Toyota C engine

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The Toyota C engine family was a series of inline-4 diesel engines. There were two earlier generations of an engine Toyota named as the "Type C". The first generation was introduced in 1940 as a modification of the Type A engine. This first "Type C" was installed in the Toyota AE. The second generation was the first diesel engine at 1500cc used in the CS20 series 1959 Toyota Crown in October 1959. Japanese market vehicles with diesel engines were exclusive to Toyota Japan dealerships called Toyota Diesel Store locations from 1979 until the dealership was cancelled in 1988.

C[edit]

The original C engine was first introduced in October 1959, for the Crown Diesel. It has a displacement of 1,491 cc and 40 PS (29 kW).[1]

Features at a glance[edit]

Code Capacity (cc) Bore (mm) Stroke (mm) Injection Turbo
1C 1839 83.0 85.0
1C-L 1839 83.0 85.0
1C-LC 1839 83.0 85.0
1C-TL 1839 83.0 85.0 turbo
1C-TLC 1839 83.0 85.0 turbo
2C 1974 86.0 85.0
2C-L 1974 86.0 85.0
2C-E 1974 86.0 85.0 EFI
2C-T 1974 86.0 85.0 turbo
2C-TL 1974 86.0 85.0 turbo
2C-TLC 1974 86.0 85.0 turbo
2C-TE 1974 86.0 85.0 EFI turbo
3C 2184 86 94
3C-E 2184 86 94 EFI
3C-T 2184 86 94 turbo
3C-TE 2184 86 94 EFI turbo

1C[edit]

1C
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Combustion chamber
Displacement 1.8 L (1839 cc)
Cylinder bore 83.0 mm
Piston stroke 85.0 mm
Valvetrain SOHC
Compression ratio 23.0:1
Combustion
Fuel type diesel

1C, 1C-L, 1C-LC[edit]

Output:

  • 1C (longitudinally mounted):

64 hp (48 kW) at 4700 rpm, and torque 86 lb·ft (117 N·m) at 2700 rpm

  • 1C-L (transversely mounted):

64 hp (48 kW) at 4700 rpm, and torque 87 lb·ft (118 N·m) at 2600 rpm

Applications:

1C-TL, 1C-TLC[edit]

Turbocharged version.

Applications:

  • CV10 Camry 1983-1985 (Japan, Europe, US only)
  • CV10 Vista 1983-1985 (Japan only)

2C[edit]

2C
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Production 1983-
Combustion chamber
Displacement 2.0 L (1974 cc)
Cylinder bore 86.0 mm
Piston stroke 85.0 mm
Valvetrain SOHC
Compression ratio 23.0:1
Combustion
Fuel type diesel
Cooling system water cooling

The 2C was a long running diesel engine, with some models (e.g. Corona, Townace,Liteace) receiving the turbo version 2C-T which provided 65 kW. It was replaced by the more economical 3C-TE in the above models from 1999.

2C, 2C-L[edit]

Output:

  • 2C-L: 73 hp (54 kW) at 4700 rpm, and torque 97 lb·ft (132 N·m) at 3000 rpm

Applications:

2C-E[edit]

EFI version.

Applications:

  • CE110 Corolla 1995-2001 (ex. Japan)

2C-T, 2C-TL, 2C-TLC[edit]

Turbocharged version.

Applications:

  • CT190 Caldina 1994-1997 (Japan only)
  • CT210/215 Carina 1996-1998 (Japan only)
  • CT190 Carina E 1996-1997 (Europe only)
  • CT220 Avensis 1997-2000 (ex. Europe)
  • CV11 Camry 1985-1986
  • CV20 Camry 1986-1991
  • CV30 Camry 1990-1994 (Japan only)
  • CT190 Corona 1996-1997 (ex. Japan)
  • CT210/215 Corona 1996-1997 (Japan only)
  • CM30/40 LiteAce 1985-1992 (Japan only)
  • CR21/28/30/37 LiteAce / TownAce 1984-1992 (Japan only)
  • CV11 Vista 1985-1986 (Japan only)
  • CV20 Vista 1988-1990 (Japan only)
  • CV30 Vista 1990-1994 (Japan only)

2C-TE[edit]

Turbocharged version with EFI.

Applications:

  • CT220 Avensis 1997-2000 (Europe only)

3C[edit]

3C
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Combustion chamber
Displacement 2.2 L (2184 cc)
Cylinder bore 86.0 mm
Piston stroke 94.0 mm
Valvetrain SOHC
Combustion
Fuel type diesel

Although having a larger displacement than the 2C-T, the 3C-TE was more economical and powerful at 69 kW. The C series engines were replaced by the CD series in the European market, while Toyota stopped selling diesel models in Japan after the 3C-TE.

3C-E[edit]

EFI version.

Applications:

3C-T[edit]

Turbocharged version.

Applications:

3C-TE[edit]

Turbocharged version with EFI.

Applications:

  • CT216 Caldina 1998-2002 (Japan only)
  • CT211/216 Carina 1998-2001 (Japan only)
  • CT211/216 Corona 1997-2001 (Japan only)
  • CXR10/11/20/21 Estima 1993-1999 (Japan only)
  • CXM10 Gaia 1998-2004 (Japan only)
  • CXM10 Ipsum 1997-2001 (Japan only)
  • CXM10 Picnic 1997-2001 (Europe only)

References[edit]

  1. ^ GP企画センター [GP Planning Center], ed. (2006). 日本自動車史年表 [History Timeline of the Japanese automobile]. Tokyo, Japan: GP Publications. ISBN 978-4-87687-286-2.