Traffic Bridge (Saskatoon)
Traffic Bridge over the South Saskatchewan River
|Official name||Traffic Bridge|
|Other name(s)||Victoria Bridge
19th Street Bridge
Short Hill Bridge
|Carries||2 lanes of Victoria Avenue/3rd Avenue South|
|Crosses||South Saskatchewan River|
|Locale||Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada|
|Maintained by||City of Saskatoon|
|Designer||Saskatchewan Department of Public Works|
|Design||Parker truss bridge|
|Material||Steel, wood, concrete|
|Total length||289.8 metres (951 ft)|
|Width||5.95 metres (19.5 ft)|
|Number of spans||5|
|Piers in water||3|
|Constructed by||John D. Gunn and Sons Ltd.|
|Fabrication by||Canadian Bridge Company/McDiarmid Company|
|Construction begin||August 1906|
|Construction end||October 10, 1907|
|Opened||October 10, 1907|
|Preceded by||Senator Sid Buckwold Bridge|
|Followed by||Broadway Bridge|
|Closed||August 24, 2010|
The Traffic Bridge is a truss bridge that spans South Saskatchewan River, connecting Victoria Avenue to 3rd Avenue South and Spadina Crescent in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. Opened October 10, 1907, it was the first vehicle bridge in Saskatoon, replacing an unreliable ferry service. The promised construction of the bridge was considered a prime factor in the amalgamation of the towns of Saskatoon, Nutana and Riversdale. The Traffic Bridge was the only road bridge in Saskatoon until 1916, when the University Bridge was completed. In 2010, the bridge was permanently closed due to severe corrosion and has been partially demolished.
The bridge is known both popularly and in official correspondence as the Traffic Bridge, originally distinguishing it from the QLLS/CN railway bridge just upstream and later becoming a proper noun in its own right (the railway bridge was built in 1890 and demolished in 1965 when the rail line and downtown yards were removed; the Senator Sid Buckwold Bridge now crosses the river at its former location). Although it is Saskatoon's oldest bridge, it was the last one to be formally named. On January 22, 2007, Saskatoon City Council voted to officially name it the "Traffic Bridge", on the recommendation of the Municipal Heritage Advisory Committee, as a way to acknowledge its historic character and the vital role it played in the city's early history.
The bridge has been referred to by various names since its construction. The most popular alternate name is Victoria Bridge, given that Victoria Avenue runs right up to the bridge's east end. It has been called the 19th Street Bridge, although 19th street actually passes a block north of the bridge and connects with the northwest end of Broadway Bridge (this name made more sense prior to the construction of Broadway Bridge, when the streetcar line came down 19th street before turning onto the bridge). Due to its colour, it has also been called the Black Bridge, although its most recent painting is a rather dark grey. It is also sometimes called the Iron Bridge and even the Short Hill Bridge after the Short Hill, down which Victoria Avenue comes.
The Traffic Bridge came into being when residents of Nutana agreed to merge with the town of Saskatoon and the village of Riversdale to form a city. As a condition of their joining with the other two communities, they demanded that a bridge be built for foot and vehicular traffic. Up to then, the only way to cross the river was on an unreliable ferry, or a difficult and sometimes dangerous walk across the QLLS railway bridge. The province provided funding and John Gunn and Sons was selected as the contractor. On October 10, 1907, the Traffic Bridge officially opened.
Less than a year after it opened, on June 7, 1908, the bridge became the site of Saskatoon's only shipping disaster, when a steamboat called the SS City of Medicine Hat crashed into one of the bridge's piers and sank; all aboard managed to make it to safety. This accident marked the end of steamboat traffic on the river. An anchor presumed to be the SS City of Medicine Hat's was located in August 2006 by divers training just downstream, near the Broadway Bridge. This discovery led to a full-scale, five-day underwater excavation, which was conducted from September 8 to 12, 2008. A number of artifacts were uncovered from the water. A documentary film, titled "The Last Steamship: The Search for the SS City of Medicine Hat" was created in 2010 about the wreck and the search. More artifacts were unearthed in 2012 underneath Rotary Park, where the river used to run until it was covered by landfill to create the park in the 1960s.
Two roadways cut out of the riverbank are often associated with the Traffic Bridge. Short Hill referred to the steep rise up the east bank from the foot of the bridge along Victoria Avenue. The grade was too steep for most wagon teams, as well as the streetcars that began operation in 1913. Long Hill referred to the more gradual slope up the east riverbank from the foot of the bridge to the end of 12th Street, around where the end of the Broadway Bridge is today. This road followed the old ferry road up the bank along what is now Saskatchewan Crescent. Even the Long Hill was difficult for streetcars; in March 1922, a streetcar derailed when it slid off ice-covered tracks while attempting to turn onto the bridge.
The 2 metre-wide pedestrian walkway was added on the upstream side of the bridge in 1908. In 1961, the southern end of the bridge was raised to reduce the slope on the Short Hill and to improve traffic flow, allowing Saskatchewan Crescent to pass underneath the bridge. The bridge carried approximately 10,000 vehicles per day.
The bridge was repainted in 1979, albeit as little or no surface preparation was done the work was of dubious structural benefit. Beginning in the 1980s, the bridge started to show its age and needed to be closed periodically for refurbishment. Some adjustments were also made to widen the roadway, as many modern motorists were experiencing difficulty crossing the bridge. It was also closed for extended periods of time in the early 1990s when City of Saskatoon work crews damaged the bridge twice by driving over the bridge with vehicles too heavy or too large for the bridge specifications.
On September 6, 2005, the City of Saskatoon closed the bridge for inspection, in preparation for planned upgrades to the roadway (including the installation of the city's first roundabout (since the removal of the "traffic circle" on 8th Street a decade earlier) just off the north end of the bridge) in anticipation of an adjacent riverfront development (River Landing). On November 2, the bridge was closed indefinitely to vehicular traffic upon completion of the inspection, due to corrosion and other factors. The bridge was re-opened on September 8, 2006, following repairs that cost $500,000. The bridge remained open to pedestrian and bicycle traffic for most of this period. Replacing the bridge instead of repairing it would have cost between $24 and $45 million.
Without major repairs, engineers had given the bridge a 20 year life expectancy (either as a vehicle or a pedestrian crossing). The job of sandblasting the bridge to bare metal and re-painting it was made very expensive by the need to keep all sandblasting debris out of the river as the existing paint is lead-based.
The bridge's arches were equipped with several series of decorative LED lights in the summer of 2007. They included a programmable controller that makes the lights change colour and move in different patterns. However, the lights have proved controversial; they cost the city $462,000, which was almost twice the city's original estimate. They have also broken down frequently since installation, fueling further complaints from the public about their high price tag.
On August 24, 2010, the City of Saskatoon closed the bridge to vehicles, bicycles and pedestrians following a preliminary inspection which could not conclude that the bridge was safe.
- "When the preliminary inspection results came back this afternoon, the inspectors were not able to certify that the lower steel structural members inspected so far were safe," explained Infrastructure Services General Manager Mike Gutek. "We knew there was corrosion under there, but based on the limits and the extent of the deterioration, and in the interest of public safety, we are closing the bridge indefinitely."
According to Mayor Don Atchison on August 25, 2010, "The bridge is going to collapse. It's imminent that is going to collapse," further comparing it to the I-35W Mississippi River bridge collapse of 2007. The bridge's closure has led to traffic tie-ups leading into the downtown, which are feared to be long-term if the bridge is not repaired or replaced. A 2010 poll conducted by Insightrix Research showed that the public was split over to repair or replace the bridge.
The city commissioned Stantec Consulting to consider options for the future of the Traffic Bridge. The report came up with a number of recommendations, ranging from rehabilitating the existing bridge to replacing it with a new structure. City council voted to eliminate any options that removed vehicle traffic from the bridge. After a series of public meetings and online surveys, the city administration recommended that the bridge be demolished and replaced with a modern steel truss bridge of similar design. On December 6, 2010, city council voted 8–3 to proceed. Although the final design, funding and timeline for construction for the new bridge are yet to be determined, it will be wider and possibly shorter than the existing structure.[broken citation] Proposals to salvage sections of the original bridge and its LED lights were scrapped due to cost, as decided by an executive committee in May 2011.
As of 2012, no funding is in place for the replacement bridge.
Demolition of the bridge first began on May 28, 2012. The pedestrian access ramp on the south side of the bridge was removed first to enable load testing on the piers. Work began to tear down the first span on the east bank of the river on October 12, 2012. By October 18th, the first span had been severed from the rest of the bridge.
- Herrington, Ross (2008-03-02). "Statement of Heritage Significance – Traffic (Victoria or 19th Street) Bridge, Saskatoon" (PDF). Ministry of Tourism, Parks, Culture and Sport. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- Herrington, Ross (2007-03-31). "Saskatchewan Road and Railway Bridges to 1950: Inventory" (PDF). Ministry of Tourism, Parks, Culture and Sport. Retrieved 2011-04-03.
- Jeff, O'Brien (July 2005). "A History of Saskatoon to 1914" (PDF). City of Saskatoon – Archives. Retrieved 2011-04-03.
- Delainey, William P. (April 23, 2007). "The South Saskatchewan River and the Development of Early Saskatoon 1881–1908: A Historical Narrative" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- Anchor believed to have come from historic wreck, September 14, 2006.
- McAdam, Bre (November 15, 2012). "Artifacts from historical shipwreck found in South Sask. River". News Talk 650 CKOM (Rawlco Communications). Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- Hutton, David (November 15, 2012). "City announces discovery of S.S. City of Medicine Hat remains". The StarPhoenix (Postmedia Network). Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- "Wreckage from lost Saskatoon steamship unveiled". CBC News. November 15, 2012. Retrieved 2015-11-15.
- "Riveredge – The Short Hill, 1914". City History. City of Saskatoon. Archived from the original on 2005-03-19. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
- "Riveredge – The Long Hill, 1915". City History. City of Saskatoon. Archived from the original on 2005-03-19. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
- Coolican, Lori (February 9, 2006). "Victoria Bridge may reopen". The StarPhoenix (CanWest). Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- Nickel, Rod (2008-07-07). "Two Traffic Bridge arches strung with lights have gone dark". The StarPhoenix. CanWest. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- "Traffic Bridge Closed Immediately Until Further Notice". City of Saskatoon. August 24, 2010. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- Hutton, David (2010-08-27). "Uncertain future for Traffic Bridge". The StarPhoenix. Postmedia Network. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- Warren, Jeremy (August 26, 2010). "Frustrated by bridge backlogs?". The StarPhoenix. Postmedia Network. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- Hutton, David (October 19, 2010). "Public split on options for Traffic Bridge: poll". The StarPhoenix. Postmedia Network. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- "Traffic Bridge Study". City of Saskatoon. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- Hutton, David (November 18, 2010). "Tear down Traffic Bridge, build modern replica: city report recommends". The StarPhoenix. Postmedia Network. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- Hutton, David (December 7, 2010). "Bridge to be replaced". The StarPhoenix. Postmedia Network. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- Bosch, Jeremy (December 21, 2010). "Shorter, wider Traffic bridge pondered for Saskatoon". News Talk 650. Rawlco Radio. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- Hutton, David (May 3, 2011). "Traffic Bridge, $500K lights to be scrapped". The StarPhoenix. Postmedia Network. Retrieved 2012-05-28.
- Hutton, David (March 21, 2012). "No Traffic Bridge funding for Saskatoon in provincial budget". The StarPhoenix (Postmedia Network). Retrieved 2012-03-21.
- Burdeniuk, Trelle (May 8, 2012). "Victoria bridge deconstruction begins Monday". News Talk 650 CKOM (Rawlco Communications). Retrieved 2012-05-28.
- Hutton, David (October 12, 2012). "Demolition begins on parts of Saskatoon's Traffic Bridge". The StarPhoenix (Postmedia Network). Retrieved 2012-10-12.
- "Tear-down begins of rusty Traffic Bridge in Saskatoon". CBC News. October 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-19.