Traditionalist School (architecture)

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Gijsbert Friedhoff: Enschede, City Hall

In Dutch architecture, the Traditionalist School (also Traditionalism) was a reaction against functionalism as well as the expressionism of the Amsterdam School, and meant a revival of rural and national architectural styles and traditions, with tidy, visible brickwork, minimal decoration and "honest" (that is, traditional and natural) materials.

It occurred after the First World War and was led by Marinus Jan Granpré Molière. From 1924 until 1953 Molière was professor at the Technical University in Delft, and the school which gathered round him also became known after 1945 as the Delft School. It can be seen in many ways as a direct successor to Berlage-type Rationalism. It was highly influential on church design up after 1945, when this influence diminished and instead its influence on secular architecture reached a peak.


  • Marinus Jan Granpré Molière
  • Cornelis Hubertus (Cees) de Bever
  • Gijsbert Friedhoff
  • Bernardus Joannes Koldewey
  • Kees van Moorsel
  • Alexander Kropholler - Traditionalist, but not "Delft School"
  • Alphons Boosten - Traditionalist, but not "Delft School"
  • Frits Peutz - Traditionalist, but not "Delft School"
  • Hendrik Willem Valk - Traditionalist, but not "Delft School"

The group was mostly Catholic, though the style had a significant influence on Protestant architects like Berend Tobia Boeyinga and Egbert Reitsma.