Toyota Avensis

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Toyota Avensis
Toyota Avensis III 20090706 front.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Production 1997–present
Assembly Burnaston, Derbyshire, UK (Toyota Manufacturing UK)
Body and chassis
Class Large family car
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate
5-door liftback
Platform Toyota "T"
Chronology
Predecessor Toyota Carina E (Europe)
Toyota Vista (Japan)

The Toyota Avensis is a large family car built in Derbyshire, United Kingdom by Japanese carmaker Toyota since 1997. It is the direct successor to the European Carina E and is available as a four-door saloon, five-door liftback and estate. In Japan, the Avensis is exclusive to Toyota Netz dealerships, and serves as the largest sedan offered. A large MPV called the Toyota Avensis Verso (Toyota Ipsum in Japan and previously the Toyota Picnic in other markets) is built in Japan on a separate platform. The Avensis is not sold in North America, but is related to the Scion tC coupe. It also shares the Toyota "T" platform with the Toyota Premio and the Toyota Allion.

The Toyota Avensis was introduced in 1997, to create a more modern name when compared with the Toyota Carina E/Toyota Corona. The Avensis proved a sales success for Toyota Europe. Over the years, the Toyota Avensis has advanced in size, technology, power, and economy to challenge its worldwide-known rivals, such as the Mazda6, Ford Mondeo, Volkswagen Passat,[1] Opel/Vauxhall Insignia, Citroën C5, Peugeot 508 and Skoda Superb.[2]

First generation series T210/220 (1997–2003)[edit]

First generation
Toyota Avensis Stufenheck.JPG
Overview
Also called Toyota Corona T220 (Greece)
Production 1997–2003
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door liftback
5-door estate
Related Toyota Caldina
Toyota Corona
Toyota Carina
Toyota Celica
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,630 mm (103.5 in)
Length Estate: 4,600 mm (181.1 in)
Others: 4,520 mm (178.0 in)
Width 1,710 mm (67.3 in)
Height Estate: 1,500 mm (59.1 in)
Others: 1,425 mm (56.1 in)

Toyota introduced the Avensis nameplate on its new model, which was launched at the end of 1997. Although an extensive revamp of the previous generation Carina E, the only main common parts were the engines, with an all new style of body. The car was built at the Burnaston factory in Derby. At the same time, production of the five-door Toyota Corolla also started at the British plant.

The original Avensis had the option of four engines (1.6, 1.8 and 2.0-litre petrol and a 2.0-litre turbodiesel) and three body styles (saloon, hatchback and estate). The station wagon was essentially the Japanese-market second generation Toyota Caldina. All of the range gave solid build quality, excellent reliability, a spacious comfortable interior, generous equipment, smooth ride quality and good refinement, but very little in the way of excitement.

The Avensis received a facelift in mid-2000. The engines were fitted with variable valve timing, satellite navigation was included as a standard feature along the range and the sporty Avensis 2.0 L SR (with body kit and tuned suspension) was added but overall sales remained low.

Engines[edit]

Avensis Verso[edit]

The Avensis Verso large MPV was introduced in 2001, with room for seven occupants and 2.0-litre engines only. The Verso's platform previewed the Avensis second generation. The Avensis Verso won Australia's Best People Mover, where it is simply called Avensis, the other variants unavailable to that market.

Second generation series T250 (2003–2009)[edit]

Second generation
Toyota Avensis II Fließheck Vorfacelift front.jpg
Overview
Production 2003–2009
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door liftback
5-door estate
Platform Toyota "T"
Related Scion tC
Toyota Premio
Toyota Allion
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,700 mm (106.3 in)
Length Estate: 4,715 mm (185.6 in)
Others: 4,645 mm (182.9 in)
Width 1,760 mm (69.3 in)
Height Estate: 1,525 mm (60.0 in)
Others: 1,480 mm (58.3 in)
UK-spec 2004 Avensis

The second generation Toyota Avensis (model code T250) was launched in early 2003 in an all-new format; this time it offered more in the way of driver involvement and visual appeal. Like the Toyota Echo and Toyota Corolla, it was penned by the company's design studio in France.[3] The 1.6, 1.8 and 2.0-litre petrol and 2.0-litre turbodiesel engines were carried over from the previous Avensis, and the 2.4-litre four-cylinder from the Camry was also added to the range. This was the first Avensis to be exported to Japan. Due to the Camry Wagon ending production, the Avensis Wagon is exported to New Zealand, in both 1.8 and 2.0-litre forms. In Britain, there were no 1.6 versions available.

In the 2004 European Car of the Year contest, the Avensis came in fourth place behind the; Fiat Panda (Winner), Mazda3 (Second) and the Volkswagen Golf (Third). However, it won the 2004 Semperit Irish Car of the Year. What Car? also awarded the Avensis as the "Best Family Car" for 2004 and 2005.

Following the withdrawal of the Toyota Camry in 2004 (2005 in Switzerland), the Avensis became the largest Toyota saloon sold in Europe.

Trim levels in the UK are the T2, T3-S, T3-X, T4, T Spirit, T180 and the TR. There is also a special edition, based on the T2 called the Colour Collection. In Ireland there were five trim levels – Terra, Aura, Strata, Luna, and Sol.

The original 115 PS (85 kW) D-4D Diesel engine has been complemented with a 2.2 L D-4D in 136 PS (2AD-FTV) and 177 PS (2AD-FHV) versions. Newer versions have dropped the "D-4D" and "2.0" badging from the front wings and tailgate respectively.

In Japan, the Avensis is sold as 2.0 Xi, 2.0 Li, and 2.4 Qi. Only the base model 2.0 Xi is offered with 4-wheel drive.

In 2003, the Avensis became the first Japanese vehicle to receive a 5/5 stars rating under the Euro NCAP's redone testing, with 34 total points it also became the highest rated vehicle they had tested.[4] The 2003 Avensis also became the first vehicle sold in Europe with a knee airbag.[5]

This is first and only one generation of Avensis sold in Egypt and Morocco, not in Persian Gulf countries.

The Avensis Verso continued to be available alongside the new Avensis until 2006. A replacement to take over from the Avensis Verso, Toyota Previa and Toyota Sienna has yet to be unveiled, but is rumoured to feature Toyota's 2.2-litre D-4D engine.

The new facelifted Toyota Avensis became available in June 2006. Some changes from the old model are the inclusion of turn signals in the side mirrors, an MP3/WMA/ASL-ready audio system, new front bumper, and a new grille. Interior materials and cloth seats have also been changed for 2006. Its multi display with on-board computer will be integrated in optitron display and is navigation ready. Also added are automatic headlights and a height-adjustable front passenger seat.

The most notable mechanical difference is the addition of a 124 bhp (92 kW) D-4D engine. This, coupled to a six-speed manual gearbox, has lowered fuel consumption, emissions, and gives a quoted 0–60 mph time of 10.5 seconds.

Engines[edit]

Third generation series T270 (2009–present)[edit]

Third generation
Toyota Avensis front 20090814.jpg
Overview
Production 2009–present
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate
Related Toyota Premio
Toyota Allion
Scion tC
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,700 mm (106.3 in)
Length Saloon: 4,695 mm (184.8 in)
Estate: 4,765 mm (187.6 in)
Width Saloon: 1,810 mm (71.3 in)
Estate: 1,810 mm (71.3 in)
Height Saloon: 1,480 mm (58.3 in)
Estate: 1,480 mm (58.3 in)[6][7]

The third generation Toyota Avensis (model code T270) was revealed at the 2008 Paris Motor Show, before going on sale in January 2009. Like the previous model it is built at Toyota's Burnaston plant in Derbyshire, England. This generation is available in sedan or station wagon styles only.[8]

Toyota ED2 initially designed the Avensis giving it a more sleek and athletic stance. Coefficient of Drag (Cd) figures are 0.28 for the sedan and 0.29 for the wagon body. Other design goals were to create the most comfortable suspension in its class while still offering sporty handling. The Avensis continues to use front McPherson struts and rear double wishbones. Unlike the previous generations Avensis models, there is no five-door hatchback body style in this line-up, in favour of sedan and wagon body styles.

Major options include bi-xenon HID headlamps, Adaptive Front-lighting System (AFS), and adaptive cruise control.

For safety, seven airbags are standard, including two front row side torso airbags, two side curtain airbags for both rows, and a driver’s knee airbag. For rear collisions, active front headrests designed to help reduce whiplash are standard as well as brake lights that flash under emergency braking. Vehicle Stability Control+ (VSC+) applies torque to the steering wheel to aid the driver in steering. A Pre-Collision System (PCS) becomes optional which includes Lane Departure Warning (LDW) and Lane Keeping Assist (LKA).

The Avensis received a five star rating (5/5 stars) under the latest Euro NCAP ratings scheme with an 81% overall score and a 90% score for adult occupant safety.[9]

The Avensis wagon began being imported again to Japan in mid-2011, with the 2.0-litre 4-cylinder engine and CVT transmission.[citation needed]

Engines[edit]

The Avensis offers three petrol and three diesel engine options. The new engines feature more power and lower CO2 emissions.

The new ZR engines became the first to introduce Toyota's Valvematic technology. (Correction needed)

  • 1.6-litre 1ZR-FAE 97 kW (130 hp)
  • 1.8-litre 2ZR-FAE 108 kW (145 hp)
  • 2.0-litre 3ZR-FAE 112 kW (150 hp)
  • 2.0-litre D-4D 1AD-FTV 93 kW (125 hp)
  • 2.2-litre D-4D 2AD-FTV 110 kW (148 hp)
  • 2.2-litre D-4D 2AD-FHV 130 kW (174 hp)

All engines are mated to a 6-speed manual transmission while the 1.8 L and 2.0 L petrol engines are available with a Multidrive S CVT transmission. The 2.2 litre D-4D 150 hp engine is available with a 6-speed automatic transmission.

Motorsports[edit]

On 2 August 2010 it was announced the British Touring Car Championship's NGTC prototype car will be built around the Toyota Avensis.

Series organiser TOCA, which will fully introduce the new low-cost NGTC technical regulations in 2011, said that the Japanese manufacturer would supply a donor car and a new body shell to the programme.

Notes[edit]

http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/85825

External links[edit]