Trabzonspor is a professional Turkish football club located in the city of Trabzon, Turkey. Formed in 1967 through a merger of several local clubs, Trabzonspor won six championships in Turkish Super League. The Club won their first Championship title in 1975 which is also the Club's initiation year in Turkish Super League. Trabzonspor won the championship title again during their second year in the Turkish Super League in 1976, was runner-up in 1977 and won 3 Championship titles in a row during the following years 1978, 1979, 1980. The club colours are claret and blue, and they play their home matches at Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium. The club has donned maroon and blue kits since the merger, and have played at their present ground since 1967.
Domestically, Trabzonspor is known as one of the "Top 5 Soccer/Football Clubs" of Turkey based on the number of cups won. They have won the Süper Lig (top-flight) six times, and are known as the first non Istanbul-based club who ever achieved such a feat and the only club to win the championship during their first year (as well as the second year) in Turkish Super League. They have also won the Federation Cup (Turkish Cup) eight times. From 1976 to 1984, Trabzonspor won a total of 31 trophies: Super League (6), Federation (Turkish) Cup (8), Süper Kupa (Super Cup) (8), the Başbakanlık Kupası (Chancellor Cup) (5), Red Group Championship Second Division (İkinci Lig Kırmızı Grup Şampiyonası) (1) and Cyprus Peace Cup (Kıbrıs Barış Kupası) (1). They have the distinction of being the only Turkish club to win both men's and women's top level football league titles.
After the World War I, football in Trabzon city was about to be loved and started to grow in the 1920s via the high schools in the town. In 1921 İdmanocağı and in 1924 İdmangücü were established and became the cities most famous clubs until Trabzonspor. In 1962–63, president of Turkish Football Federation, Orhan Şeref Apak, to improve the league standards in Turkey, decided to open “National Football Leagues”. There will be city teams in those leagues. However, there were conflict between İdmanocağı and İdmangücü in Trabzon and they don’t want to unite their forces to establish a team in Trabzon. In 1966, June 21, after İdmanocağı decided not to join any other team in Trabzon, İdmangücü, Martıspor and Karadenizgücü came together to establish “Trabzonspor Gençlik Kulübü” with the main colors, red and white. Ali Osman Ulusoy was the first president of that team. However, team’s formal name was “Trabzonspor 1966” in official records. They play one year in the league but after that they terminated the club. The name changed as “Trabzonspor”. In 1967, August 2, İdmanocağı, İdmangücü, Martıspor and Karadenizgücü came together to establish Trabzonspor to play in Turkish Second League.
Trabzonspor is basically a football club till its establishment. Their first manager was Hayri Gür. Hayri Gür was born in 1912 at Limni. His real name was Hayrettin but he refuses to use it. His father was the last mayor of Limni. He knew German, too. He, at first, appointed to Trabzon as a teacher. He was not just a physical education teacher, he was also music, geographics and German teacher. Before appointed to Trabzon, in an army practice in Aegean, he won a prize and that prize was given to him Atatürk. He was interested in lots of sports but at most with football. Hayri Gür died in 2010 when he was 98 years old. He was the oldest member of Trabzonspor. After his death, his name is given to an arena which Trabzonspor Basketball teams plays its games. Trabzonspor’s stadium name is Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium and its name was given with the help of Hayri Gür. Avni Aker was the first physical education teacher in Trabzon and when the name was given, he was the Director of Youth and Sports in Trabzon. The first president was Ali Osman Ulusoy. However, he was the president in the terminated team. After the team established again, the new president were Rıfat Dedeoğlu and Ali Osman Ulusoy. Rıfat Dedeoğlu died in 2004, November 6.
The opening of the museum was at 1996, September 23 with the name of “Trabzonspor Müzesi”. Its name changes at 2008. There are nearly 600 cups and other historical materials in the museum. There are 7 Turkish Super League Cups, 8 Turkish Cups, 7 Presidential Cups, 5 Chancellor Cups, Cyprus Peace Cup, Super Cup and other materials in the building. It’s open from 9 am to 5 pm in week days and from 11 am to 5 pm in weekends. This was all done by Roman Abramovich of Chelsea FC
The most important issue in the establishment of Trabzonspor was the colors of the club. Although a number of elaborate theories have been put forward as to why claret and blue was adopted, it transpires the club chose the colors in simple tribute to the famous and historic English club Aston Villa F.C.
The most important clubs in Trabzonspor’s establishment are İdmanocağı and İdmangücü, both wanted the club's color as their color. At first the colors were red and white but after it changed to claret and blue. It is told that the club's color are taken from the clubs mascot, anchovy, its eyes are nearly claret and its color is nearly blue. There is another saying that tells, the club's color are taken chosen by İdmangücü and İdmanocağı one by one. Because of that the club's colors are light blue and dark claret. Till 2010 the alternative color was orange but after that year the alternative color was chosen as grey.
Trabzonspor short name is “TS” and in its emblem those characters are written. There is written 1967 where those two characters intersects. There is also a ball over those letters in order to show all sport activities and also a yellow star in order to show 6 championships. The emblem was registered to club at 2003, May 16.
In 1967, the club was in the Turkish Second League White Group. Their first year in this league, and also their first year as a professional football club, the club finished in sixth place. The next two years the club finished in fourth place and eighth place respectively. In 1971–72 season, they finished second in the Red Group so the club was close to being promoted to the Turkish First League. One year later, the club lost the chance again by a very slim total point margin. In the 1973–74 season finally the club achieved promotion to the Turkish First League by a six point deficit between them and the second team, Sakaryaspor. The club played the championship game with the other group's, White Group, leader Zonguldakspor and beat them in the penalty kick shootout.
Their first year in the Turkish First League was not a good one. They finished the season at 9th place. Beyond that they reached the Turkish Cup final but lost it to Beşiktaş by 1–0 against 0–2. Total score was 2–1 against Besiktaş so thay were the champions of Turkish Cup. In 1975–76 season, after the match that was played at Trabzon and won by 1–0 by Trabzonspor against Fenerbahçe, they took the lead and never gave it back. That was their first championship in league history and they were the first Anatolian team that wins this league. Till that year there were no champions besides Galatasaray, Beşiktaş and Fenerbahçe. After their first championship they get 5 more till 1983–84 season. Necmi Perekli ones became the top goal scorer in the league with finishing the league with 19 goals. Şenol Güneş became the goalkeeper who never beaten by 1110 minutes. That was the league record.
Between those years, the club tries to change the culture in itself. They were always finishing the league between 3rd and 7th place. 1992–93 season’s first 10 week was their worst season opening, they were down by 10 points from the leader. However, Ünal Karaman, one of the best players in Trabzonspor history, gained by the club. He was later captain of the Turkey. There was also Tolunay Kafkas. The club won 2 Turkish Cups (1992, 1995), won a Presidential Cup (1995), and won 2 Chancellor Cups (1985, 1994). In 1994–95 and 1995–96 seasons, they finished the league in the second place.
The 2001–02 season was the worst season in the club's history. They finished the league at 14th place. Besides that season, they lost most in their history and saw the ball in their goal most in their history. After that year Ibrahim Yattara, a legend in club history, and Michael Petkovic like players are transferred. Gökdeniz Karadeniz and Fatih Tekke were two players from the youth team and they were also two near legends in the club history. These team twice chased the championship but lost both of them to Fenerbahçe.
In the year of 2008, Sadri Şener became the president of the club. Most of the players in the team were released. The new manager became Ersun Yanal and lots of players are transferred according to his wishes. In that season, they chased the championship till the end of the season but lost it again and finish the season in 3rd place. Next season Hugo Broos was the new manager for just a few months but after that Şenol Güneş was introduced as the new manager.
At the end of the 2010–11 season Trabzonspor points were tied with Fenerbahce SK. However Fenerbahce became the champions by goal difference.Two months has passed after the end of the season and 2011 Turkish sports corruption scandal broke out. Turkish Football Federation has banned Fenerbahce from joining any UEFA competition for a year. Trabzonspor's board of directors has applied to Turkish Football Federation about this season's champions being them but their application was denied on the grounds that this season's decision already being made. After this denial, Trabzonspor has applied to both UEFA and FIFA and waiting for a response.
Trabzonspor have used Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium throughout their history. The stadium was built in 1951 with 2,500 seats, and has been renovated in 1967, 1981, 1994–1998, 2008, and 2010. The current capacity is 28,169 seats. The field is made of natural grass and measures 68 by 105 meters. The stadium is named after Hüseyin Avni Aker, a teacher and educational administrator who contributed much to local sports in Trabzon.
Trabzonspor Kulübü Bayan Futbol Takımı are a Turkishwomen's association football club affiliated with Trabzonspor. The club was founded in 2007, and won its first league title in 2009. With the championship win, Trabzonspor are the only club in Turkey to win both the men's and women's top-flight football competition. The women's team were invited to participate in the 2009–10 UEFA Women's Champions League. The club placed third in Group D, winning one match and losing two.
In 2008, Trabzonspor bought Trabzon Karadenizspor (now 1461 Trabzon) to act as a feeder club, having first option on players, as well as being able to loan out youngsters to gain first-team experience. The club also agreed to an affiliation deal with Dutch club MVV the same year, allowing them first option on their players. The first step in the affiliation deal came when Trabzonspor transferred Christian Brüls and Faty Papy and loaned them back to MVV.