Tracey Emin

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Tracey Emin
Tracey Emin 1-cropped.jpg
Emin at Lighthouse Gala auction in aid of Terrence Higgins Trust, 2007
Born Tracey Emin
(1963-07-03) 3 July 1963 (age 51)
Croydon, Surrey, England
Notable work(s) Everyone I Have Ever Slept With 1963–1995, My Bed
Movement Young British Artists

Tracey Emin, CBE, RA (born 3 July 1963)[1] is a Cypriot English artist. She is part of the group known as Britartists or YBAs (Young British Artists).

In 1997, her work Everyone I Have Ever Slept With 1963–1995, a tent appliquéd with names, was shown at Charles Saatchi's Sensation exhibition held at the Royal Academy in London. The same year, she gained considerable media exposure when she swore multiple times in an apparent state of drunkenness on a live discussion program on UK television.

In 1999, Emin had her first solo exhibition in the United States at Lehmann Maupin Gallery, entitled "Every Part of Me's Bleeding". Later that year, she was a Turner Prize nominee and exhibited My Bed — an installation, consisting of her own unmade dirty bed with used condoms and blood-stained underwear.

In 2004, her tent artwork was destroyed in the Momart warehouse fire. In March 2007 Emin was chosen to join the Royal Academy of Arts in London as a Royal Academician. She represented Britain at the 2007 Venice Biennale. Her first major retrospective 20 Years was held in Edinburgh 2008, and toured Europe until 2009.

In May 2011, Emin's largest major solo exhibition in a public space was held at Hayward Gallery, London titled Love Is What You Want.

In April 2011, she opened the Turner Contemporary art gallery in Margate with Jools Holland and between May and September 2012 she is holding her first exhibition there, entitled "She Lay Down Deep Beneath The Sea".

Emin is a panellist and speaker: she has lectured at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London,[2] the European Graduate School in Saas-Fee, Switzerland,[3] the Art Gallery of New South Wales in Sydney (2010),[4] the Royal Academy of Arts (2008),[5] and the Tate Britain in London (2005)[6] about the links between creativity and autobiography, and the role of subjectivity and personal histories in constructing art. Emin's art takes many different forms of expression including needlework and sculpture, drawing, video and installation, photography and painting.

In December 2011, she was appointed Professor of Drawing at the Royal Academy; with Fiona Rae, she is one of the first two female professors since the Academy was founded in 1768.[7][8]

Emin lives in Spitalfields, East London on Fournier Street in a Georgian Huguenot silk weaver's house which dates from 1726.

Early life and education[edit]

Sexton Ming, Tracey Emin, Charles Thomson, Billy Childish and Russell Wilkins at the Rochester Adult Education Centre 11 December 1987 to record The Medway Poets LP

Emin was born in Croydon, at the time a part of Surrey, to an English mother of Romanichal descent.[9] Emin was brought up in Margate. She has a twin brother, Paul. Emin's father, a Turkish Cypriot, was married to a woman other than her mother and divided his time between his two families. He owned the Hotel International in Margate, and, when the business failed, Emin's family suffered a severe decline in their standard of living, circumstances which have featured in some works. She was raped around the age of thirteen. In a "loosely autobiographical" film to be made of this event she only asked, in true documentary fashion, that "The extras will all come from Margate and I'll hire a church hall there to hold auditions. I'll ask each of the girls: 'What is it you really hate about your mum?'"

She studied fashion at Medway College of Design (1980–1982), where she met expelled student Billy Childish and was associated with The Medway Poets. Emin and Childish were a couple until 1987 during which time she was the administrator for his small press Hangman Books which specialized in publishing Childish's confessional poetry. In 1984 she studied printing at Maidstone Art College, which she has described as one of the best experiences of her life. In 1995 she was interviewed in the Minky Manky show catalogue by Carl Freedman, who asked her, "Which person do you think has had the greatest influence on your life?" She replied,

Uhmm... It's not a person really. It was more a time, going to Maidstone College of Art, hanging around with Billy Childish, living by the River Medway.

In 1987, Emin moved to London to study at the Royal College of Art, where she obtained an MA in painting, though she has described this time as a very negative experience. Her influences included Edvard Munch and Egon Schiele; later she destroyed all her paintings from this early period, and for a time studied philosophy at Birkbeck, University of London. One of the paintings that survives from her time at Royal College of Art is Friendship which is in the Royal College of Art Collection.

Career[edit]

Beginnings[edit]

In 1993, Emin opened a shop with fellow artist Sarah Lucas, called The Shop at 103 Bethnal Green Road in Bethnal Green. This sold works by the two of them, including T-shirts and ash trays with Damien Hirst's picture stuck to the bottom. Lucas paid Emin a wage to mind the shop and Emin also made extra money by writing letters to people asking them to invest £20 in her as an artist, one being Jay Jopling, who became her dealer. During this period Emin was also working with the gallerist Joshua Compston.

In November 1993, she had her first solo show at the White Cube gallery, a leading contemporary art gallery in London. It was called My Major Retrospective, and was what is now seen as typically autobiographical in her work, consisting of personal photographs, and photos of her (destroyed) early paintings, as well as items which most artists would not consider showing in public, such as a packet of cigarettes her uncle was holding when he was decapitated in a car crash. This willingness to show details of what would generally be thought of as her private life has become one of Emin's trademarks.

In the mid-1990s, she had a relationship with Carl Freedman, who had been an early friend of, and collaborator with, Damien Hirst and who had co-curated seminal Britart shows, such as Modern Medicine and Gambler. In 1994 they toured the US together, driving in a Cadillac from San Francisco to New York, and making stops en route where she gave readings from her autobiographical book Exploration of the Soul to finance the trip.

The couple also spent time by the sea in Whitstable together, using the beach hut, which she uprooted and turned into art in 1999 with the title The Last Thing I Said to You is Don't Leave Me Here, and which was destroyed in the 2004 Momart warehouse fire.

Everyone I Have Ever Slept With 1963–1995 by Tracey Emin (1995). An interior view of the work.

In 1995 Freedman curated the show Minky Manky at the South London Gallery. Emin has said,

At that time Sarah (Lucas) was quite famous, but I wasn’t at all. Carl said to me that I should make some big work as he thought the small-scale stuff I was doing at the time wouldn’t stand up well. I was furious. Making that work was my way at getting back at him.[10]

The result was Emin's famous "tent" Everyone I Have Ever Slept With 1963–1995, which was first exhibited in the show. It was a blue tent, appliquéd with the names of everyone she has slept with. These included sexual partners, plus relatives she slept with as a child, her twin brother, and her two aborted children. Although often talked about as a shameless exhibition of her sexual conquests, it was rather a piece about intimacy in a more general sense, although the title invites misinterpretation. The needlework which is integral to this work was used by Emin in a number of her other pieces. This piece was later bought by Charles Saatchi and included in the successful 1997 Sensation exhibition at the Royal Academy of London; it then toured to Berlin and New York. It, too, was destroyed by the fire in Saatchi's east London warehouse, in 2004.[11]

Freedman's interview with her appears in the catalogue. Other featured artists were Sarah Lucas, Gary Hume, Damien Hirst, Mat Collishaw, Gilbert & George, Critical Décor and Steven Pippin. Emin now describes Freedman as "one of my best friends".

Fame[edit]

Although these early events caused Emin to be well known in art circles, she was largely unknown by the public until she appeared on the Channel 4 television programme After Dark in 1997. The show comprosed a group discussion about that year's Turner Prize and was broadcast live. Emin said she was drunk, slurred and swore before walking out. From the interview: "Are they really real people in England watching this programme now, they really watching, really watching it?... They're 25 minutes behind us, think about that... I'm leaving now, I wanna be with my friends, I wanna be with my mum. I'm gonna phone her, and she's going to be embarrassed about this conversation, this is live and I don't care. I don't give a fuck about it."[12]

My Bed by Tracey Emin

Two years later, in 1999, Emin was shortlisted for the Turner Prize herself and exhibited My Bed at the Tate Gallery. There was considerable media furore regarding the apparently trivial and possibly unhygienic elements of the installation, such as yellow stains on the bedsheets, condoms, empty cigarette packets and a pair of knickers with menstrual stains. The bed was presented as it had been when she had stayed in it for several days feeling suicidal because of relationship difficulties.

Two performance artists, Yuan Chai and Jian Jun Xi, jumped onto the bed with bare torsos in order to "improve" the work, which they thought had not gone far enough.[13]

In July 1999 at the height of Emin's Turner Prize fame, she created a number of monoprint drawings inspired by the public and private life of Princess Diana for a themed exhibition called Temple of Diana held at The Blue Gallery, London. Works such as They Wanted You To Be Destroyed (1999)[14] related to Princess Diana's bulimia eating disorder, while other monoprints included affectionate texts such as Love Was on Your Side and a description of Princess Diana's dress with puffy sleeves. Other drawings highlighted The things you did to help other people written next to a drawing by Emin of Diana, Princess of Wales in protective clothing walking through a minefield in Angola. Another work was a delicate sketch of a rose drawn next to the phrase "It makes perfect sence to know they killed you" (with Emin's trademark spelling mistakes) referring to the conspiracy theories surrounding Princess Diana's death. Emin herself described the drawings, saying they "could be considered quite scrappy, fresh, kind of naive looking drawings" and "It's pretty difficult for me to do drawings not about me and about someone else. But I have did have a lot of ideas. They're quite sentimental I think and there's nothing cynical about it whatsoever."[15]

Portrait by Reginald Gray

International popstars Elton John and George Michael are both collectors of Emin's work, with Michael, and his partner Kenny Goss, holding the A Tribute To Tracey Emin exhibition in September 2007 at their Dallas based museum, the Goss-Michael Foundation (formerly Goss Gallery).[16] This was the inaugural exhibition for the gallery which displayed a variety of Emin works from a large blanket, video installations, prints, paintings and a number of neon works[17] including a special neon piece George Loves Kenny (2007) which was the centrepiece of the exhibition, developed by Emin after she wrote an article for The Independent newspaper in February 2007 with the same title.[18] Michael and Goss own 25 works by Emin.[19]

Other celebrities and musicians who support Emin's art include models Jerry Hall and Naomi Campbell, film star Orlando Bloom who bought a number of Emin's works at charity auctions[20] and pop band Temposhark, whose lead singer collects Emin's art, named their debut album The Invisible Line, inspired by passages from Emin's book Exploration of The Soul.[21] Rock legend Ronnie Wood of the Rolling Stones is a well documented friend of Emin and whose own paintings are inspired by Emin's work.[22] In 2004 Emin presented Madonna with the UK Music Hall of Fame award.[23] Emin was invited to Madonna's country estate Ashcombe and has been described by the singer, "Tracey is intelligent and wounded and not afraid to expose herself," she says. "She is provocative but she has something to say. I can relate to that."[24] David Bowie, a childhood inspiration of Emin's, also became friends with the artist, Bowie has described Emin as, William Blake as a woman, written by Mike Leigh[25]

Like the George Michael and Kenny Goss neon, Emin also created a unique neon work for her supermodel friend Kate Moss called Moss Kin. In 2004, it was reported that this unique piece had been discovered dumped in a skip in east London. The piece, consisting of neon tubing spelling the words Moss Kin, had been mistakenly thrown out of a basement, owned by the craftsman who made the glass. The artwork was never collected by Moss and had therefore been stored for three years in the basement of a specialist artist used by Emin in the Spitalfields area. It was accidentally dumped when the craftsman moved.[26] The term used in the work Kin is a recurring theme of Emin's to describe those dear to her, her loved ones. Other examples can be seen in a monoprint called MatKin dedicated to her then boyfriend artist Mat Collishaw and released as an aquatint limited edition in 1997.[27] Emin has also created a nude drawing of Kate Moss known as Kate (2000), signed and dated as 1 February 2000 in pencil by the artist. In 2006 the same image was released as a limited edition etching, but renamed as Kate Moss 2000 (2006).[28]

Stuckism[edit]

Stuckists use a cut-out of Emin in 2001 to demonstrate against the Turner Prize
Main article: Stuckism

Emin's relationship with the artist and musician Billy Childish led to the name of the Stuckism movement in 1999. Childish, who had mocked Emin's new affiliation to conceptualism in the early '90s, was told by Emin, "Your paintings are stuck, you are stuck! – Stuck! Stuck! Stuck!" (that is, stuck in the past for not accepting the YBA approach to art). He recorded the incident in the poem, "Poem for a Pissed Off Wife" published in "Big Hart and Balls" Hangman Books 1994, from which Charles Thomson, who knew them both, later coined the term Stuckism.

Emin and Childish had remained on friendly terms up until 1999, but the activities of the Stuckist group offended her and caused a lasting rift with Childish. In a 2003 interview, she was asked about the Stuckists:

"I don't like it at all," she spat. "I don't really want to talk about it. If your wife was stalked and hounded through the media by someone she'd had a relationship with when she was 18, would you like it? That's what happened to me. I don't find it funny, I find it a bit sick, and I find it very cruel, and I just wish people would get on with their own lives and let me get on with mine.

Childish left the Stuckist movement in 2001.[citation needed]

Momart fire (2004)[edit]

Main article: Momart

On 24 May 2004, a fire in a Momart storage warehouse in East London destroyed many works from the Saatchi collection, including Emin's famous tent with appliquéd letters, Everyone I Have Ever Slept With 1963–1995 ("The Tent") (1995) and The Last Thing I Said To You Is Don't Leave Me Here ("The Hut") (1999), Emin's blue wooden beach hut that she bought with fellow artist Sarah Lucas and shared with her boyfriend of the time, the gallerist Carl Freedman. Emin spoke out angrily against what she perceived as a general public lack of sympathy, and even amusement, at the loss of the artworks in the fire.[13] However, she also put the loss in her perspective, commenting:

I'm also upset about those people whose wedding got bombed last week [in Iraq], and people being dug out from under 400ft of mud in the Dominican Republic.[30]

Work[edit]

Monoprints[edit]

Emin's monoprints are a well documented part of her creative output. These unique drawings represent a diaristic aspect and frequently depict events from the past for example, Poor Love (1999), From The Week of Hell '94 (1995) and Ripped Up (1995), which relate to a traumatic experience after an abortion or other personal events as seen in Fuck You Eddy (1995) and Sad Shower in New York (1995) which are both part of the Tate's collection of Emin's art.[31]

Often they incorporate text as well as image, although some bear only text and others only image. The text appears as the artist's stream of consciousness voice. Some critics have compared Emin's text-only monoprints to ransom notes. The rapid, one-off technique involved in making monoprints is perfectly suited to (apparently) immediate expression, as is Emin's scratchy and informal drawing style. Emin frequently misspells words, deliberately or due to the speed at which she did each drawing. In a 2002 interview with Lynn Barber, Emin said,

It's not cute affectation. If I could spell, then I would spell correctly, but I never bothered to learn. So, rather than be inhibited and say I can't write because I can't spell, I just write and get on with it.

Emin created a key series of monoprints in 1997 with the text Something's Wrong[33] or There Must Be Something Terebley Wrong With Me[34] [sic] written with spelling mistakes intact in large capital letters alongside "forlorn figures surrounded by space, their outlines fragile on the page. Some are complete bodies, others only female torsos, legs splayed and with odd, spidery flows gushing from their vaginas. They are all accompanied by the legend There's Something Wrong."[35]

Other key monoprints include a series from 1994 and 1995 known as the Illustrations from Memory series which document Emin's childhood memories of sexual awakening and other experiences growing up in Margate such as Fucking Down An Ally 16/5/95 (1995) and Illustrations from Memory, the year 1974. In The Livingroom (1994). Emin further produced a set of monoprints detailing her memories of Margate's iconic buildings such as Margate Harbour 16/5/95 (1995), The Lido 16/5/95 (1995) and Light House 15/5/95 (1995). Other drawings from 1994 include the Family Suite series, part of the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art collection, consisting of 20 monoprints with "archetypal themes in Emin's art: sex, her family, her abortions, and Margate".[36] This series of monoprints was displayed for the first time from August 2008 at the Edinburgh based gallery as part of her first major retrospective, which has been called the Summer Blockbuster exhibition.[37] A further Family Suite II set was exhibited in Los Angeles in November 2007 as part of Emin's solo show at Gagosian gallery.[38]

Emin's monoprints are rarely displayed alone in exhibitions, they're particularly effective as collective fragments of intense emotional confrontation. Emin has made several works documenting painful moments of sadness and loneliness experienced when travelling to foreign cities for various exhibitions such as Thinking of You (2005) and Bath White I (2005)[39] which were from a series of monoprints drawn directly onto the USA Mondrian hotel stationery.[40] Emin herself has said,

Being an artist isn't just about making nice things, or people patting you on the back; it's some kind of communication, a message.

In 2009, Emin along with book publisher Rizzoli released a book titled One Thousand Drawings. As the title suggests, the book contains 1000 drawings of Emin's career since 1988. The book was released to coincide with Emin's show Those who suffer love at White Cube which is mainly a drawings show.[42] Emin said in an interview that "We actually looked at about 2000 drawings and then chose 1000 drawings [for the book]... I'd probably done, over that period of time about 4000 drawings".[43]

Monoprint drawings of mothers and children that Emin drew during a pregnancy in 1990 were included in a 2010 joint exhibition with Paula Rego and Mat Collishaw at the Foundling Museum.[44]

Painting[edit]

Emin displayed six small watercolours[45] in her Turner Prize exhibition in 1999, and also in her New York show Every Part of Me's Bleeding held that same year, known as the Berlin Watercolour series (1998). These delicate, washed out but colourful watercolours include four portraits of Emin's face and were all painted by Emin in Berlin during 1998, adapted from Polaroids of the artist taking a bath.[46] Each unique painting from this series share the same title, Berlin The Last Week in April 1998.[47] Simon Wilson, spokesperson for the Tate, commented that Emin included the set of tiny Berlin watercolours "as a riposte to the accusation that there are no paintings"[46] in the Turner Prize exhibitions. The bath theme seen in these watercolours was later revisited by Emin in her photographic work Sometimes I Feel Beautiful (2000) and in monoprints such as the Bath White (2005) series. With all these works, Emin explores a Mary Cassatt quality of the "woman in a private moment".

Emin's focus on painting has developed over the past few years, starting with the Purple Virgin (2004) acrylic watercolour series of purple brush strokes depicting her naked open legs, and leading to paintings such as Asleep Alone With Legs Open (2005), the Reincarnation (2005) series and Masturbating (2006) amongst others.

In May 2005, London's Evening Standard newspaper highlighted Emin's return to painting in their preview of her When I Think About Sex exhibition at White Cube. Other works were nude self-portrait drawings. Emin was quoted: "For this show I wanted to show that I can really draw, and I think they are really sexy drawings."[48]

Work for her 2007 show at the Venice Biennale (see below) included large-scale canvases of her legs and vagina. A watercolour series called The Purple Virgins were displayed. There are ten Purple Virgin works in total, six of which were shown at the Biennale. These were accompanied by two canvases of a similar style called How I Think I Feel 1 and 2.

The Venice Biennale was also the first time Emin's Abortion Watercolour series, painted in 1990, had ever been shown in public.

Jay Jopling uncovered a brand new Emin painting, Rose Virgin (2007), as part of White Cube's stand at the Frieze Art Fair in London's Regent's Park on 10 October 2007. More new paintings are expected to be shown in Emin's You Left Me Breathing exhibition in Los Angeles' Gagosian gallery from 2 November 2007, described in a recent interview as an 'exhibition of sculpture and painting'.[16] A number of new paintings were on display including Get Ready for the Fuck of Your Life (2007).[38]

Photography[edit]

Emin has produced many photographic works throughout her career, including Monument Valley (Grand Scale) (1995–97)[49] and Outside Myself (Monument Valley, reading 'Exploration of the Soul') (1995)[50] which resulted "from a trip Emin made to the United States in 1994. She and her then boyfriend, the writer, curator and gallerist Carl Freedman, drove from San Francisco to New York stopping off along the way to give readings from her book, Exploration of the Soul 1994. The photograph shows the artist sitting in an upholstered chair in Monument Valley, a spectacular location on the southern border of Utah with northern Arizona, holding her book. Although it is open, it is not clear whether she is looking at the viewer or at the text in front of her. Emin gave her readings sitting in the chair, which she had inherited from her grandmother, which also became part of Emin's art, There's A Lot of Money in Chairs (1994)."[51]

Other photographic works include a series of nine images comprising the work Naked Photos – Life Model Goes Mad (1996) documenting a painting performance Emin made in a room specially built in Galleri Andreas Brändström, Stockholm. Another photographic series, Trying on Clothes From My Friends (She Took The Shirt Off His Back) (1997), shows the artist trying on her friends' clothes offering up questions of identity.

Other works such as I've Got It All (2000) show Emin with her "legs splayed on a red floor, clutching banknotes and coins to her crotch. Made at a time of public and financial success, the image connects the artist’s desire for money and success and her sexual desire (her role as consumer) with her use of her body and her emotional life to produce her art (the object of consumption)".[51] Whilst Sometimes I Feel Beautiful (2000) pictures Emin lying alone in a bath. Both these works are examples of Emin using "large-scale photographs of herself to record and express moments of emotional significance in her life, frequently making reference to her career as an artist. The photographs have a staged quality, as though the artist is enacting a private ritual."[51]

Emin's two self portraits taken inside her beach hut, The Last Thing I Said To You Is Don't Leave Me Here I (2000) and The Last Thing I Said To You Is Don't Leave Me Here II (2000) are a diptych although they are often exhibited and sold separately. They depict a naked Emin on her knees inside her beach hut which she and friend Sarah Lucas had bought in Whitstable, Kent in 1992. The hut itself later became the sculpture The Last Thing I Said To You Is Don't Leave Me Here (The Hut) (1999). They are part of museum collections including Tate Modern, the Saatchi Gallery and the National Portrait Gallery and have been mass produced as postcards sold in museum shops around the world.

Neon[edit]

Emin has also worked with neon lights. One such piece is You Forgot To Kiss My Soul (2001)[52] which consists of those words in blue neon inside a neon heart-shape. Another neon piece is made from the words Is Anal Sex Legal (1998).[53] to complement another Is Legal Sex Anal (1998)[54] For the Venice Biennale, Emin produced a series of new purple neon works, for example, Legs I (2007).[55] This 2007 series of Legs neon works were directly inspired by the Purple Virgin (2004) watercolour series. For example, Legs IV (2007)[56] directly follows the watercolour lines of the Purple Virgin 9 (2004). For a joint 2010 exhibition with Paula Rego and Mat Collishaw she decorated the front of the Foundling Museum with the neon words "Foundlings and fledglings are angels of this earth".[57]

Emin has donated neon work to auction for charity and in 2007, her neon Keep Me Safe reached the highest price ever made for one of her neon works of over £60,000.[58] A brand new neon piece called With You I Want To Live was shown as part of Emin's You Left Me Breathing exhibition in 2007 at the Gagosian Gallery in Los Angeles.[59]

Fabric[edit]

Emin frequently works with fabric in the form of appliqués – material (often cut out into lettering) sewn onto other material. She collects fabric from curtains, bed sheets and linen and has done so for most of her life. She keeps such material that holds emotional significance for later use in her work. Many of her large scale appliqués are made on hotel linens, for example, It Always Hurts (2005), Sometimes I Feel So Fucking Lost (2005), Volcano Closed (2001) and Helter Fucking Skelter (2001). Hate And Power Can Be A Terrible Thing (2004), part of the Tate's collection of Emin's work, is a large scale blanket inspired in part by Margaret Thatcher due to her involvement in "an attack on 800 boys and men in the Argentinian navy" and other women for example women who steals their friends' boyfriends, Emin says of this work "about the kind of women I hate, the kind of women I have no respect for, women who betray and destroy the hearts of other women".[60]

Emin's use of fabric is diverse, one of her most famous works came from sewing letters onto her grandmother's armchair in There's A Lot of Money in Chairs (1994). The chair was very detailed, "including her and her twin brother’s names, the year of her grandmother’s birth (1901) and the year of her birth (1963) on either side of the words ‘another world’, referring to the passing of time. An exchange between the artist and her grandmother using the nicknames they had for each other: ‘Ok Puddin, Thanks Plum’, covers the bottom front of the chair and a saying of Emin’s grandmother’s, ‘There’s a lot of money in chairs’, is appliquéd in pink along the top and front of its back. Behind the chair back, the first page of Exploration of the Soul, handwritten onto fabric, is appliquéd together with other dictums such as, ‘It’s not what you inherit. It’s what you do with your inheritance’".[51] Emin used the chair on a trip Emin made to the United States in 1994. Driving from San Francisco to New York stopping off along the way to give readings from her book, Exploration of the Soul (1994). Emin gave her readings sitting in the upholstered chair and "as she crossed the United States, the artist sewed the names of the places she visited – San Francisco, Los Angeles, San Diego, Las Vegas, Monument Valley, Detroit, Pittsburgh, New York – onto the front of the chair".[51] Emin also posed in the chair for two of her photographic works (see Photography) whilst in Monument Valley, in the Arizona Desert. It is currently on public display at Pallant House Gallery until 6 March 2011 as part of the exhibition, 'Contemporary Eye: Crossovers.'

Emin has made a large number of smaller scale works, often including hand sewn words and images, such as Falling Stars (2001), It Could Have Been Something (2001), Always Sorry (2005) and As Always (2005).

On 13 April 2007, Emin launched a specially designed flag made out of fabric with the message One Secret Is To Save Everything written in orange-red letters across the banner made up of hand-sewn swimming sperm. Tracey Emin's flag, at 21 feet by 14 feet, flew above the Jubilee Gardens in the British capital until 31 July 2007, with the parliament building and the London Eye as backdrops. Emin called the artwork "a flag made from wishful thinking".[61] The flag was commissioned by the South Bank Centre in London's Waterloo.

In June 2007, on returning from the Venice Biennale, Emin donated a piece of artwork, a handsewn blanket called Star Trek Voyager to be auctioned at Elton John's annual glamorous White Tie & Tiara Ball to raise money for The Elton John AIDS Foundation. The piece of artwork sold for £800,000.[62]

Emin's works on fabric has been related to other artists such as Louise Bourgeois, who Emin actually mentions in a sewn work called The Older Woman (2005) with the phrase (monoprint on fabric), "I think my Dad should have gone out with someone older like Louise, Louise Bourgeois".[63] Emin was interviewed by Alan Yentob during the BBC's Imagine documentary Spiderwoman about Louise Bourgeois, aired in the UK on 13 November 2007.[64]

Found objects[edit]

Emin has often made use of found objects in her work from the early use of a cigarette box found in a car crash in which her uncle died. The most well known example is My Bed, where she displayed her bed. Another instance is the removal of her beach hut from Whitstable to be displayed in a gallery. This work was titled The Last Thing I Said To You Is Don't Leave Me Here (The Hut) (1999).

She revisited the theme of the bed in 2002, with the mixed media installation, To Meet My Past (2002),[65] another installation with a four poster bed with embroidered text such as Weird Sex and To Meet My Past hanging down alongside the mattress.[63]

Emin also incorporated stones and rocks which had been thrown through her window in a mixed media piece in her 2005 show. The work consists of a monoprint of herself sitting on a chair with the stones lined up below the drawing in a vitrine.

The Leg (2004) included a plaster cast inside a vitrine, kept by the artist after she broke her leg, exhibited alongside a C-print photograph of the artist wearing the cast.[66]

Installations[edit]

Emin has created a number of installation art pieces including Poor Thing (Sarah and Tracey) (2001) which was made up of two hanging frames, hospital gowns, a water bottle and wire. A similar installation called Feeling Pregnant III (2005) made up of fabric hung off wooden and metal coat hangers and stands was a later creation for Emin. Both these installations touch further on Emin's relationship with pregnancy and abortion and can be related to Louise Bourgeois' sculptures such as Untitled (1996), a mobile of hanging clothes, and Untitled (2007), a series of standing bronze sculptures.

The Perfect Place to Grow (2001) was a video installation with a set consisting of a wooden birdhouse, a DVD (shot on Super 8), monitor, trestle, plants, wooden ladder. This installation has been exhibited at the Tate Britain in 2004 in their room dedicated to Emin's work and also White Cube in 2001. It was dedicated to her father, creating the bird house as a tiny home for my dad and Emin thought of the works' title from the idea of nature and nurture.[67]

Knowing My Enemy (2002) was a large scale installation created by Emin for her Modern Art Oxford solo show of that year. Consisting of reclaimed wood and steel, Emin created a wooden 'look-out' house upon a long, broken, wooden pier. It's Not the Way I Want to Die (2005) was another large scale installation, part of Emin's 2005 solo show at White Cube. Emin created a large rollercoaster track with reclaimed timber and metal. Displayed in the same show was a smaller installation work called Self Portrait (2005) which consisted of a tin bath, bamboo, wire and neon light.[68] Another related installation Sleeping With You (2005) consisted of painted reclaimed timber and a thin neon light across a dark wall.[63]

Films[edit]

Emin featured with her then boyfriend, Billy Childish, in Quiet Lives (1982) (11 mins, 16 mm, written and directed by Eugene Doyen), once available with Cheated and Room for Rent in A Hangman Triple Bill, also known as The Hangman Trilogy, Hangman Films. Quiet Lives is discussed in an article on Childish's films in No Focus: punk on film (Headpress, 2006).

An autobiographical work is the film, CV Cunt Vernacular (1997), in which Emin narrates her story from childhood in Margate, through her student years, abortions and destruction of her early work.

Top Spot (2004) is a feature-length non-fiction production, mixing DV footage and Super 8 film into lyrical montage. The title refers to a youth centre/disco in Margate (but also a sexual reference), Top Spot. The film draws heavily on Emin's teenage experiences of growing up in Margate, and features six teenage girls who share their stories. The natural beauty of the sea and the sunsets is linked with Margate’s more manmade pleasures, underscored with a selection of 1970s songs that formed the soundtrack to the artist’s own adolescence. It was shot during the summertime in Margate, London, and Egypt. Emin withdrew the film from general distribution in cinemas, after the film was rated with an 18 certificate.[69] In December 2004 the film was broadcast on BBC3 television in the UK.[70] A DVD of the film was released in 2004.

Books[edit]

  • Six Turkish Tales (1987) was published by Hangman books as written by T. K. Emin. Emin's editor for Six Turkish Tales was Billy Childish and Bill Lewis and the cover was illustrated by Billy Childish.
  • Exploration of the Soul (1994) An autobiographical short story which goes from Emin¹s conception to age thirteen. It was a limited edition of 200 copies. Signed on inside with 2 original colour photographs. Book is housed in a hand-sewn white cloth bag with 2 coloured cloth letters "TE" hand sewn (colours such came in green, blue, yellow, pink). In 2003 the book was re-released as an edition of 1000 by Counter Editions (minus the cloth bag/photographs).
  • Details of Depression (2003) Written by Emin using the name, Tracey Karima Emin: Cyprus/London. Another limited edition, stamped on the back cover, which brings together an ancient Arabic poem and a series of photographs taken around Northern Cyprus. Published by Counter Editions at the same time as the re-issued version of Exploration of the Soul.
  • Strangeland (2005) was Emin's long-awaited memoir. It is divided into three sections, "Motherland", "Fatherland" and "Traceyland". It is written in the first person and conveys an unvarnished look at her life from childhood. Jeanette Winterson wrote, "Her latest writings are painfully honest, and certainly some of it should have been edited out by someone who loves her."[71] Emin's editor for Strangeland was the British novelist Nicholas Blincoe. This book also attracted considerable media coverage and Billy Childish publicly questioned some accounts in newspaper articles.[13]
  • Those Who Suffer Love (2009) A new compiled selection of Tracey Emin’s GQ poems complete with accompanying drawings.
  • Love Is What You Want (2011) A new survey of work, accompanying Emin's major show at the Hayward Gallery in London.
  • My Life in a Column (2011)

Sculpture[edit]

In February 2005, Emin's first public artwork, a bronze sculpture, went on display outside the Oratory, adjacent to Liverpool Cathedral. It consists of a small bird perched on a tall bronze pole, and is designed so that the bird seems to disappear when viewed from the front. It was commissioned by the BBC.[72] "Emin's work stands outside The Oratory, in Upper Duke Street just outside the Cathedral. The Roman Standard – which features a small bird on top of a four-metre high bronze pole – is a tribute to the city's famous symbol the Liver Bird. The sculpture was commissioned by the BBC as part of their contribution to the art05 festival and Liverpool's year as European Capital of Culture in 2008. Emin says the sculpture represents strength and femininity."[73] In September 2008 Emin unveiled a neon work that was "installed in the well of the cathedral"[74] Emin herself says of her continuing relationship of making public sculptures in the town, "When Liverpool is Capital of Culture in 2008, I'll be making a large work for the Anglican Cathedral, which I'm really looking forward to."[73]

Other sculptures have included Death Mask (2002) which is a bronze cast of her own head. Emin loaned this work to the National Portrait Gallery in 2005,

The death mask, which enjoyed a popular revival in the nineteenth century, was a method for preserving the final expression and physiognomy of the famous or infamous, largely based on the belief that facial features and proportion could explain personal attributes such as genius or criminality. These likenesses were often produced and distributed in multiples as plaster casts could be taken from a bronze original.

In an ironic reference to the much discussed autobiographical nature of her practice which has dominated critical reception of her work, Emin has cast her own death mask during her life-time creating a contemporary portrait with an historic allusion through her use of this lost tradition.

Death Masks were most usually made of male subjects. The red appliqué fabric on which Emin's bronze head is placed refers to the frequent use of quilting and embroidery in her work, associated with the domestic sphere of women, which challenges masculine frameworks of history and art history. Emin, whose work is often based on images of herself, once commented "It is like they have seen my art by seeing me". In this work she offers herself in perpetuity as an enclosed specimen or museum display, literally transforming herself into an object for the scrutiny of generations to come.[75]

At Emin's 2007 Venice Biennale exhibition, as well as the central exhibition's Tower sculptures, tall wooden towers consisting of small pieces of timber piled together, a new small bronze-cast sculpture work of a child's pink sock was revealed Sock (2007) on display on the steps of the British Pavilion.[76] Her exhibition again attracted widespread UK media coverage, both positive and negative.[13]

In September 2007, Emin announced she would be exhibiting new sculpture work in the inaugural Folkestone Triennial which took place in the Kent town from June until September 2008. In June 2008 Emin discussed the Folkestone sculptures, stating the "high percentage" of teenage pregnancies in the Kent town had inspired this latest work.[77] Emin said her contribution would be different pieces placed around the town,

I'm going to be making very tiny bronze-cast items of baby clothing. It's baby clothes that I have found in the street, like a mitten or a sock.[78]

Emin's 2007 solo show at Gagosian Gallery in Los Angeles' Beverly Hills[38] included brand new sculpture works described by Emin as, "some very strange little sculptures. They are nearly all of animals, apart from one, which is a pineapple. They rest on mini-plinths made in a really brilliant LA, beach, California, Fifties surfer kind of style. Different woods put together in cute pattern formations. In some places the wood is 18th-century floorboards, some bits of cabin from tall ships or things which could have been found on the seashore – driftwood."[79] The New York Times included Emin in a piece about artists who are Originals with a new photograph with two sculptures, one of a small bird on a thin stand and a large seagull, both sculptures placed upon wooden plinths.[80] Gagosian further described the many different sculptures from the show as, "a group of delicate wood and jesmonite sculptures, which expand on the spirals, rollercoasters, and bridges of recent years. Others incorporate cast bronze figures – seagulls, songbirds, and frogs – or objects combining cement and glass, which are placed on tables or bundled bases made from found timbers."[81]

In late November 2007, it was announced that Emin was one of six artists to have been shortlisted to propose a sculpture for the fourth plinth in London's Trafalgar Square. The other shortlisted artists were Jeremy Deller, Antony Gormley, Anish Kapoor, Yinka Shonibare, and Bob and Roberta Smith – the professional name of Patrick Brill.[82] The contenders were commissioned to produce a scale model of their idea. On 6 January 2008, it was revealed Emin's proposal was a lifesize model of a group of four meerkats, the desert mammal.[83] Entitled Something for the Future[84] it consists of a sculpture of four meerkats "as a symbol of unity and safety." as "whenever Britain is in crisis or, as a nation, is experiencing sadness and loss (for example, after Princess Diana's funeral), the next programme on television is 'Meerkats United.'"[85] The successful proposals were announced in 2008 as Gormley, whose project One & Other occupied the plinth in summer 2009 and Shonibare, whose work Nelson's Ship in a Bottle was unveiled in 2010.

Definition of art[edit]

In common with many YBAs, including Damien Hirst, Emin employs assistants for fabrication purposes, for example sewing the lettering onto her appliquéd pieces.

A poster she photocopied and put up around her home when her cat Docket went missing became an object collected by people, but was excluded by Emin from her canon.[86]

In 2000, Emin was commissioned, as part of a scheme throughout London titled Art in Sacred Spaces,[87] to collaborate with children on an artwork at Ecclesbourne Primary School in Islington, North London. Pupils made the piece with her in Emin's style of sewing cut out letters onto a large piece of material. In 2004 the school enquired if Emin would sign the work so that the school could sell it as an original to raise funds. They planned to auction the piece for £35,000 for an arts unit,[88] as it could not afford to display the large work. Emin and her gallery White Cube refused saying that it was not a piece of her art, therefore reducing its value and requested it be returned.[89] But Emin quickly came to an agreement with the school, where she paid £4,000 to create a perspex display box for the patchwork quilt to be showcased. Taking as her theme the title "Tell me something beautiful", Emin invited eight-year-olds to nominate their ideas of beauty and then to sew the keywords in felt letters on bright fabric squares. The resulting bold patchwork, featured words such as "tree", "sunrise", "dolphin" and "nan".[90] Art critic John Slyce, who has worked on school collaborations with artists, supported Emin and White Cube's decision saying, "This is a horrific precedent for the school to try to set. They were lucky to have an artist of that stature spending that amount of time with them ... the artwork should remain in context with the kids. Children's primary experience of art should not be as a commodity."[87] She started the "Cultural Exchange" programme of the Radio Four series Front Row in 2013.

Exhibitions[edit]

Modern Art Oxford (2002–2003)[edit]

From November 2002 to January 2003, Tracey Emin's solo exhibition This Is Another Place was held at Modern Art Oxford and marked the museum's reopening[91] and renaming to Modern Art Oxford.[92] The exhibition was Emin's first British exhibition since 1997.[91] The exhibition contained drawings,[93] etchings, film, neon works such as Fuck off and die, you slag,[93] and sculptures including a large scale wooden pier, called Knowing My Enemy,[93] with a wooden shack on top made from reclaimed timber.[91] Emin commented that her choice to exhibit in Oxford was due to personal reasons as museum director Andrew Nairne had always been "a big supporter of my work".[91] An exhibition catalogue included 50 illustrations: "a compilation of images and writings reflecting her life, her sexual experiences and her desires and fears."[94]

Venice Biennale (2007)[edit]

Main article: Venice Biennale

In August 2006, the British Council announced that they had chosen Emin to produce a show of new and past works for the British Pavilion at the 52nd Venice Biennale in 2007. Emin was the second woman to produce a solo show for the UK at the Biennale, following Rachel Whiteread in 1997. In a BBC interview, Andrea Rose, the commissioner for the British Pavilion, said the exhibition would allow Emin's work to be viewed "in an international context and at a distance from the YBA generation with which she came to prominence."[95]

Emin has chosen the title Borrowed Light[96] for the in-depth exhibition of her work. The artist produced new work especially for the British Pavilion, using a wide variety of media – from needlework, photography and video to drawing, painting, sculpture and neon. A promotional British Council flyer included an image of a previously unseen monoprint for the exhibition called Fat Minge (1994) which was included in the show whilst the Telegraph newspaper[97] featured a photo of a new purple neon Legs I (2007) which was on display (directly inspired by Emin's 2004 purple watercolour Purple Virgin series. Emin herself summed up her Biennale exhibition work as,[98]

Pretty and hard-core

Emin was interviewed about the Venice Biennale in her East London studio by the BBC's Kirsty Wark; this was broadcast on BBC Four television channel in November 2006. Emin showed Wark some work-in-progress, which included large-scale canvases with paintings of Emin's legs and vagina. Starting with the Purple Virgin (2004) acrylic watercolour series with their strong purple brush strokes depicting Emin's naked open legs, leading to Emin's paintings in 2005-6 such as Asleep Alone With Legs Open (2005), the Reincarnation (2005) series and Masturbating (2006) amongst others, these works are a significant new development in her artistic output.

In an interview with Lynn Barber published in The Observer newspaper the week before the launch of Emin's biennale show, the artist said of her work,

It's the most feminine work I've ever made.

Andrea Rose, the British Pavilion commissioner, added to this commenting on the art Emin has produced, 'It's remarkably ladylike. There is no ladette work – no toilet with a poo in it – and actually it is very mature I think, quite lovely. She is much more interested in formal values than people might expect, and it shows in this exhibition. It's been revelatory working with her. Tracey's reputation for doing shows and hanging them is not good, but she's been a dream to work with. What it shows is that she's moved a long way away from the YBAs. She's quite a lady actually!'[99]

Royal Academician (2007)[edit]

On 29 March 2007, Tracey Emin was made Royal Academician by the Royal Academy of Arts. Emin became a member of the Royal Academy joining an elite group of artists including David Hockney, Peter Blake, Anthony Caro and Alison Wilding. This entitles Emin to exhibit up to six works in the annual summer exhibition.[100]

Emin has a long history of exhibiting her art at the Royal Academy, having been invited to include works at their Summer Exhibitions in 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004 and 2001. For 2004's Summer Exhibition, Emin was chosen by fellow artist David Hockney to submit two monoprints, one called And I'd Love To Be The One (1997) and another on the topic of Emin's abortion called Ripped Up (1995) as that year's theme celebrated the art of drawing as part of the creative process. Whilst 2007 saw Emin exhibit a neon work called Angel (2005). Emin's art was first included at the Royal Academy as part of the Sensation exhibition in 1997.

For the June 2008 Summer Exhibition, Emin was invited to curate a gallery.[101] Emin also gave a public talk in June 2008 interviewed by art critic and broadcaster Matthew Collings, contemplating her role within the Royal Academy, the Academy’s relationship to the contemporary art world, and her perspective, as an artist, on hanging and curating a gallery in the Summer Exhibition.[102] She also exhibited her famous "Space Monkey - We Have Lift Off" print at the 2009 Royal Academy Summer Exhibition.[103]

Twenty Years retrospective (2008)[edit]

The first major retrospective of Emin's work was held in Edinburgh between August and November 2008[104] attracting over 40,000 visitors, breaking the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art’s record for an exhibition of work by a living artist.[105]

The large scale exhibition included the full range of Emin's art from the rarely seen early work to the iconic My Bed (1998) and the room-sized installation Exorcism of the Last Painting I Ever Made (1996). The show displayed her unique appliquéd blankets, paintings, sculptures, films, neons, drawings and monoprints. The Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art was the only UK venue for the show which travels to the Centro de Arte Contemporáneo in Málaga,[106] Spain and then to the Kunstmuseum in Bern, Switzerland from 2009.[107]

It was reported on 6 November 2008 that Emin gifted a major sculpture to the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art as a "thank you"[108] to both the gallery and the city of Edinburgh. The work called Roman Standard (2005) comprises a 13-foot-tall (4.0 m) bronze pole, surmounted by a little bird, cast in bronze. The work has an estimated value of at least £75,000.[105]

Love Is What You Want retrospective (2011)[edit]

In May–August 2011, a major survey exhibition at London's Hayward Gallery consisted of work from all aspects of Emin’s art practice,[109] revealing facets of the artist and her work that are frequently overlooked.[110] The exhibition included painting, drawing, photography, textiles, video and sculpture, with rarely before seen early works alongside more recent large-scale installations. Emin made a new series of outdoor sculptures especially for this solo show.[111]

The Vanishing Lake – Frieze Fair (2011)[edit]

On 6 October 2011, Emin opened a site-specific exhibition at Fitzroy Square. The title is taken from her novel which has served as a catalyst for a series of new works, created for a neoclassical house designed by Robert Adam in 1794. The exhibition also featured a series of embroidered texts and hand-woven tapestries continue Emin’s interest in the domestic and handcrafted tradition.

London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games[edit]

Tracey Emin was a mentor on the BA Great Britons Programme,[112] and mentored an up and coming British talent to produce artwork for twelve BA aircraft in the run up to the London 2012 Games.[113] She also produced a poster and limited edition print for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games, one of only twelve British artists selected.[114]

On 19 July 2012, Emin carried the Olympic torch through her hometown of Margate.[115]

Music[edit]

In 1998, Emin duetted with pop singer Boy George on a song called Burning Up, released on an 18 track audio CD that accompanied the book We love you.[116]

In 2005, Emin compiled a CD of her favourite music called Music To Cry To released and sold by the UK household furnishings retailer and brand Habitat.[117]

In 2009, Emin designed the album artwork for singer/songwriter Harper Simon, son of Paul Simon. The front cover depicts an aeroplane, drawn in Emin's scratchy monoprint style.[118]

Charity work[edit]

Emin is well known for her charity work including raising over a million pounds for children's charities such as the NSPCC and for HIV/AIDS charities including the Terrence Higgins Trust.[119] Emin frequently donates original artworks for charity auctions,[120] and has often adopted the role of auctioneer on the charity night to help increase the highest bid.

In June 2007, on returning from the Venice Biennale, Emin donated a piece of artwork, a handsewn blanket called Star Trek Voyager to be auctioned at Elton John's annual glamorous White Tie & Tiara Ball to raise money for The Elton John AIDS Foundation. The piece of artwork sold for £800,000.[62] Also in June 2007, Emin's neon work Keep Me Safe reached the highest price ever (at that time) made for one of her neon works of over £60,000.[58]

Emin has participated in The Independent newspaper's Christmas Appeal for many years, where she has offered for auction bespoke artworks and also drawing lessons with the artist. In December 2006 Emin's lot raised £14,000 for a one-on-one drawing lesson, over champagne and cake, with the artist.[121] The following year, in December 2007, Emin's lot raised £25,150 for their appeal offering a special unique drawing of the highest bidder's pet embroidered on to a cushion in Emin's trademark style.[122]

In January 2008, Emin went to Uganda where she had set up the brand new "Tracey Emin Library" at the rural Forest High School. She explained in her newspaper column, "Schools here don't have libraries. In fact, rural areas have very little. Most have no doctor, no clinic, no hospital; schools are few and far between. Education cannot afford to be a priority, but it should be... I think this library may be just the beginning."[123]

On Valentine's Day 2008, Emin donated a red, heart-shaped neon artwork called I Promise To Love You (2007) for a charity auction to raise money for The Global Fund, which helps women and children affected by HIV/AIDS in Africa. The auction was called (Auction) RED. The work sold for a record price $220,000,[124] which was much higher than the guide estimates of between $60,000 and $80,000.[125]

Political activities[edit]

Emin has been a critic of Britain's income tax regime, stating "I’m simply not willing to pay tax at 50%", she is "very seriously considering leaving Britain", and suggests she will live in France. "The French have lower tax rates and they appreciate arts and culture."[126][127] Emin has since denied that she intends to leave the country, stating that a journalist she spoke to previously exaggerated her comments, and that London is her home, and is the context in which she belongs.[128][129][130]

The Independent newspaper reported in August 2010 that Emin is thought of as a supporter of the Conservative Party.[131] Indeed, in an interview with the New Statesman she revealed that she voted for the Conservatives at the 2010 General Election, adding, "We've got the best government at the moment that we've ever had."[132]

In April 2014, Emin, who has a home and studio in Spitalfields, publicly called to save an East London newsagent who faced eviction from Old Spitalfields Market, after 22 years in business. She started a petition to save newsagent Ashok Patel’s business, which has been signed by 1,000 people.[133]

Recognition[edit]

Emin was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2013 New Year Honours for services to the arts.[134][135] In February 2013, she was assessed as one of the 100 most powerful women in the United Kingdom by Woman's Hour on BBC Radio 4.[136]

Art market[edit]

Emin’s primary galleries are White Cube in London (since 1993) and Lehmann Maupin in New York (since 1997).[137]

Collector Charles Saatchi bought My Bed (1998) for £150,000 ($248,000) from Lehmann Maupin’s "Every Part of Me’s Bleeding," the exhibition that won the artist a nomination for the 1999 Turner Prize.[137] In 2013, on the occasion of a Christie's London sale that raised a total of 3.1 million pounds ($5 million) in aid of the Saatchi Gallery’s policy of free entry, To Meet My Past (2002) sold for $778,900, establishing a new record for the artist.[138] At another Christie's auction in 2014, My Bed was sold to Jay Jopling[139] for 2.5 million pounds, including buyer’s commission, once again to benefit the Saatchi Gallery’s foundation.[140]

An earlier auction record, set at Christie's, London, in December 2010, was £130,000 (hammer price), paid for he appliqué blanket It's The Way We Think (2004).[141] Indeed, Emin’s most commonly auctioned sculptural works are phrases in her own handwriting set in neon, usually issued in editions of three, with two artist’s proofs.[137] Among her neon works, only one has ever fetched more than £100,000, the red neon light installation I promise to love you, which fetched £102,040 (US$200,000) at Sotheby's, New York, in February 2008.

Works on paper, mainly depicting the artist herself, have appeared at auction since 1997 and garnered up to £46,850 ($75,000), the sale price for the gouache Deep Blue III (2011), at Christie’s London in 2013.[137]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tate. "The Perfect Place to Grow 2001". Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
  2. ^ Victoria and Albert Museum. "Tracey Emin. Evening Talks.". Victoria and Albert Museum. South Kensington, London. Retrieved 25 November 2010. 
  3. ^ European Graduate School. "Tracey Emin Faculty Page at European Graduate School (Biography, bibliography and video lectures)". European Graduate School. Retrieved 25 November 2010. 
  4. ^ Art Gallery of New South Wales. "Tracey Emin in conversation". Art Gallery of New South Wales. Sydney, Australia. 6 November 2010. Retrieved 25 November 2010. 
  5. ^ Royal Academy of Arts. "Tracey Emin RA in Conversation with Matthew Collings". Geological Society Lecture Theatre, Piccadilly. Retrieved 25 November 2010. 
  6. ^ Tate Britain. "Art, Memory and Autobiography: Tracey Emin, Christopher Bollas and Gillian Slovo". Tate Britain, London. 27 January 2005. Retrieved 25 November 2010. 
  7. ^ "Tracey Emin to become Professor of Drawing at RA". BBC News. 14 December 2011. 
  8. ^ "Tracey Emin appointed as RA's Professor of Drawing". The Daily Telegraph (London). 14 December 2011. 
  9. ^ http://www.theartsdesk.com/tv/who-do-you-think-you-are-tracey-emin-bbc-one
  10. ^ "Tracey Emin with Barry Barker", University of Brighton, 3 December 2003. Retrieved 2 April 2006.
  11. ^ "Fire devastates Saatchi artworks". BBC, 26 May 2004. Retrieved on 25 February 2008.
  12. ^ Longrigg, Clare. "Sixty Minutes, Noise: by art's bad girl". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c d Kim Min Su and Stephen Mallinder (1 February 2010) Tracey Emin media coverage vs. Cabaret Voltaire’s Kino, Art Design Publicity. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
  14. ^ Work illustrated on page 21 of Neal Brown's book Tracey Emin (Tate's Modern Artists Series) (London: Tate, 2006) ISBN 1-85437-542-3
  15. ^ "Video footage and interview with Emin from The Blue Gallery exhibition is included in the 1999 documentary Mad Tracey From Margate". ZCZ Films. [dead link]
  16. ^ a b Tracey Emin says her work is feminine, not feminist | Dallas Morning News | News for Dallas, Texas | Arts & Entertainment
  17. ^ The Goss-Michael Foundation
  18. ^ Art World Superstar Tests Sensational, Confessional and Cultural Boundaries in Dallas Show
  19. ^ Ruiz, Cristina. "$200m collection of British contemporary art for Texas". SKY Arts. Retrieved on 25 February 2008.
  20. ^ "Tracey Emin: My Life In A Column". The Independent (London). 2 November 2007. Retrieved 25 May 2010. [dead link]
  21. ^ As mentioned by singer Robert Diament in an interview dated 16 January 2008 "An artist I love called Tracey Emin wrote about her birth and invisible lines that connect the past, present and future in her book 'Exploration Of The Soul' and it really resonated with me, that idea."
  22. ^ Ronnie wood in Artists and Illustrators magazine
  23. ^ madonnalicious.com
  24. ^ Jones, Dylan. "Madonna: The most famous woman in the world interviewed". Independent, 10 February 2001. Retrieved on 25 February 2008.
  25. ^ "Tracey Emin Biography". European Graduate School EGS. Retrieved on 25 February 2008.
  26. ^ "Emin artwork found dumped in skip". BBC, 9 June 2004. Retrieved on 25 February 2008.
  27. ^ Lot 110: Tracey Emin (b. 1963) – Featured on Invaluable.com
  28. ^ White Cube
  29. ^ "Eminently outrageous". smh.com.au. 3 February 2003. Retrieved 11 July 2010. 
  30. ^ "They said what?" The Guardian, 30 May 2004. Retrieved on 25 February 2008.
  31. ^ Tate Collection | Tracey Emin
  32. ^ The Parkett Issues
  33. ^ Terrebly Wrong (1997)
  34. ^ Something (1997)
  35. ^ Tate Magazine issue 1 article written by Melanie McGrath
  36. ^ The Art Fund – Family Suite
  37. ^ National Galleries of Scotland – Supportus
  38. ^ a b c Gagosian Gallery – Exhibition – Tracey Emin
  39. ^ Image 20 in the images of artworks, Lehmann Maupin website
  40. ^ White Cube — Tracey Emin
  41. ^ Tate Collection | Sad Shower in New York by Tracey Emin
  42. ^ White Cube – Those who suffer love
  43. ^ 2009 Channel 4 interview
  44. ^ Video about 2010 Tracey Emin exhibition at the Foundling Museum Guardian review of Emin at Foundling Museum, 2010
  45. ^ List of Works in the Turner Prize 1999 brochure, Tate Publishing
  46. ^ a b 'Artist's abortion tape and unmade bed lead Turner Prize shortlist'
  47. ^ As exhibited in Emin's show Every Part Of Me's Bleeding at the Lehmann Maupin gallery, New York. Photo of one of these watercolours is in their website's relevant Emin exhibition section
  48. ^ The bare truth about Tracey| Showbiz | This is London
  49. ^ Tate Collection | Monument Valley (Grand Scale) by Tracey Emin
  50. ^ Simmons Contemporary art collection including Emin's 'Outside Myself' 1995
  51. ^ a b c d e "Monument Valley". Tate Gallery. Retrieved on 25 February 2008.
  52. ^ "White Cube – You forgot to kiss my soul". Whitecube.com. 26 May 2001. Retrieved 11 July 2010. 
  53. ^ "Tate Collection | Is Anal Sex Legal by Tracey Emin". Tate.org.uk. Retrieved 11 July 2010. 
  54. ^ "Tate Collection | Is Legal Sex Anal by Tracey Emin". Tate.org.uk. Retrieved 11 July 2010. 
  55. ^ British Council – Tracey Emin, Venice 2007
  56. ^ Tracey Emin – Legs IV
  57. ^ Video about Tracey Emin exhibition at the Foundling Museum
  58. ^ a b Art Market Watch – artnet Magazine
  59. ^ The image of the neon is being used in publicity surrounding the forthcoming exhibition of new Emin work.
  60. ^ BT Series – Tracey Emin
  61. ^ "Artist Emin unveils cryptic flag". BBC News. 13 April 2007. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  62. ^ a b Alexander, Hilary. "White tie and tiara ball". telegraph.co.uk, June 2006. Retrieved on 25 February 2008.
  63. ^ a b c Tracey Emin
  64. ^ "Episode Guide: Louise Bourgeois, Spiderwoman". BBC, November 2007. Retrieved on 25 February 2008.
  65. ^ Tracey Emin – To Meet My Past – Contemporary Art
  66. ^ White Cube — When I Think about Sex
  67. ^ BT Series – Tracey Emin
  68. ^ White Cube — When I Think about Sex
  69. ^ Emin withdraws film from cinemas, BBC News, 2004
  70. ^ Emin film shown on BBC3 in December 2004
  71. ^ "The Times: Books: Tracey Emin" jeanettewinterson.com. Retrieved on 28 March 2006.
  72. ^ "Emin unveils 'sparrow' sculpture". BBC News. 24 February 2005. Retrieved 27 March 2007. 
  73. ^ a b Installation by Tracey Emin (1 month) – Liverpool Cathedral
  74. ^ Sir Paul McCartney and Tracey Emin are Culture stars – Liverpool Echo.co.uk
  75. ^ National Portrait Gallery | What's on? | Death Mask by Tracey Emin
  76. ^ Image
  77. ^ "Teenage mothers inspire Tracey Emin artwork". The Daily Telegraph (London). 11 June 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  78. ^ "Emin joins major new art festival". BBC News. 25 September 2007. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  79. ^ Comment taken from Tracey Emin's column for the Independent newspaper, 3 August 2007
  80. ^ Muhlke, Christine. "The Originals". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  81. ^ "Tracey Emin". Gagoaian Gallery
  82. ^ "Emin on shortlist for plinth art ". BBC, 28 November 2007.
  83. ^ Thorpe, Vanessa (6 January 2008). "Emin gives meerkats a brush with stardom". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  84. ^ Brown, Mark. "Artists vie for Trafalgar plinth commission".
  85. ^ The Fourth Plinth – Tracey Emin
  86. ^ Emin's cat posters taken by collectors. BBC, 28 March 2002. Retrieved on 25 February 2008.
  87. ^ a b Ward, Lucy (30 March 2004). "A £35,000 Tracey Emin quilt – but worthless if school tries to sell it". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  88. ^ "Emin wants school quilt returned". BBC, 30 March 2004. Retrieved on 25 February 2008.
  89. ^ As referenced in the Sunday Times interview with Emin 30 May 2004
  90. ^ BBC Online news piece
  91. ^ a b c d Tracey Emin's This Is Another Place at Modern Art Oxford, Scott Henderson, 11 November 2002. Culture24. Retrieved 17 December 2009.
  92. ^ 1965–2005 Modern Art Oxford Timeline, Modern Art Oxford, 2005. Retrieved 1 February 2009.
  93. ^ a b c Searle, Adrian. Ouch, The Guardian, 12 November 2002. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
  94. ^ Emin, Tracey "This Is Another Place" ISBN 1-901352-15-3, Modern Art Oxford, 2002. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
  95. ^ "Emin art show planned for Venice". BBC, 25 August 2006.
  96. ^ La Biennale di Venezia
  97. ^ "52 International Biennale, Venice". The Daily Telegraph (London). 8 December 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  98. ^ Taken from the British Council flyer to promote the 52nd International Art Exhibition in Venice Biennale
  99. ^ Barber, Lynn."From party girl to Biennale queen". guardian.co.uk, 3 June 2007.
  100. ^ Roberts, Geneviève. "Tracey Emin is made Royal Academician". independent.co.uk, 29 March 2007.
  101. ^ Summer Exhibition 2008 – Exhibitions – Royal Academy of Arts
  102. ^ Tracey Emin RA in Conversation with Matthew Collings – Evening lectures – Exhibitions & events – Royal Academy of Arts
  103. ^ Tracey Emin "Space Monkey – We Have Lift Off" Summer Exhibition 2009 – Exhibitions & events – Royal Academy of Arts
  104. ^ "National Galleries of Scotland − What's On − Tracey Emin » The Show". Nationalgalleries.org. 9 November 2008. Retrieved 11 July 2010. 
  105. ^ a b Phil Miller, Arts Correspondent (6 November 2008). "Emin gives £75,000 sculpture as thank-you for Scots show – Herald Scotland". Theherald.co.uk. Retrieved 11 July 2010. 
  106. ^ Emin at CAC Malaga, White Cube website news
  107. ^ "Kunstmuseum Bern | Schweiz – Upcoming". Kunstmuseumbern.ch. Retrieved 11 July 2010. 
  108. ^ Press release dated 5 November 2008 'Tracey Emin Gifts Major Sculpture as Visitors Have a Last Chance to See Record Breaking Exhibition'
  109. ^ Emin Hayward show review, Guardian, 2011
  110. ^ Emin Haywards show micro site
  111. ^ Emin review, Telegraph, 2011
  112. ^ Emin at BA Great Britons mentoring programme
  113. ^ Mirror article on BA Great Britons mentors including Emin
  114. ^ Tracey Emin to design 2012 Olympic posters, BBC News, 2011
  115. ^ "Turner Prize-nominated artist Tracey Emin calls Olympic torch run a surreal experience". Art Daily. 20 July 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  116. ^ We Love You (London: Booth-Clibborn Editions/Candy Records, 1998)
  117. ^ Emin's 'Music To Cry To'
  118. ^ Harper Simon... he has turned a corner — with some help from his dad and Tracey Emin, April 2010, The Times
  119. ^ THT website, 2007
  120. ^ Lloyd, Peter (23 March 2011). "Terrence Higgins Trust auction raises £260,000 for service users". Pink Paper. Archived from the original on 13 July 2012. 
  121. ^ Jury, Louise (22 December 2006). "?". The Independent (London). 
  122. ^ Dugan, Emily. (21 December 2007). 'Emin artwork goes for 25,150 as auction raises more than 100,000', The Independent. Retrieved 17 January 2010.
  123. ^ Emin, Tracey. (25 January 2008). 'Tracey Emin: My Life In A Column', The Independent. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
  124. ^ Gleadall, Colin. (19 February 2008). 'Art sales: Bono breaks the mould', The Telegraph. Retrieved 17 January 2010.
  125. ^ Sotheby's – Auctions – Calendar – (AUCTION) RED
  126. ^ Sam Jones (4 October 2009). "Tracey Emin threatens to quit Britain over top tax rate". London: The Guardian. 
  127. ^ Brooks, Richard. (4 October 2009). "Tracey Emin: Stuff your 50% tax, I’m taking my tent to France". London: Times online. 
  128. ^ Mark Lawson Talks to Tracey Emin, BBC 4, 14 March 2010
  129. ^ David Usborne (26 November 2009). "Tracey Emin: She's not about to leave Britain as a tax exile". London: The Independent. 
  130. ^ ICorrect
  131. ^ Arifa Akbar (30 August 2010). "Artists flinch at 'honour' of hanging in Tory offices – Culture minister Ed Vaizey says he ruffled feathers after selecting contemporary artworks to adorn Westminster". London: The Independent on Sunday. Retrieved 5 September 2010. 
  132. ^ Sophie Elmhirst (8 October 2010). "Preview: NS Interview with Tracey Emin". The Independent on Sunday. Retrieved 28 March 2011. 
  133. ^ Anny Shaw (April 25, 2014), Tracey Emin steps in to save Spitalfields newsagent The Art Newspaper.
  134. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 60367. p. 7. 29 December 2012.
  135. ^ "BBC News - New Year Honours 2013: At a glance". BBC Online. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  136. ^ BBC Radio 4, Woman's Hour Power list
  137. ^ a b c d Colin Gleadell (20 January 2013), How Tracey Emin Lured Buyers From Kate Moss to Charles Saatchi ARTINFO.
  138. ^ Scott Reyburn (18 October 2013), Tracey Emin’s Bed Sells for Record $778,900 in London Bloomberg.
  139. ^ Anny Shaw (July 3, 2014), London contemporary sales put their best faces forward The Art .
  140. ^ Katya Kazakina (July 2, 2014), Emin’s Record Messy Bed Boosts Christie’s London Auction Bloomberg.
  141. ^ It's The Way We Think sold at Christie's

Further reading[edit]

  • Elliot, Patrick and Schnabel, Julian. Tracey Emin: Twenty Years (National Galleries of Scotland, 2008) ISBN 978-1-906270-08-7.
  • Emin, Tracey. Borrowed Light: the British Pavilion, Venice Biennale 2007 (London: British Council, 2007) ISBN 0-86355-589-6.
  • Emin, Tracey. Tracey Emin: Works 1963 – 2006 (London: Rizzoli, 2006) ISBN 0-8478-2877-8.
  • Brown, Neal. Tracey Emin (Tate's Modern Artists Series) (London: Tate, 2006) ISBN 1-85437-542-3.
  • Doyle, Jennifer. Sex Objects: Art and the Dialectics of Desire (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2006) ISBN 0-8166-4526-4.
  • Emin, Tracey. Strangeland (London: Scepter, 2005) ISBN 0-340-76944-0
  • Emin, Tracey. I Can Feel Your Smile (New York: Lehmann Maupin, 2005)
  • Emin, Tracey. The Is Another Place (Oxford: Museum of Modern Art, Oxford; Limited edition, 2002) ISBN 1-901352-15-3
  • Emin, Tracey, Brown, Neal and Kent, Sarah and Collings, Matthew. Tracey Emin (London: Jay Jopling/White Cube, 1998) ISBN 0-9522690-2-3
  • Merck, Mandy and Townsend, Chris (eds). The Art of Tracey Emin (London: Thames & Hudson, 2002) ISBN 0-500-28385-0
  • Remes, Outi. "After Bad Taste: Tracey Emin’s Work on Abortion and Other Confessions" in Harris, Jonathan. (ed.) Inside the Death Drive Excess and Apocalypse in the World of the Chapman Brothers. (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press and Tate Liverpool, 2010) 119–143. ISBN 978-1-84631-192-5.
  • Remes, Outi. "Replaying the Old Stereotypes into an Artistic Role: the case of Tracey Emin" in Women’s History Review (Vol. 18, No. 4, September 2009) 561–577.

External links[edit]