Toyota Crown Majesta

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Toyota Crown Majesta
Toyota Crown Majesta S180.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Production 1991–present
Body and chassis
Class Full-size luxury car
Body style 4-door sedan
Related Toyota Crown
Toyota Aristo
Chronology
Predecessor Toyota Crown Royal Saloon G (1989)

The Toyota Crown Majesta is a full-size premium luxury automobile from Toyota.

The Crown Majesta appeared after the international introduction of the Toyota Celsior/Lexus LS in late 1989, and the Celsior was exclusive to Toyopet Store locations on a new platform. The Crown Majesta, positioned as a modern limousine alternative to the already existing Toyota Century, was exclusive to Toyota Japanese dealerships called Toyota Store. The Crown Majesta appeared before the Toyota Aristo, which was assigned to Toyota Vista Store locations and shared the Crown and Crown Majesta platform.

The Toyota Crown Majesta shares a stretched variant of the UZS platform series from the smaller Toyota Crown and Lexus GS/Toyota Aristo, however, it is not just an upper trim level of the Crown sedan, the Majesta is a separate car with unique styling and interior treatment. The Crown Majesta has recently been released in other countries in Asia such as China.

First-generation series S140[edit]

First Generation
1991 Toyota Crown-Majesta 01.jpg
Overview
Production 1991–1995
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door hardtop
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Front-engine, all-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 3.0 L 2JZ-GE I6
4.0 L 1UZ-FE V8
Transmission 4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,780 mm (109.4 in)
Length 4,900 mm (192.9 in)
Width 1,800 mm (70.9 in)
Height 1,420 mm (55.9 in)
Curb weight 1,670 kg (3,681.7 lb)

The first Toyota Crown Majesta was introduced in Japan as a 4-door sedan in October 1991. It looked very similar to its smaller sibling, the Toyota Crown. It also bore a resemblance to the larger Toyota Celsior, which was a sedan that appeared in 1989. At first, the Toyota Crown Majesta was a trim-level variant of the Toyota Crown series, called the Crown Royal Saloon G. The Majesta was an ultra-luxurious variant of the Toyota Crown and was slightly wider and heavier, necessitating two engine choices: the 3.0 L 2JZ-GE engine, which produced 226 bhp (169 kW; 229 PS); and the 4.0L 1UZ-FE, which produced 256 bhp (191 kW; 260 PS). In 1992, four-wheel steering was offered in compliance with the four-wheel-drive system, called 4WDi-Four. This boosted handling capabilities and gave increased traction. Advanced for this time, the Crown Majesta had an optional GPS navigation system, electric power steering, heated front and rear electric seats, four-wheel steering, and a head-up display that projected key information on the inside windshield surface above the instrument cluster. The Crown Majesta was the first Toyota to be equipped with vehicle stability control. Prices for the Crown Majesta started at US$32,100 for the lowest spec 3.0A model and rose to US$51,000 for the V8 with four-wheel steering.

Second-generation series S150[edit]

Second Generation
Toyota Crown Majesta S150.jpg
Overview
Production 1995–1999
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door hardtop
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Front-engine, all-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 3.0 L 2JZ-GE I6
4.0 L 1UZ-FE V8
Transmission 4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,780 mm (109.4 in)
Length 4,900 mm (192.9 in)
Width 1,795 mm (70.7 in)
Height 1,430 mm (56.3 in)
Curb weight 1,670 kg (3,681.7 lb)

The Crown Majesta underwent its first redesign in 1995. Notable enhancements were made to the tail lamps to distinguish the model from the lower-spec Toyota Crown. The redesign made the vehicle similar to the Celsior and Lexus LS 400 (UCF20), which debuted in 1994. Changes were also made to the engine lineup. The 3.0 L 2JZ-GE engine stayed the same, but the V8 received a power increase to 265 PS (195 kW; 261 bhp) . Due to cost-cutting efforts within Toyota, the list of optional equipment offered was simplified.

At its introduction in 1996, it won the Automotive Researchers' and Journalists' Conference Car of the Year award in Japan which it shared with the 1996 Crown.

In August 1997, the front grille was restyled and HID headlights were introduced. VVT-i technology was offered on the V8, improving the horsepower to 280 PS (206 kW; 276 bhp). A new 5-speed automatic transmission was also introduced. Four-wheel steering was no longer offered. In addition, a new two-tone paint scheme offered an upmarket image for the Crown Majesta.



Third-generation series S170[edit]

Third Generation
Toyota Crown Majesta S170.jpg
Overview
Production 1999–2004
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door hardtop
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Front-engine, all-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 3.0 L 2JZ-GE I6
4.0 L 1UZ-FE V8
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,800 mm (110.2 in)
Length 4,900 mm (192.9 in)
Width 1,795 mm (70.7 in)
Height 1,465 mm (57.7 in)
Curb weight 1,670 kg (3,681.7 lb)

This version received a complete redesign, further incorporating styling elements of the popular Lexus LS. Wider vertical tail lamps were incorporated.

DVD-based GPS navigation was introduced, as well as a "Ottoman" foot rest for the rear passenger seats. This was achieved by enabling part of the seat cushion of the front passenger seat back to tilt rearward towards the rear seat passengers.

The 4000 cc 1UZ-FE DOHC V-8-cylinder engine remained, now rated at 280 hp. The trend among automakers towards large-diameter wheels with low-profile tires was ignored in favor of a good ride and better handling with smaller wheels.

The S170 Crown Majesta was made the official company car for senior-level Toyota management.


Fourth-generation series S180[edit]

Fourth Generation
2006 Toyota Crown-Majesta 01.jpg
Overview
Also called Hongqi HQ3/HQ430
Production 2004–2009
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Front-engine, all-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 4.3 L 3UZ-FE V8
Transmission 6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,850 mm (112.2 in)
Length 4,975 mm (195.9 in)
Width 1,795 mm (70.7 in)
Height 1,475 mm (58.1 in)
Curb weight 1,780 kg (3,924.2 lb)

The fourth-generation Crown Majesta received a complete redesign when it was introduced on July 6, 2004. In August 2006, the Toyota Celsior was no longer offered in Japan, due to the introduction of the Lexus brand in Japan. The Crown Majesta replaced the Celsior, despite objections from Japanese customers. The 6-cylinder engine was removed. The engine was upgraded to the 3UZ-FE, shared with the USA-spec Lexus LS. The transmission was upgraded to a 6-speed, the four-wheel drive was improved, and air suspension was introduced. Intelligent adaptive front lighting and rear curtain airbags were added to improve safety. Enhancements were made to the interior of the vehicle, including a rear-view camera and parking assistance technology. A supercharger was also offered with the 6-speed transmission, allowing the engine to produce 340 bhp (254 kW; 345 PS). Prices were around US$69,400 for the Crown Majesta AWD.

For model year 2006, G-BOOK was added to the list of standard features, along with a rear-view camera. A departure from previous models, the two-tone paint scheme was removed to target a younger audience.

Rebadge[edit]

Hongqi HQ3

For more information, see Hongqi (marque).

In China, this generation of Toyota Crown Majesta was rebadged and has been sold as the Hongqi HQ3/HQ430 since 2006.[1]


Fifth-generation series S200[edit]

Fifth Generation
2009 Toyota Crown-Majesta 01.jpg
Overview
Also called Toyota Crown RoyalSaloon VIP (China)
Production 2009-2013
For VIP 2012 (limited edition produced 55 units)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front-engine, all-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 4.3 L 3UZ-FE
4.6 L 1UR-FSE V8
Transmission 6-speed automatic
8-speed automatic (AA80E)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 3,225 mm (127.0 in)
Length 5,165 mm (203.3 in)
Width 1,910 mm (75.2 in)
Height 1,525 mm (60.0 in)
Curb weight 2,130 kg (4,695.8 lb)
2,430 kg (5,357.2 lb)

On March 26, 2009, the fifth generation was introduced. Design similarities between the Crown Majesta and the current Camry have been noted, especially in the grille. Although it was initially reported that the name "Crown" would be removed, establishing the Majesta as an independent car, this did not happen and the car remained the Crown Majesta. The body size expanded from the previous generation, now comparable to the Lexus LS.

As with the Lexus GS and LS, the 1UR-FSE engine is standard, however, the four-wheel-drive employed the 4.3 liter 3UZ-FE.

Toyota Crown RoyalSaloon VIP (China)

In China, FAW Toyota assembled a limited number of LHD Toyota Crown Majesta S200, which is called Toyota Crown RoyalSaloon VIP.

Interior[edit]

Standard interior features include a 20-speaker Toyota Premium Sound system, a 1TB HDD navigation system, XM NavTraffic, a real-time traffic monitoring system with dynamic rerouting; Keyless SmartAccess with push-button start, Optitron instrument panel, auxiliary MP3 and MP4 player inputs, and a 5-position tire pressure display. A 24-hour concierge/emergency aid service, with the analogous G-Link navigation system is offered in Japan. Japanese market Crown sedans also feature MiniDisc compatibility, television reception, on board security surveillance cameras, and remote cellphone access. The seats are fully electric, and have a massage feature.

Exterior[edit]

The design features body forms running the length of the car, with wheel arches, arrow-shaped chrome trim, a grille set slightly below the level of the headlamps, and a fastback rear decklid. Compared to the previous generation, the forward and aft coefficient of lift was reduced to 0.02 and 0.01, respectively, while aerodynamic drag remained the same. Exterior-wise, it has a profile similar to the Lexus LS, with identical overhangs in both front and rear; however, the rear passenger doors are noticeably longer in the stretched model.

Additional details of the design include adaptive headlamps housed in hand polished surrounds designed to look like Baccarat crystal tumblers and chrome exhaust vents integrated into the rear bumper. The fenders are produced using a 5200-ton press, which when introduced was the world's strongest stamping press. The model's paint finish is applied to bare-metal body panels which are first prepared by a six-axis buffing robot with 3D movements, the entire paint finish is wet-sanded twice by hand between layers of paint application. Front and rear window frames are each constructed from a single die-cast zinc piece, plated in chrome and then polished by hand.

Sixth-generation series S210[edit]

Sixth Generation
Toyota CROWN MAJESTA (S210) front.JPG
Overview
Production 2013-present
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front-engine, all-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 3.5 L 2GR-FXE V6 (hybrid gasoline)
Transmission CVT
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,925 mm (115.2 in)
Length 4,970 mm (195.7 in)
Width 1,800 mm (70.9 in)
Height 1,460 mm (57.5 in)
Curb weight 1,810–1,830 kg (3,990–4,034 lb)[2]

Launched in Japan since September 9, 2013, the sixth-generation model replaced the outgoing model's V8 engine in favor of Toyota's 3.5L V6 hybrid powerplant inherited from the Lexus GS450h premium sedan. The Crown Majesta was given an all-new appearance after the reintroduction of the Nissan Cima in April 2012. Fuel economy is now greatly improved to 18.2 km/L (51 mpg-imp; 43 mpg-US) under the JC08 test cycle. The wheelbase is 75 mm longer than the corresponding Crown Royal and Athlete and incorporates advanced safety and convenience equipment such as blind spot monitoring and a collision avoidance system. The Majesta is priced at ¥6.1–12.9 million (including consumption tax) and the monthly sales target for Japan is 500 units.[3]

Performance specifications by model
3.5L V6
Engine type V6-petrol/hybrid
Displacement 3,456 cc (3.5 L)
Power 252 kW (338 hp)
Torque N/A
Top speed 180 km/h (110 mph) (electronically limited)
Acceleration
0–100 km/h (62 mph)
7.2 seconds
Fuel consumption 5.49 L/100 km (42.8 mpg-US; 51.5 mpg-imp)
CO
2
emissions
128 g/km (7.3 oz/mi)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A Moving Launch for FAW's New Hongqi HQ3 First Automobile Works official site, Dec 20, 2006
  2. ^ "クラウン マジェスタ | スペック" [Crown Majesta | Spec] (in Japanese). Japan: Toyota. Retrieved April 10, 2014. 
  3. ^ "TMC Launches New 'Crown Majesta' Sedan in Japan" (Press release). Japan: Toyota. September 9, 2013. Retrieved April 10, 2014. 

External links[edit]


This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Japanese Wikipedia.