Rhynchospermum jasminoides Lindl.
Trachelospermum jasminoides is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae, native to eastern and southeastern Asia (Japan, Korea, southern China and Vietnam). Common names include star jasmine, Confederate jasmine and trader's compass.
Trachelospermum jasminoides is an evergreen woody liana growing to 10 feet (3.0 m) high. The leaves are opposite, oval to lanceolate, 2–10 cm long and 1-4.5 cm broad, with an entire margin and an acuminate apex.
The fragrant flowers are white, 1–2 cm diameter, with a tube-like corolla opening out into five petal-like lobes. The fruit is a slender follicle 10–25 cm long and 3–10 mm broad, containing numerous seeds.
A valuable perfume oil is extracted from the steam distilled or tinctured flowers and used in high end perfumery. In a dilute form, tinctured flowers are much used in Chinese, Vietnamese and Thai incenses. A bast fibre is produced from the stems.
Trachelospermum jasminoides is commonly grown as an ornamental plant and houseplant. In gardens, public landscapes, and parks it is used as a climbing vine, a groundcover, and a fragrant potted plant on terraces and patios. It will flower in full sun, partial shade, or total shade, and requires well-drained soil (if constantly kept damp it may succumb to fungal infection), moderate water, moderate fertilizer, and a climbing structure (whether a trellis or another plant is secondary). Propagation is most commonly done with cuttings/ clones.
It is widely planted in California, and also particularly in the Southeastern United States where its hardiness, confined to USDA Zones 8-10, the area of the former Confederate States of America. One common name for the this plant is "confederate Jasmine". Many people believe that the name derives from the Confederate States of America, but in fact the plant is named for its origin in the Malay Confederacy. It gets another of its common names, "trader's compass" from an old Uzbekistan saying that it pointed traders in the right direction— if they were of good character. It is also called star jasmine.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trachelospermum jasminoides.|
- Flora of China: Trachelospermum jasminoides
- Germplasm Resources Information Network: Trachelospermum jasminoides
- Garrett, Howard (1996). Howard Garrett's Plants for Texas. University of Texas. p. 157. ISBN 9780292727885.
- Pink, A. (2004). Gardening for the Million.. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation.
- "RHS Plant Selector - Trachelospermum jasminoides". Retrieved 06 June 2013.
- "RHS Plant Selector - Trachelospermum jasminoides 'Variegatum'". Retrieved 06 June 2013.