|A white female doll-face Persian in front of a male doll-face Persian|
|Origin||Iranian plateau ("Persia")|
|Domestic cat (Felis catus)|
The Traditional Persian also known as Doll Face Persian is a recent name for what is considered to be essentially the original breed of Persian cat, before the variety was selectively bred to have extreme features. The domestic cat breed today called the Traditional Persian did not change its physical appearance, but some breeders in the United States and other parts of the world started to interpret the Persian breed standard differently. The short nose and clear break became shorter and higher. This resulted eventually in the "ultra-typed", "peke-face" or "flat-nose" Persian, now forbidden by some fancier and breeder organizations because of that variety's health problems.
As their name suggests, Persians originate from Persia (Iran). The cats were introduced in Europe by the Phoenicians and Romans in the 1500s as highly valued items of trade. The Europeans were impressed by the Persian's long silky coat and purposefully bred the cats to perpetuate the trait. Other long-haired cats such as Angora came from Turkey and added to the breed. References to such cats dating back to 1684 BCE were found.
Later, in the beginning of the 20th century, these cats were called Longhair in Europe while in America they were called Persian. The Traditional Persian is the modern but barely changed descendant of the original Persian cat from which the present day ultra-typed or peke-faced Persian cat was developed through controlled breeding programs, especially in the US. Today, the "ultra" Persian cat is the recognized breed by the Cat Fancier's Association as well as The International Cat Association, the world's two largest cat associations, as the exemplary pedigreed Persian cat in cat shows. The Traditional or Doll-faced Persian is no longer shown in international cat show-rings under the title "Persian"
- 1 Mutations in Traditional Persians
- 2 Breed recognition for the Traditional Persian
- 3 See also
- 4 References
Mutations in Traditional Persians
Two mutations of note influenced the Traditional Persian cats: the color inhibitor polygene (1882) that gave rise to the so-called "chinchilla" coat and the brachycephalic mutation (circa 1942) that gave rise to the so-called "peke-faced" or "snub-nosed" Persian cats.
The color inhibitor polygene mutated in a Persian cross in 1882 in the UK. The offspring of this mutation that express the gene are commonly known as "chinchillas" due to the resemblance of their coat to that of the rodent by that name. They were classified as a Persian variety for breeding purposes.
The brachycephaly mutation in the Persian breed occurred during World War II in the US. This led to a concerted effort to breed Persians with rounder heads and smaller ears than their ancient ancestors after World War 2. The resultant brachycepahalic heads lead to the much desired snub noses favored by many modern Persian breeders and which dictates the modern standard for Persians in cat fancies throughout the world.
Breed recognition for the Traditional Persian
The modern standard for Persian cats evolved to favor the brachycephaly mutation. This led to the decline in the breeding of Traditional Persians as well as their numbers on cat shows.
Color breeding in chinchilla varieties
The sub-set of chinchilla varieties experienced problems during the brachycephalic modernization phase with regards to the original chinchilla coloring features. These include loss or incomplete lip liners and nose liners; patched-colored paw pads and eye color faults. Once lost, it is hard, if not impossible, to recover.
By the mid-1950s, concerned breeders of chinchilla in the US advocated pure color breeding.
Attempts have been made to separate the chinchilla Traditional Longhairs as breed in their own right, including:
- Sterling in The International Cat Association (TICA),
- Chinchilla Longhair in the South African Cat Council (SACC) and
- Traditional Longhair (silver and golden) in the World Cat Federation (WCF).
The Sterling standard
The breed separation was accepted by TICA under the breed name "Sterling" and breed code "STE" in the early 1990s. The Sterling was accepted by International Cat Exhibitors (ICE) for championship status in 1998, having completed all requirements under new breed status, and maintained its own registry under the International Sterling Society. However, not many breeders of chinchilla Persian elected to switch over from the existing Persian standard to the new Sterling standard. Due to lack of support, TICA subsequently scrapped the Sterling breed standard.
Chinchilla Longhair standard
Stella Slabber and a group of South African breeders of Chinchilla Longhairs succeeded to separate the breed under the name "Chinchilla Longhair" with breed code "CHL" in the SA Cat Council (SACC) in 1996.
Traditional Longhair standard for silver and golden varieties
A global standard for the Traditional Longhair silver and golden, shaded and tipped varieties was accepted by the WCF (August 2010).
Traditional Longhair standard for all color varieties
The standard for Traditional Longhair silver and golden varieties was extended by the WCF in 2012 to include all color varieties.
- Thai (cat), a.k.a. Traditional Siamese