Toyota 4Runner

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Toyota 4Runner
2010 Toyota 4Runner SR5 -- 11-23-2009.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Also called Toyota Hilux Surf
Production 1984–present
Body and chassis
Class Compact SUV (1984–2002)
Mid-size SUV (2002–present)
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive

The Toyota 4Runner is a mid-size sport utility vehicle (SUV) produced by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota and sold throughout the world from 1984 to present. In Japan it was known as the Toyota Hilux Surf (豊田 ハイラックスサーフ). The original 4Runner was a compact SUV and little more than a Toyota pickup truck with a fiberglass shell over the bed, but the model has since undergone significant independent development into a cross between a compact and a mid-size SUV. All 4Runners have been built at Toyota's Tahara plant at Tahara, Aichi, Japan, or at Hino Motors' Hamura, Japan plant, and in Brazil. Its mid-size crossover SUV counterpart is the Toyota Highlander.

Hilux Surf models in Japan are widely exported as used vehicles to Somalia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, United Kingdom, Ireland, New Zealand, and Australia.

For Southeast Asia the Hilux Surf was replaced in 2005 by the similar Fortuner, which is based on the Hilux platform.

As of 2014, the Toyota 4Runner is sold in the U.S., Canada, Central America, Bahamas, Equador, Peru, and Chile.

Predecessor: Toyota Trekker (1981–1983)[edit]

Toyota Trekker
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Conversion by Winnebago
Production 1981–1983
Assembly United States: Forest City, Iowa (Winnebago)
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door pickup
Related Toyota Hilux
Powertrain
Engine 2.4 L 22R I4 (gasoline)
Transmission 5-speed manual (L52)

The Toyota Trekker was one of the first prototype walk through conversions done to Toyota trucks in the early 1980s. They were similar to the successive 4Runner conversions done by Toyota, which started production in 1984, but were designed and built by Winnebago Industries with the approval of Toyota.[1][2] The Trekkers were no longer a viable conversion when Toyota started producing the 4Runner in 1984. The Trekker was in essence the marketing test vehicle for Toyota to be able to introduce the 4Runner.

The Toyota Trekker was produced from early 1981 through 1983. The Trekkers were all built on Toyota short box chassis'. All of the Trekkers were classified as SR5 by both Winnebago and Toyota, regardless of the actual VIN denotation. Originally there were to be a SR5 and Deluxe version of the Trekker, one with vented windows and one without. All 1981 Trekkers had vented canopy windows. Non vented canopy windows were not installed on the Trekker until the 1982 model year. Non vented windows were installed due to the leaking issues of a forward facing vent on the 1981 Trekkers canopy windows rather than the classification of SR5 vs Deluxe.

Toyota shipped all trucks from Japan as cab and chassis in order to avoid the 25% assembled truck customs tax. The trucks destined for production as Trekkers were shipped to the dealership handling the national distribution of the Trekker. From there they went to Winnebago to have the Trekker conversion installed, returned after completion to the dealership for national distribution. Most of the Trekker conversions sold went to the west coast of the USA.

The Trekker conversion consisted of a fiberglass tub, bed sides, a non removable canopy and rear hatch. The kit included a folding rear seat that could be folded forward to lay flat and add cargo space to the back. There was no tailgate on the Trekkers. The factory Toyota vinyl cab headliner was replaced and matched to the custom rear canopy headliner.

About 1500 of the Trekkers were built and sold in the USA. An additional unknown number of Trekker kits, likely less than 200, were shipped to Canada to be installed on Canadian trucks at the dealerships. 20-30 of the Trekker kits were sold and shipped to Saudi Arabia for installation.

First generation (N60; 1984–1989)[edit]

First generation (N60)
1st Toyota 4Runner -- 01-07-2012.jpg
Overview
Also called Toyota Hilux Surf
Production March 1984 – August 1989
Model years 1984–1989
Assembly Japan: Tahara, Aichi
Body and chassis
Class Compact SUV
Body style 2-door pickup
Related Toyota Pickup
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L 3Y I4 (1984–1989)
2.4 L 22R/22R-E I4 (1984–1989)
2.4 L 22R-TE turbo I4 (1986–1988)
3.0 L 3VZ-E V6 (1988–1989)
2.4 L 2L diesel I4 (1984–1989)
2.4 L 2L-T turbodiesel I4 (1985–1989)
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 103.0 in (2,616 mm)
Length 174.6 in (4,435 mm)
Width 66.5 in (1,689 mm)
Height 66.1 in (1,679 mm)
Curb weight 2,520–2,760 lb (1,143–1,252 kg) (approx.)

For the first generation N60 series Hilux Surf and export specification 4Runner introduced in 1984, Toyota, instead of developing an entirely new model, modified the existing Hilux (N40/N50/N60) with short-bed pickup body. The Hilux had undergone a major redesign in 1983 for the 1984 model year. Changes included the removal of the panel with integrated rear window from behind the front seats, the addition of rear seats, and a removable fiberglass canopy. The implementation was borrowed from both the first generation Ford Bronco, and the Chevrolet K5 Blazer, both short-bed trucks with removable fiberglass shells over the rear sections and having bench seats installed in the back. Like the Bronco and the Blazer, the Hilux Surf/4Runner also did not have a wall attached to the front section behind front seats as the regular Hilux did. In that sense, all three vehicles were not conventional pickup trucks with a fiberglass shell included.

1987–1989 Toyota 4Runner SR5 (Australia)

Thus, the first generation is nearly mechanically identical to the Toyota Hilux. All first generation 4Runners had two doors and were indistinguishable from the pickups from the dashboard forward. Nearly all changes were to the latter half of the body; in fact, because the rear springs were not upgraded to bear the additional weight from the rear seats and fiberglass top, these early models tended to suffer from a sagging rear suspension.

In North America, they were sold from the 1984½ model year from May 1984. For this first year (March to July 1984 production), all models were equipped with black or white fiberglass tops. An SR5 trim package was offered that upgraded the interior: additional gauges, better fabrics, and a rear seat were standard with the package. All 1984 models were equipped with the carbureted 2.4 L 22R engine and were all available with a four-wheel-drive system that drove the front wheels through a solid front axle.

1985 (August 1984 production) saw the arrival of the electronically fuel-injected 2.4 L 22R-E also called 22R-EC I4 engine. This upped the horsepower numbers from 100 hp for the 22R, to 116 hp for the 22R-E Engine, though the carbureted engine remained available until 1988. Additionally, rear seats were available in all 1985 4Runner trim levels, not just the more upscale SR5.

1987–1989 Toyota 4Runner SR5 (Australia)
1987–1989 Toyota Hilux Surf

In 1986, the Surf/4Runner underwent a major front suspension design change as it was changed from a solid front axle to the Hi-Trac independent front suspension. Track width was also increased by three inches. These changes made the trucks more comfortable on-road, and improved stability and handling. The new suspension also increased the space in the engine compartment (necessary to fit larger engines, such as the V6 introduced in 1987) but arguably decreased the truck's off-road capabilities. The North American specification Toyota Pickup also adopted this new suspension, but the regular Hilux for other markets at this point retained the more rugged and capable, if less refined, solid axle configuration. With the 1986 update, the Surf/4Runner grille changed from the three segment type to the two segment grille. Tops were color-matched on blue, red and some gold models, while other body colors were still sold with black or white tops.

A turbocharged version of the 22R-E engine (the 22R-TE) was also introduced in 1986, although this engine is significantly rarer than the base 22R-E. It appears that all turbocharged 4Runner models sold in the US were equipped with an automatic transmission, though a five-speed manual could still be ordered in the turbocharged pickups. Most turbocharged 4Runners were equipped with the SR5 package, and all turbo trucks had as standard a heavier rear differential later used in the V6 model. Low-option models had a small light in the gauge cluster to indicate turbo boost, while more plush vehicles were equipped with an all-digital gauge cluster that included a boost gauge. Turbocharged and naturally aspirated diesel engines were also available in the pickups at this time as well, but it appears that no diesel-powered 4Runners were imported to the United States.

During 1984 to 1986 many 4Runners were imported to the US without rear seats. With only two seats the vehicle could be classified as a truck (rather than a sport vehicle) and could skirt the higher customs duties placed upon sport and pleasure vehicles. Most had aftermarket seats and seat belts added by North American dealers after they were imported.

In 1987, the 22R-E engine was joined by an optional 3.0 L V6 engine, the 3VZ-E. This engine was significantly larger and more powerful although not as reliable as the original 4-cylinder offering. Trucks sold with the V6 engine were equipped with the same heavy duty rear differential that was used in the turbocharged trucks, as well as a completely new transmission and transfer case; the transfer case was chain driven, although considered less rugged, created less cab noise than the old gear-driven unit used behind the four-cylinder engine.

An engine which was not used in the US market and rarely in the Japanese domestic market pickups was the 3Y engine, which was used in place of the 22R engine in New Zealand models, followed more rarely by the 4Y 2.2 petrol in later versions. This was a decision by Toyota New Zealand to reduce parts required to be stocked by dealers as no other Toyotas sold in New Zealand at the time utilised the R series engines.

Small cosmetic and option changes were made in 1988 for the 1989 model year, but the model was left largely untouched in anticipation of the replacement model then undergoing final development.

Second generation (N120; N130; 1989–1995)[edit]

Second generation (N120/N130)
90-91 Toyota 4Runner.jpg
Overview
Also called Toyota Hilux Surf, Toyota Hilux SW4 (Brazil)
Production August 1989 – August 1995
Model years 1990–1995
Assembly Japan: Tahara, Aichi
Body and chassis
Class Compact SUV
Body style 3-door wagon
5-door wagon
Related Toyota Pickup
Toyota Hilux
Toyota Tacoma
Toyota Land Cruiser
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado
Toyota T100
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L 3Y I4
2.2 L 4Y I4
2.4 L 22R-E I4
3.0 L 3VZ-E V6
2.4 L 2L-TE turbodiesel I4
2.4 L 2L-TII turbodiesel I4
2.8 L 3L diesel I4
3.0 L 1KZ-T/TE turbodiesel I4
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 103.3 in (2,624 mm)
Length 1990 & 1994–95: 176.0 in (4,470 mm)
1991–93: 176.8 in (4,491 mm)
Width 66.5 in (1,689 mm)
Height 66.1 in (1,679 mm)
Curb weight 3,760 lb (1,706 kg) (approx.)
1990–1991 Toyota 4Runner V6 with two-door bodywork (VZN130; US)
1992–1995 Toyota 4Runner (US; facelift)
1991–1996 Toyota 4Runner (LN130R; Australia)
Toyota Hilux Surf (KZN130G; Japan)

Toyota issued a second generation of Hilux Surf and 4Runner in 1989 for the 1990 model year. Known as the N120/N130 series, these models continued their reliance on the Hilux pickup as a basis. It represented a fundamental departure from the first generation model. Instead of an enhanced pickup truck with fiberglass cap, the new 4Runners featured a freshly designed, full steel integrated body mounted on the existing frame. However, the 4Runner did remain virtually identical to the Hilux from the B-pillars forward. It also gained an all new coil spring rear suspension system, which unfortunately proved to be just as prone to sagging as the leaf springs on the rear of the previous models.

Nearly all second generation 4Runners were four-door models; however, from launch in 1989 to May 1993, a two-door model was also produced. These models are similar to the four-door models of the time in that the bodies were formed as a single unit, instead of the fiberglass tops used in the first generation 4Runners. Two-door cars of the second generation are extremely rare. US sales ended in August 1992, but it continued to be available in the Canadian market through 1993, and Japan until May 1993.

Because the drive train was still developed from the same source, the available engines were identical: The same 2.4 L four-cylinder (22R-E) and 3.0 L V6 (3VZ) engines were available in rear-wheel-drive and four-wheel-drive layouts. The new 4Runner used the independent front suspension that had been developed on the previous generation. The older style gear driven transfer case was phased out, and both engines now had chain driven cases, probably to cut down cab noise and vibration.

The Hilux Surf version for the Japanese market was also available with a range of diesel engines, including a 2.4 L turbodiesel 2L-TE I4 up to 1993, followed by a 3.0 L turbodiesel 1KZ-TE I4. Small numbers were also made with a normally aspirated 2.8 L diesel 3L I4, a 2.0 L 3Y I4 naturally aspirated gasoline engine, and 2.4 L 22R-E I4 gasoline engine.[3] The majority of petrol versions of the Hilux Surf received the 3.0 L V6. Various trim levels were offered in Japan ranging from the base model 'SSR' through 'SSR Ltd', 'SSR-V' 'SSR-X' and 'SSR-X Ltd' to the range topping 'SSR-G'. Japanese models are distinguished from the export specification 4Runner by having a side opening tailgate as opposed to the 4Runner's lift-up tailgate.

Most other full-body SUVs produced at the time (e.g. Nissan Pathfinder, Ford Explorer) featured tailgates that opened upward with the glass closed. In contrast, the second generation 4Runner carried over the retractable-glass tailgate from the first generation. Opening these tailgates requires first retracting the rear window into the tailgate and then lowering the tailgate much like as on a pickup truck.

In 1991 for the 1992 model year, the 4Runner received minor cosmetic updates, including one-piece front bumpers and modular headlamps instead of the increasingly outdated rectangular sealed beams. This facelift distanced the 4Runner somewhat from the Hilux pickups which did not receive the same cosmetic changes. At this time a wide-body version was introduced featuring extended wheel arch flares along with wider wheels and tyres.

Additional cosmetic changes occurred between 1993 and 1995, the last year of the second generation.

Safety[edit]

Both the first and second generation 4Runners became targeted as unsafe SUVs. 1980s and early-1990s US crash regulations were not very strict for light trucks, and all early model 4Runners were fitted with doors that offered little protection in the event of a side collision. In most areas, there was little more than two pieces of sheetmetal and the window to keep incoming vehicles from impacting passengers. The crash test rating for the second generation 4Runner was one star for the driver's side in a frontal collision although the passenger side got a 4 star rating. Later, more stringent crash regulations mandated doors that offered as much protection as passenger car doors. In the US, the 1994 and 1995 model years added side-impact beams in the doors.

The most common accusations, however, were that 4Runners (and other narrow-track SUVs of the time) were prone to rollovers. Many light SUVs of the time featured comparatively high centers of gravity and, given the right situations, could be flipped over. Whether or not this is a serious road hazard is dependent on many parameters, including the speed of the vehicle, the tires fitted to the vehicle, the road surface, and the driver's ability to predict and correct for situations that may result in a rollover. Third generation 4Runners were designed with a wider track, but it is unclear if this was directly in response to increased pressure from safety groups, or if it was simply a product engineering decision.

Airbags for both the driver and passenger were added in 1995 (1996 model year).

Third generation (N180; 1995–2002)[edit]

Third generation (N180)
1996-1998 Toyota 4Runner .jpg
Overview
Also called Toyota Hilux Surf
Toyota Hilux SW4 (Argentina)
Production August 1995 – 23 August 2002
Model years 1996–2002
Assembly Tahara, Aichi, Japan
Hamura, Tokyo, Japan
Body and chassis
Class Compact SUV
Body style 5-door wagon
Related Toyota Land Cruiser Prado
Toyota Hilux
Toyota Tacoma
Toyota T100
Powertrain
Engine 2.7 L 3RZ-FE I4
3.4 L 5VZ-FE V6
3.0 L 1KZ-TE turbodiesel I4
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 105.3 in (2,675 mm)
Length 1996–98: 178.7 in (4,539 mm)
1999–2000: 183.2 in (4,653 mm)
2001–02: 183.3 in (4,656 mm)
Width 2WD: 66.5 in (1,689 mm)
Limited: 70.9 in (1,801 mm)
Height 1999–2002: 67.5 in (1,714 mm)
1999–2002 Limited: 68.5 in (1,740 mm)
1996–98: 66.5 in (1,689 mm)
1996–98 Limited: 68.7 in (1,745 mm)
Curb weight 3,930 lb (1,783 kg) (approx.)

In 1995 (for the 1996 model year) marked another significant redesign of the 4Runner, with an all-new body shell on an all-new chassis. This time, it shared virtually nothing with the pickup it had originally evolved from, and shared its chassis with that of the Land Cruiser Prado four-door wagon. Whereas the transition to the second generation 4Runner was one that kept the build quality and options roughly on par with the rest of the mid-size SUV market, the changes made in the third generation turned the 4Runner into a more luxury-oriented vehicle. This move paralleled the changes to the 1996 Nissan Pathfinder, but moved the 4Runner into a distinctly different class from its older competitors, the Ford Explorer, Chevrolet Blazer, and Isuzu Rodeo. The third generation 4Runner did, however, look very similar to the second generation.

The third generation 4Runner also featured new engines that are also installed in the first generation Toyota Tacoma pickup trucks:

  • 2.7L 3RZ-FE I4 replacing the previous 2.4L 22R-E I4; 150 hp (110 kW) max horsepower at 4800 rpm (an increase of 38 hp (28 kW)), and 177 lb·ft (240 N·m) max torque at 4000 rpm (an increase of 35 lb·ft (47 N·m));
  • 3.4L 5VZ-FE V6 replacing the previous 3.0L 3VZ-E V6; 183 hp (136 kW) horsepower at 4800 rpm (an increase of 33 hp (25 kW)), and 217 lb·ft (294 N·m) max torque at 3600 rpm (an increase of 37 lb·ft (50 N·m)).

In 1996 the 4Runner was dropped from sale in the UK, to be replaced by the Toyota Land Cruiser Prado, which was badged as the Toyota Land Cruiser Colorado.

Significant changes from the second generation models include a larger body on a longer wheelbase, increased interior space, increased cargo space, dual airbags, ABS, lift-up tailgate, coil-spring suspension all round, rack and pinion steering, and aerodynamic contour designed glass headlights. Additionally, Hilux Surf versions immediately moved to 16-inch wheels and gained a center differential, enabling the use of four-wheel drive on hard surfaces without complication for the first time. The prior system was retained to give on-the-fly shifting between rear- and four-wheel drive as before. The new 4Runner was also available with a factory installed selectable electric locker in the rear differential, a first for the 4Runner but available since 1993 in the Toyota Land Cruiser.

1999 Toyota 4Runner (US)
2001–2002 Toyota 4Runner (US)

1997 Models received a few minor updates, including the addition of a color keyed cargo cover.

1998 remained largely unchanged, save for a few changes in the electronics. More ergonomic switch control panels and a newly designed 4 spoke steering wheel, which also necessitated a redesign of the air bag system.

1999 models received both major cosmetic and interior enhancements. A new "fat lip" bumper was designed to allow for an extended crush zone on the front of the frame, as well as new multi-parabola style headlights, projector style fog lamps, and updated side marker lights and front turn signals. Vehicles with "Limited" and "Highlander" (later called "Sport Edition") trim received color-keyed running boards, front and rear bumpers, mud flaps and flares. The ergonomics of the interior was completely changed, moving all the controls to the center of the dash for the rear window, and defrost. The Limited trucks also received a brand-new electronic temp control, and upgraded stereo. The multimatic transmission became available as an option for 4WD 4Runners in 1999, giving the option of AWD operation.

2001 models received new transparent tail lights and new front grille design. The wheels were also changed to a five-spoke design rim. Limited models received newly designed five spoke wheels as well, however different from SR5 and base model. Also included was a new, sleeker side view mirror design. SR5 and base model 4Runners also have redesigned climate control units utilizing 3 knobs and 2 buttons, contrary to the 1999 model's 2 sliders and 2 knobs. 2001 models were equipped with Vehicle Stability Control standard, and 4WD models came standard with the multimatic transmission. The optional e-locker for the rear differential was dropped in 2001.

Fourth generation (N210; 2002–2009)[edit]

Fourth generation (N210)
03-05 Toyota 4Runner SR5.jpg
Overview
Also called Toyota SW4[4]
Toyota Hilux Surf
Production August 2002 – 28 August 2009
Model years 2003–2009
Assembly Tahara, Aichi, Japan
Hamura, Tokyo, Japan
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size SUV
Body style 5-door wagon
Related Lexus GX
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado
Toyota FJ Cruiser
Toyota Hilux
Toyota Hilux Surf
Toyota Tacoma
Toyota Fortuner
Powertrain
Engine 4.0 L 1GR-FE V6
4.7 L 2UZ-FE V8
3.0 L 1KZ-TE I4 turbodiesel (Latin America)
3.0 L 1KD-FTV I4
Transmission 5-speed automatic Aisin A7xx Series
Dimensions
Wheelbase 109.8 in (2,789 mm)
Length 2003–05: 189 in (4,801 mm)
2006–present: 189.2 in (4,806 mm)
Width 2003–05: 73.8 in (1,875 mm)
2006–present: 75.2 in (1,910 mm)
Height 2003–05 SR5: 68.9 in (1,750 mm)
2003–05: 71.6 in (1,819 mm)
2006–present SR5: 69.3 in (1,760 mm)
2006–present Sport: 71.3 in (1,811 mm)
2006–present Limited: 71.1 in (1,806 mm)
Curb weight 4,280 lb (1,941 kg) (approx.)

The fourth-generation 4Runner incorporated serious changes to the chassis and body of the vehicle, but was targeted at approximately the same demographics as the third generation. Based on the Land Cruiser Prado 120 series, the new 4Runner retained the same basic exterior styling themes, and was still marketed as a mid-size semi-luxury SUV with off-road capabilities. Available trims are currently the SR5, Sport Edition, and Limited models. An all-new LEV certified 4.0 L 1GR-FE V6 which produces 245 hp (183 kW) and 282 lb·ft (382 N·m) of torque is standard, but for the first time, a V8 became available, the ULEV certified 4.7 L 2UZ-FE engine which in the US produced 235 hp (175 kW) and 320 lb·ft (434 N·m) in model years 2003 and 2004, then, with the addition of VVT-i, 260 hp (194 kW) and 306 lb·ft (415 N·m) from model years 2005–2009. Fuel economy is estimated at 17 mpg city, 20 mpg highway for the V6 and 15/19 mpg for the V8. Towing capacity is 5,000 lb (2,300 kg) on V6 models and 7,300 pounds (3,300 kg) on RWD V8 models (7000 pounds w/4WD). The 4Runner first entered dealer showrooms in October 2002 for the 2003 model year.[5] Three trims levels were offered, SR5, Sport Edition, and Limited. When it was first introduced the SR5 and Sport Edition models used gray plastic cladding and bumpers. Sport models also featured a non-functional hood scoop.

Toyota Hilux Surf SSR-X

The front suspension used a double wishbone while the rear is a solid rear axle type. The 4runner continued to use a body on frame construction design and a solid rear axle for strength and durability compromising interior room and on-road handling. Toyota's other mid-size SUV, the Highlander is a crossover which is not designed for off-roading. The optional 4WD systems were full-time on V8 models while "Multi-Mode" or part-time on V6 models, both systems used a lockable Torsen center differential. A new suspension system, X-Relative Absorber System (X-REAS), became standard on the Sport Edition and optional for SR5 and Limited models, a rear auto-leveling height adjustable air suspension is included with this option on Limited models. The X-REAS system links the dampers diagonally by means of hydraulic hoses and fluid using a mechanical center valve which reduces body roll during hard cornering. All 4runners were equipped with skid plates for the engine, transfer case, and fuel tank to prevent damage during off-roading. The Hill-Start Assist Control (HAC) system prevents the 4runner from rolling backwards on inclines and a Downhill Assist Control (DAC, 4WD only) modulates the brakes and throttle automatically without driver inputs for smooth hill descents at very low speeds, both electronic aids are standard on 4WD models.

Major standard features included a tilt and telescoping steering wheel, remote keyless entry, single zone automatic climate control, power driver's lumbar support, power rear tailgate window, and on V8 models a tow hitch receiver bolted directly to the rear frame crossmember. Options included HomeLink, an electrochromic auto-dimming rearview mirror, power moonroof, third row seating, a DVD-based navigation system (loses in-dash CD changer), a 10-speaker JBL Synthesis stereo, and rear seat audio. An optional backup camera system on Limited models used two cameras mounted on the interiors D-pillars to give a wider view when backing up. Some trim levels get two mirrors mounted on the interior D-pillars just inside the rear hatch.

In 2009 with the end of this generation, Toyota Japan ceased production of the Hilux Surf, leaving only the 4Runner available in the subsequent model series.

Safety[edit]

All 4Runners came with Toyota's Star Safety System which includes anti-lock brakes, electronic brakeforce distribution, brake assist, traction control and Vehicle Stability Control. Side torso airbags for the front rows as well as side curtain airbags for the front and rear rows were optional on 2003–2007 models and became standard on 2008 models.

The April 2007 Insurance Institute for Highway Safety report also shows the 4Runner to have one of the lowest death rates for all vehicles on the road at only 13 deaths per million registered vehicle years during calendar years 2002–2005. Only the Infiniti G35 and BMW 7 series had lower rates.[6] The IIHS rates the 4Runner as "Good" overall in the frontal offset crash test and "Good" overall in the side impact test on vehicles with side airbags, these scores rank the 4Runner as among the best truck based mid-size SUV's in crash tests. The 4runner received the "Good" rating in 13 of the 14 measured categories.[7]

NHTSA crash test ratings (2003):[8]
Frontal Driver: 4/5 stars
Frontal Passenger: 4/5 stars
Side Driver: 5/5 stars
Side Rear Passenger: 5/5 stars
Rollover: 3/5 stars

Model year changes[edit]

  • In early 2003, Toyota added an optional Appearance Package for the SR5 model that included color-keyed cladding, bumpers, and liftgate trim. In April 2003, Toyota made the Appearance Package, along with the previously optional fog lamps, running boards, and 16-inch aluminum wheels, standard on the SR5. The Sport Edition also added black running boards and color-keyed trim, replacing the grey cladding and silver-painted grille, door handles and liftgate trim.[9][10][11][12]
  • In late 2003 (for the 2004 model year), a Tire Pressure Monitoring System was added as standard equipment. A 3rd row seat became optional on the SR5 and Limited models.
  • In 2004 (for the 2005 model year) enhancements were brought to the optional V8 engine and a 5-speed automatic was made standard on the V6 model. Slight changes were made to the exterior including color-keyed bumper trim (replacing the silver painted trim on all colors except Dorado Gold) on the SR5 and Limited; a chrome grille on the SR5; a black roof-rack and running boards (replacing silver) on the Limited; and a redesigned rear spoiler. A Salsa Red Pearl scheme was also introduced for all trim levels, although a similar color scheme was available for third generation models.
Facelifted Toyota 4Runner Sport Edition 4WD (US)
  • 2005 (for the 2006 model year) marked the fourth generation's mid-cycle refresh. The changes included revised front and rear bumpers; a reworked grille; new projector-beam headlamps and LED tail lamps; additional chrome trim on the SR5 model; and a smoked-chrome grille with tubular roof-rack and step bars on the Sport Edition. The revised front bumper features circular fog lights and a relocation of the turn-signals to the headlamp assembly. The redesigned bumper eliminates the rear bumper reflectors. MP3 playback capability and an auxiliary input jack were added to all audio systems. In addition, the Limited model was further differentiated from the other trim levels with the addition of unique 18" wheels and a seat memory system. Shadow Mica was added as a color option.
  • In 2006 (for the 2007 model year), the 4Runner remained unchanged.
  • In 2007 (for the 2008 model year), the 4Runner received standard rollover sensing side curtain airbags and front row side torso airbags, a switch to disable Vehicle Stability Control, slightly modified front grille design, refinements in the Tire Pressure Monitoring System, and some changes in the seatbelt warning system and brake system control. An Urban Runner Package was also available on the Sport Edition V6 4x4, which added an in dash Tom Tom navigation system, alcantara inserts in both the front and back seats with dark leather bolstering, the 18" Limited style wheels, a color-keyed front grill and a double-decker cargo system.
  • In 2008 (for the 2009 model year) the 4Runner remain unchanged. A Trail Edition package offered an electronic locking rear differential, Advanced Traction Control (A-TRAC) and Bilstein dampers.

Later models offered a DVD Rear Seat Entertainment System (RSES) which used a nine-inch LCD screen and two wireless headphones.

Fifth generation (N280; 2009–present)[edit]

Fifth generation (N280)
Toyota 4Runner -- 04-01-2011.jpg
Overview
Production 31 August 2009–present
Model years 2010–present
Assembly Japan: Tahara, Aichi
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size SUV
Body style 5-door wagon
Related FJ Cruiser
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado / Lexus GX
Powertrain
Engine 2.7 L 2TR-FE I4 (157 hp, 2WD, 2010 only)
4.0 L 1GR-FE V6 (270 hp)
Transmission 4-speed automatic (I4, 2010 only)
5-speed automatic (V6)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 109.8 in (2,789 mm)
Length 189.9 in (4,823 mm)
Width 75.8 in (1,925 mm)
Height 71.5–74.2 in (1,816–1,885 mm)
Curb weight 4,400–4,805 lb (1,996–2,180 kg)

The fifth generation 4Runner was unveiled at the Texas State Fair on September 24, 2009. It is available in 3 trim levels, 2 of which were available previously. The base SR5 trim as well as the top-of-the-line Limited trim are available as a 2WD or a 4WD. The new Trail Edition is only available as a 4WD. The SR5 and Trail Edition 4WDs will receive a part-time 4WD drive system, while the Limited will have full-time 4WD. All models will come with A-TRAC.[13] The new Trail Edition offers Toyota's Kinetic Dynamic Suspension System (KDSS) and Crawl Control which had previously only been available to premium Toyota vehicles, as well as a rear locking differential like the previous Trail Package.

Toyota 4Runner SR5, rear view

The 4.0-liter V6 adds Dual VVT-i which improves horsepower, torque and fuel economy, and comes standard in all models. A 2.7-liter I4 was available on 2WD models, but was discontinued after the 2010 model year. The 4.7-liter V8 from the previous generation was not carried-over to the fifth generation 4Runner.[14] The 4Runner is built on the same platform as the FJ Cruiser.[15]

In early 2014, the 4Runner received a facelift with Toyota badging on the front as well as an off-road package as part of the TRD Pro Series. The TRD new Pro Series 4Runner included TRD Bilstein shocks with remote reservoirs, TRD-tuned front springs and TRD front skid plate.[16]

All North American 2014 model year 4Runner models are powered by a 4.0-liter V-6 engine with intelligent Variable Valve Timing (VVT-i) that can develop 201 kW (270 bhp) and 377 N·m (278 ft·lb) of torque. It is mated to a five-speed automatic ECT transmission.[17]

Sales[edit]

Calendar year United States
1995 75,962[citation needed]
1996 99,597[citation needed]
1997 128,496[citation needed]
1998 118,484[citation needed]
1999 124,221[citation needed]
2000 111,797[18]
2001 90,250[citation needed]
2002 77,026[19]
2003 109,308[citation needed]
2004 114,212[citation needed]
2005 103,830[citation needed]
2006 103,086[citation needed]
2007 87,718[citation needed]
2008 47,878[citation needed]
2009 19,675[20]
2010 46,531[20]
2011 44,316[21]
2012 48,755[21]
2013 51,625[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History". toyotatrekker.com. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  2. ^ Saunders, David (22 June 2014). "Cars of a Lifetime: 1989 Toyota Hilux SURF (4Runner) – A Walk On The Right-Hand Drive Side". Curbside Classics. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  3. ^ Büschi, Hans U., ed. (March 1991). Automobil Revue 1991 86. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. pp. 587–588. ISBN 3-444-00514-8. 
  4. ^ "SW4 Força e elegância" (in Spanish). Toyota Brazil. Retrieved 2013-02-02. 
  5. ^ Roca, Carrie. "2003 Toyota 4Runner". Autoweek.com. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  6. ^ "Status Report, Vol. 42, No. 4, April 19, 2007" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  7. ^ "IIHS-HLDI: Toyota 4Runner". Iihs.org. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  8. ^ "Safercar.gov". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2009-12-12. [dead link]
  9. ^ "Toyota 4Runner Road Test". Familycar.com. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  10. ^ "First Drive: 2003 Toyota 4Runner". CanadianDriver. 2002-09-30. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  11. ^ "Full Test: 2003 Toyota 4Runner Limited". Edmunds.com. 2003-01-03. Retrieved 2009-12-12. [dead link]
  12. ^ "First Drive: 2003 Toyota 4Runner". Edmunds.com. 2002-09-16. Retrieved 2009-12-12. [dead link]
  13. ^ "ebrochure for US 2010 model year" (PDF). 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 
  14. ^ "2010 Toyota 4Runner Officially Revealed [Video]". Worldcarfans.com. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  15. ^ "2012 Toyota 4Runner". TechXreview.com. Retrieved 2012-06-13. 
  16. ^ Sandhu, Bobby (2014-02-20). "Toyota 4Runner TRD Pro Series 2015". thecarwallpapers.com. Retrieved 2014-02-21. 
  17. ^ "2014 Toyota 4Runner Review". 2015carreviews.com. 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  18. ^ "Toyota Sets Sales Record for Sixth Year in a Row". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  19. ^ "Toyota Announces Best Sales Year in Its 46-Year History, Breaks Sales Record for Eighth Year in a Row". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  20. ^ a b "Toyota Sales December 2010" (Press release). USA: Toyota. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  21. ^ a b "December 2012 and Year-End Sales Chart" (Press release). USA: Toyota. 2013-01-03. Retrieved 2013-01-04. 
  22. ^ "December 2013 and Year-End Sales Chart" (Press release). USA: Toyota. 2014-01-03. Retrieved 2014-01-09. 

External links[edit]