Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act 1927
|Long title||An Act to declare and amend the law relating to trade disputes and trade unions; to regulate the position of civil servants and persons employed by public authorities in respect of membership of trade unions and similar organisations; to extend section five of the Conspiracy and Protection of Property Act 1875; and for other purposes connected with the purposes aforesaid.|
|Chapter||17 and 18 Geo V c 22|
|Introduced by||Sir Douglas Hogg|
|Territorial extent||United Kingdom|
|Royal Assent||29 July 1927|
|Commencement||29 July 1927|
|Repeal date||22 May 1946|
|Related legislation||Conspiracy and Protection of Property Act 1875, Trade Disputes Act 1906, Trade Union Act 1913|
|Repealing legislation||Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act 1946 9 & 10 Geo. VI c.52, section 1|
The Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act 1927 (17 and 18 Geo V c 22) was a British Act of Parliament passed in response to the General Strike of 1926, introduced by the Attorney General for England and Wales, Sir Douglas Hogg MP.
Restrictions on strike action
The Act declared unlawful secondary action and any strike whose purpose was to coerce the government of the day directly or indirectly. These provisions were declaratory insofar as such strikes had already been ruled unlawful by Astbury, J in the National Sailors' and Firemen's Union v Reed. The Act reaffirmed his judgment and gave it the force of statute law. In addition, incitement to participate in an unlawful strike was made a criminal offence, punishable by imprisonment for up to two years; and the attorney general was empowered to sequester the assets and funds of unions involved in such strikes.
Section 4 of the Act mandated trade union members to contract-in to any political levy which their union made on their behalf. This resulted in an 18% fall in the income of the Labour Party, which was heavily reliant upon union funding.
Civil service unions
The Act was particularly resented by the trade union movement and the Labour Party. Indeed, one Labour MP described it as "a vindictive Act, and one of the most spiteful measures that was ever placed upon the Statute Book". The second minority Labour government introduced a bill to repeal various provisions of the Act in 1931 which was not passed. The Act was eventually repealed by section 1 of the Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act 1946.
After the election of Margaret Thatcher, the Conservative Party reintroduced their ban on secondary action, first with restrictions in the Employment Act 1980 and finally banning it altogether in the Employment Act 1990. This is now codified in the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992.
- UK labour law
- Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants v Osborne  AC 87
- Trade Union Act 1913
- Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act 1946
- Birch v National Union of Railwaymen  Ch 602
- TULRCA 1992 s 82
-  Ch 536
- HA Millis, 'The British Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act' (1928) 36(3) The Journal of Political Economy 319
- HA Millis, 321
- SJ Lee, Aspects of British Political History 1914-1995 (1996) 94 Routledge
- H. A Millis Op. Cit p. 326
- Hansard, House of Commons, 5th Series, vol 247, col 458
- Hansard, House of Commons, 5th Series, vol 247, col 385-498
- UK Statute Law Database