Toyota RAV4

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Toyota RAV4
2010 Toyota RAV4 Limited -- 12-12-2010 2.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Production 1994–present
Body and chassis
Class Crossover SUV
Body style
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive

The Toyota RAV4 is a sport utility vehicle (SUV) produced by Japanese automobile manufacturer Toyota. It was the first compact crossover SUV,[1] making its debut in Japan and Europe in 1994[2] and in North America in 1995. The vehicle was designed for consumers wanting a vehicle that had most of the benefits of SUVs, such as increased cargo room, higher visibility and the option of full-time four-wheel drive, along with the maneuverability and fuel economy of a compact car. Although not all RAV4's are four-wheel drive, RAV4 stands for Recreational Active Vehicle with 4-wheel drive because the aforementioned equipment is an option in select countries.[3] The early success of the RAV4 paved the way for competitive compact crossover-SUV's such as the Ford Escape and the Subaru Forester.

In most markets, the RAV4 is the only compact SUV or crossover available from Toyota. In other markets, it is the crossover counterpart of the Toyota FJ Cruiser. Since the 2006 third generation model, Toyota has offered both short- and long-wheelbase versions of the RAV4. Short-wheelbase versions are sold in Japan and Europe, with Australia and North America receiving the long-wheelbase versions. Toyota of Japan also sells the longer-wheelbase version as the Toyota Vanguard at Toyopet Store locations. Japanese versions are sold at two different Toyota Japanese dealerships called Toyota Corolla Store and Toyota NETZ Store.

XA10 (1994–2000)[edit]

First generation (XA10)
1998-2000 Toyota RAV4 (SXA11R) Cruiser wagon (2011-11-17) 01.jpg
Overview
Also called Toyota RAV4 EV
Production
  • 1994–2000 (RAV4)
  • 1997–2003 (RAV4 EV)
Model years 1995–2000
Assembly
Body and chassis
Body style
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • 5-door: 2,410 mm (94.9 in)
  • 3-door: 2,200 mm (86.6 in)
Length
  • 5-door: 4,150–4,160 mm (163.4–163.8 in)
  • 3-door: 3,740–3,750 mm (147.2–147.6 in)
Width 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height
  • 3-door: 1,646–1,661 mm (64.8–65.4 in)
  • 5-door: 1,650 mm (65 in)

The first generation RAV4, known as the XA10 series was constructed on a unique platform that shared Carina and Corolla elements.[4] The XA10 series was offered in both two- and four-door versions. In the US, a 2.0 L straight-four producing 89 kW (120 hp) was offered. Both front-wheel drive and all-wheel drive were available, and the RAV4 could be had with either a five-speed manual or four-speed automatic transmission. It was named the 1997 Automobile of the Year by Automobile Magazine. In 1998, the RAV4 was slightly restyled on the front and rear fascias, and a soft-top two-door was made available. Power was increased slightly to 95 kW (127 hp). In 1999, the two-door hardtop was dropped from the American lineup, leaving the five-door and soft-top models. In Japan, the 2.0 L 3S-GE BEAMS engine with 132 kW (177 hp) was also available.

RAV4 EV[edit]

Main article: Toyota RAV4 EV

The RAV4 EV is a plug-in, all-electric variant of the RAV4. Produced from 1997 to 2003 for fleet lease, this ‘zero emission’ model was only offered for public sale for seven months in 2002, in very small quantities in California. Powered by an advanced NiMH battery pack capable of storing 27 kW h, the RAV4 EV can go up to 193 km (120 miles) between charges, and came with a 97,000 km (60,000 miles) battery warranty.[citation needed] A total of 1,484 units were leased and/or sold in California,[5] and as of mid-2012, there were almost 500 units still in use.[6]

Gallery[edit]

1996–1997 Toyota RAV4 3-door (US) 
1998–2000 Toyota RAV4 convertible (US) 
1998–2000 Toyota RAV4 Cruiser 5-door (Australia) 

XA20 (2000–2005)[edit]

Second generation (XA20)
Toyota RAV4 II Facelift front 20090923.jpg
Overview
Also called
  • Toyota RAV4 J
  • Toyota RAV4 L
Production 2000–2005
Model years 2001–2005
Assembly
Body and chassis
Body style
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • 5-door: 2,490 mm (98.0 in)
  • 3-door: 2,280 mm (89.8 in)
Length
  • 5-door: 4,193–4,230 mm (165.1–166.5 in)
  • 3-door: 3,860 mm (152.0 in)
Width 1,735 mm (68.3 in)
Height 1,650–1,680 mm (65.0–66.1 in)
Curb weight 1,150 kg (2,535 lb)

The second generation, XA20 series RAV4 went on sale in mid 2000. Like the previous model, the XA20 was available in three- and five-door configurations and was constructed on a platform that shared Carina and Corolla elements.[4]

2000–2003 Toyota RAV4 wagon, Australia

The second generation RAV4 was originally offered in a number of trim levels in the UK: NV was 2-wheel drive, while NRG, GX, and VX were permanent 4-wheel drive with differing levels of equipment.[7] Although the RAV4 was available as a two-door in Europe, Asia and Australia, the American model was now only available in a four-door configuration. A 1.8 L I4 engine (only with 2WD) producing 92 kW (125 hp),[citation needed] 2.0 L I4 engine producing 110 kW (150 hp), and a D-4D diesel engine were available. Some RAV4s came with anti-lock braking system, electronic stability control, air conditioning, a height-adjustable driver's seat, cruise control, a six-speaker CD stereo and power windows, mirrors and seats. A sport package added a mesh grille, bonnet scoop, colour-keyed door handles, a roof rack, silver sport pedals, heated mirrors, gray-painted bumpers and fender flares, and sport fabric seats. Other options included alloy wheels, heated seats, a sunroof and keyless entry. 16-inch wheels were standard; larger tires were available on all-wheel-drive models.

In Australia, the RAV4 came in base Edge and upmarket Cruiser models in both three- and five-door configurations. The main differentiation between the two models was in appearance. Edge models came with unpainted grey bumpers and side cladding, mirrors, and door handles, and featured steel rims. Cruiser models gained body-coloured (painted) bumpers and moldings, mirrors, and door handles, alloy wheels, and ABS brakes. All models came equipped with a brand-new 2.0 L 4-cylinder engine featuring VVT (variable valve timing), resulting in improved power and torque, as well as fuel consumption. Permanent all-wheel-drive was a feature. Options were ABS brakes (on the Edge), and air conditioning (on all models). The second generation RAV4 enjoyed success in Australia, where it became the best-selling SUV in the country in 2001, overtaking its rival, the Honda CR-V, for the first time.

In late 2003, the 2004 model RAV4 was given a styling update, improved equipment, and, in certain markets, a new engine. In the United States the safety structure was improved and Vehicle Stability Control made standard. The RAV4's 2.0 L engine was upgraded with a new 2.4 L engine, producing 120 kW (161 hp) and 220 newton metres (162 lb·ft). Electric air conditioning also became available in Europe.

In Australia, for the facelift, the base Edge was renamed CV, and gained standard air conditioning (previously an option). The CV also received painted bumpers, which came in either silver or body-coloured shades, depending on the body colour. In addition, the model range was given a subtle facelift, consisting largely of a new front bumper with circular fog lights and white turn signals instead of the older orange lights. In 2005, a new "CV Sport" model was added to the range in Australia, which included a non-functional bonnet scoop, giving the RAV4 a more aggressive appearance. The CV Sport model was short-lived, lasting only a year, and was introduced primarily to stimulate sales until the new model arrived in early 2006.

Notably, the second-generation RAV4 had the highest proportion of female drivers among all makes and models in the United States with the possible exception of the Volkswagen New Beetle, according to 2003–04 registration and survey data.[8]

2001–2003 Toyota RAV4 L, US 
2003–2005 Toyota RAV4 hardtop, Japan 
2000–2003 Toyota RAV4 hardtop, Australia 

XA30 (2005–2012)[edit]

Third generation (XA30)
Toyota RAV4 Limited.jpg
Overview
Also called Toyota Vanguard (Japan, LWB)
Production
  • November 2005 – December 2012 (export)
  • November 2005- present (Japan)
Model years 2006–2012
Assembly
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door wagon
Platform Toyota New MC platform
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,560–2,660 mm (100.8–104.7 in)
Length 4,395–4,620 mm (173.0–181.9 in)
Width 1,815–1,855 mm (71.5–73.0 in)
Height 1,685–1,755 mm (66.3–69.1 in)

The Toyota RAV4 was completely redesigned for the 2006 model year, using an all-new platform and was first unveiled at the 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show.[9] The new RAV4 uses an Electric Power Steering (EPS) system.

The third generation RAV4 is offered in two versions: a short- or a long-wheelbase model. The short-wheelbase model is sold only in Japan, Europe and New Zealand (diesel only in NZ), with the long-wheelbase RAV4 sold in Australia, New Zealand and North America. Since 2007, the extended-length RAV4 is also sold alongside its shorter counterpart in Japan as the Toyota Vanguard, albeit with a revised front-end body work incorporating a revised grille, bumper, bonnet and headlamps.[10][11]

Japanese models went on sale in 2005 at Toyota NETZ dealers.[12] The 3-door was dropped beginning with 2007 model, leaving Toyota without a mini SUV until the 2009 Toyota Urban Cruiser, which is sold in Europe, North America (as Scion xD) and Japan (as Toyota ist).[13] As of April 2014, the XA30 series RAV4 is still sold in Japan, where the XA40 is yet to be offered. Toyota discontinued the Vanguard in November 2013 in favour of the redesigned Harrier XU60.

It is also the first generation of RAV4 to be offered in regular (for Asian and European markets, dropping the spare wheel from the rear) and extended (for North American and Australian markets) versions. The extended-length RAV4 is larger by 21% in interior volume from the last generation and now has an available third-row seat for two small children (North America only). The RAV4 can still be had in either front-wheel-drive or all-wheel-drive in North America and Japan; however most countries only sell the all-wheel-drive version.

In 2008 (for the 2009 model year) RAV4 was given a mid-cycle refresh in some markets, featuring a number of changes, including an all-new 4-cylinder engine, and a redesigned front end and tweaked rear end. The Limited model gets a different front grille and bumper cover from other models. The Sport model features a bigger spoiler and red badging along with an option on the V6 model to have a rear door without the externally mounted spare tire (run-flat tires are used on this model). New features/options include turn signal mirrors, backup camera (with monitor built into rear-view mirror), satellite navigation, smart keyless entry, a push button starter, a multifunction meter display, etc. Much of the interior remains the same. In 2009, it was also the first time for the Canadian market to have a 2WD model sold in Canada.

In 2011 (for the 2012 model year) the RAV4 underwent another, light, facelift.

The vehicles were built in Toyota's Tahara, Aichi assembly plant, and under contract by Toyota Industries in its Nagakusa, Obu, Aichi plant. Beginning in November 2008, vehicles for the North American market were built in the Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada Inc. Second Plant.[14][15] Beginning in March 2009, Chinese models began production in by Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Co. Ltd. in a joint-venture plant in Tianjin, China.[16]


RAV4 EV[edit]

Toyota electric car badge used in the second generation RAV4 EV

Toyota worked together with Tesla Motors to develop the second generation RAV4 EV, and the electric SUV is scheduled for market launch late in the third quarter of 2012.[5][17] Production will be limited to 2,600 units during the first three years, and sales will be limited to California only, beginning with the San Francisco Bay Area, Los Angeles/Orange County and San Diego.[18][19]

The second generation RAV4 EV has a 115 kW (154 hp) motor powered by a 41.8 kW·h lithium ion battery pack, that Toyota expects to deliver a US Environmental Protection Agency rated range of 148 km (92 mi) in standard charge mode and 182 km (113 mi) in extended charge mode, for a combined range of 166 km (103 mi); and a combined fuel economyrating of 76 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (3.1 L/100 km).[6][20] The RAV4 EV battery pack and electronic components are similar to those in used in the Tesla Model S sedan launched in June 2012, because Tesla Motors is the manufacturer of the powertrain.[21]

Japan

Model ranges include X, G, and Sport, replacing RAV4 L and RAV4 J. The X and G can be ordered with either front-drive or AWD. The Sport model with over fender is AWD only. The extended-length RAV4 is sold in Japan as the Toyota Vanguard, released on August 30, 2007. It is sold in five- and seven-passenger versions and slots between the regular RAV4 and Kluger. As it is often the case in Japan-only vehicles, the Vanguard comes loaded with high-tech gadgets, including steering-assisted stability control, keyless entry and satellite navigation. The Toyota Vanguard was facelifted in 2010.

Australia

In Australia, the RAV4 is sold in four-cylinder base CV, Cruiser, Cruiser L and the limited edition "Altitude" trim levels, and CV6, SX6, and ZR6 6-cylinder variants.

Malaysia

In Malaysia, only the 2.0 automatic variant is available, in a single trim level. This model uses the 1AZ-FE 4-cylinder, inline 16-valve engine with DOHC and VVT-i. The output for the 2.0 L RAV4 in Malaysia is at 112 kW (150 hp) at 6,000 rpm with a torque of 194 Nm (143 lb·ft) at 4,000 rpm.

Middle East

In the Middle East, the RAV4 is available with a 2.4-litre engine. Most markets, including UAE and KSA, get the all-wheel-drive model with an automatic gearbox, but KSA additionally gets a two-wheel-drive model as well, the base one with a manual gearbox. [22]

North America

North American models include choices of 2.4 L 2AZ-FE I4 or 3.5 L 2GR-FE V6 engine. The V6 model has 201 kW (269 hp). In model year 2009 a slightly larger 2.5 L 2AR-FE I4 replaced the previous 4-cylinder engine. Either 4-cylinder engine came equipped with a 4-speed automatic transmission. The North American RAV4 with 3.5 L 2GR-FE V6 engine is fitted with a 5-speed automatic transmission. The 2GR engine was later introduced into the Australian market RAV4 in 2007. All US models feature Toyota's Star Safety System which includes Vehicle Stability Control. The new RAV4 topped Toyota SUV sales in the United States for the first time.

No manual transmission or diesel engines are available on North American models.

Facelifted for the 2009 MY North America models include the choice of a new 2AR-FE I4 or 2GR-FE V6 engine.[23] On Consumer Reports test loop the 4-cyl RAV4 tops its class in fuel economy with 23 mpg, with the V6 getting 22mpg .[24] In a Car and Driver comparison involving seven other compact SUVs, the V6 RAV4 tied the 4-cyl Honda CR-V for best observed fuel economy at 24 mpg.[25]

Mexico

The RAV4 first model year was 2004; then only came in 2 trim levels: Base and L. This was already an outgoing generation but still sold pretty well and both came in 2WD mode only and both models had as a standard equipment 16-inch alloy wheels and roof rack. The new generation of the RAV4 which is the current one had more variations in the standard equipment and the Base and Limited trims continue to be available but on the Limited trim 4WD became an option and the Base model now had 17-inch steel wheels but the roof rack was still standard in both trims.For the refresh of 2009 the roof rack in the Base model was eliminated as a standard equipment and the Sport trim was added to the lineup and previously until the 2008MY all RAV4s in Mexico had 4-cylinder engines but for 2009 on the Sport model became available the V6 engine but also retained the 4-cylinder engine and the Limited trim was only available in the V6 engine and 4WD traction. For 2010 the RAV4 in Mexico has been simplified again to 2 trims but now the Limited trim was dropped and consequently killing the 4WD mode meanwhile the Base and Sport trims are remain unchanged from 2009. The RAV4 in Mexico has experienced good acceptance since its introduction.

Body styles[edit]

Chassis codes (DBA-A) ACA31W ACA36W ACA33L ACA37L GSA30 GSA35 ALA31 ALA36 ZSA30 ZSA35
Drive 4WD FWD 4WD FWD FWD 4WD 4WD FWD FWD 4WD
Engine (Japan) 2AZ-FE 2AZ-FE - - - - - - - -
Engine (China) - - 2AZ-FE 1AZ-FE - - - - - -
Engine (Europe) - - - - 2GR-FE 2GR-FE 2AD-FTV 2AD-FTV 3ZR-FAE 3ZR-FAE

Engines[edit]

Code Years Type/code Power, torque@rpm
1AZ-FE (2.0 VVT-i) 2005-2012 1.998 L (121.9 cu in) (86.0×86.0mm) I4 112 kW (152 PS; 150 hp)@6000, 194 N·m (143 lb·ft)@4000
1AZ-FE (2.0 VVT-i) 2007MY-2008MY (UK) 1.998 L (121.9 cu in) (86.0×86.0mm) I4 112 kW (152 PS; 150 hp)@6000, 194 N·m (143 lb·ft)@4000
2AZ-FE 2005-2012 2.362 L (144.1 cu in) (88.5×96.0mm) I4 125 kW (170 PS; 168 hp)@6000, 224 N·m (165 lb·ft)@4000
2AR-FE 2009MY-2012 2.494 L (152.2 cu in) I4 133 kW (181 PS; 178 hp)@6000, 233 N·m (172 lbf·ft)@4000
2GR-FE 2005-2012 3.456 L (210.9 cu in) (94.0×83.0mm) V6 201 kW (273 PS; 270 hp)@6200, 333 N·m (246 lb·ft)@4700
3ZR-FAE (2.0 Valvematic) 2008-2012 1.987 L (121.3 cu in) (80.5×97.6mm) I4 116 kW (158 PS; 156 hp)@6200, 198 N·m (146 lbf·ft)@4400
2.0 D-4D 2005-2006MY 1.995 L (121.7 cu in) (82.2×94.0mm) I4 85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp)@4000, 250 N·m (184 lbf·ft)@1800-3000
2.2 D-4D Diesel 2007MY-2008MY 2.231 L (136.1 cu in) (86.0×96.0mm) I4 100 kW (136 PS; 134 hp)@3600, 310 N·m (229 lbf·ft)@2000–2800
2.2 D-4D Diesel 180 (UK) 2007MY 2.231 L (136.1 cu in) (86.0×96.0mm) I4 130 kW (177 PS; 174 hp)@3600, 400 N·m (295 lbf·ft)@2000–2600
2.2 D-4D, 2.2 D-CAT (UK) 2008-2012 2,231 L (136,100 cu in) (86.0×96.0mm) I4 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp)@3600, 340 N·m (251 lbf·ft)@2000–2800
2.2 D-CAT 2008-2012 2.231 L (136.1 cu in) (86.0×96.0mm) I4 130 kW (177 PS; 174 hp)@3600, 400 N·m (295 lbf·ft)@2000–2800

Gallery[edit]

2008 Toyota Vanguard 
2006–2008 Toyota RAV4 (ACA33R) Cruiser (Australia) 
2006–2008 Toyota RAV4 base (US) 
MY 2011 RAV4 base (US) 
Toyota RAV4 EV second generation (US) 

XA40 (2013–)[edit]

Fourth generation (XA40)
2013 Toyota RAV4 XLE AWD front left.jpg
Overview
Production December 2012–present
Model years 2013–present
Assembly
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door wagon
Platform Toyota New MC platform
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,660 mm (104.7 in)
Length 4,570 mm (179.9 in)
Width 1,845 mm (72.6 in)
Height 1,660–1,705 mm (65.4–67.1 in)
Toyota RAV4 XLE (US)

The fourth generation RAV4 was revealed at the November 2012 Los Angeles Auto Show.[26]

U.S. sales began in early January 2013. In the UK and Australia, the fourth generation RAV4 went on sale in February. Engines choices include a 2.0 and 2.5 litre four-cylinder petrol, and 2.0 and 2.2 litre turbodiesels. Transmissions include a 6-speed manual, CVT automatic, and 6-speed automatic.[27]

The UK model went on sale in 2013. Early European models include a choice of a 2.0-litre petrol or three 2.0-litre diesel engines.[28]

Taiwan models include 2.0-litre Dual VVT-i ZR I-4 engine with CVT transmission with 7-speed manual mode, or 2.5-litre Dual VVT-i AR I-4 engine with 6-speed automatic.[29][30]

Indonesian models will be on sale in early 2015, first unveiled at the 2014 Indonesia International Motor Show (IIMS) in Jakarta in September, only available in G type includes 2.0-litre Dual VVT-i ZR I-4 engine with CVT transmission with 7-speed manual mode.

The RAV4 no longer uses the V6 from the previous generation—all engine choices are inline four cylinder engines. Also, unlike the dual wheelbase strategy employed by the previous XA30 model, the XA40 is only sold in single wheelbase (corresponding with the LWB XA30). Therefore, as of April 2014, the previous generation in short-wheelbase length is still sold in Japan in lieu of the newer XA40 which is for export only. The Harrier replaces the long-wheelbase model in Japan that was badged Vanguard.

RAV4 Adventure, RAV4 Premium (2013)[edit]

The RAV4 Adventure at Geneva, 2013

The RAV4 Adventure is a concept vehicle that accentuated the car's look to reinforce its off-road capabilities. It included dark red body colour, extended wheel arches, 20-inch alloy wheels, matt painted front and rear bumpers.

The RAV4 Premium is a concept vehicle with Deep Bronze body colour, bumpers in Deep Bronze, chrome-finished spoiler, chrome inserts in rear bumper, brushed aluminium skid plates, integrated tailpipe at rear bumper, 20-inch wheels, leather interior upholstery designed by Toyota's Kansei design department, seats with black piping and V-shaped outline, two-tone double stitching, grey and black leather at the instrument and door panels.

Both vehicles were unveiled at the March 2013 Geneva Motor Show.[31][32]

Sales[edit]

Calendar year U.S. Canada
1996 56,709  ?
1997 67,489  ?
1998 64,990  ?
1999 57,138  ?
2000 53,777[33]  ?
2001 86,368  ?
2002 86,601[34]  ?
2003 73,204  ?
2004 70,314[35]  ?
2005 70,518  ?
2006 152,047[36]  ?
2007 172,752  ?
2008 137,020 20,522[37]
2009 149,088[38] 25,784[39]
2010 170,877[1] 22,810[40]
2011 132,237[41] 21,550[42]
2012 171,877[43] 25,942[44]
2013 218,249[45] 33,156[46]

References[edit]

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