Toyohashi Station

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Toyohashi Station
豊橋駅
Toyohashi Station.jpg
East Entrance (September 2005)
Location
Prefecture Aichi
(See other stations in Aichi)
City Toyohashi
Neighborhood etc. Hanada-cho
Postal code 444-0888
(in Japanese) 愛知県豊橋市花田町字西宿
History
Opened 1888[1]
Rail services
Operator(s) Central Japan Railway Company
Line(s) JR Central - Tōkaidō Shinkansen, Tōkaidō Line, and Iida Line

Nagoya Railroad - Nagoya Main Line

Statistics 54,109 (JR)
34,179 (Meitetsu) passengers/day (2008)
Aiga bus inv.svg Large bus terminal(s) attached to the station
West Entrance
Tokaido Main Line Platforms
Nagoya Railroad Platform with Tokaido Line mark

Toyohashi Station (豊橋駅 Toyohashi-eki?) is an interchange railway station in Toyohashi, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen, Tōkaidō Main Line, Iida Line, and is a terminus of Meitetsu’s Nagoya Main Line. It is located 293.6 rail kilometers from Tokyo Station. It is operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central).

Toyohashi has the unique status of being the only railway station where commuters can transfer between the JR lines and the Meitetsu (Nagoya Railroad) lines without passing through ticket gates.

History[edit]

Toyohashi Station was opened September 1, 1888, when the section of the Japanese Government Railways (JGR) line connecting Hamamatsu with Obu was completed. This line was named Tōkaidō Line in 1895, and the Tōkaidō Main Line in 1909. The privately owned Toyokawa Railway began operations to Toyohashi on July 15, 1897, but renamed its terminus Yoshida Station (吉田駅 Yoshida-eki?) in 1899 to differentiate itself from the government railway system. The station building was rebuilt in 1916 and again in 1927. The Aichi Electric Railway’s Toyohashi Line began operations to the Yoshida Station’ side of the facility on June 1, 1927. This line became part of Meitetsu on August 1, 1935, and is now the Nagoya Main Line.[2] The Toyokawa Railway was nationalized on August 1, 1943, becoming the Iida Line, and the usage of ‘Yoshida Station’ was dropped. The station was destroyed in the Toyohashi Air Raid of June 20, 1945, during World War II.

After the war, the JGR became the Japan National Railway (JNR) and a new station was completed in 1950. Tōkaidō Shinkansen operations to Toyohashi Station started on October 1, 1964. A new station building was completed in 1970. With the privatization and dissolution of the JNR on April 1, 1987, the station came under the control of the Central Japan Railway Company. A shopping center and a hotel were added to the station building complex in 1997.

Lines[edit]

Toyohashi Railroad has two small stations attached to Toyohashi Station: Shin-Toyohashi Station for the Atsumi Line railway and Ekimae Station for the Azumada Main Line tramway.

Layout[edit]

Local train service at Toyohashi Station is handled by five platforms serving eight tracks. The Iida Line and Meitetsu lines use three tracks terminating in a bay platform. The Tōkaidō Main Line uses a side platform and two island platforms. The Shinkansen portion of Toyohashi Station has a side platform and an island platform.

Platform[edit]

1・2 Iida Line For Toyokawa, Iida, and Tatsuno
3 Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line For Meitetsu-Nagoya, Meitetsu-Gifu, Shin-Unuma, and Central Japan International Airport
4 Tōkaidō Main Line For Nagoya, Gifu, Ōgaki, and Maibara
Iida Line For Toyokawa, Iida, and Tatsuno
5~8 Tōkaidō Main Line For Nagoya, Gifu, Ōgaki, Maibara, Hamamatsu and Shizuoka
11・12 Tōkaidō Shinkansen For Shizuoka and Tokyo
13 Tōkaidō Shinkansen For Nagoya and Shin-Ōsaka

Adjacent stations[edit]

« Service »
Tōkaidō Shinkansen Line
Shin-Yokohama   Hikari (ひかり) (partial)   Nagoya
Hamamatsu   Kodama (こだま)   Mikawa-Anjō
Nozomi (のぞみ)
Some Hikari: no stop
Tōkaidō Main Line
Terminus   Homeliner (ホームライナー)   Gamagōri
Futagawa   Limited Rapid (特別快速)   Gamagōri
Futagawa   New Rapid (新快速)   Gamagōri
Terminus   Rapid (快速)   Gamagōri
Futagawa   Section Rapid (区間快速)   Nishi-Kozakai
Futagawa   Local (普通)   Nishi-Kozakai
Iida Line
Terminus   Limited Express "Inaji" (特急「伊那路」)   Toyokawa
Terminus   Local (普通)   Funamachi
Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line
Terminus   Rapid Limited Express (快速特急)   Higashi-Okazaki
Terminus   Limited Express (特急)  
Terminus   Rapid Express (快速急行)   Ina
Terminus   Express (急行)   Ina
Terminus   Semi Express (準急)   Ina

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Yoshikawa, Fumio. Tokaido-sen 130-nen no ayumi. Grand-Prix Publishing (2002) ISBN 4-87687-234-1.(Japanese)

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 中西, 隆紀 (2010). 日本の鉄道創世記 ~幕末明治の鉄道発達史~ [The history of Japanese railways] (in Japanese). Kawade Shobō Shinsha. p. 135. ISBN 978-4-309-22527-2. 
  2. ^ 鷲田, 鉄也 (September 2010), 週刊朝日百科, 週刊歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線 (in Japanese) (Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications, Inc.) (8): 20, 21, 22, ISBN 978-4-02-340138-9 

Coordinates: 34°45′46″N 137°22′54″E / 34.76278°N 137.38167°E / 34.76278; 137.38167