Toyota AZ engine
|Toyota AZ engine|
|Manufacturer||Toyota Motor Corporation|
|Predecessor||Toyota S engine|
The Toyota AZ engine family is a straight-4 piston engine series. The AZ series uses an aluminium engine block with cast iron cylinder liners and aluminium DOHC cylinder heads. The engine series features many advanced technologies including slant-squish combustion chambers, offset cylinder and crank centers, and the VVT-i continuously variable intake valve timing system. The aluminium engine measures 626 mm (25-in) long, 608 mm (24-in) wide, and 681 mm (27-in) tall.
The cylinder block is an open-deck, midi-skirt die-cast aluminium type with cast-in iron liners and a die-cast aluminium lower crankcase and a stamped oil pan. The forged steel crankshaft is fully balanced with eight counterweights and supported by five main bearings. A helical gear pressed in No. 3 counterweight drives twin contra-rotating balance shafts in the shaft housing within the lower crankcase.
The dual overhead camshafts are driven by a single-stage roller chain of 8.0 mm (0.3-in) pitch, enabling a narrow included valve angle of 27.5°. The camshafts act on four valves per cylinder via bucket tappets. As in the recent Toyota engine practice, no clearance adjusting shim is employed. Valve diameters are 34.0 mm (1.3 in) for intake and 29.5 mm (1.2 in) for exhaust, with 8.0 mm (0.3-in) lift for both intake and exhaust. The four-vane VVT-i device is fitted on the intake camshaft, altering timing by 50°. The valve cover is made of magnesium to save weight.
Fuel is injected sequentially via an ultra-fine-atomization injector with twelve small injection holes, each 0.18 mm (0.01 in) in diameter. As in the smaller NZ engine, the new AZ adopts a plastic, built-up, and vibration-welded intake manifold integrating a large volume plenum chamber (3.5 L (214 in3) volume including a 1.3 L (79 in3) resonator). Exhaust manifolds are of tubular construction with integrated catalytic converters.
The AZ is the replacement for the S engine. It will eventually be replaced by the AR engine.
The 1AZ-FE is a 2.0 L (1998 cc) version. Output is 108 kW (145 hp) at 6000 rpm with 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) of torque at 4000 rpm for the Camry Aurion version. Rav4 engines were rated at 148 hp (110 kW) at 6000 rpm and 142 lb·ft (193 N·m) of torque at 4000 rpm.
The 1AZ has a total displacement of 1998 cc with 86.0 mm (3.39 in) bore and 86.0 mm (3.39 in) stroke, and a compression ratio of 9.6:1.
The 1AZ-FSE is a 2.0 L (1998 cc) version. Bore is 86.0 mm and stroke is 86.0 mm, and a compression ratio of 10.5:1. Output is 155 hp (114 kW) at 6000 rpm with 145 lb·ft (192 N·m) of torque at 4000 rpm. The 1AZ-FSE features Toyota's D-4 direct injection system.
- Toyota Avensis
- Toyota Avensis Verso
- Toyota Noah/Voxy
- Toyota RAV4
- Toyota Gaia
- Toyota Isis
- Toyota Caldina
- Toyota Wish
- Toyota Allion
- Toyota Premio
- Toyota Opa
The 2AZ-FE is a 2.4 L (2362 cc) version built in Japan and at TMMK in the USA, obtains a total displacement of 2362 cc with 88.5 mm (3.5 in) bore and 96.0 mm (3.8 in) stroke, with a compression ratio of 9.6:1. Output is 157 to 160 hp (117 to 120 kW) at 5600 rpm with 162 lb·ft (220 N·m) of torque at 4000 rpm.
Later versions of the 2AZ-FE engine were upgraded with 9.8:1 compression ratio, a slightly more aggressive intake cam profile, 6500 rpm red line, and piston oil squirters. These later versions are rated at 161 hp (120 kW) in the Scion tC, 166 hp (124 kW) in the Rav4, and 158 hp (118 kW) in the Camry, Corolla XRS, and Scion xB. However, these latter 2AZ-FE models were the first to be rated under the new SAE J1349 standard. The new standard usually produces more conservative numbers, though no definitive comparison is available since the two versions were never tested by the same standard.
A TRD supercharger was available for the Scion tC until Spring 2009.
- 2002–2009 Toyota Camry
- 2009–2011 Toyota Matrix S (USA)/XR (Canada)/XRS
- 2009–2010 Pontiac Vibe
- 2009–2013 Toyota Corolla XRS (2013 only in Mexico)
- 2002–2008 Toyota Camry Solara
- 2004–2008 Toyota RAV4
- 2001–2007 Toyota Highlander/Kluger/Harrier
- Toyota Estima / Toyota Ipsum / Toyota Previa / Toyota Tarago
- Toyota Alphard
- Toyota Blade
- Toyota Avensis
- 2005–2010 Scion tC
- 2008–2012 Scion xB
- 2007-2013 Toyota MarkX Zio
The large valve overlap leads to a reduction in cylinder charge and reduced torque and power output, but efficiency is increased. This combination makes the 2AZ-FXE suitable for use only in hybrid vehicles, where peak torque and power demands can be met by the electric motor and battery.
Maximum output when used in the Camry hybrid is 147 hp (108 kW) at 6000 rpm with 138 lb·ft (187 N·m) of torque at 4400 rpm.
- Toyota Alphard Hybrid
- Toyota Estima Hybrid
- 2007–2010 Toyota Camry Hybrid AHV40
- 2010–2012 Lexus HS 250h
- 2009– Toyota Sai
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toyota AZ engines.|