Tracey Ullman at 1990 Emmy Awards
|Birth name||Trace Ullman|
30 December 1959 |
Slough, Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom
|Nationality||British and American|
|Genres||Comedy, sketch-comedy, social commentary, satire, character comedy|
(m. 1983–present; 2 children)
|Notable works and roles||Various in The Tracey Ullman Show
Rosalie Boca in I Love You To Death
Eden Brent in Bullets Over Broadway
Various in Tracey Takes On...
Frenchy in Small Time Crooks
Sylvia Stickles in A Dirty Shame
Various in Tracey Ullman's State of the Union
Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Program
Best Light Entertainment Performance
Her early appearances were on British TV sketch comedy shows A Kick Up the Eighties (with Rik Mayall and Miriam Margolyes) and Three of a Kind (with Lenny Henry and David Copperfield). After a brief but high-profile singing career, she appeared as Candice Valentine in Girls On Top with Dawn French and Jennifer Saunders.
She emigrated from the UK to the US and created her own network television series, The Tracey Ullman Show, from 1987 until 1990. She later produced programmes for HBO, including Tracey Takes On... (1996–1999), for which she has won numerous awards. She has also appeared in several feature films. Ullman's most recent sketch comedy series, Tracey Ullman's State of the Union, ran from 2008 to 2010 on Showtime.
Early life 
Ullman was born Trace Ullman in Slough, Buckinghamshire (now in Berkshire), the daughter of Dorin Cleaver, of both English and Roma extraction, and Anthony John Ullman, a Polish Roman Catholic, who worked as a solicitor. Ullman later recalled, "My real name is Trace Ullman, but I added the 'y.' My mother said it was spelled the American way, but I don't think she can spell! I always wanted a middle name. My mum used to tell me it was Mary but I never believed her. I looked on my birth certificate and I didn't have one, just Trace Ullman." Ullman's father was a Polish soldier evacuated from Dunkirk in 1940. He subsequently worked as a furniture salesman and travel agent. When she was six, Ullman's father died of a heart attack while reading her a bedtime story. He was 50 years old. In an effort to cheer up her family, Tracey recounts putting on shows in her mother's bedroom, performing alongside her older sister, Patti. That first show was entitled The Patti Ullman Show. "I was a spin-off!" recalled Ullman. In her nightly performances she would mimic neighbours, family members, friends, and celebrities. Soon after, Ullman's mother remarried.
At the age of 12, a headmaster saw Ullman's future potential, and recommended her to the Italia Conti Academy stage school. Although the school gave Ullman her first taste of the stage, she does not look back on it fondly.
At the age of 16, Ullman began finding jobs as a dancer, and soon landed a role in Gigi in Berlin. Upon returning to England, she joined the "Second Generation" dance troupe. She also began appearing in variety shows.
The exposure led to her casting in numerous West End musicals, including Grease, and The Rocky Horror Show. During this time Ullman was cast in a play at London's Royal Court Theatre for an improvised play about club acts. Entering the competition, Ullman created the character Beverly, a born-again Christian chanteuse. The performance was a big hit and she won the "Best Newcomer Award". The BBC became interested and offered her the chance to star in her own show. In 1983, Ullman took part in the workshops for Andrew Lloyd-Webber's upcoming musical, Starlight Express, playing the part of Pearl.
Music career 
In 1983, Ullman succeeded as a singer on the punk label Stiff Records, although her style was more comic romantic than punk. She had six songs in the UK Top 100 in less than two years. Her 1983 debut album, You Broke My Heart in 17 Places, featured her first hit single, "Breakaway" (famous for her performance with a hairbrush as a microphone); the international hit cover version of label-mate Kirsty MacColl's "They Don't Know" went to No.2 in the UK, and No.8 in the U.S. MacColl sang backing vocals on Ullman's version. It would later become the theme song to Ullman's later television series, Tracey Takes On....
Follow-up singles, a cover of Doris Day's "Move Over Darling", which reached No.8 in the UK, and the cover of Madness' "My Girl", which Ullman changed to "My Guy's Mad at Me", were released. (The "My Guy" video featured the British Labour Party politician Neil Kinnock, at the time the Leader of the Opposition)
Ullman's songs were over-the-top evocations of 1960s and 1970s pop music with a 1980s edge, "somewhere between Minnie Mouse and the Supremes" as the Melody Maker put it, or "retro before retro was cool", as a retrospective reviewer wrote in 2002. Her career received another boost when the video for "They Don't Know" featured a cameo from Paul McCartney; at the time Ullman was filming a minor role in McCartney's film Give My Regards to Broad Street. Ullman released her second and last album, You Caught Me Out, in 1984.
In her HBO stand-up special, Tracey Ullman: Live and Exposed, Ullman recreated her music career, recounting how she entered the business, and why she left it. Performances of many of her hit singles were also performed in front of an audience for the performance. In October 2006, Ullman took part in the BBC Four documentary series, If It Ain't Stiff, a mini-series dedicated to the history of the label. A new "remastered" version of ...17 Places was released in 2007.
Television career 
Early years 
Along with her stint in the music world, Ullman began working in television. Between 1981 and 1984 she starred in sketch comedies A Kick Up the Eighties and Three of a Kind for the BBC. In 1985, she donned a blonde wig and took the role of a promiscuous gold digger named "Candice Valentine" on the ITV sitcom Girls On Top. She left after one season, due to being pregnant and giving birth to her first child in 1986.
At this point, US television beckoned, and renowned television producer James L. Brooks came calling. The two had discussed working together previously, but it was not until 1987 that they created The Tracey Ullman Show. Ullman played a variety of characters, completely unrecognisable with the help of makeup, prosthetics and padding. The show was the first commercial hit for then unknown Fox channel. Paula Abdul served as the show's choreographer. The then-unknown Abdul even used her early music recordings for the series' strenuous dance numbers.
The Tracey Ullman Show earned four Emmys and spawned The Simpsons, which was featured in simple cartoon shorts (created by cartoonist Matt Groening at the behest of Ullman Show producer James L. Brooks). Ullman provided the voice of Emily Winthrop, a British dog trainer on The Simpsons episode "Bart's Dog Gets an F" (1991). In 1992 Ullman filed a lawsuit against Twentieth Century Fox in Los Angeles Superior Court over profits from the later half hour incarnation of The Simpsons. She wanted a share of The Simpsons' merchandising and gross profits and believed she was entitled to $2.5 million of the estimated $50 million Fox made in 1992. The Fox network had paid her $58,000 in royalties for The Simpsons as well as $3 million for the 3½ seasons her show was on the air. As Ullman had continued her professional relationship with former producer Brooks, only the studio and not Brooks was named in the suit. Brooks was allowed to videotape his testimony as he was in the middle of filming I'll Do Anything, in which Ullman appeared. Eventually the courts ruled in favor of the network.
Ullman returned to television in 1993, but this time in cable television. Two specials were created allowing Ullman to bring life to a host of new characters. The first, Tracey Ullman: A Class Act, took a humorous jab at the British class system, and co-starred Monty Python alumnus Michael Palin. For the second, Tracey Ullman Takes On New York, Ullman decided to take on a more American subject, New York City. Both specials drew praise and awards. HBO became interested in doing a Tracey Takes On... series, and Ullman and her husband, Allan McKeown, set up production in Los Angeles in 1995.
Tracey Takes On... premiered 24 January 1996, on HBO. Each episode would focus on a topic for Ullman to "take on" and examine. The series would have two to three long sketches, and many small interview-styled bits, with her many characters commenting on that week's topic. Unlike the Fox show, Tracey Takes On... was shot on location, not filmed in front of a live audience. Making the switch to a cable-produced series enabled Ullman free rein to do and say as she pleased.
A kiss with Tracey Ullman Show alum Julie Kavner kicked off the series' first episode. Ullman portrayed characters, both male and female, made up of many ethnicities. This included an Asian donut shop owner, a (male) cab driver from the Middle East, and an African-American airport security guard. The series went on to win eight Emmys, numerous CableACE Awards and a host of other media awards, and was critically acclaimed. In 1997, it won the Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Series Emmy Award category for the episode Vegas. In 1998 the series was published in book form, Tracey Takes On.... The series was also awarded GLAAD awards for its portrayal of gay and lesbian characters. Tracey Takes On... completed its four-season run in 1999.
Oxygen stint 
In 2001, Ullman took a break from her character-based series and created a chat show for Oxygen, Tracey Ullman's Visible Panty Lines. The show's main focus was fashion. Ullman had developed her own clothing website a few years prior. Interviewees included Arianna Huffington and Charlize Theron. The series lasted for two seasons, and ended in 2002.
Return to HBO 
A Takes On... spin-off pilot was produced in 2003, Tracey Ullman in the Trailer Tales. Tales spotlighted just one of Ullman's most popular characters, Ruby Romaine. The pilot aired, but no series was ever commissioned.
Upon her naturalization in the United States, it was announced in April 2007 that she would be making the move from her 14-year working relationship with cable network, HBO, to the rival, Showtime. Ullman was to create a brand new series for the network, that would be inspired in part by her recently gained naturalisation. The series would focus on America, "the good, the bad, and the absolutely ridiculous", which also served as the series tag line.
Ullman credits senior programmer, Robert Greenblatt, as a big influence in her decision for the move, and the network's budding roster of hit shows. Greenblatt was a young development director during her Tracey Ullman Show days, and was enthusiastic to get her over to Showtime. Five episodes were ordered for the first season.
For the first time since the early years of her career at the BBC, Ullman was not only creating a new lineup of original characters, but rather, also impersonating famous ones. Tracey Ullman's State of the Union debuted on 30 March 2008.
It’s been fascinating to watch Ullman evolve from, say, Imogene Coca and Carol Burnett to something leaner and meaner, like a young Whoopi Goldberg. Or Lenny Bruce, with his surreal jive and need to shock. Or Lily Tomlin, signaling in coded transmissions through a worm hole to some parallel universe. Or Anna Deavere Smith, chameleon and exorcist, seeing around corners and speaking in tongues. Or, of course, Robin Williams, before all the bad films and worse career choices, a brilliant mind unmade of equal parts politics and paranoia, music video and psychotherapy, a scrambled shaman egghead and Jack–in–a–Pandora’s box. Think of America as performance art.
Ullman has commented that the United States is, "now able to laugh at itself more," embracing more satiric humour, rather than deeming it "unpatriotic". Now that she's an official citizen, Ullman joked that she, "won't end up in Guantánamo Bay," for speaking her mind.
Other notable work 
Ullman co-starred with Carol Burnett in the television adaptation of Once Upon a Mattress. Ullman played Princess Winnifred, a role originally made famous by Burnett on Broadway, who took on the role of the overbearing Queen.
Film career 
Along with her television work, Ullman has featured in many films throughout her career. Her first theatrical film was a small role in Paul McCartney's 1984 film Give My Regards to Broad Street. This was followed by a supporting role in the 1985 Meryl Streep drama Plenty, which gained Ullman international acclaim for her comic and dramatic performance.
After the cancellation of The Tracey Ullman Show in 1990, she made her starring debut alongside Kevin Kline, River Phoenix and Joan Plowright in I Love You to Death. Ullman has also appeared in lead and supporting roles in Robin Hood: Men in Tights, Nancy Savoca's Household Saints, Bullets Over Broadway, Small Time Crooks, A Dirty Shame, and Tim Burton's Corpse Bride. She was nominated as Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Comedy or Musical for her work in Small Time Crooks in 2001.
Ullman portrayed Mother Nature in the 2007 romantic-comedy film, I Could Never Be Your Woman, starring Michelle Pfeiffer. Ullman acted as creative consultant on the 2006 DreamWorks feature, Flushed Away.
Ullman signed on to voice along with such actors as Dustin Hoffman, Kevin Kline, William H. Macy, Stanley Tucci, Christopher Lloyd, Sigourney Weaver and Emma Watson in the computer-animated The Tale of Despereaux.
Personal life 
Ullman married producer Allan McKeown on 27 December 1983; they have two children, Mabel Ellen McKeown (born 1986) and John Albert Victor McKeown (born 1991). Mabel McKeown works for Harriet Harman in a job funded by the Labour Party. She unsuccessfully ran as Labour's candidate in the by-election in Cremorne in Kensington and Chelsea Council in 2010. She once contributed to the Huffington Post. She has also campaigned for Labour.
Ullman became an American citizen in December 2006 and now holds dual citizenship of the United States and the United Kingdom. In 2006, Ullman topped the list for the "Wealthiest British Comedians", with an estimated wealth of £75 million.
- Mackenzie (1980) TV series – Lisa MacKenzie
- Three of a Kind (1981) TV series
- Happy Since I Met You (1981) (TV) – Karen
- A Kick Up the Eighties (1981) TV series – Various Roles
- Give My Regards to Broad Street (1984) – Sandra
- Plenty (1985) – Alice Park
- "Girls On Top" (1985) TV series – Candice Valentine
- Jumpin' Jack Flash (1986) – Fiona
- The Tracey Ullman Show (1987–1990) – TV series
- I, Martin Short, Goes Hollywood (1989) (TV) – Tina Wise
- I Love You to Death (1990) – Rosalie Boca
- Tracey Ullman: A Class Act (1992) (TV) – Various
- Death Becomes Her (1992) – Toni (scenes deleted)
- Happily Ever After (1993) (voice) – Thunderella and Moonbeam
- Robin Hood: Men in Tights (1993) – Latrine
- Household Saints (1993) – Catherine Falconetti
- Tracey Ullman Takes On New York (1993) (TV) – Various characters
- I'll Do Anything (1994) – Beth Hobbs
- Bullets Over Broadway (1994) – Eden Brent
- Prêt-à-Porter (1994) – Nina Scant
- The Little Lulu Show (1995) TV series – Lulu (First few episodes)
- Tracey Takes On... (1996–1999) – TV series
- Ally McBeal (1997–2000) – Dr Tracey Clark
- C-Scam (2000)
- Panic (2000) – Martha
- Small Time Crooks (2000) – Frenchy
- Visible Panty Lines (2001–2002) TV series
- Tracey Ullman in the Trailer Tales (2003) (TV) – Ruby Romaine/Svetlana/Pepper Kane
- A Dirty Shame (2004) – Sylvia Stickles
- Tracey Ullman: Live and Exposed (2005)
- The Cat That Looked at a King (2004) (V) (voice) – The Cat
- Corpse Bride (2005) (voice) – Nell Van Dort/Hildegarde
- Kronk's New Groove (2005) (V) (voice) – Ms. Birdwell
- Once Upon a Mattress (2005) (TV) – Princess Winnifred
- I Could Never Be Your Woman (2007) – Mother Nature
- Dawn French's Girls Who Do Comedy Three-part TV series (2006)
- The Tale of Despereaux (2008) (voice) – Mig
- Tracey Ullman's State of the Union (2008–2010) TV series – various characters
- 1982: Rita, Sue and Bob Too
- 1990: The Taming of the Shrew – Kate
- 1991: The Big Love – Florence Aadland
- 2005: Tracey Ullman: Live and Exposed
- 2011: My City – Elizabeth Lambert
- 2012: What About Dick? – Aunt Maggie/Enid Bastard/The Countess von Kuns
- 1983: You Broke My Heart in 17 Places #12 UK, #34 US
- 1984: You Caught Me Out – #92 UK
- 1984: Forever – The Best of Tracey Ullman
Charting singles 
- 1983: "Breakaway" – #4 UK
- 1983: "They Don't Know" – #2 UK
- 1983: "Move Over, Darling" – #8 UK
- 1984: "My Guy" – #23 UK
- 1984: "Sunglasses" – #18 UK
- 1984: "Helpless" - #61 UK
- 1985: "Terry" - #81 UK
Awards and Honors 
In April 2009, it was announced that Ullman would be awarded a Lifetime Achievement BAFTA LA Award, the following May. She became the first recipient of the Charlie Chaplin award for comedy on 9 May 2009.
- London Critics' Circle Award Most Promising New Actress "Four in a Million" 1981
- BAFTA Award Best Light Entertainment Performance "Three of a Kind" and "A Kick Up the Eighties" 1983
- Golden Globe Award Best Actress in a Television Series (Comedy or Musical) 1987
- Emmy Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Program "Tracey Ullman Show" 1988–89
- American Comedy Award Funniest Female Performer of the Year 1988
- Emmy Outstanding Writing in a Variety or Music Program "Tracey Ullman Show" 1989–90
- Emmy Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program "The Best of the Tracey Ullman Show" 1989–90
- Theatre World Special Award 1991
- Emmy Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series "Love & War" 1992–93
- American Comedy Award Funniest Female Performer in a Television Special "Funny Women of Television" 1992
- Emmy Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Programme "Tracey Ullman: Takes On New York" 1993–94
- CableACE Award Best Performance in a Comedy Series "Tracey Ullman: Takes on New York" 1994
- Women in Film Lucy Award in recognition of her excellence and innovation in her creative works that have enhanced the perception of women through the medium of television 1995
- Emmy Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Series Tracey Takes On... 1996–97
- CableACE Award Best Actress in a Comedy Series Tracey Takes On... 1996
- CableACE Award Best Variety Special or Series Tracey Takes On... 1996
- American Comedy Award Funniest Female Performer in a Television Special Women of the Night IV 1996
- Golden Satellite Best Actress in a Television Series (Musical or Comedy) Tracey Takes On... 1997
- The Actor Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Comedy Series Tracey Takes On... 1998
- Emmy Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series Ally McBeal 1998–99
- American Comedy Award Funniest Female Leading Performer in a Television Series Tracey Takes On... 1998
- American Comedy Award Funniest Female Guest Appearance in a Television Series Ally McBeal 1999
- American Comedy Award Funniest Female Leading Performer in a Television Series Tracey Takes On... 1999
- American Comedy Award Funniest Female Leading Performer in a Television Series Tracey Takes On... 2000
- Satellite Awards – Best Performance in a Comedy Series, Tracey Ullman 2008
- Tracey Takes On... by Tracey Ullman 1998 (ISBN 9780786863402)
- Knit 2 Together: Patterns and Stories for Serious Knitting Fun by Tracey Ullman and Mel Clark 2006 (ISBN 9781584795346)
Further reading 
- Guinness Book of British Hit Singles 7th Edition
- Archive of an Entertainment Weekly story by Frank Spotnitz on 1992 lawsuit
- Tracey Ullman "Awards"
- Tracey Ullman Biography (1959–). Filmreference.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-02.
- Look In TV Annual (Independent Television Books Ltd, 1984), p. 67.
- Tracey Ullman biography. Movies.yahoo.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-02.
- John J. O'Connor TELEVISION REVIEW; A Case of Multiple Personalities. New York Times. January 24, 1996
- Tracking Tracey. Retrieved 1 April 2007.
- History Of The RHPS. Retrieved 1 April 2007.
- Portman Films: Tracey Takes On. Retrieved 1 April 2007.[dead link]
- The BPI Awards 1984. Retrieved 1 April 2007.
- . Stiff Records Official Web Site. Retrieved 2 April 2007.
- . YouTube: Tracey Ullman: "My Guy" music video.
- . Youtube: Tracey Ullman: "My Guy" music video.
- A Decade Of Revolution The Thatcher Years. Retrieved 2 April 2007.
- Biography. tracey-ullman.com
- . Promo Poster of Tracey Ullman MTV Guest VJ.
- Stiff Records: If it ain't Stiff, it ain't worth a debt. Independent Online. 15 September 2006. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
- Groening, Matt (2002). The Simpsons season 2 DVD commentary for the episode "Bart's Dog Gets an F" (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- Spotnitz, Frank (October 23, 1992). "Ullman to Fox: Eat My Shorts!". Entertainment Weekly. p. 8(1). Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- "Ullman loses 'Simpsons' suit". Variety. Associated Press. 1992-10-21. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- Tracey Ullman: A Class Act. BBC Comedy Guide. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
- Tracey Ullman – Takes On New York. BBC Comedy Guide. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
- GLAAD Commends Tracey Ullman Series for Inclusivity. Glaad. 24 January 1996. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
- The Characters. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
- . Tracey Ullman. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
- "Tracey Ullman: Live and Exposed". HBO.com. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
- 2005 Emmy Nominations. HBO.com. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
- A KING, A COMEDY QUEEN & A RADIO ACE: SHOWTIME DEALS A ROYAL FLUSH. Sho.com Announcements. 16 April 2007.
- Lyneka Little Q&A: Tracey Ullman. Wall Street Journal. 21 March 2008.
- Tracey Ullman on Ira Glass and becoming a citizen. USA Weekend. 31 January 2008.
- Showtime Picks Up Tracy Ullman Sketch Comedy. Broadcasting & Cable. Alex Weprin. 18 January 2008.
- Comic turns celebs into recurring characters. Variety. Cynthia Littleton. 7 March 2008.
- Tracey Ullman State of the Union. Variety. Brian Lowry. 20 March 2008.
- State of Tracey Ullman's 'Union' is strong. USA Today. Robert Bianco. 27 March 2008.
- Jonathan Storm: Tracey Ullman takes her licks at the U.S. Philadelphia Inquirer. 29 March 2008.
- America (The Cable Show). New York Magazine. John Leonard. 24 March 2008.
- Tracey Ullman plays characters real and imagined on 'State of the Union'. Canadian Press. 25 March 2008.[dead link]
- Tracey Ullman targets celebrities like Dina Lohan, David Beckham in new show. Canadian Press. 27 March 2008.[dead link]
- Showtime imports Marc Wootton Tracey Ullman renewed for second season. Josef Adalian. Variety. 2 May 2008.
- HBO Family: The Little Lulu Show. Retrieved 1 April 2007.
- E! Online Features – Awards – Emmys '99 – Blow By Blow. Retrieved 1 April 2007.
- A. Stanley The Affable Princess Is Back as Queen. NY Times. December 16, 2005
- The Tale of Despereaux. Coming Soon. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
- Mabel McKeown. Huffingtonpost.com (2005-07-08). Retrieved on 2011-09-02.
- "'The Rachel Maddow Show' for Thursday, January 28th, 2010". MSNBC. 2010-01-29.
- Wyatt, Edward (2008-04-01). "With U.S. citizenship under her belt, Tracey Ullman sharpens her satire". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- Where the funny money is. Chortle. 29 December 2006.
- Billington, Michael (16 September 2011). "My City – review". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- Ng, David (February 20, 2012). "Russell Brand to star in Eric Idle stage comedy in L.A.". Los Angeles Times.
- "'Lifetime Bafta award' for Ullman". BBC News. 8 April 2009.
- Past Recipients. Wif.org. Retrieved on 2011-09-02.
- Tracey Ullman at the Internet Movie Database
- Emmy Awards for Tracey Takes On...
- Tracey Ullman on Charlie Rose
- Works by or about Tracey Ullman in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Tracey Ullman at the Notable Names Database
- The State of Tracey fan blog
- Tracey Ullman Facebook page
- Interview Magazine cover story, January, 1989: Tracking Tracey