Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act 1927

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For the 1946 Act of the same name, see Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act 1946.
Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act 1927
Long title An Act to declare and amend the law relating to trade disputes and trade unions; to regulate the position of civil servants and persons employed by public authorities in respect of membership of trade unions and similar organisations; to extend section five of the Conspiracy and Protection of Property Act 1875; and for other purposes connected with the purposes aforesaid.
Chapter 17 and 18 Geo V c 22
Introduced by Sir Douglas Hogg
Territorial extent United Kingdom
Dates
Royal Assent 29 July 1927
Commencement 29 July 1927
Repeal date 22 May 1946
Other legislation
Related legislation Conspiracy and Protection of Property Act 1875, Trade Disputes Act 1906, Trade Union Act 1913
Repealing legislation Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act 1946 9 & 10 Geo. VI c.52, section 1
Status: Repealed

The Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act 1927 (17 and 18 Geo V c 22) was a British Act of Parliament passed in response to the General Strike of 1926, introduced by the Attorney General for England and Wales, Sir Douglas Hogg MP.

Provisions[edit]

Restrictions on strike action[edit]

The Act declared unlawful secondary action and any strike whose purpose was to coerce the government of the day directly or indirectly. These provisions were declaratory insofar as such strikes had already been ruled unlawful by Astbury, J in the National Sailors' and Firemen's Union v Reed.[1] The Act reaffirmed his judgment and gave it the force of statute law. In addition, incitement to participate in an unlawful strike was made a criminal offence, punishable by imprisonment for up to two years; and the attorney general was empowered to sequester the assets and funds of unions involved in such strikes.[2]

Intimidation[edit]

Section 3 of the Act declared unlawful mass picketing which gave rise to the intimidation of a worker.[3]

Political levy[edit]

Section 4 of the Act mandated trade union members to contract-in to any political levy which their union made on their behalf. This resulted in an 18% fall in the income of the Labour Party, which was heavily reliant upon union funding.[4]

Civil service unions[edit]

Section 5 of the Act enjoined civil service unions from affiliation to the TUC and forbade them from having political objects.[5]

Repeal[edit]

The Act was particularly resented by the trade union movement and the Labour Party. Indeed, one Labour MP described it as "a vindictive Act, and one of the most spiteful measures that was ever placed upon the Statute Book".[6] The second minority Labour government introduced a bill to repeal various provisions of the Act in 1931[7] which was not passed. The Act was eventually repealed by section 1 of the Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act 1946.[8]

After the election of Margaret Thatcher, the Conservative Party reintroduced their ban on secondary action, first with restrictions in the Employment Act 1980 and finally banning it altogether in the Employment Act 1990. This is now codified in the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ [1926] Ch 536
  2. ^ HA Millis, 'The British Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act' (1928) 36(3) The Journal of Political Economy 319
  3. ^ HA Millis, 321
  4. ^ SJ Lee, Aspects of British Political History 1914-1995 (1996) 94 Routledge
  5. ^ H. A Millis Op. Cit p. 326
  6. ^ Hansard, House of Commons, 5th Series, vol 247, col 458
  7. ^ Hansard, House of Commons, 5th Series, vol 247, col 385-498
  8. ^ UK Statute Law Database