Tracey Ullman

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Tracey Ullman
Tracey Ullman 1990.jpg
Tracey Ullman at 1990 Emmy Awards
Birth name Trace Ullman
Born (1959-12-30) 30 December 1959 (age 54)
Slough, Berkshire, England
Medium Television, film, music
Nationality British and American
Years active 1980–present
Genres Sketch-comedy, social commentary, satire, character comedy, parody
Spouse Allan McKeown
(m. 1983–2013; his death; 2 children)
Children 2
Notable works and roles Various in The Tracey Ullman Show
Rosalie Boca in I Love You To Death
Eden Brent in Bullets Over Broadway
Various in Tracey Takes On...
Frenchy in Small Time Crooks
Sylvia Stickles in A Dirty Shame
Various in Tracey Ullman's State of the Union
Signature Tracey Ullman Autograph.gif
Emmy Awards

Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Program
1988 The Tracey Ullman Show
Outstanding Writing in a Variety or Music Program
1990 The Tracey Ullman Show
Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program
1990 Best of The Tracey Ullman Show
1994 Tracey Takes on New York
Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series
1992 Love & War
1999 Ally McBeal
Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Series
1997 Tracey Takes On...

Music sample
BAFTA Awards

Best Light Entertainment Performance
1984 Three of a Kind
Lifetime Achievement Award

2009 Tracey Ullman

Tracey Ullman (born 30 December 1959) is an English stage and television actress, comedian, singer, dancer, director, author, and screenwriter of dual British and American citizenship.

Her early appearances were on British TV sketch comedy shows A Kick Up the Eighties (with Rik Mayall and Miriam Margolyes) and Three of a Kind (with Lenny Henry and David Copperfield). After a brief but high-profile singing career, she appeared as Candice Valentine in Girls on Top with Dawn French and Jennifer Saunders.

She emigrated from the United Kingdom to the United States where she starred in her own network television comedy series, The Tracey Ullman Show, from 1987 until 1990. She later produced programmes for HBO, including Tracey Takes On... (1996–99), for which she garnered numerous awards. She has also appeared in several feature films. Ullman's most recent sketch comedy series, Tracey Ullman's State of the Union, ran from 2008 to 2010 on Showtime.

Early life[edit]

Ullman was born Trace Ullman in Slough, Buckinghamshire (now in Berkshire), the daughter of Dorin (Cleaver), who was English, and Anthony John Ullman, a Polish Roman Catholic, who worked as a solicitor.[1][2] Ullman later recalled, "My real name is Trace Ullman, but I added the 'y.' My mother said it was spelled the American way, but I don't think she can spell! I always wanted a middle name. My mum used to tell me it was Mary but I never believed her. I looked on my birth certificate and I didn't have one, just Trace Ullman."[3] Ullman's father was a Polish soldier evacuated from Dunkirk in 1940. He subsequently worked as a furniture salesman and travel agent. When she was six, Ullman's father died of a heart attack while reading her a bedtime story.[4] He was fifty years old. Ullman then went to Hackbridge to live with her mother and older sister.[5] Due to the absence of her father's income, money became tight. Dorin would go on to take a host of odd jobs to make ends meet. "My mother was always doing strange things like driving parts around for a garage, all covered in oil and paid 10 pounds a week. But she was very funny, and our defence against hardship was having a great sense of humour."[5] On a separate occasion, on the subject of her mother's odd jobs, Ullman recalled: "[Mom] worked in a laboratory, testing food, and would bring home samples for our dinner. Sometimes she'd have to report that formula X had been found unfit for human consumption."[6]

In an effort to cheer their mother up, Ullman, along with her older sister Patti, created and performed a nightly variety show on a windowsill in their mother's bedroom. That first show was entitled "The Patti Ullman Show".[4] "I was a spin-off!" recalls Ullman. Ullman would mimic neighbours, family members, friends, and celebrities.[4] She would also perform alone for herself after everyone had gone to bed. "I'd stand in front of the mirror and talk to myself until I fell asleep. I'd interview myself as women with problems. Women in documentaries who had three kids and chain-smoked and husbands in prison that hit them."[7]

Ullman's mother remarried, to a man who Ullman has described as a maniac who drove a London taxi and had a son who stole. He was not a fan of the bedtime variety show. "There was a new person in her bed now and I couldn't do my nightly performance any more. I was nine years old and my show had been cancelled." Alcoholism and domestic abuse became a common occurrence in the household.[7]

At the age of 16, Ullman began finding jobs as a dancer, and soon landed a role in Gigi in Berlin.[8] Upon returning to England, she joined the "Second Generation" dance troupe.[9] She also began appearing in variety shows.

The exposure led to her casting in numerous West End musicals, including Grease, and The Rocky Horror Show.[10] During this time Ullman was cast in a play at London's Royal Court Theatre[11] for an improvised play about club acts. Entering the competition, Ullman created the character Beverly, a born-again Christian chanteuse. The performance was a big hit and she won the "Best Newcomer Award".[12] The BBC became interested and offered her the chance to star in her own show. In 1983, Ullman took part in the workshops for Andrew Lloyd Webber's upcoming musical, Starlight Express, playing the part of Pearl.

Music career[edit]

In 1983, Ullman succeeded as a singer on the punk label Stiff Records,[13] although her style was more comic romantic than punk.[14] She had six songs in the UK Top 100 in less than two years. Her 1983 début album, You Broke My Heart in 17 Places, featured her first hit single, "Breakaway" (famous for her performance with a hairbrush as a microphone); the international hit cover version of label-mate Kirsty MacColl's "They Don't Know" went to No.2 in the UK, and No.8 in the US. MacColl sang backing vocals on Ullman's version. It later became the theme song to Ullman's television series, Tracey Takes On....

Follow-up singles, a cover of Doris Day's "Move Over Darling", which reached No.8 in the UK, and the cover of Madness' "My Girl", which Ullman changed to "My Guy's Mad at Me", were released. (The "My Guy" video featured the British Labour Party politician Neil Kinnock, at the time the Leader of the Opposition)[15]

Ullman's songs were over-the-top evocations of 1960s and 1970s pop music with a 1980s edge, "somewhere between Minnie Mouse and the Supremes" as the Melody Maker put it, or "retro before retro was cool", as a reviewer wrote in 2002. Her career received another boost when the video for "They Don't Know" featured a cameo from Paul McCartney; at the time Ullman was filming a minor role in McCartney's film Give My Regards to Broad Street.[16] Ullman released her second and last album, You Caught Me Out, in 1984.

Her final hit, "Sunglasses" (1984), featured comedian Adrian Edmondson in its music video. During this time, she also appeared as a guest VJ on MTV in the United States.[17]

In her HBO stand-up special, Tracey Ullman: Live and Exposed, Ullman recreated her music career, recounting how she entered the business, and why she left it. Many of her hit singles were also performed in front of an audience for the performance. In October 2006, Ullman took part in the BBC Four documentary series, If It Ain't Stiff, a mini-series dedicated to the history of the label.[18] A new "remastered" version of ...17 Places was released in 2007.

Television career[edit]

Early years[edit]

Before venturing into television comedy, Ullman tried her hand at serious drama, but found that she wasn't cut out to being a straight actress. "I really thought I was great when I did a quite serious soap opera for the BBC. I played a nice girl from St. John's Wood. 'Mummy, I think I'm pregnant. I don't know who's done it.' Then I would fall down a hill or something. 'EEEEE! Oh, no, lost another baby.' It seemed all I ever did was have miscarriages—or make yogurt."[19]

In 1981, Ullman put together an improvised club act for the Royal Court Theatre's production of Four in a Million, for which she won the London Theatre Critics' award as Most Promising New Actress. This led to her being cast in the sketch comedy series A Kick Up the Eighties and later Three of a Kind.[20]

In 1985, she was cast as the promiscuous gold digger Candice Valentine on the ITV sitcom Girls on Top. Ullman was joined by comedians Jennifer Saunders, Ruby Wax, and Dawn French. The series had initially been conceived as a vehicle for Ullman. It ran for two series, with Ullman bowing out after the first.

The Tracey Ullman Show[edit]

At this point, US television producer James L. Brooks approached her. The two had discussed working together previously, but it was not until 1987 that they created The Tracey Ullman Show. Ullman played a variety of characters, completely unrecognisable with the help of make-up, prosthetics and padding. Paula Abdul served as the show's choreographer. The then-unknown Abdul even used her early music recordings for the series' strenuous dance numbers.

The Tracey Ullman Show earned four Emmys and spawned The Simpsons, which was featured in simple cartoon shorts (created by cartoonist Matt Groening at the behest of Ullman Show producer James L. Brooks). Ullman provided the voice of Emily Winthrop, a British dog trainer on The Simpsons episode "Bart's Dog Gets an F" (1991).[21] In 1992 Ullman filed a lawsuit against Twentieth Century Fox in Los Angeles Superior Court over profits from the later half-hour incarnation of The Simpsons. She wanted a share of The Simpsons' merchandising and gross profits and believed she was entitled to $2.5 million of the estimated $50 million Fox made in 1992. The Fox network had paid her $58,000 in royalties for The Simpsons as well as $3 million for the 3½ seasons her show was on the air. As Ullman had continued her professional relationship with former producer Brooks, only the studio and not Brooks was named in the suit. Brooks was allowed to videotape his testimony as he was in the middle of filming I'll Do Anything, in which Ullman appeared. Eventually the courts ruled in favour of the network.[22][23]

HBO[edit]

Ullman returned to television in 1993, but this time in cable television. Two specials were created allowing Ullman to bring life to new characters. The first, Tracey Ullman: A Class Act, took a humorous jab at the British class system, and co-starred Monty Python's Michael Palin.[24] For the second, Tracey Ullman Takes On New York, Ullman decided to take on a more American subject, New York City.[25] Both specials drew praise and awards. HBO became interested in doing a Tracey Takes On... series, and Ullman and her husband, Allan McKeown, set up production in Los Angeles in 1995.

Tracey Takes On... premièred on 24 January 1996, on HBO. Each episode would focus on a topic for Ullman to "take on" and examine. The series would have two to three long sketches, and many small interview-styled bits, with her many characters commenting on that week's topic. Unlike the Fox show, Tracey Takes On... was shot on location, not filmed in front of a live audience. Making the switch to a cable-produced series enabled Ullman free rein to do and say as she pleased.

A kiss with Tracey Ullman Show alum Julie Kavner kicked off the series' first episode.[26] Ullman portrayed characters, both male and female, made up of many ethnicities. This included an Asian donut shop owner, a (male) cab driver from the Middle East, and an African-American airport security guard.[27] The series won eight Emmys, numerous CableACE Awards and a host of other media awards. In 1997, it won the Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Series Emmy Award category for the episode Vegas.[28] In 1998 the series was published in book form, Tracey Takes On.... The series was also awarded GLAAD awards for its portrayal of gay and lesbian characters. Tracey Takes On... completed its four-season run in 1999.

Oxygen stint[edit]

In 2001, Ullman took a break from her character-based series and created a chat show for Oxygen, Tracey Ullman's Visible Panty Lines. The show's main focus was fashion. Ullman had developed her own clothing website a few years prior. Interviewees included Arianna Huffington and Charlize Theron. The series lasted for two seasons, and ended in 2002.

Return to HBO[edit]

A Takes On... spin-off pilot was produced in 2003, Tracey Ullman in the Trailer Tales. Tales spotlighted just one of Ullman's most popular characters, Ruby Romaine. The pilot aired, but no series was ever commissioned.

Tracey returned to HBO in 2005, with her autobiographical one-woman stage show, Tracey Ullman: Live and Exposed.[29] The show garnered another Emmy nomination.[30]

Showtime[edit]

Upon her naturalisation in the United States, it was announced in April 2007 that she would be making the move from her 14-year working relationship with cable network, HBO, to the rival, Showtime.[31] Ullman created a brand new series for the network, inspired in part by her naturalisation.[32] The series would focus on America, "the good, the bad, and the absolutely ridiculous", which served as the series tag line.

Ullman credits senior programmer, Robert Greenblatt, as a big influence in her decision for the move, and the network's list of hit shows.[33] Greenblatt was a young development director during her Tracey Ullman Show days, and was enthusiastic to get her over to Showtime.[34] Five episodes were ordered for the first season.

For the first time since the early years of her career at the BBC, Ullman was creating a new line-up of original characters, and also impersonating famous ones.[35] Tracey Ullman's State of the Union debuted on 30 March 2008.

The critical response to "State of the Union" was overwhelmingly positive.[36][37][38] One critic pointed out a change in Ullman's humour:

It's been fascinating to watch Ullman evolve from, say, Imogene Coca and Carol Burnett to something leaner and meaner, like a young Whoopi Goldberg. Or Lenny Bruce, with his surreal jive and need to shock. Or Lily Tomlin, signalling in coded transmissions through a worm hole to some parallel universe. Or Anna Deavere Smith, chameleon and exorcist, seeing around corners and speaking in tongues. Or, of course, Robin Williams, before all the bad films and worse career choices, a brilliant mind unmade of equal parts politics and paranoia, music video and psychotherapy, a scrambled shaman egghead and Jack–in–a–Pandora's box. Think of America as performance art.[39]

Ullman has commented that the United States is "now able to laugh at itself more," embracing more satiric humour, rather than deeming it "unpatriotic". Now that she is a citizen, Ullman joked that she "won't end up in Guantánamo Bay,"[40] for speaking her mind.

Ullman hoped to continue the series after season one.[41] Showtime announced that it had greenlighted a second season for 2009.[42] It was commissioned for a third run for 2010.

Return to network television[edit]

In March 2014, Ullman was introduced as Genevieve Scherbatsky, the mother to character Robin Scherbatsky in How I Met Your Mother.[43]

On 20 March 2014, it was announced that Ullman had been tapped to co-star in the upcoming CBS sitcom pilot, Good Session. The single-camera comedy will be written and executive produced by Matt Miller (Chuck) with actor James Roday (Psych) cast in the lead. Ullman's character, Ellen, is described as an 'astute, straightforward therapist who uses her own brand of insight and humor to inspire the couples she helps to tell the truth.'[44]

Other notable work[edit]

Ullman was the modern-day cartoon voice of Little Lulu.[45] In 1999, she had a recurring role as an unconventional psychotherapist in Ally McBeal, a role that won her an Emmy Award and American Comedy Award.[46]

Ullman co-starred with Carol Burnett in the television adaptation of Once Upon a Mattress. Ullman played Princess Winnifred, a role originally made famous by Burnett on Broadway, who took on the role of the overbearing Queen.[47]

On 7 February 2014, it was announced that Ullman would supply the voice of a 'happily wicked witch' in the second season of Disney Junior's Sofia the First.[48]

Film career[edit]

Along with her television work, Ullman has featured in many films throughout her career. Her first theatrical film was a small role in Paul McCartney's 1984 film Give My Regards to Broad Street. This was followed by a supporting role in the 1985 Meryl Streep drama Plenty.

After the cancellation of The Tracey Ullman Show in 1990, she made her starring début alongside Kevin Kline, River Phoenix and Joan Plowright in I Love You to Death. Ullman has also appeared in lead and supporting roles in Robin Hood: Men in Tights, Nancy Savoca's Household Saints, Bullets Over Broadway, Small Time Crooks, A Dirty Shame, and Tim Burton's Corpse Bride. She was nominated as Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for her work in Small Time Crooks in 2001.

Ullman portrayed Mother Nature in the 2007 romantic-comedy film, I Could Never Be Your Woman, starring Michelle Pfeiffer. Ullman acted as creative consultant on the 2006 DreamWorks feature, Flushed Away.

Ullman signed on to voice along with Dustin Hoffman, Kevin Kline, William H. Macy, Stanley Tucci, Christopher Lloyd, Sigourney Weaver and Emma Watson in the computer-animated The Tale of Despereaux.[49]

Stock footage of Ullman was used in the film The Queen with Helen Mirren.

On 12 June 2013, it was announced by The Hollywood Reporter that Ullman had been cast in the film adaptation of the Broadway musical Into the Woods, playing the mother of Jack the Giant Killer.[50]

Personal life[edit]

Ullman married producer Allan McKeown on 27 December 1983; they have two children, born in 1986 and 1991. On 26 December 2013, it was confirmed that Allan McKeown had died on 24 December 2013 at his home from prostate cancer, just three days short of his thirtieth wedding anniversary to Ullman.[51]

Ullman became an American citizen in December 2006 and now holds dual citizenship in the United States and the United Kingdom.[52][53] In 2006, she topped the list for the "Wealthiest British Comedians", with an estimated wealth of £75 million.[54]

Filmography[edit]

Television[edit]

Year Show Role Notes
1980 Mackenzie Lisa MacKenzie TV series
1981 Screenplay Karen Episode: "Happy Since I Met You"
A Kick Up the Eighties Various TV series
1981–83 Three of a Kind Various TV series
1985 Girls on Top Candice Valentine Series one only, additional material credit
1987 Saturday Night Live Herself (uncredited) Episode: Garry Shandling/Los Lobos
"Hollywood Mom" (sketch)
1987–90 The Tracey Ullman Show Various
1989 I, Martin Short, Goes Hollywood Tina Wise TV film
1991 The Full Wax Herself Episode #1.4
The Simpsons Emily Winthrop
Mrs. Winfield
Episode: "Bart's Dog Gets An F"
1993 Love & War Dava Levine Episode: The Prima Dava
Tracey Ullman: A Class Act Various Additional material credit
Tracey Ullman Takes On New York Various
1995 The Little Lulu Show Lulu First few episodes
1996–99 Tracey Takes On... Various Creator, writer, executive producer, second unit director (season 4)
1998–99 Ally McBeal Dr. Tracey Clark Episode: "Troubled Water"
Episode: "Sideshow"
Episode: "The Real World"
Episode: "The Playing Field"
Episode: "Theme of Life"
2001–02 Tracey Ullman's Visible Panty Lines Herself TV talk show series
2003 Tracey Ullman in the Trailer Tales Ruby Romaine
Svetlana
Pepper Kane
Directorial debut, writer, executive producer
V Graham Norton Herself Episode #5.42
2004 Will & Grace Ann Episode: "Looking for Mr. Good Enough"
2005 Tracey Ullman: Live and Exposed Herself Writer
Once Upon a Mattress Princess Winnifred TV film
2006 Dawn French's Girls Who Do Comedy Herself 3 episodes
2008 Mumbai Calling Telephone Voice 7 episodes
2008–10 Tracey Ullman's State of the Union Various Writer, director, creator, executive producer
2011 Kennedy Center Honors Herself Tribute to Meryl Streep
2014 How I Met Your Mother Genevieve Scherbatsky Episode: "Vesuvius"
Episode: "Daisy"
Episode: "The End of the Aisle"
Sofia the First Marla Episode: "Mom's the Word"

Film[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1984 Give My Regards to Broad Street Sandra
1985 Plenty Alice Park
1986 Jumpin' Jack Flash Fiona
1990 I Love You to Death Rosalie Boca
1992 Death Becomes Her Toni Scenes deleted
1993 Robin Hood: Men in Tights Latrine
Household Saints Catherine Falconetti
1994 I'll Do Anything Beth Hobbs
Bullets Over Broadway Eden Brent
Prêt-à-Porter Nina Scant
1996 Everyone Says I Love You Scenes deleted
2000 C-Scam
Panic Martha
Small Time Crooks Frenchy
2004 A Dirty Shame Sylvia Stickles
The Cat That Looked at a King The Cat (voice) Video
2005 Corpse Bride Nell Van Dort (voice)
Hildegarde (voice)
Kronk's New Groove Ms. Birdwell (voice) Video
2006 Flushed Away Creative consultant
2007 I Could Never Be Your Woman Mother Nature
2008 The Tale of Despereaux Mig (voice)
2014 Into the Woods Jack's Mother

Theatre[edit]

Year Production Role Location
1976 Gigi Theater des Westens Berlin
1977 Second Generation Blackpool and Liverpool
1977/78 Aladdin Liverpool Empire
1978 Elvis The Musical London Astoria
Oh Boy London Astoria
1979 Grease Frenchy London Astoria
1980 The Rocky Horror Show Janet Comedy Theatre
Talent Everyman Theatre
Dracula Lucy Young Vic
1981 Four in a Million Beverly Royal Court Theatre
1981–82 Dick Whittington Dick Theatre Royal, Newcastle
1982 Rita, Sue and Bob Too Bob's wife Royal Court Theatre
She Stoops to Conquer Kate Hardcastle Lyric Hammersmith
Bows and Arrows Henrietta Young Writer's Festival
1983 The Grass Widow Carmen Royal Court Theatre
1990 The Taming of the Shrew Kate Hardcastle Delacorte Theater
1991 The Big Love Florence Aadland The Orpheum Theatre
2005 Tracey Ullman: Live and Exposed Self The Fonda Theatre
2011 My City Elizabeth Lambert Almeida Theatre
2012 What About Dick? Aunt Maggie
Enid Bastard
The Countess von Kuns
The Orpheum Theatre

Discography[edit]

Solo[edit]

Soundtracks[edit]

Comedy[edit]

Audio books[edit]

Compilations[edit]

  • 1984: Forever – The Best of Tracey Ullman
  • 1992: The Best Of Tracey Ullman: You Broke My Heart In 17 Places
  • 1996: The Very Best of Tracey Ullman
  • 2002: The Best of... Tracey Ullman
  • 2002: Tracey Ullman Takes on the Hits
  • 2010: Tracey Ullman - Move Over Darling: The Complete Stiff Recordings (2-disc set)

Charting singles[edit]

Awards and honours[edit]

Tracey Ullman at the 1989 Emmy Awards

Ullman is a seven-time Emmy Award-winning actress.

On 5 December 2006, Tracey was honoured at the Museum of Television and Radio along with likes of Carol Burnett, Lesley Visser, Lesley Stahl, Jane Pauley and Betty White, in the She Made It category.

In April 2009, it was announced that Ullman would be awarded a Lifetime Achievement BAFTA Award the following May. She became the first recipient of the Charlie Chaplin Lifetime Achievement Award for Comedy on 9 May 2009.[55]

Awarded[edit]

  • London Critics' Circle Award Most Promising New Actress "Four in a Million" 1981
  • BAFTA Award Best Light Entertainment Performance "Three of a Kind" and "A Kick Up the Eighties" 1983
  • Golden Globe Award Best Actress in a Television Series (Comedy or Musical) 1987
  • Emmy Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Program "Tracey Ullman Show" 1988–89
  • American Comedy Award Funniest Female Performer of the Year 1988
  • Emmy Outstanding Writing in a Variety or Music Program "Tracey Ullman Show" 1989–90
  • Emmy Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program "The Best of the Tracey Ullman Show" 1989–90
  • Theatre World Special Award 1991
  • Emmy Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series "Love & War" 1992–93
  • American Comedy Award Funniest Female Performer in a Television Special "Funny Women of Television" 1992
  • Emmy Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Programme "Tracey Ullman: Takes On New York" 1993–94
  • CableACE Award Best Performance in a Comedy Series "Tracey Ullman: Takes on New York" 1994
  • Women in Film Lucy Award in recognition of her excellence and innovation in her creative works that have enhanced the perception of women through the medium of television 1995[56]
  • Emmy Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Series Tracey Takes On... 1996–97
  • CableACE Award Best Actress in a Comedy Series Tracey Takes On... 1996
  • CableACE Award Best Variety Special or Series Tracey Takes On... 1996
  • American Comedy Award Funniest Female Performer in a Television Special Women of the Night IV 1996
  • Golden Satellite Best Actress in a Television Series (Musical or Comedy) Tracey Takes On... 1997
  • The Actor Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Comedy Series Tracey Takes On... 1998
  • Emmy Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series Ally McBeal 1998–99
  • American Comedy Award Funniest Female Leading Performer in a Television Series Tracey Takes On... 1998
  • American Comedy Award Funniest Female Guest Appearance in a Television Series Ally McBeal 1999
  • American Comedy Award Funniest Female Leading Performer in a Television Series Tracey Takes On... 1999
  • American Comedy Award Funniest Female Leading Performer in a Television Series Tracey Takes On... 2000
  • Satellite Awards – Best Performance in a Comedy Series, Tracey Ullman 2008

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tracey Ullman Biography (1959–). Filmreference.com. Retrieved on 2 September 2011.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Look in TV Annual (Independent Television Books Ltd, 1984), p. 67.
  4. ^ a b c Tracey Ullman biography. Movies.yahoo.com. Retrieved on 2 September 2011.
  5. ^ a b "The Paley Center for Media | She Made It | Tracey Ullman". She Made It. 30 December 1959. Retrieved 17 March 2014. 
  6. ^ "MUM'S THE WORD OF THE STARS". New York Post. 9 May 2008. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Tracey Ullman: Live and Exposed". n/a. 15 May 2005. HBO.
  8. ^ John J. O'Connor TELEVISION REVIEW; A Case of Multiple Personalities. New York Times. 24 January 1996
  9. ^ Tracking Tracey. Retrieved 1 April 2007.
  10. ^ History Of The RHPS. Retrieved 1 April 2007.
  11. ^ Portman Films: Tracey Takes On. Retrieved 1 April 2007.[dead link]
  12. ^ The BPI Awards 1984. Retrieved 1 April 2007.
  13. ^ [2]. Stiff Records Official Web Site. Retrieved 2 April 2007.
  14. ^ [3]. YouTube: Tracey Ullman: "My Guy" music video.
  15. ^ A Decade Of Revolution The Thatcher Years. Retrieved 2 April 2007.
  16. ^ Biography. tracey-ullman.com
  17. ^ [4]. Promo Poster of Tracey Ullman MTV Guest VJ.
  18. ^ Stiff Records: If it ain't Stiff, it ain't worth a debt. Independent Online. 15 September 2006. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  19. ^ "Tracey Ullman Is Sitting Pretty as the Queen of Parody and Pops". Barbara Graustark. (People Magazine). Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  20. ^ "Tracey Ullman biography and filmography". Tribute.ca. Tribute.ca. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  21. ^ Groening, Matt (2002). The Simpsons season 2 DVD commentary for the episode "Bart's Dog Gets an F" (DVD). 20th Century Fox. 
  22. ^ Spotnitz, Frank (23 October 1992). "Ullman to Fox: Eat My Shorts!". Entertainment Weekly. p. 8(1). Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  23. ^ "Ullman loses 'Simpsons' suit". Variety. Associated Press. 21 October 1992. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  24. ^ Tracey Ullman: A Class Act. BBC Comedy Guide. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  25. ^ Tracey Ullman – Takes On New York. BBC Comedy Guide. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  26. ^ GLAAD Commends Tracey Ullman Series for Inclusivity. Glaad. 24 January 1996. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  27. ^ The Characters. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  28. ^ [5]. Tracey Ullman. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  29. ^ "Tracey Ullman: Live and Exposed". HBO.com. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  30. ^ 2005 Emmy Nominations. HBO.com. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  31. ^ A KING, A COMEDY QUEEN & A RADIO ACE: SHOWTIME DEALS A ROYAL FLUSH. Sho.com Announcements. 16 April 2007.
  32. ^ Lyneka Little Q&A: Tracey Ullman. Wall Street Journal. 21 March 2008.
  33. ^ Tracey Ullman on Ira Glass and becoming a citizen. USA Weekend. 31 January 2008.
  34. ^ Showtime Picks Up Tracy Ullman Sketch Comedy. Broadcasting & Cable. Alex Weprin. 18 January 2008.
  35. ^ Comic turns celebs into recurring characters. Variety. Cynthia Littleton. 7 March 2008.
  36. ^ Tracey Ullman State of the Union. Variety. Brian Lowry. 20 March 2008.
  37. ^ State of Tracey Ullman's 'Union' is strong. USA Today. Robert Bianco. 27 March 2008.
  38. ^ Jonathan Storm: Tracey Ullman takes her licks at the U.S. Philadelphia Inquirer. 29 March 2008.
  39. ^ America (The Cable Show). New York Magazine. John Leonard. 24 March 2008.
  40. ^ Tracey Ullman plays characters real and imagined on 'State of the Union'. Canadian Press. 25 March 2008.[dead link]
  41. ^ Tracey Ullman targets celebrities like Dina Lohan, David Beckham in new show. Canadian Press. 27 March 2008.[dead link]
  42. ^ Showtime imports Marc Wootton Tracey Ullman renewed for second season. Josef Adalian. Variety. 2 May 2008.
  43. ^ 'How I Met Your Mother' recap: Mom's the word'. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
  44. ^ Tracey Ullman to Co-Star in CBS Comedy 'Good Session'. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
  45. ^ HBO Family: The Little Lulu Show. Retrieved 1 April 2007.
  46. ^ E! Online Features – Awards – Emmys '99 – Blow By Blow. Retrieved 1 April 2007.
  47. ^ A. Stanley The Affable Princess Is Back as Queen. NY Times. 16 December 2005
  48. ^ Second Season of Disney Junior's Hit Series "Sofia the First" Debuts Friday, March 7 on Disney Channel. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
  49. ^ The Tale of Despereaux. Coming Soon. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
  50. ^ Tracey Ullman in Talks to Join Disney's 'Into the Woods' (Exclusive)
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