore County, Neal A. Brooks and Eric J. Rockel, ISBN 0-9602326-1-3, p. 292
  30. ^ Climate Summary for Towson, Maryland
  31. ^ "Contact Information by Agency." Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services. Retrieved on March 23, 2009.
  32. ^ "Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services." Maryland State Archives. Retrieved on March 23, 2009.
  33. ^ "Towson CDP, Maryland." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on March 23, 2009.
  34. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  35. ^ U.S. Census Bureau - Fact Sheet: Towson CDP, Maryland
  36. ^ "Towson's 'Bike Beltway' slated to open in June". 13 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-26. 
  37. ^ "Towson Bike Beltway to double in size". 27 September 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-26. 
  38. ^ George W. Hilton (1963). The Ma & Pa — A History of the Maryland & Pennsylvania Railroad. Berkeley, CA: Howell-North Books. LCCN 63-17444. 
  39. ^ John R. Eicker (August 30, 1964). "The Ma and Pa's Last Run from Baltimore to York". The Baltimore Sun. 
  40. ^ Loni Ingraham (May 26, 1999). "'Ma and Pa' railroad abutments get HTI plaque". The Towson Times. 
  41. ^ Kaiser, Rob (Dec 22, 1997). "Towson Marketplace undergoing a rebirth". Baltimore Business Journal. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 
  42. ^ "School Profile". Ridge Ruxton School. Baltimore County Public Schools. Retrieved 2010-01-25. 
  43. ^ Baltimore County, Its History Progress and Opportunities, by T. Scott Offutt and Elmer R. Haile, The Jeffersonian Publishing Company inc. 1916 - Enoch Pratt Library REF XF Md. 182.1.03

External links[edit]