Toyama Prefecture

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Toyama Prefecture
富山県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 富山県
 • Rōmaji Toyama-ken
Official logo of Toyama Prefecture
Symbol of Toyama Prefecture
Location of Toyama Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Hokuriku)
Island Honshu
Capital Toyama
Government
 • Governor Takakazu Ishii
Area
 • Total 4,247.22 km2 (1,639.86 sq mi)
Area rank 33rd
Population (Estimated as of February 1, 2008)
 • Total 1,104,239
 • Rank 38th
 • Density 260/km2 (700/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-16
Districts 2
Municipalities 15
Flower Tulip (Tulipa)[1]
Tree Tateyama Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica)[1]
Bird Ptarmigan[1]
Fish Japanese amberjack
Pasiphaea japonica
Firefly squid[1]
Website pref.toyama.jp

Toyama Prefecture (富山県 Toyama-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Hokuriku region on the main Honshu island.[2] The capital is the city of Toyama.[3]

Toyama is the leading industrial prefecture on the Japan Sea coast, and has the industrial advantage of cheap electricity from abundant hydroelectric resources. It also contains East Asia’s only glaciers outside Russia, first recognized in 2012.[4]

History[edit]

Historically, Toyama Prefecture was Etchū Province.[5] Following the abolition of the han system in 1871, Etchū Province was renamed Niikawa Prefecture, but Imizu District was given to Nanao Prefecture. In 1872 Imizu District was returned by the new Ishikawa Prefecture.

In 1876, Niikawa Prefecture was merged into Ishikawa Prefecture but the merger was void in 1881 and the area was re-established as Toyama Prefecture.[citation needed]

The Itai-itai disease occurred in Toyama around 1950.

Geography[edit]

Toyama Prefecture is bordered by Ishikawa Prefecture to the west, Niigata to the northeast, Nagano to the southeast, Gifu to the south and Sea of Japan to the north.

As of April 1, 2012, 30% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Chūbu-Sangaku and Hakusan National Parks; Noto Hantō Quasi-National Park; and six Prefectural Natural Parks.[6]

Municipalities[edit]

Map of Toyama Prefecture

Due to the mergers in the 2000s, Toyama has the fewest municipalities of any prefecture in Japan with 10 cities, 2 districts, 4 towns, and 1 village (before the mergers took place, the prefecture had 9 cities, 18 towns, and 8 villages).

Cities[edit]

Ten cities are located in Toyama Prefecture:

City of Toyama

Towns and villages[edit]

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers[edit]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Toyama is a major producer of high quality rice making use of abundant water sources originating from Mount Tate.

Manufacturing[edit]

Toyama is famous for its historical pharmaceutical industry which remains a top manufacturing industry in the prefecture in terms of manufacturing shipment value followed by electronic parts and devices (industrial robots, general machinery, etc.), and metal products (aluminum, copper etc.) manufacturing.

Energy[edit]

Kurobe Dam generates electricity for the Kansai Electric Power Company. It is located on the Kurobe River in Toyama Prefecture.

Demographics[edit]

As of February 1, 2008, the population is estimated as 1,104,239.[citation needed]

International links[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Tokyo: 3 hr 8 min via Joetsu Shinkansen, transfer to Hokuriku Main Line via the Hakutaka Limited Express at Echigo-Yuzawa Station

Osaka: 3 hr 5 min via Thunderbird Limited Express

  • The Hokuriku Shinkansen line is scheduled to be completed in March 2015, and will shorten the Tokyo-Toyama trip to approximately 2 hrs 7 min and the Osaka-Toyama trip to approximately 1 hr 40 min.

Expressway[edit]

Air[edit]

Domestic[edit]

International[edit]

  • Shanghai: 2 hr 30 min via Shanghai Airlines
  • Dalian: 2 hr 30 min via Southern China Airlines
  • Seoul: 1 hr 50 min via Asiana Airlines
  • Vladivostok: 2 hr 40 min via Vladivostok Airlines

Culture[edit]

UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Sites[edit]

Gokayama Historical Village (Nanto City)

National Treasures of Japan[edit]

Zuiryū-ji Temple (Takaoka City)

Festivals[edit]

Spring[edit]

Tonami Yotaka Festival (June)
Uozu Tatemon Festival (August)

Summer[edit]

  • Sassa Narimasa Sengoku Era Festival (Toyama City), Late July
  • Japan Wildlife Film Festival (Toyama Prefecture), Early August

Fall[edit]

Winter[edit]

Regional Foods[edit]

  • Trout Sushi (Masu no Sushi)
  • White Shrimp (Shiro Ebi)
  • Matured Yellow Tail (Buri)
  • Firefly Squid (Hotaru Ika)
  • Fish Paste (Kamaboko)

Regional sake[edit]

  • Tateyama (立山)
  • Narimasa (成政)
  • Masuizumi (満寿泉)
  • Sanshoraku (三笑楽)

Sports[edit]

The sports teams listed below are based in Toyama.

Football (soccer)

Basketball

Baseball

Rugby Union

Tourism[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "富山県の魅力・観光>シンボル". Toyama Prefectural website (in Japanese). Toyama Prefecture. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Toyama prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 991, p. 991, at Google Books; "Hokuriku" at p. 344, p. 344, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Toyama" at p. 991, p. 991, at Google Books.
  4. ^ First glaciers of Japan recognised
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 29 June 2012. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°43′N 137°9′E / 36.717°N 137.150°E / 36.717; 137.150