Toyota Carina II

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Toyota Carina II
Toyota Carina II front 20071025.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Production 1984-1992
Designer Toyota
Body and chassis
Class Large family car
Related Toyota Corona
Chronology
Predecessor Toyota Carina A60
Successor Toyota Carina E

The Toyota Carina line of large family cars was introduced in Japan in 1970. This was introduced in Europe in 1971, with A40 and A60 series subsequently appearing soon after their introductions in Japan. In 1984, the A60 series Carina was replaced in the European market by the "Carina II" - essentially a rebranding of the T150 series Toyota Corona launched the previous year in Japan, with some minor alterations to suit the European markets. This trend of Coronas rebadged as Carinas produced for the European market continued for two more generations, with the second Carina II in 1988 and the Carina E in 1992.

First generation (T150)[edit]

First generation
Toyota Carina II in Utrecht.jpg
Overview
Also called Toyota Corona
Production 1984–1988
Body and chassis
Class Large family car
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door liftback
Platform T150-series
Related Toyota Corona T150
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L 4A-L I4 (AT151)
1.8 L 1S-LU/ELU I4 (ST150)
2.0 L 2S-E I4 (ST151)[1]
2.0 L 2C diesel I4 (CT150)
Transmission 4/5-speed manual
3/4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,515 mm (99.0 in)
Length 4,370 mm (172 in)
Width 1,670 mm (66 in)
Height 1,365 mm (53.7 in)
Curb weight 942 kg (2,077 lb)

The T150 series was originally launched in January 1983 in Japan as the Toyota Corona, which brought front wheel drive to the model and also began the alignment of Corona, Carina and Celica platforms. The Carina II was introduced in the UK in April 1984 and other European markets in the same year. This generation was made available in sedan or liftback body styles only. It was essentially the same as the Japanese market Corona T150 with some minor cosmetic changes, namely the rear light clusters which were shortened in width to accommodate for larger European number plates. The T150 Carina introduced in Japan in May 1984, while on the same chassis, used completely different body panels featuring squarer, more aggressive styling. To further complicate matters there were also RWD models of both Carina and Corona available in the Japanese market.[2]

Two carburetted petrol engines (1.6 or 1.8) and one diesel option were available, although the 1.8 was only sold in certain markets.[3] Equipment levels were DX and GL, although following a facelift in December 1985 these changed to XL and SX in some markets. The 1.6 was later offered with the option of a catalytic converter (4A-LC), dropping power to 75 PS (55 kW).[4] In August 1985 the 107 PS (79 kW) 2-litre 2S-E engine was added for select markets. Along with the facelift, a fuel injected version of the 1.8 engine was added for the 1.8 GLi. In Germany, at least, this version was only sold until October 1986.[1]

Trim levels[edit]

UK and Ireland[edit]

  • 1.6 GL - 4A-L petrol engine, 83 bhp
  • 2.0 GLD - 2C-L diesel engine, 72 bhp

Europe[edit]

  • 1.6 DX/XL/GL/SX - 4A-LU/LC petrol engine, 75 to 84 PS (55 to 62 kW) at 5,600 rpm (5,400 for catalyzed version)
  • 1.8 - 1S-LU petrol engine, 87 PS (64 kW) at 5,200 rpm
  • 1.8 GLi - 1S-ELU petrol engine, 101 PS (74 kW)[1]
  • 2.0 - 2S-E petrol engine, 107 PS (79 kW)
  • 2.0 DX - 2C-L diesel engine, 70 PS (51 kW) at 4,600 rpm
Carina II rear view, showing placement of license plate

Second generation - T170 series[edit]

Second generation
Toyota Carina II XLi.JPG
Overview
Also called Toyota Corona
Production 1988–1992
Body and chassis
Class Large family car
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door liftback
5-door estate
Platform AT171, ST170, CT170
Related Toyota Corona T170
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L 4A-F DOHC I4 (1988-1989)
1.6 L 4A-FE DOHC I4 (1990-1992)
2.0 L 3S-FE DOHC I4
2.0 L 2C diesel I4
Transmission 4/5 MT
4 AT
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,530 mm (100 in)
Length 4,440 mm (175 in)
Width 1,690 mm (67 in)
Height 1,370 mm (54 in)
Curb weight 1,140 kg (2,510 lb)
Chronology
Successor Toyota Carina E

In 1988 the Toyota Carina II was released, based on the Japanese market T170 Corona introduced the previous year. Compared to the Corona, front and rear light clusters, front grille and some trim are different, and the rear number plate recess was moved up from the bumper up to the boot lid. In the generation, beside sedan and liftback body styles, the wagon body style was also available. The car had three engine variants, the 1,587 cc (1.6 L) 4A-FE and 1,998 cc (2.0 L) 3S-FE petrol engines, and a 1,974 cc (2.0 L) 2C diesel engine. Petrol versions were all twin-cam, sixteen-valve inline-four cylinders.

It was well received in the United Kingdom as well as in Nordic countries.

In Europe's largest national auto-market, the T170 sustained the Toyota's reputation for reliability. In 1995 it topped the family car class in a reliability survey of 4-6 year old cars undertaken by the German Automobile Association (ADAC), with 5.6 recorded breakdowns per 1,000 vehicles for four year old Carinas and 12.9 for six year old cars: this compared with 12.8 breakdowns per 1,000 cars for four year old Opel Vectras and 25.6 for six year old Vectras.[5]

Trim levels[edit]

UK[edit]

  • 1.6 GL (Mar 1988-1992) - 4A-FE petrol, 94 bhp
  • 1.6 XL (Apr 1990-1992) - 4A-FE petrol, 94 bhp
  • 2.0 GL Executive (Mar 1988-1992) - 3S-FE petrol, 126 bhp (saloon and hatchback only)

Other markets[edit]

  • DL/DLi (1.6) - 1988-1992 (limited markets)
  • XL (1.6, 2.0D) - 1988-1992 (all body types)
  • XLi (1.6) - 1990-1992 (all body types)
  • GL (1.6, 2.0D) - 1988-1992 (all body types)
  • GLi (1.6) - 1990-1992 (all body types)
  • GLi Executive (2.0), 1988-1992 (saloon and liftback only)
  • XL Highlife (1.6), 1992, special edition (saloon and liftback only)

In mainland European markets, the engines (numbers are for catalyzed versions) produced slightly different outputs from British market models. The carburetted 1.6-litre produced 90 PS (66 kW) at 6,000 rpm, which increased to 102 PS (75 kW) at 5,800 rpm for fuel injected versions.[6] The 2-litre 3S-FE, never available as an estate, produced a claimed 121 PS (89 kW) at 5,600 rpm.[7] The 2C diesel provided 73 PS (54 kW) at 4,700 rpm and was only available with a five-speed manual transmission, whereas the petrol versions could also be had with a four-speed automatic.[7]

Carina II 1.6 XLi saloon

In 1991 the Toyota Carina XL Highlife was issued[where?]. It utilised a more fuel efficient engine[which?] and seats that showed more comfort and the horsepower of the car was increased from 64 to 75[clarification needed]. However, these updates had an effect on the weight of the car which rose from 1,138 to 1,185 kilograms (2,509 to 2,612 lb). The Carina II was discontinued in 1992 and succeeded by the Toyota Carina E.

In Denmark, these trims were almost identical, except that XL model was slightly more upmarket than UK cars; spec was cognate with Republic of Ireland vehicles. In certain markets, such as Sweden, the Carina II was only available with liftback bodywork and the two-liter petrol engine.[8] In Italy, two-liter Carina II's (petrol and diesel) were only available as liftbacks.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Hajek, Alexander. "Toyota Carina II T15". Toyota Oldies. 
  2. ^ Yamaguchi, Jack K. (1985), "Lucrative Contraction", in Lösch, Annamaria, World Cars 1985 (Pelham, NY: The Automobile Club of Italy/Herald Books): 51, ISBN 0-910714-17-7 
  3. ^ Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (March 5, 1987). Automobil Revue 1987 (in German/French) 82. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 543. ISBN 3-444-00458-3. 
  4. ^ Automobil Revue 1987, p. 544
  5. ^ "Pleiten, Pfusch und Pannen". ADAC Motorwelt: pages 38–48. May 1996. 
  6. ^ Mastrostefano, Raffaele, ed. (1990). Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1990 (in Italian). Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. p. 1032. 
  7. ^ a b c Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1990, p. 1036-1038
  8. ^ Dackevall, Gunnar, ed. (1988). BilKatalogen 1989 (Swedish edition of German Auto Katalog) (in Swedish). Stockholm, Sweden: PM Press AB. p. 98. 0284-365X. 

External links[edit]