Trade unions in Guinea
|International Labour Organization
Guinea is a member of the ILO
Trade unions in Guinea were historically important - having played a pivotal role in the country's independence movement - and in recent years have again assumed a leading role.
In 1945, Sekou Toure (later Guinea's first president) founded the first union in Guinea, organizing postal (PTT) workers, and then in 1946, the Territorial Union of Guinean Trade Unions (Union Territoriale des Syndicats de Guinée, UTSG).
Sekou Touré and Seydou Diallo (also of Guinea) were among the leaders in the creation of the French West African Confédération générale des travailleurs africains ('General Confederation of African Workers', CGTA) separate from the French union, Confédération Générale du Travail (CGT) in 1955-6.
Trade unions were outlawed in 1961, following a teachers' strike, and legalized again in the 1990s.
In 2006, the unions (together) successfully organized strikes in Conakry, and in early 2007 led nationwide strikes that provoked a harsh government crackdown which resulted in over 100 fatalities.
In October 2009, following shooting and other violence against a political rally in Conakry, the unions organized a successful two-day strike.
- General Union of the Workers of Guinea
- National Confederation of Guinean Workers
- National Organization of Free Unions of Guinea
- United Trade Union of Guinean Workers
- Linard, André, (Note following "Rabiatou Sera Diallo - Le syndicalisme, c'est comme l'eau : c'est la vie" in G. Fonteneau & N. Madounga (eds.) Histoire du syndicalisme en Afrique s'appuyant sur les témoignages de huit acteurs ou anciens acteurs pleinement engagés dans ce mouvement. Karthala, 2004. p. 140
- Fall, Mar. L'Etat et la Question Syndicale au Sénégal. Paris: Éditions L'Harmattan, 1989. p. 31-32
- Agyeman, Opoku. The Failure of Grassroots Pan-Africanism: The Case of the All-African Trade Union Federation. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2003. pp. 98-99
- International Crisis Group, "Guinea in Transition" Policy Briefing: Africa Briefing N°37, Dakar/Brussels, 11 April 2006. p.3