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Full name Trabzonspor A.Ş.
Nickname(s) Karadeniz Fırtınası (Black Sea Storm)
Founded 2 August 1967; 47 years ago (1967-08-02)
Ground Hüseyin Avni Aker, Trabzon
Ground Capacity 29,461
President İbrahim Hacıosmanoğlu
Manager Vahid Halilhodžić[1]
League Süper Lig
2013–14 Süper Lig, 4th
Website Club home page
Current season
Active branches of Trabzonspor
Football pictogram.svg Football pictogram.svg Basketball pictogram.svg
Football (Men's) Football (Women's) Basketball
Football pictogram.svg Swimming pictogram.svg Judo pictogram.svg
Football A2) Swimming Judo
Shooting pictogram.svg

Trabzonspor is a professional Turkish football club located in the city of Trabzon, Turkey. Formed in 1967 through a merger of several local clubs, Trabzonspor won six championships in Turkish Super League. The Club won their first Championship title in 1975 which is also the Club's initiation year in Turkish Super League. Trabzonspor won the championship title again during their second year in the Turkish Super League in 1976, was runner-up in 1977 and won 3 Championship titles in a row during the following years 1978, 1979, 1980. The club colours are claret and blue, and they play their home matches at Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium.[2] The club has donned maroon and blue kits since the merger, and have played at their present ground since 1967.

Domestically, Trabzonspor is known as one of the "Top 5 Soccer/Football Clubs" of Turkey based on the number of cups won. They have won the Süper Lig (top-flight) six times, and are known as the first non Istanbul-based club who ever achieved such a feat and the only club to win the championship during their first year (as well as the second year) in Turkish Super League. They have also won the Federation Cup (Turkish Cup) eight times. From 1976 to 1984, Trabzonspor won a total of 31 trophies: Super League (6), Federation (Turkish) Cup (8), Süper Kupa (Super Cup) (8), the Başbakanlık Kupası (Chancellor Cup) (5), Red Group Championship Second Division (İkinci Lig Kırmızı Grup Şampiyonası) (1) and Cyprus Peace Cup (Kıbrıs Barış Kupası) (1).[3] They have the distinction of being the only Turkish club to win both men's and women's top level football league titles.



After the World War I, football in Trabzon city was about to be loved and started to grow in the 1920s via the high schools in the town. In 1921 İdmanocağı and in 1924 İdmangücü were established and became the cities most famous clubs until Trabzonspor. In 1962–63, president of Turkish Football Federation, Orhan Şeref Apak, to improve the league standards in Turkey, decided to open “National Football Leagues”. There will be city teams in those leagues. However, there were conflict between İdmanocağı and İdmangücü in Trabzon and they don’t want to unite their forces to establish a team in Trabzon. In 1966, June 21, after İdmanocağı decided not to join any other team in Trabzon, İdmangücü, Martıspor and Karadenizgücü came together to establish “Trabzonspor Gençlik Kulübü” with the main colors, red and white. Ali Osman Ulusoy was the first president of that team. However, team’s formal name was “Trabzonspor 1966” in official records. They play one year in the league but after that they terminated the club. The name changed as “Trabzonspor”. In 1967, August 2, İdmanocağı, İdmangücü, Martıspor and Karadenizgücü came together to establish Trabzonspor to play in Turkish Second League.[4]

Staff in the first years of Trabzonspor[edit]

Trabzonspor is basically a football club till its establishment. Their first manager was Hayri Gür. Hayri Gür was born in 1912 at Limni. His real name was Hayrettin but he refuses to use it. His father was the last mayor of Limni. He knew German, too. He, at first, appointed to Trabzon as a teacher. He was not just a physical education teacher, he was also music, geographics and German teacher. Before appointed to Trabzon, in an army practice in Aegean, he won a prize and that prize was given to him Atatürk. He was interested in lots of sports but at most with football. Hayri Gür died in 2010 when he was 98 years old. He was the oldest member of Trabzonspor. After his death, his name is given to an arena which Trabzonspor Basketball teams plays its games. Trabzonspor’s stadium name is Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium and its name was given with the help of Hayri Gür. Avni Aker was the first physical education teacher in Trabzon and when the name was given, he was the Director of Youth and Sports in Trabzon. The first president was Ali Osman Ulusoy. However, he was the president in the terminated team. After the team established again, the new president were Rıfat Dedeoğlu and Ali Osman Ulusoy. Rıfat Dedeoğlu died in 2004, November 6.

Şamil Ekinci Museum[edit]

The opening of the museum was at 1996, September 23 with the name of “Trabzonspor Müzesi”. Its name changes at 2008. There are nearly 600 cups and other historical materials in the museum. There are 7 Turkish Super League Cups, 8 Turkish Cups, 7 Presidential Cups, 5 Chancellor Cups, Cyprus Peace Cup, Super Cup and other materials in the building. It’s open from 9 am to 5 pm in week days and from 11 am to 5 pm in weekends. This was all done by Roman Abramovich of Chelsea FC


There are three memorials in Trabzon that represents the history. Two of them are in the city center, the other one is at Sürmene.

  • Trabzonspor Memorial was opened on 2008, November 26. It is nearly 200 metres from the Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium.
  • Trabzonspor Park was opened on 2010, August 2, with the banner of “Those who died for the sake of a love” and there is a memorial in it.
  • Sürmene Trabzonspor Memorial was opened on 2010, May 12 by the mayor of Sürmene for Trabzonspor.


Sadri Şener is former president of Trabzonspor
Years Name
1967–68 Ali Osman Ulusoy
1968–69 Rıfat Dedeoğlu
1969–70 Ali Osman Ulusoy
1970–71 Rıfat Dedeoğlu
1971–72 Suat Oyman
1972–75 Salih Erdem
1975–80 Şamil Ekinci
1980–81 Celal Ataman
1981–82 Mustafa Günaydın
1982–88 Mehmet Ali Yılmaz
1988–89 Mazhar Afacan
1989–92 Mehmet Ali Yılmaz
1992–94 Sadri Şener
1994–97 Faruk Özak
1997–00 Mehmet Ali Yılmaz
2000–03 Özkan Sümer
2003–06 Atay Aktuğ
2006–08 Nuri Albayrak
2008–13 Sadri Şener
2013– İbrahim Hacıosmanoğlu

Color History[edit]

The claret and blue shirt

The most important issue in the establishment of Trabzonspor was the colors of the club. Although a number of elaborate theories have been put forward as to why claret and blue was adopted, it transpires the club chose the colors in simple tribute to the famous and historic English club Aston Villa F.C.[5]

The most important clubs in Trabzonspor’s establishment are İdmanocağı and İdmangücü, both wanted the club's color as their color. At first the colors were red and white but after it changed to claret and blue. It is told that the club's color are taken from the clubs mascot, anchovy, its eyes are nearly claret and its color is nearly blue. There is another saying that tells, the club's color are taken chosen by İdmangücü and İdmanocağı one by one. Because of that the club's colors are light blue and dark claret. Till 2010 the alternative color was orange but after that year the alternative color was chosen as grey.


Trabzonspor short name is “TS” and in its emblem those characters are written. There is written 1967 where those two characters intersects. There is also a ball over those letters in order to show all sport activities and also a yellow star in order to show 6 championships. The emblem was registered to club at 2003, May 16.

Establishment years[edit]

In 1967, the club was in the Turkish Second League White Group. Their first year in this league, and also their first year as a professional football club, the club finished in sixth place. The next two years the club finished in fourth place and eighth place respectively. In 1971–72 season, they finished second in the Red Group so the club was close to being promoted to the Turkish First League. One year later, the club lost the chance again by a very slim total point margin. In the 1973–74 season finally the club achieved promotion to the Turkish First League by a six point deficit between them and the second team, Sakaryaspor. The club played the championship game with the other group's, White Group, leader Zonguldakspor and beat them in the penalty kick shootout.

Championship years[edit]

Their first year in the Turkish First League was not a good one. They finished the season at 9th place. Beyond that they reached the Turkish Cup final but lost it to Beşiktaş by 1–0 against 0–2. Total score was 2–1 against Besiktaş so they were the champions of Turkish Cup. In 1975–76 season, after the match that was played at Trabzon and won by 1–0 by Trabzonspor against Fenerbahçe, they took the lead and never gave it back. That was their first championship in league history and they were the first Anatolian team that wins this league. Till that year there were no champions besides Galatasaray, Beşiktaş and Fenerbahçe. After their first championship they get 5 more till 1983–84 season. Necmi Perekli ones became the top goal scorer in the league with finishing the league with 19 goals. Şenol Güneş became the goalkeeper who never beaten by 1110 minutes. That was the league record.

In Trabzonspor and Turkey, he, Şenol Güneş, served as both player and manager.

Between 1984–96[edit]

Between those years, the club tries to change the culture in itself. They were always finishing the league between 3rd and 7th place. 1992–93 season’s first 10 week was their worst season opening, they were down by 10 points from the leader. However, Ünal Karaman, one of the best players in Trabzonspor history, gained by the club. He was later captain of the Turkey. There was also Tolunay Kafkas. The club won 2 Turkish Cups (1992, 1995), won a Presidential Cup (1995), and won 2 Chancellor Cups (1985, 1994). In 1994–95 and 1995–96 seasons, they finished the league in the second place.

1995–96 season and its effects[edit]

In 1993–94 season Şenol Güneş appointed as the new manager of the club. The clubs most importants players at those years were Ogün Temizkanoğlu, Ünal Karaman and Hami Mandıralı. The new comers were Shota Arveladze and Archil Arveladze. Shota Arveladze was the goal scoring leader in the league in 1995–96 season. In 1994–95 season they lost the championship to Beşiktaş but won both Presidential Cup and Chancellor Cup. In 1995–96 season, they were the leader till the game which player in Trabzon against Fenerbahçe. If they won, they would be really close to a championship. Even if they were leading by 1–0, they lost that game and lost the chance to be the champion. That really hurt the team and for years they could not match the opponents those who try to win a championship. At the beginning of the 2000s, for the sake of changing the spirit in the club they sold players like Abdullah Ercan, Ogün Temizkanoğlu and Tolunay Kafkas. These players were changed by Rune Lange, Kevin Campbell and Jean-Jacques Misse-Misse. Those players were high profile players.


The 2001–02 season was the worst season in the club's history. They finished the league at 14th place. Besides that season, they lost most in their history and saw the ball in their goal most in their history. After that year Ibrahim Yattara, a legend in club history, and Michael Petkovic like players are transferred. Gökdeniz Karadeniz and Fatih Tekke were two players from the youth team and they were also two near legends in the club history. These team twice chased the championship but lost both of them to Fenerbahçe.

In the year of 2008, Sadri Şener became the president of the club. Most of the players in the team were released. The new manager became Ersun Yanal and lots of players are transferred according to his wishes. In that season, they chased the championship till the end of the season but lost it again and finish the season in 3rd place. Next season Hugo Broos was the new manager for just a few months but after that Şenol Güneş was introduced as the new manager.

2010-2011 season[edit]

At the end of the 2010–11 season Trabzonspor points were tied with Fenerbahce SK. However Fenerbahce became the champions by goal difference.[6] Two months has passed after the end of the season and 2011 Turkish sports corruption scandal broke out. Turkish Football Federation has banned Fenerbahce from joining any UEFA competition for a year. Trabzonspor's board of directors has applied to Turkish Football Federation about this season's champions being them but their application was denied on the grounds that this season's decision already being made.[7]



Trabzonspor have used Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium throughout their history. The stadium was built in 1951 with 2,500 seats, and has been renovated in 1967, 1981, 1994–1998, 2008, and 2010. The current capacity is 28,169 seats. The field is made of natural grass and measures 68 by 105 meters. The stadium is named after Hüseyin Avni Aker, a teacher and educational administrator who contributed much to local sports in Trabzon.

Drogheda United[edit]

Trabzonspor is the official sister club of League of Ireland side Drogheda United.[8]


Current squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Turkey GK Onur Kıvrak (Captain)
3 Portugal DF José Bosingwa
4 Turkey DF Aykut Demir
6 Algeria MF Carl Medjani
7 Paraguay FW Óscar Cardozo
8 Turkey MF Mehmet Ekici
9 Turkey MF Sefa Yılmaz
10 Turkey MF Özer Hurmacı
11 Guinea MF Kévin Constant
13 Turkey GK İbrahim Demir
14 Turkey DF Mustafa Akbaş
18 Turkey FW Deniz Yılmaz
20 Turkey MF Soner Aydoğdu
21 Algeria DF Essaïd Belkalem
No. Position Player
22 Turkey DF Mustafa Yumlu
26 Turkey GK Fatih Öztürk
28 Ghana FW Majeed Waris
30 Greece DF Avraam Papadopoulos
32 Turkey MF Yusuf Erdoğan
38 Turkey MF Salih Dursun
50 Turkey MF Ferhat Yazgan
61 Turkey DF Zeki Yavru
66 Turkey MF Fatih Atık
67 Turkey FW Serdar Gürler
68 Turkey DF İshak Doğan
77 Turkey DF Musa Nizam
86 Mali FW Mustapha Yatabaré
Turkey FW Emre Güral

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Turkey GK Kurtuluş Yurt (at 1461 Trabzon until 30 June 2015)
Turkey GK Zeki Ayvaz (at Balıkesirspor until 30 June 2015)
Turkey DF Göksu Alhas (at Şanlıurfaspor until 30 June 2015)
Turkey DF Kadir Keleş (at Akhisar Belediyespor until 30 June 2015)
Turkey DF Caner Osmanpaşa (at Kayseri Erciyesspor until 30 June 2015)
Turkey MF Batuhan Artarslan (at 1461 Trabzon until 30 June 2015)
No. Position Player
Turkey MF Gökhan Alsan (at Şanlıurfaspor until 30 June 2015)
Turkey MF Abdulkadir Özdemir (at Şanlıurfaspor until 30 June 2015)
Romania MF Alexandru Bourceanu (at Steaua București until 30 June 2015)
Turkey FW Gökhan Karadeniz (at Antalyaspor until 30 June 2015)
Turkey FW Serhat Çakmak (at 1461 Trabzon until 30 June 2015)
Turkey FW Hasan Ahmet Sarı (at 1461 Trabzon until 30 June 2015)

Affiliated clubs[edit]

Fatih Tekke, a former youth academy star and one-time Gol Kralı (top scorer).

Trabzonspor A2[edit]

Main article: Trabzonspor A2

Trabzonspor A2 is a youth team of Trabzonspor. The club competes in the A2 league, alongside other A2 clubs around Turkey. The A2 team is made up of players between the ages of 18 and 20, and it is the last level of amateur play before a footballer reaches professional status in Turkey. Notable former players include Hami Mandıralı (highest capped Trabzonspor player (558 times)),[9] Gökdeniz Karadeniz (most caps for the Turkish national team by a Trabzonspor player (50)), Fatih Tekke (2004–05 Süper Lig top scorer (31 goals)),[10] Hüseyin Çimşir, Mehmet Yılmaz, Tolga Zengin, and Metin Aktaş.

Trabzonspor Women[edit]

Main article: Trabzonspor (women)

Trabzonspor Kulübü Bayan Futbol Takımı are a Turkish women's association football club affiliated with Trabzonspor. The club was founded in 2007, and won its first league title in 2009.[11] With the championship win, Trabzonspor are the only club in Turkey to win both the men's and women's top-flight football competition. The women's team were invited to participate in the 2009–10 UEFA Women's Champions League. The club placed third in Group D, winning one match and losing two.

1461 Trabzon[edit]

Main articles: 1461 Trabzon and MVV

In 2008, Trabzonspor bought Trabzon Karadenizspor (now 1461 Trabzon) to act as a feeder club, having first option on players, as well as being able to loan out youngsters to gain first-team experience.[12] The club also agreed to an affiliation deal with Dutch club MVV the same year, allowing them first option on their players. The first step in the affiliation deal came when Trabzonspor transferred Christian Brüls and Faty Papy and loaned them back to MVV.[13]

Current staff[edit]

Position Staff
Manager Bosnia and Herzegovina Vahid Halilhodzic
Coach Turkey Fatih Kavlak
Coach France Jacques Bonnevay
Coach France Cyril Michel Pierre
Coach France Sandy Nicolas Guichard
Goalkeeper coach France Mickael Boully
A2 manager Turkey Metin Bak

Notable former players[edit]

History of the managers in Trabzonspor[edit]

Listed below are the managers in the history of the club.




  • Turkish Cup
    • Winners (8): 1977, 1978, 1984, 1992, 1995, 2003, 2004, 2010
    • Runners-up (6): 1975, 1976, 1985, 1990, 1997, 2013
  • Turkish Super Cup
    • Winners (8): 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1995, 2010
    • Runners-up (3): 1981, 1984, 1992

UEFA Current ranking[edit]

As of 1 Sep 2014[14]
Rank Country Team Points
1 Spain Real Madrid C.F. 143.599
2 Spain FC Barcelona 131.599
3 Germany FC Bayern Munich 128.311
*** *** *** ***
62 Turkey Fenerbahçe S.K. 29.260
63 England Newcastle United F.C. 28.992
64 Turkey Trabzonspor 28.760
65 Spain Real Betis 28.599
66 Italy Udinese Calcio 27.268


  • TB ^ For information about amateur leagues in Turkey, see this.
  • Lig ^ Before 2001, the top-flight was known as the 1.Lig. After 2001 the 1.Lig became the second division, and the 2.Lig became the third division.


External links[edit]